Dogs: Related Statutes

Statute by categorysort descending Citation Summary
NV- Leash Law- Wildlife Management Area N.R.S. 503.636 This Nevada statute makes it illegal to permit such dog to run at large if such dog is actively tracking, pursuing, harassing, attacking or killing any wildlife in a state-owned wildlife management area.
NY - Assistance Animals - Assistance Animal/Guide Dog Laws McKinney's Agriculture and Markets Law § 108, 110, 118, and 123-b; NY GEN OBLIG § 11-107; McKinney's Civil Rights Law § 47, 47-a to c; McKinney's Penal Law § 195.11 - 12; McKinney's Penal Law § 242.00 - .15; NY PUB HOUS § 223-b; McKinney's Social Services

The following statutes comprise the state's relevant assistance animal and guide dog laws.

NY - Dangerous Dog - Chapter 69. Of the Consolidated Laws. McKinney's Agriculture and Markets Law § 123, 123-a

This New York statute provides that statutory penalties for dog bites and the process for declaring a dog "dangerous."  Any person who witnesses an attack or threatened attack, or in the case of a minor, an adult acting on behalf of such minor, may make a complaint of an attack or threatened attack upon a person, companion animal, farm animal, or a domestic animal to a dog control officer or police officer of the appropriate municipality. Such officer shall immediately inform the complainant of his or her right to commence a proceeding as provided in subdivision two of this section and, if there is reason to believe the dog is a dangerous dog, the officer shall forthwith commence such proceeding himself or herself. Upon a finding that a dog is dangerous, the judge or justice may order humane euthanasia or permanent confinement of the dog if one listed aggravating circumstances is established at the judicial hearing.

NY - Dogs - Consolidated Dog Laws McKinney's Agriculture and Markets Law § 106 - 127, 331 - 332, 400 - 410; McKinney's ECL §§ 11-0529, 11-0901 - 0928, 11-2117; McKinney's General Business Law §§ 399-aa, 751 - 755; McKinney's General Municipal Law § 88, 209-cc; McKinney's General Obligatio

These New York statutes comprise the state's dog laws.  Among the provisions include state licensing requirements, the sale of dogs by pet dealers, rabies control laws, and provisions related to dogs and hunting.

NY - Impound - Article 5. Powers, Limitations, and Liabilities. McKinney's General Municipal Law § 88

This New York statute provides that a municipality may by local law or ordinance provide that stray or unwanted dogs be given to an agency which trains seeing eye dogs or to a police department which trains dogs as guards.  These agencies can requisition dogs that are awaiting destruction so long as five days have elapsed since the dog was impounded.  Licensed dogs surrendered to the municipality or an animal shelter shall not be requisitioned without the written consent of the owner obtained at the time of the surrender.

NY - Impound - Chapter 69. Of the Consolidated Laws. McKinney's Agriculture and Markets Law § 118

This New York law outlines the violations  related to licensing of  dogs. Any owner who fails to license any dog; fails to have a dog identified as required; knowingly affixes false or improper licensing, including that which identifies it as an assistance dog; fails to confine or restrain his or her dog as required; furnishes false or misleading information in connection with this article; fails to exercise diligence in handling his or her dog, which results in harm to a service dog; commits a violation. It shall be the duty of the dog control officer of any municipality to bring an action against any person who has committed within such municipality any violation of this section. Any municipality may elect either to prosecute such action as a violation under the penal law or to commence an action to recover a civil penalty.

NY - Licenses - Chapter 69. Of the Consolidated Laws McKinney's Agriculture and Markets Law § 109

This New York statute provides that the owner of any dog reaching the age of four months shall immediately make application for a dog license. Certain villages and other municipalities may provide for differing licensure regulations as described in this statute. The statute outlines the specific application procedures for obtaining a license, including a purebred license.

NY - Licenses - Chapter 69. Of the Consolidated Laws. Article 7. Licensing, Identification and Control of Dogs McKinney's Agriculture and Markets Law § 110

This New York statute provides the schedule of license fees for all dogs.  It also enables local municipalities to enact licensing ordinances in addition to the fee proscribed by statute.  This additional revenue shall be used only for controlling dogs and enforcing this article and any rule, regulation, or local law or ordinance adopted pursuant thereto, including subsidizing the spaying or neutering of dogs and subsidizing public humane education programs in responsible dog ownership.

NY - Municipal power - Chapter 69. Of the Consolidated Laws. McKinney's Agriculture and Markets Law § 124

This New York law provides that the commissioner is hereby authorized to (a) promulgate, after public hearing, such rules and regulations as are necessary to supplement and give full effect to the provisions of sections one hundred thirteen, one hundred fourteen and one hundred seventeen of this article; and (b) exercise all other powers and functions as are necessary to carry out the duties and purposes set forth in sections one hundred thirteen, one hundred fourteen and one hundred seventeen of this article.

NY - Ordinances - Article 35-D. Sale of Dogs and Cats. § 753-e. Preemption of local laws McKinney's General Business Law § 753-e- REPEALED 2014

This New York statute states that it preempts local laws regulating pet dealers, but is not intended to limit or restrict any municipality from enforcing any local law, rule, regulation or ordinance of general application to businesses governing public health, safety or the rights of consumers.

NY - Ordinances - Chapter 62. Of the Consolidated Laws. McKinney's Town Law § 130 This New York statute provides that a town board after a public hearing may enact, amend and repeal ordinances, rules and regulations not inconsistent with law, including the restraining of the running at large of horses, cattle, sheep, unmuzzled dogs, whether licensed or not, and those authorizing the impounding and sale of the same for the costs of keeping, proceedings and penalty, or the killing of unmuzzled dogs.  It also provides that towns may enact ordinances promoting the health, safety, morals or general welfare of the community, as long they are not inconsistent with existing law.
NY - Pounds - Chapter 69. Of the Consolidated Laws. McKinney's Agriculture and Markets Law § 115

This New York statute provides that no municipality shall be required to expend in any calendar year for dog control officer and pound or shelter services undertaken pursuant to this article, an amount of money greater than it receives during such year pursuant to this article and any local law or ordinance enacted pursuant thereto.

NY - Property - Chapter 69. Of the Consolidated Laws. McKinney's Agriculture and Markets Law § 366

This New York statute provides that it is a crime to steal dogs, defined as:  removing the collar, identification tag or any other identification by which the owner may be ascertained from any dog, cat or any other domestic animal; seizing or molesting any dog, while it is being held or led by any person or while it is properly muzzled or wearing a collar with an identification tag attached, except where such action is incidental to the enforcement of some law or regulation; or transporting any dog, not lawfully in his possession, for the purpose of killing or selling such dog.

NY - Service Animal - Chapter 24-A. Of the Consolidated Laws. McKinney's General Obligations Law § 11-107

Under this New York statute, a disabled person whose guide, hearing or service dog is injured due to the negligence of the owner of another dog in handling that other dog may recover damages from the owner or custodian of the non-guide guide dog.  These damages include veterinarian fees, replacement or retraining costs for the guide dog, lost wages, or damages for loss of mobility during retraining or replacement of the dog.

OH - Dog - Chapter 955. Dogs (Consolidated dog laws) RC §§ 955 - 01 - 99

This is the Ohio statute that regulates dogs in general, outlining rules and regulations for dog owners. The state leash requirement appears limited to rabies quarantines (Sec. 955.26).  It also gives the definition of  what is considered a dangerous or vicious dog, the rules and regulations for owners of these dogs, and penalization for breaking these rules.

OH - Impound - Impounding Animals R.C. § 715.23

This Ohio statute empowers municipal corporations to regulate, restrain, or prohibit the running at large of cattle, horses, swine, sheep, goats, geese, chickens, or other fowl or animals (except as otherwise provided for dogs), impound and hold these animals, and authorize the sale of the animals for the penalty imposed.

OH - Ordinance - 955.221 County, township, and municipal corporation ordinances to control dogs R.C. § 955.221

This Ohio statute provides that a board of county commissioners, board of township trustees, or municipal corporation may adopt and enforce resolutions to control dogs that are not otherwise in conflict with any other provision of the Revised Code.  These ordinances or resolutions to control dogs include, but are not limited to, ordinances or resolutions concerned with the ownership, keeping, or harboring of dogs, the restraint of dogs, dogs as public nuisances, and dogs as a threat to public health, safety, and welfare, except that such ordinances or resolutions shall not prohibit the use of any dog which is lawfully engaged in hunting or training for the purpose of hunting while accompanied by a licensed hunter.

OK - Assistance Animals - Assistance Animal/Guide Dog Laws 7 Okl. St. Ann. § 12 - 13; Okl. St. Ann. § 19.1 - 19.2; 21 Okl. St. Ann. § 649.3; 41 Okl. St. Ann. § 113.1

The following statutes comprise the state's relevant assistance animal and guide dog laws.

OK - Dangerous dog - § 44. Definitions 4 Okl. St. Ann. § 44

This Oklahoma statute provides the definitions related to dangerous dog laws in the state, including dangerous dog, potentially dangerous dog, severe injury, and owner, among others.

OK - Dog - Consolidated Dog Laws 21 Okl. St. Ann. § 1717 - 1718; 4 Okl.St.Ann. § 41 - 47; 391 - 402; 499 - 499.10; 501 - 602; OK ST T. 29 § 7-304

These statutes comprise Oklahoma's dog laws.  Among the provisions include dog control laws, sterilization provisions for adopted animals, and the use of unclaimed animals in scientific research or experimentation.

OK - Dog bite - Oklahoma Dog Bite Laws 4 Okl. St. Ann. § 41 - 47

These statutes comprise Oklahoma's Dangerous Dog Laws.  The state imposes strict liability for dog bites; "the owner or owners of any dog shall be liable for damages to the full amount of any damages sustained when his dog, without provocation, bites or injures any person while such person is in or on a place where he has a lawful right to be."  Further, any person may lawfully kill a dog who is chasing that person's livestock.  An owner of a dog that has been adjudged "dangerous" must register the dog, enclose the dog except when out on a leash with muzzle, and post $50,000 in liability insurance.  An owner who does not follow the provisions not only faces the confiscation of his or her dog, but may also be subject to a one-year misdemeanor.

OK - Impound - § 394. Delivery of animals on demand--Municipal ordinances relating to impoundment and scientific research 4 Okl. St. Ann. § 394

This Oklahoma statute provides that, except as otherwise provided by municipal ordinance, it shall be the duty of the pound supervisor to deliver available impounded animals to licensed research facilities unless excepted by statute.  Only dogs that have been impounded for a minimum of  15 days for a unlicensed dogs and 30 days days for licensed dogs and those dogs that were not voluntarily impounded by their owners on condition that they not be used for scientific research may be given to institutions.

OK - Leash - § 2217. Public access and use of state parks--Prohibitions (dog leash) 74 Okl.St.Ann. § 2217 (formerly OK ST T. 74 § 1846.1 (Repealed); 74 Okl. St. Ann. § 2217)

This Oklahoma leash law provides that no person shall enter a state park with a dog, except those on leash, or permit any dog owned by him to enter a state park, recreational ground or state monument without a leash.  A dog in one of these areas that is found running loose or chasing game can be killed by any authorized member of the Department or any authorized employee of the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation, neither of whom is not liable for the killing.

OK - Licenses - § 22-115. Animals running at large--Regulation and taxation 11 Okl. St. Ann. § 22-115 to 115.1

This Oklahoma statute provides that the municipal governing body may regulate or prohibit animals from running at large.  The governing body may also regulate and provide for taxing the owners and harborers of dogs, and authorize the killing of dogs which are found at large in violation of any ordinance regulating the same.

OK - Ordinances - § 43. Counties over 200,000 population--Regulation and control of dogs running at large--Penalties 4 Okl. St. Ann. § 43 This Oklahoma statute provides that the board of county commissioners of any county with a population of two hundred thousand (200,000) or more may regulate or prohibit the running at large of dogs and may impound and dispose of such dogs.  The board of county commissioners may also regulate and provide for taxing the owners and harborers of dogs, and authorize the humane killing or disposal of dogs, found at large, contrary to any ordinance regulating the same. Any person, firm or corporation who violates any rule or regulation made by such board of county commissioners under the authority of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished as provided by the laws of this state.
OK - Property - § 1717. Dog as personal property OK ST T. 21 § 1717

Dogs are considered personal property in Oklahoma.

OK - Research - Chapter 13. Use of Unclaimed Animals for Scientific Investigation and Education. 4 Okl. St. Ann. § 391 - 402

These Oklahoma statutes provide the rules for scientific or medical research facilities that use animals obtained from animal shelters or dog pounds.  Among the provisions are licensing procedures, inspection requirements, municipal ordinance requirements relating to duration that animals must first be impounded, and a provision specifying that anyone who fails to undertake the duties required by the act is subject to a misdemeanor.  Notably, a municipality must provide that an owner of an animal who voluntarily delivers it to a public pound has the right to specify that it not be used for scientific research; it shall be the duty of the pound superintendent to tag such animal properly and to make certain that such animal is not delivered to an institution for scientific purposes.  However, institution is immune from liability resulting from an improper delivery to such an institution.

OR - Animal Definitions - Chapter 87. Statutory Liens. Liens Generally. 87.142. Definitions O. R. S. § 87.142

This is Oregon's statutory definitions for Animal Statutes.

OR - Assistance Animal - Damages recoverable for harm or theft of assistance animal O.R.S. § 659A.141 Formerly cited as OR ST § 346.687

This Oregon statute provides that a physically impaired person who uses an assistance animal or the owner of an assistance animal may bring an action for economic and noneconomic damages against any person who steals or, without provocation, attacks the assistance animal.  The measure of economic damages shall include the replacement value of an equally trained assistance animal and any other costs and expenses, including costs of temporary replacement assistance services, whether provided by another assistance animal or a person.  A cause of action will not be maintained where the individual with the assistance animal was committing a civil or criminal trespass.

OR - Assistance Animals - Assistance Animal/Guide Dog Laws O. R. S. § 346.687; 167.352; 609.100; 401.977

The following statutes comprise the state's relevant assistance animal and guide dog laws.

OR - Dangerous Dog - 609.155. Impoundment of dogs for harming or chasing livestock; tests to determine fact; costs O. R. S. § 609.155

This Oregon statute provides that, in a county with a dog control program, upon finding a dog engaged in killing, wounding, injuring or chasing livestock or upon receipt from a complainant of evidence that a dog has been so engaged, the dog control officer or other law enforcement officer shall impound the dog.  Tests may then be conducted to determine whether there is evidence that the dog committed the offense and then a companion statute provides an opportunity for a hearing on the facts.

OR - Dangerous Dog - 609.156. Opportunity of dog owner to request hearing O. R. S. § 609.156

This Oregon statute provides that, prior to making a determination whether a dog has killed, wounded, injured or chased livestock, a county shall provide an opportunity for the dog owner to receive a hearing.  This shall be reasonably calculated to ensure that the owner apprise the dog owner of the specific behavior and incident alleged and the possible penalties, and to provide the dog owner with a fair opportunity for making the hearing request.

OR - Dangerous Dog - 609.158. Hearings; notice of determination to owner; reexamination O. R. S. § 609.158

This Oregon statute provides that a hearing may be conducted and a determination whether a dog has killed, wounded, injured or chased livestock may be made by the county governing body or any members thereof, the dog control board or any members thereof or a county hearings officer.

OR - Dangerous Dog - 609.162. Guidelines for imposing reasonable measures, civil penalties or other sanctions O. R. S. § 609.162

This Oregon statute provides that if a county determines under ORS 609.156 (2) or after a full and fair hearing that a dog has engaged in killing, wounding, injuring or chasing livestock, the county shall take action in accordance with the listed statutory guidelines.  Generally, if the dog has engaged in the chasing behavior previously, but has not killed livestock, the county will take reasonable measures to prevent another incident (pledge from owner, confine the dog, and a civil penalty(fine)).  If the dog has previously killed livestock, then the owner may be required to surrender the dog for adoption, remove the dog to an area deemed safe to livestock,  or require the dog be put to death.  If the dog killed livestock, and has previously killed livestock, the county shall require the dog be removed from a livestock area or be put to death.

OR - Dangerous Dog - 609.163. Enhanced penalties for habitual violators O. R. S. § 609.163

This Oregon statute provides enhanced civil penalties (fines) for owners of dogs previously convicted of chasing, injuring, or killing livestock.  The owners must have been previously assessed a penalty to receive the enhanced fine.

OR - Dog - Consolidated Dog Laws O. R. S. § 87.172, O. R. S. § 433.340 - 405; O. R. S. § 609.010 - 994; O. R. S. § 498.102, 106, and 164; O.R.S. § 646A.07 - 077

These Oregon statutes comprise the state's dog laws.  Among the provisions include licensing and registration requirements, rabies control laws, and a comprehensive section on damage done by dogs, especially as it concerns the destruction of livestock.

OR - Fur - 167.390. Commerce in fur of domestic cats and dogs O. R. S. § 167.390

In Oregon, a person may not take, buy, sell, barter or otherwise exchange for commerce in fur purposes the raw fur or products that include the fur of a domestic cat or dog if the fur is obtained through a process that kills or maims the cat or dog. Violation is a Class A misdemeanor when the offense is committed with a culpable mental state as defined in ORS 161.085.

OR - Impound - 609.090. Impounding dogs running at large; disposition of chasing, menacing or biting dogs and other dogs; fees; O. R. S. § 609.090

This Oregon statute provides that when a dog is running at large contrary to state or municipal law, a police or dog control officer shall impound it.  Unless claimed by its owner, a dog will be held at least five days if it has a license tag.  A "reasonable effort" shall be made to notify the keeper of a dog before the dog is removed from impoundment.  This statute also states that, upon finding that the dog has menaced or chased a person when on premises other than the premises occupied exclusively by the keeper or has bitten a person, the dog control board or county governing body may order that the dog be killed in a humane manner.  Before ordering that the dog be killed, the board or governing body shall consider the factors described in ORS 609.093 and issue written findings on those factors.  A keeper of the dog may also file a petition to prevent the destruction.  If the dog is not killed, the board or governing body may impose reasonable restrictions on the keeping of the dog.

OR - Licenses - 609.060. Notice by publication of election result; dogs running at large prohibited; violations O. R. S. § 609.060

This Oregon statute provides that if a governing body of a county by ordinance, or a measure approved by the electors in an election prohibits dogs from running at large, the county shall give notice, by publication in a newspaper having a general circulation in the county. If after 60 days from the notice, a keeper violates the running at large ordinance, he or she commits a Class B violation.

OR - Ordinances - 609.015. Application of state law O. R. S. § 609.015

This Oregon statute provides that ORS 609.030 and 609.040 to 609.110 apply in every county except as otherwise provided by county charter or ordinance. ORS 609.030 and 609.040 to 609.110 do not limit the powers of cities and counties to adopt ordinances and regulations relating to the control of dogs.  A county dog licensing and control program shall not apply within the limits of a city that has its own dog licensing and control program.

OR - Ordinances - Application of ORS 609.156, 609.162 and 609.168 (to dog ordinances) O. R. S. § 609.135

This Oregon statute provides that ORS 609.156, 609.162 and 609.168 (related to hearings, penalties, and reexamination for dogs found to be chasing, worrying, or injuring livestock) apply in every county having a dog control program.  It also extends other state dog provisions to counties.

OR - Pet Dealers - 609.520. Inspection of records; procedure for obtaining animal held by dealer; failure to turn over animal; i O. R. S. § 609.520

This Oregon statute sets out the right of a person to inspect a pet dealer's business for the purpose of finding a lost companion animal.  The statute also outlines acceptable methods to prove ownership and the procedure for resolving a dispute of ownership.

OR - Property - 609.020. Dogs declared personal property O.R.S. § 609.020

Dogs are considered personal property in Oregon.

PA - Assistance Animals - Assistance Animal/Guide Dog Laws 3 P.S. § 459-102, 217; 18 P.S. § 5511; 43 P.S. § 952, 953; 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 7325; 75 Pa.C.S.A. § 3549

The following statutes comprise the state's relevant assistance animal and guide dog laws.

PA - Dangerous - § 459-507-A. Construction of article (dangerous dogs) 3 P.S. § 459-507-A

This Pennsylvania statute provides the construction of the dangerous dog chapter in the state.  It outlines the exceptions under the dangerous dog law as well as the enforcement procedure for one who is attacked by such dog.  It also specifically states that any provisions of local ordinances relating to dangerous dogs are hereby abrogated.  Further, a local ordinance otherwise dealing with dogs may not prohibit or otherwise limit a specific breed of dog.

PA - Dog - § 550. General immunity from noise 3 P.S. § 550

This Pennsylvania statute provides that a ll owners and operators of dog training and special retriever training areas licensed by the Pennsylvania Game Commission shall be exempt and immune from any civil action or criminal prosecution in any manner relating to noise provided they were and remain in compliance with any applicable noise control laws or ordinances at the time the permit for establishment of the training area was authorized.

PA - Dog Law - Chapter 8. Dogs (consolidated dog laws) 3 P.S. § 459-101 - 1205; 3 P.S. § 501, 531 - 532, 550 - 551; 34 Pa.C.S.A. § 2381 - 2386; 34 Pa.C.S.A. § 2941 - 2945

These statutes represent Pennsylvania's Dog Law, and contain provisions related to licensing, rabies quarantines, kennels, and the dangerous dog chapter.  The significant features of the law include a statewide control requirement for dogs (Section 305) and provisions for "dangerous dogs" (Section 501 et. seq.).  Under the latter, any person may kill any dog which he sees in the act of pursuing or wounding or killing any domestic animal, including household pets, or pursuing, wounding or attacking human beings, whether or not such a dog bears a required license tag.  There is no liability on such persons in damages or otherwise for such killing.

PA - Kennels - § 551. Nuisances and injunction 3 P.S. § 551

This Pennsylvania statute provides that the owners or operators of licensed dog training areas shall not be subject to any action for nuisance, and no court in this Commonwealth shall enjoin the use or operation of training areas on the basis of noise or noise pollution, provided that the owners were and remain in compliance with any applicable noise control laws or ordinances at the time the permit for establishment of the training areas was authorized.

PA - Ordinances - § 23144. To tax and destroy dogs 53 P.S. § 23144

This briefly worded Pennsylvania statute presumably gives municipalities the authority "[t]o regulate and provide for taxing the owners and harborers of dogs, and to destroy dogs found at large contrary to any ordinance."

PA - Ordinances - § 459-1201. Applicability to cities of the first class, second class, second class A and third class 3 P.S. § 459-1201

This Pennsylvania statute provides that cities of the first and second class are not affected by state dog licensing programs; existing city-level programs remain in effect.  With cities of the third class, certain provisions of the state article on dog licensing shall not apply if the city has established a licensing program by ordinance.

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