|Statute by category||Citation||Summary|
|TN - Impound - Rabies. § 68-8-109. Observation; confinement or quarantine.||T. C. A. § 68-8-109||This Tennessee statute provides that if any animal has bitten any person, is suspected of having bitten any person or is for any reason suspected of being infected with rabies, the animal may be required to be placed under an observation period either by confinement or by quarantine for a period of time deemed necessary by the commissioner or rules of the department.|
|TN - Wildlife - Part 2. Wildlife Regulation and Protection||T. C. A. § 70-4-201 - 211||These Tennessee statutes make it unlawful to barter, sell, transfer, or to purchase any wildlife without a hunting or fishing license. The unlawful importation, possession, or sale of skunks or red foxes is a Class C misdemeanor. The statutes also impose requirements on transport and storage of other wildlife.|
|TN - Hunting - Part 3. Hunter Protection Act.||T. C. A. § 70-4-301 - 303||This section represents Tennessee's "Hunter Protection Act." The law makes it a Class C misdemeanor to interfere with the lawful taking of a wild animal by another with the intent to prevent the taking; disturb or engage in an activity that will tend to disturb a wild animal, with the intent to prevent the lawful taking; disturb a person engaged in lawful hunting with the intent to prevent the taking; enter or remain on land with intent to violate this section; fail to obey a peace officer's orders to desist from conduct in violation of this section; or use a drone with the intent to conduct video surveillance of private citizens who are lawfully hunting or fishing without obtaining the written consent of the persons being surveilled. A person affected by conduct in violation of this section may seek an injunction or recover damages, including punitive damages.|
|TN - Hunting, Internet - Part 5. Computer-Assisted Hunting from Remote Locations||T. C. A. § 70-4-501 - 504||This set of Tennessee laws prohibits computer-assisted remote hunting or providing or operating facilities for computer-assisted remote hunting if the wildlife being hunted is located in this state. Computer-assisted remote hunting is defined as "the use of a computer or any other device, equipment or software, to control remotely the aiming and discharge of a rifle, shotgun, handgun, bow and arrow, cross-bow or any other implement to hunt wildlife."|
|TN - Endangered Species - Nongame and Endangered or Threatened Wildlife Species Conservation Act of 1974||T. C. A. § 70-8-101 to 112||These Tennessee statutes comprise the Tennessee Nongame and Endangered or Threatened Wildlife Species Conservation Act of 1974 and includes the legislative intent, definitions, and factors relevant to endangered species investigations. By statute, it is unlawful for any person to take, attempt to take, possess, transport, export, process, sell or offer for sale or ship nongame wildlife, or for any common or contract carrier knowingly to transport or receive for shipment nongame wildlife. Violation constitutes a Class B misdemeanor and incurs warrantless searches and seizure of the wildlife taken and the instrumentalities used in the taking.|
|TN - Dog - Consolidated Dog Laws||T. C. A. §§ 44-8-408 - 413; §§ 44-17-101 - 505; T. C. A. § 5-1-120, § 6-54-135, § 39-14-205, § 39-14-213, § 44-14-104, § 70-4-103, § 70-4-112; § 70-4-118, § 70-4-122, § 70-2-214; § 4-1-343||These Tennessee statutes comprise the state's dog laws. Among the provisions include licensing requirements for companion animal dealers, laws concerning damage done by dogs, and the Tennessee Spay/Neuter Law.|
|TN - Exotic Pet - Part 4. Exotic Animals.||T. C. A. §§ 70-4-401 - 418||This Tennessee chapter relates to the private possession of wildlife. It is unlawful for any person to possess, transport, import, export, buy, sell, barter, propagate or transfer any wildlife, whether indigenous to this state or not, except as provided by this part and rules and regulations promulgated by the Tennessee wildlife resources commission pursuant to this part. Additionally, no person shall possess Class I (all species inherently dangerous to humans such as wolves, bears, lions and poisonous snakes) or Class II (native species that are not listed in other classes) wildlife without having documentary evidence showing the name and address of the supplier of such wildlife and date of acquisition. In order to obtain a permit to possess Class I wildlife, a person must be 21, have at least 2 years of experience handling such animals (or take an approved written exam), have a full-time resident caretaker, and must have a plan for the quick and safe recapture of the wildlife, among other provisions. The annual permits and fees for personal possession of Class I wildlife are $150/animal or $1,000/facility.|
|Taiwan - Cruelty - Taiwan Animal Protection Law||Taiwan Animal Protection Law||
This law sets out the umbrella of animal issues for Taiwan. Much of it is so general that additional regulations are going to be required.
|Taiwan - Wildlife - Taiwan Wildlife Conservation Act||Taiwan Wildlife Conservation Act||An act which aims to conserve wildlife, protect species diversity and maintain the balance of natural ecosystems|
|Tennessee Code: Article V: Cruelty to Animals||Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 1668-1672 (1858)||Tennessee's laws concerning cruelty to animals from 1858. The laws cover what qualifies as cruelty to animals to the punishment to be given a slave that is cruel to animals.|
|Tennessee Code 1858: Article VI: Killing Game, Poisoning Fish, Fire Hunting||Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 1673-1676 (1858)||Tennessee laws from 1858 concerning the hunting of game, poisoning of fish, and the use of fire to hunt. The law establishes the punishment for the above mentioned offenses.|
|TN - Initiative - Tennessee Hunting Rights Amendment (2010)||Tennessee Hunting Rights Amendment (2010) (passed)||The proposed amendment on the 2010 ballot provides for the personal right to hunt and fish subject to state laws, regulations, and existing property rights. The measure also states that "traditional manners and means" may be used to take non-threatened species. It passed with an overwhelming majority of the vote.|
|AU - Wildlife - Territory Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1977 (NT)||Territory Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1977||
An Act to make provision for and in relation to the establishment of Territory Parks and other Parks and Reserves and the study, protection, conservation and sustainable utilisation of wildlife.
|Eastern Band of Cherokee - Natural resources - Sec. 14-10.10- Cutting timber, removing rock, trapping animals||The Cherokee Code. Part II. Section 14. Article III. Sec. 14-10.10||
This statute is intended to preserve natural resources and protect wild animals from any trapping conducted without the knowledge of a property owner or the Tribe. The language provides for both land owner through a tribal assignment or lease, as well as lands that are reserved and used exclusively by the Tribe. The language also restricts any person, firm, or corporation from engaging in this conduct without consent and knowledge from the land owner and/or the Tribe.
|The Equine Identification (England) Regulations 2018||The Equine Identification (England) Regulations 2018||Owners have two years to ensure all equines born before 30th June 2009 are chipped. Some wild and semi-wild equids are exempt. Non-compliant owners risk being fined.|
|Myanmar - Animal Welfare - Animal Health and Development Law||The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 13/93||This Myanmar Law, in English and Burmese, provides for livestock breeding, welfare, animal feed standards, the prevention and control of contagious diseases, inspections, trade, certificates and related fees, and the prevention of cruelty to animals.|
|IN - Wildlife - THE WILD LIFE (PROTECTION) AMENDMENT ACT, 2002||THE WILD LIFE (PROTECTION) AMENDMENT ACT, 2002, No. 16 of 2003||
This law comprises India's Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2002. According to the amended long title, it is "An Act to provide for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto with a view to ensuring the ecological and environmental security of the country. " The Amendment Act also establishes the National Board for Wild Life.
|AU - Endangered/Threatened Species - Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales)||THREATENED SPECIES CONSERVATION ACT 1995||
An Act to conserve threatened species, populations and ecological communities of animals and plants; to amend the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974, the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 and certain other Acts; to repeal the Endangered Fauna (Interim Protection) Act 1991; and for other purposes.
|AU - Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 (QLD)||Threatened Species Protection Act 1995||
The Nature Conservation Act 1992 is an act of the Parliament of Queensland that provides for the legislative protection of Queensland's threatened fauna and flora. As originally published, it provided for native animals and plants to be declared presumed extinct, endangered, vulnerable, rare or common. In 2004 the act was amended to more closely align with the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources categories: presumed extinct was changed to extinct in the wild and common was changed to least concern.
|AU - Endangered/Threatened Species - Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 (TAS)||Threatened Species Protection Act 1995||
The Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 is an Act to provide for the protection and management of Tasmania’s threatened native flora and fauna, and to enable and promote the conservation of native flora and fauna. The Act provides Schedules of taxa that have different degrees of threatened status. It also establishes mechanisms for the listing and delisting of taxa.
|ZW - Cruelty - Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act||Title 19, Chapter 19:09||
This law constitutes Zimbabwe's cruelty to animals act. Under the act, “animal” means: (a) any kind of domestic vertebrate animal; (b) any kind of wild vertebrate animal in captivity; (c) the young of any animal referred to above. The law prohibits the cruel beating, kicking, overriding, overdriving, overloading, or torturing of animals, among other things. Section 4 requires “knackers” (any person whose trade or business it is to kill any horse, mule, ass, bovine, sheep, goat or pig, the meat of which is primarily intended for animals) to comply with regulations. Section 5 deals with the control of pet shops and other places where animals are kept in captivity for trading purposes.
|Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians. 3-4-9- Cruelty to Animals.||Title III, Section 3-4-9||Under Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians code, cruelty to animals is a Class B offense. Any person who shall kill, torture, mistreat, mutilate, injure or abandon any animal shall be guilty of an offense under this section.|
|Brazil - Constitutional Provision - Animal||TITLE Vlll, CHAP. VI, ART. 225||
Article 8 of the Constitution provides for legal concern about animals.(See, VII. of Paragraph 1.)
|UT - Agriculture - Title 4 Utah Agriculture Code||U.C.A. 1953 § 4-2-301 - 305; § 4-2-401 - 402; § 4-2-501 to 504; § 4-31-1 to 4-31-119||The following statutes detail penalities for violating of the agricultural code. They also contain animal disease control provisions and detail the organization of the Department of Agriculture and Food.|
|UT - License - § 10-8-65. Dogs--License and tax--Destruction, sale or other disposal||U.C.A. 1953 § 10-8-65||This Utah statute, under the chapter relating the general powers of all cities, provides that cities may license, tax, regulate or prohibit the keeping of dogs, and authorize the destruction, sale or other disposal of the same when at large contrary to ordinance.|
|UT - Dog - Consolidated Dog Laws||U.C.A. 1953 § 10-8-65; § 4-40-101 - 102; § 18-1-1 - 4; § 18-2-101; § 23-17-8 - 9; § 23-20-3; § 26-6-1 - 15; § 26-26-1 - 7; § 58-28-601||These Utah statutes comprise the state's dog laws. Among the provisions include municipal pound pet sterilization provisions, rabies control laws, hunting laws that impact dogs, and laws concerning injuries caused by dogs.|
|UT - Impound - Chapter 46. Animal Welfare Act. Part 1. General Provisions||U.C.A. 1953 § 11-46-101 - 104||Under this act, animal control officers must hold stray animals in safe and humane custody for a minimum of 5 business days prior to making any final disposition of the animal. A stray animal may be euthanized prior to the completion of the 5-day period to prevent unnecessary suffering due to serious injury or disease.|
|UT - Sterilization - Animal Welfare Act. Part 2. Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act||U.C.A. 1953 § 11-46-201 - 208||Under this Utah act, a shelter may not transfer an unsterilized animal for adoption unless the shelter has a written agreement in which the recipient agrees to have the animal sterilized and gives the shelter a sterilization deposit. If a recipient fails to comply with the agreement, the animal may be seized and impounded, and the recipient forfeits the deposit. A first violation may result in a civil penalty of $250.|
|UT - Cats - Chapter 46. Animal Welfare Act. Part 3. Community Cat Act||U.C.A. 1953 § 11-46-301 to 304||A shelter may release a cat prior to the 5-day holding period to a sponsor operating a community cat program. Such a cat is exempt from licensing requirements and feeding bans. Community cat sponsors or caretakers do not have custody of any cat, and sterilization and vaccination records must be kept for three years.|
|UT - Dog Bite - Title 18. Dogs. Chapter 1. Injuries by Dogs.||U.C.A. 1953 § 18-1-1 to 4||This Utah statute provides that every person owning or keeping a dog shall be liable in damages for injury committed by such dog, and it shall not be necessary in any action brought therefor to allege or prove that such dog was of a vicious or mischievous disposition or that the owner or keeper thereof knew that it was vicious or mischievous. This does not apply to dogs used by law enforcement officials. In 2014, a provision for the use of arbitration in personal injury from dog bite cases was added.|
|UT - Breed - § 18-2-101. Regulation of dogs by a municipality||U.C.A. 1953 § 18-2-101||This Utah law effective in 2015 prohibits a municipality from adopting breed-specific rule, regulation, policy, or ordinance regarding dogs. Any breed-specific rule, regulation, policy, or ordinance regarding dogs is void.|
|UT - Wildlife - Title 23. Wildlife Resources Code of Utah||U.C.A. 1953 § 23-13-1 - 19||Under these Utah statutes, all wildlife is the property of the state unless held in private ownership, but it is illegal to hold protected wildlife in captivity, with exceptions, such as for furbearers. Other provisions deal with invasive species, forbid remote-controlled hunting, establish the Utah State Hunting and Fishing Day, and provide penalties for violations.|
|UT - Nuisance Animals - Chapter 18. Furbearers.||U.C.A. 1953 § 23-18-1 to 6||These Utah statutes require a furbearer license to take furbearers, except for red fox, striped skunk, or beavers that are doing damage to private property (with authorization). Fur dealers must have a fur dealer certificate of registration from the Division of Wildlife Resources.|
|UT - Hunting - § 23-20-29. Interference with hunting prohibited--Action to recover damages--Exceptions||U.C.A. 1953 § 23-20-29, 23-20-29.5||This section reflects Utah's hunter harassment provisions. A person is guilty of a class B misdemeanor who intentionally interferes with the right of a person, licensed and legally hunting, to take wildlife by driving, harassing, or intentionally disturbing any species of wildlife for the purpose of disrupting a legal hunt, trapping, or predator control. A person adversely affected, or the state, may bring a civil action for damages resulting from the violation or a seek a restraining order. This section does not apply to incidental interference with a hunt caused by lawful activities including, but not limited to, ranching, mining, and recreation.|
|UT - Endangered Species - Chapter 20. Enforcement--Violations and Penalties||U.C.A. 1953 § 23-20-3 - 8||This Utah statute criminalizes the intentional or reckless abandonment of a carcass or killing of wildlife for pecuniary gain. The statute lists the restitution value of species protected under the code (bald eagles $1,000 and golden eagles $500). Further, the statute proscribes mandatory incarceration for felony convictions (aggregate value of species taken over $500) where the motive of the individual was pecuniary gain.|
|UT - Hunting - § 23-20-4.5. Illegal taking, possession, or wanton destruction of protected wildlife||U.C.A. 1953 § 23-20-4.5||This statute lists the restitution amounts for the illegal killing of certain species (including bald and golden eagles) of wildlife, with enhanced monetary penalties for "trophy" animals. These funds are used in educational and wildlife enforcement activities by the state.|
|UT - Invasive Species - Chapter 27. Aquatic Invasive Species Interdiction Act||U.C.A. 1953 § 23-27-101 - 501||These statutes comprise the Utah Aquatic Invasive Species Interdiction Act. This Act makes it illegal to possess a Dreissena mussel, release one into a water body, or transport a conveyance or equipment that has been in an infested water without decontaminating it. A violation is an infraction, but a knowing or intentional violation is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.|
|UT - Wolves - Chapter 29. Wolf Management Act||U.C.A. 1953 § 23-29-101 - 202||Under the Utah Wolf Management Act, wolves must be managed so as to prevent the establishment of a viable pack anywhere in the state where the wolf is not listed as threatened or endangered until the wolf is delisted. If a wolf is discovered in an area where wolves are listed as threatened or endangered, the division must request its immediate removal from the state by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.|
|UT - Lien - § 38-2-1. Lien on livestock--For feed and care||U.C.A. 1953 § 38-2-1||Every ranchman, farmer, agistor, herder of cattle, tavern keeper or livery stable keeper to whom any domestic animals shall be entrusted for the purpose of feeding, herding or pasturing shall have a lien upon such animals for the amount that may be due him for such feeding, herding or pasturing, and is authorized to retain possession of such animals until such amount is paid.|
|UT - Predator Control - Chapter 23. Agricultural and Wildlife Damage Prevention Act||U.C.A. 1953 § 4-23-101 - 111||This Utah statute is known as the Agricultural and Wildlife Damage Prevention Act. It creates the Agricultural and Wildlife Damage Prevention Board and Agricultural and Wildlife Damage Prevention Account. This act also makes it a class B misdemeanor to hold a raccoon or coyote in captivity (with exceptions).|
|UT - Veterinary - Chapter 28. Veterinary Practice Act.||U.C.A. 1953 § 58-28-101 - 606||These are the state's veterinary practice laws. Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.|
|UT - Abandonment - § 58-28-601. Animal abandonment||U.C.A. 1953 § 58-28-601||This Utah statute provides that any animal abandoned at a veterinarian's office for a period of ten days may be sold or placed in the custody of the nearest humane society or county dog pound after giving notice to the owner. If no humane society or dog pound is located in the county, the animal may be disposed of in a humane manner.|
|UT - Assistance animal - Assistance Animal/Guide Dog Laws||U.C.A. 1953 § 62A-5b-101 - 107; § 41-6a-1007; § 18-1-3; § 76-9-307; § 78B-3-701 - 703; § 10-8-65; § 17-50-336; § 53G-9-211||The following statutes comprise the state's relevant assistance animal and guide dog laws.|
|UT - Native American - § 64-13-40. Worship for native American inmates||U.C.A. 1953 § 64-13-40||This unique provision allows Native American inmates in Utah access to eagle parts and other traditional ceremonial objects for use in worship. The inmate has the burden of establishing his or her Native American ancestry.|
|UT - Trusts - § 75-2-1001. Honorary trusts--Trusts for pets||U.C.A. 1953 § 75-2-1001||This Utah statute provides that a trust for the care of a designated domestic or pet animal is valid. The trust terminates when no living animal is covered by the trust. Trusts under this section shall be liberally construed to presume against the merely precatory or honorary nature of the disposition, and to carry out the general intent of the transferor.|
|UT - Ecoterrorism - § 76-6-110. Offenses committed against animal enterprises--Definitions--Enhanced penalties||U.C.A. 1953 § 76-6-110||This section comprises Utah's animal enterprise interference law. A person who commits any criminal offense with the intent to halt, impede, obstruct, or interfere with the lawful operation of an animal enterprise or to damage, take, or cause the loss of any property owned by, used by, or in the possession of a lawful animal enterprise, is subject to an enhanced penalty. These penalties enhancements raise the level of the crime one degree (e.g., a class C misdemeanor becomes a class B misdemeanor and a class A misdemeanor becomes a third degree felony).|
|UT - Livestock - § 76-6-111. Wanton destruction of livestock--Penalties--Seizure and disposition of property||U.C.A. 1953 § 76-6-111||This Utah statute makes wanton destruction of livestock a crime. A person is guilty if that person intentionally or knowingly and without the permission of the owner injures, physically alters, releases, or causes the death of livestock. Wanton destruction of livestock is punishable as a misdemeanor or a felony, depending on the value of the livestock.|
|UT - Ag gag - § 76-6-112. Agricultural operation interference--Penalties||U.C.A. 1953 § 76-6-112||This Utah law creates the crime of "agricultural operation interference ." A person commits agricultural operation interference if he or she records an image or sound from an agricultural operation by leaving a recording device without consent, obtains access to an agricultural operation under false pretenses, applies for employment with the intent to record, or without consent intentionally records the operation while committing criminal trespass.|
|UT - Cruelty - Consolidated Cruelty Statutes||U.C.A. 1953 § 76-9-301 - 308||These Utah statutes comprise the state's anti-cruelty provisions. "Animal" is defined as a live, nonhuman vertebrate creature, but animals raised for agricultural purposes and wildlife are excluded from the definition. A person is guilty of cruelty to animals if the person intentionally, knowingly, recklessly, or with criminal negligence fails to provide necessary food, care, or shelter for an animal in his custody, abandons an animal in the person's custody, transports or confines an animal in a cruel manner, injures an animal, or causes any animal to fight with another animal for amusement or gain. Aggravated cruelty (i.e., torturing, poisoning, or intentionally killing an animal) and dogfighting incur stiffer penalties.|
|UT - Impound - (Repealed) § 77-24-1.5. Safekeeping by officer pending disposition--Records required||U.C.A. 1953 § 77-24-1.5 (§§ 77-24-1 to 77-24-5. Repealed by Laws 2013, c. 394, § 40, eff. July 1, 2013)||Sections 77-24-1 to 77-24-5. Repealed by Laws 2013, c. 394, § 40, eff. July 1, 2013 (Formerly: this Utah statute, amended in 2011, states that each peace officer shall hold all "property" in safe custody until it is received into evidence or disposed of as provided in this chapter. He or she must also maintain a record that identifies it. Note that the provisions related to specifically to animal impoundment/euthanasia were removed.)|