|Statute by category||Citation||Summary|
|VA - Vehicle - § 29.1-539. Keeping deer or bear struck by motor vehicle;||VA Code Ann. § 29.1-539||Any person driving a motor vehicle who collides with a deer or bear may, upon compliance with relevant provisions, keep the deer or bear for his or her own use. The person shall immediately report the accident to a conservation police officer or other law-enforcement officer. If the officer believes that the deer or bear was killed by the collision, he shall award the animal to the person claiming the deer or bear, and shall give the person a certificate to that effect.|
|VA - Hunting - § 29.1-530.3. Remote hunting prohibited; penalty||VA Code Ann. § 29.1-530.3||
Under this Virginia statute, it is unlawful to engage in computer-assisted remote hunting or provide or operate a facility that allows others to engage in computer-assisted remote hunting if the wild animal or wild bird being hunted or shot is located in the Commonwealth. A violation is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
|VA - Nuisance animals - § 29.1-517. Trapping and shooting of fur-bearing animals during closed season||VA Code Ann. § 29.1-517||This Virginia law states that a landowner may shoot fur-bearing animals upon his own land during closed season when these animals are causing damage to crops or property, or are posing a threat to human health or safety, or are otherwise causing a nuisance.|
|VA - Education - § 22.1-200.01. Alternatives to animal dissection||VA Code Ann. § 22.1-200.01||This Virginia law states that local school divisions shall provide students with alternatives to animal dissection techniques. The Board of Education shall establish guidelines to be implemented by local school divisions regarding such alternative dissection techniques. In addition, those guidelines must provide notification to students and parents of the option to decline participation in animal dissection.|
|VA - Facility dog - § 18.2-67.9:1. Use of a certified facility dog for testimony in a criminal proceeding||VA Code Ann. § 18.2-67.9:1||This Virginia law, enacted in 2018, allows either party in a criminal proceeding to apply for an order from the court allowing a certified facility dog to be present with a witness testifying before the court through in-person testimony or testimony televised by two-way closed-circuit television. A court may allow if it several factors are found by a preponderance of the evidence. In this section, a “certified facility dog” means a dog that (i) has completed training and been certified by a program accredited by Assistance Dogs International or by another assistance dog organization that is a member of an organization whose main purpose is to improve training, placement, and utilization of assistance dogs and (ii) is accompanied by a duly trained handler.|
|TX - Cruelty - Consolidated Cruelty Statutes||V.T.C.A., Penal Code § 42.09; § 42.091; § 42.092; § 42.10; § 42.105||
These comprise Texas' anti-cruelty laws. Texas has laws that prohibit cruelty to both livestock (§ 42.09) and non-livestock animals (§ 42.092). Both laws requires a scienter of intentionally or knowingly, and enumerate limited defenses. "Animal" means a domesticated living creature and wild living creature previously captured but does not include an uncaptured wild creature. Also included is Texas animal fighting provision, which criminalizes being a spectator at an animal fighting exhibition among other things. In 2011, Texas enacted a law prohibiting cockfighting.
|TX - Trade - Shark Fins||V.T.C.A., Parks & Wildlife Code §§ 66.216; 66.2161; 66.218||Effective July 1, 2106: A person may not buy or offer to buy, sell or offer to sell, possess for the purpose of sale, transport, or ship for the purpose of sale, barter, or exchange a shark fin regardless of where the shark was taken or caught. A person who violates Section 66.2161 or a proclamation adopted under that section commits an offense that is a Class B Parks and Wildlife Code misdemeanor.|
|TX - Hunting, canned - § 62.015. Hunting and Possession of Exotic Animals||V.T.C.A., Parks & Wildlife Code § 62.015||
This Texas law provides that no person on a public road or on the right-of-way of a public road may hunt an exotic animal. In addition, no person may hunt on the land of another for an exotic animal without the express consent of the owner of the land to hunt for exotic animals. A person who violates this section commits an offense that is a Class A Parks and Wildlife Code misdemeanor.
|TX - Law Enforcement - Nonlethal responses to dog encounters||V.T.C.A., Occupations Code §§ 1701.253; 1701.261; 1701.402||These statutes require training for Texas law enforcement in nonlethal responses to encounters with dogs|
|TX - Ordinances - § 215.032. Exhibitions; Shows; Amusements||V.T.C.A., Local Government Code § 215.032||
This statute authorizes municipalities to prohibit or regulate circuses, exhibitions, and menageries.
|TX - Animal Regulation - § 215.026. Animals at Large||V.T.C.A., Local Government Code § 215.026||
This statute gives municipalities in the state of Texas to establish and regulate pounds and the running at large of horses, mules, cattle, sheep, swine or goats. The statute also allows municipalities to handle the capture, impounding, and sale of any animal at large that is in violation of this statute. Municipalities may also impose penalties on the owner of the animal that is in violation of the statute.
|TX - Dog - Consolidated Dog Laws||V.T.C.A., Health & Safety Code §§ 821.076 - 081; 822.001 - 100; § 823.001 - 009; § 826.001 - 055; § 828.001 - 015; V. T. C. A., Parks & Wildlife Code § 62.0065 ; § 62.016 V.T.C.A., Occupations Code § 1702.109, 225, 385||
These Texas statutes comprise the state's dog laws. Among the provisions include the dangerous dog laws, registration and vaccination requirements, and sterilization laws.
|TX - Dogs, rescue - Chapter 785. Search and Rescue Dogs||V.T.C.A., Health & Safety Code § 785.001 - .005||
This chapter of laws deals with search and rescue dogs and their handlers. All search and rescue dog handlers must be certified by the National Association for Search and Rescue or another state or nationally recognized search and rescue agency. This chapter of laws allows for search and rescue dogs and their handlers equal access to all public facilities. If any person denies access to a search and rescue dog or their handler, he or she will be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than $300 or more than $1,000. If the search and rescue dog causes any damage while in the facility, the handler will be solely responsible.
|TX - Domestic Violence - § 85.021-.022 Protective Orders||V.T.C.A., Family Code § 85.021 -.022||
In a protective order in Texas, the court may prohibit a party from removing a pet, companion animal, or assistance animal, as defined by Section 121.002, Human Resources Code, from the possession of a person named in the order. Furthermore, in a protective order, the court may prohibit the person found to have committed family violence from harming, threatening, or interfering with the care, custody, or control of a pet, companion animal, or assistance animal that is possessed by or is in the actual or constructive care of a person protected by an order or by a member of the family or household of a person protected by an order.
|MO - Dog Ordinances - Chapter 77. Third Class Cities.||V.A.M.S. 77.510||This Missouri statute provides that a city council may tax, restrain and prohibit the running at large of dogs, and provide for their destruction when at large contrary to ordinance, and impose penalties on the owners or keepers thereof.|
|MO - Exotic - Chapter 578. Miscellaneous Offenses. Large Carnivores||V.A.M.S. 578.600 - 578.625||The “Large Carnivore Act” pertains to large cats and bears that are nonnative to Missouri and held in captivity. The Act prohibits ownership, possession, breeding, and transportation of large carnivores (with exceptions). The Act creates civil and criminal liability for persons who own or possess a large carnivore. Violations may result in misdemeanor or felony convictions, community service work, the loss of privileges to own or possess any animal, and forfeiture of a large carnivore.|
|MO - Trust - Creation of trust, care of living animals||V.A.M.S. 456.4-408||This Missouri statute represents the state's pet trust law. The law provides that a trust may be created to provide for the care of an animal alive during the settlor's lifetime. The trust terminates upon the death of the animal or, if the trust was created to provide for the care of more than one animal alive during the settlor's lifetime, upon the death of the last surviving animal.|
|MO - Pet Shop - Animal Care and Facilities Licensing and Regulation (Chapter 273)||V.A.M.S. 273.325 - 359||Under these Missouri statutes, a license is required to operate animal boarding facilities, pet shops, pounds, dealers and commercial breeders. The canine cruelty prevention act makes it the crime of canine cruelty if the person poses a substantial risk to the health and welfare of animals in the person's custody. A violation is a misdemeanor.|
|MO - Dogs - Consolidated Dog Laws||V.A.M.S. 253.185; 270.010; 272.050; 273.010 - 405; 77.510; 80.090; 322.010 - 080; 10.112 - 113||These Missouri statutes comprise the state's dog laws. Among the provisions include laws for impounding loose dogs, licensing, rabies control, and the Animal Care Facilities Act, which regulates commercial breeders/pet shops.|
|MO - Endangered Species - Chapter 252. Department of Conservation--Fish and Game.||V.A.M.S. 252.020, 252.235, 252.240||This Missouri statute provides that the importation, transportation, or sale of any endangered species of fish or wildlife, or hides or other parts thereof, or the sale or possession with intent to sell any article made in whole or in part from the skin, hide or other parts of any endangered species of fish or wildlife is prohibited. Violation of the statute constitutes a Class B misdemeanor.|
|MO - Fish and Game - Chapter 252 (The Wildlife and Forestry Law)||V.A.M.S. 252.002 - 252.333||
This chapter establishes the Missouri Department of Conservation, outlines the agency's scope of authority, and includes all of the state's wildlife and endangered species statutes.
|TX - Lien, veterinary - § 70.010. Liens for Veterinary Care Charges for Large Animals||V. T. C. A., Property Code § 70.010||
This Texas law relates to veterinary liens for large animals, defined as ivestock or a cow, horse, mule, ass, sheep, goat, llama, alpaca, farm elk, or hog. The term does not include a common household pet such as a cat or dog. A licensed veterinarian has a lien on a large animal and the proceeds from the disposition of the large animal to secure the cost of veterinary care the veterinarian provided to the large animal. The lien attaches on the 20th day after the veterinarian first provided care to the large animal and attaches regardless of whether the veterinarian retains possession of the animal.
|TX - Trusts - Chapter 112. Creation, Validity, Modification, and Termination of Trusts.||V. T. C. A., Property Code § 112.037||
This Texas statute comprises the state's pet trust law. A trust may be created to provide for the care of an animal alive during the settlor's lifetime. The trust terminates on the death of the animal or, if the trust is created to provide for the care of more than one animal alive during the settlor's lifetime, on the death of the last surviving animal. The law also provides a distribution schedule for the trust's remaining assets.
|TX - Fighting - § 42.10. Dog Fighting.||V. T. C. A., Penal Code § 42.10||
Texas criminal statute that prohibits dog fighting. Actions ranging from causing a dog to fight with another to attending a dog fight as a spectator are prohibited. To constitute an offense, one must demonstrate the requisite intent of intentionally or knowingly.
|TX - Assault, sexual of animal - § 21.09. Bestiality||V. T. C. A., Penal Code § 21.09||This law represents Texas' prohibition on bestiality, which was enacted in 2017. A person commits this offense if he or she engages in listed contact with an animal. Additionally, a person violates this law if he or she: possesses or provides an animal for such purpose; organizes, promotes or participates in such conduct; permits such conduct at premises under his or her control; engages in conduct listed described in the presence of a child younger than 18 years of age; or advertises, offers, or accepts the offer of an animal with the intent that the animal be used in this state for conduct described. Violation is a state jail felony unless the conduct is done in the presence of a child younger than 18 or the conduct results in serious bodily injury or death of the animal; the offense is a felony of the second degree in those cases.|
|TX - Ordinances - § 1.08. Preemption||V. T. C. A., Penal Code § 1.08||
This law provides for preemption of state criminal laws over the laws enacted by governmental subdivisions or agencies.
|TX - Endangered Species - Chapter 68. Endangered Species||V. T. C. A., Parks & Wildlife Code § 68.001 - 021||
Texas defines endangered species as those listed on the federal ESA List as well as those designated in the state. No person may capture, trap, take, or kill, or attempt to capture, trap, take, or kill, endangered fish or wildlife nor may he or she possess, sell, distribute, or offer or advertise for sale those species (unless allowed as described in the subchapter). Notably, this chapter excepts from its provisions coyotes, cougars, bobcats, prairie dogs, and red foxes (with no mention as to what occurs in the event they become endangered). Violation of the provisions results in a Class C Parks and Wildlife Code misdemeanor for the first offense, a Class B misdemeanor for the second offense, and a Class A misdemeanor for subsequent offenses.
|TX - Alligators - Chapter 65. Alligators||V. T. C. A., Parks & Wildlife Code § 65.001 - 104||
Under these Texas statutes, no person may take, sell, purchase, or possess an alligator, an alligator egg, or any part of an alligator without a permit. An offense is a misdemeanor.
|TX - Hunting - Subchapter B. Seasons and Limits. § 64.011. Eagle.||V. T. C. A., Parks & Wildlife Code § 64.011||This section of the Texas code prohibits the killing of a golden or Mexican brown eagle except by permit (refers to the permit to kill wildlife that is threatening agricultural interests or public safety).|
|TX - Wildlife, wolves - Subchapter B. Nongame Animals||V. T. C. A., Parks & Wildlife Code § 63.101 - 104||
Under these Texas statutes, no person may hunt, sell, buy or possess a live or dead bat, with exceptions. A violation is a Class C misdemeanor. It is a felony to possess, transport, receive, or release a live wolf in Texas (with exceptions). It is a class B misdemeanor to sell a living armadillo in Texas (with exceptions).
|TX - Hunting - Subchapter F. Unlawful Controlled Killing of or Attempting to Injure Dangerous Wild Animals.||V. T. C. A., Parks & Wildlife Code § 62.101 - 107||This Texas statute provides that no person may kill or attempt to injure a dangerous wild animal that is in captivity in this state or released from captivity in this state for the purpose of being killed.|
|TX - Hunting - § 62.0125. Harassment of Hunters, Trappers, and Fishermen||V. T. C. A., Parks & Wildlife Code § 62.0125||
This law represents Texas' hunter harassment law, also known as the Sportsman's Rights Act. Under the section, a person may not intentionally interfere with another person lawfully engaged in the process of hunting or catching wildlife, or intentionally harass, drive, or disturb any wildlife for the purpose of disrupting lawful hunting. Violation is a Class B misdemeanor. It is an affirmative defense to prosecution that the defendant's conduct is protected by the right to freedom of speech under the constitution of this state or the United States.
|TX - Hunting - § 62.002. Computer-Assisted Remote Hunting||V. T. C. A., Parks & Wildlife Code § 62.002||
Under this Texas statute, a person may not engage in computer-assisted remote hunting or provide or operate such facilities if the animal being hunted is located in Texas. A violation is a Class B misdemeanor.
|TX - Wildlife - Subchapter H. Permits to Control Wildlife Protected by This Code.||V. T. C. A., Parks & Wildlife Code § 43.151 - 158||
This statute allows an individual to apply to a local municipality to receive a permit to destroy wildlife that is posing a serious risk to agricultural interests or public safety. This provision relates to a section that disallows the killing of eagles save for this exception.
|TX - Breeder - Chapter 802. Dog or Cat Breeders.||V. T. C. A., Occupations Code § 802.001 - 251||
Under the Texas Dog or Cat Breeders Act, a person may not act as a dog or cat breeder without a license. Facilities must be inspected at least once every 18-months, and inspectors must notify the law enforcement if they discover evidence of animal cruelty or neglect. This Act also establishes a dog or cat breeder training and enforcement account that can be used for promoting consumer awareness of this chapter, and supporting education, training, and enforcement efforts.
|TX - Veterinary - Chapter 801. Veterinarians.||V. T. C. A., Occupations Code § 801.001 - 557||
These are the state's veterinary practice laws. Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.
|TX - Circus - Chapter 2152. Regulation of Circuses, Carnivals, and Zoos.||V. T. C. A., Occupations Code § 2152.001 - 202 (Repealed 2015)||
Note chapter repealed: Repealed by Acts 2015, 84th Leg., ch. 1 (S.B. 219), § 5.318(14), eff. April 2, 2015. This set of Texas laws concerns the regulation of carnivals, circuses, and zoos. However, circuses are specifically exempted from regulation if they are licensed by the USDA and if the circus provides proof of (mandatory) inspection at least once a year. "Circus" is defined as a commercial variety show featuring animal acts for public entertainment. In Texas, the Texas Board of Health must adopt standards for the operation of circuses, carnivals, and zoos that promote humane conditions for animals and protect the public health and safety. A person may not operate a circus, carnival, or zoo unless the person holds a license issued under this chapter for the circus, carnival, or zoo. A person who knowingly operates a circus without a license under this chapter commits a Class C misdemeanor.
|TX - Exotic pets - Subchapter A. Regulation of Keeping of Wild Animals||V. T. C. A., Local Government Code § 240.001 - 004||
In this subchapter, “wild animal” is defined as a nondomestic animal that the commissioners court of a county determines is dangerous and is in need of control in that county. The commissioners court of a county by order may prohibit or regulate the keeping of a wild animal in the county. A person commits a Class C misdemeanor if the person violates an order adopted under this subchapter and the order defines the violation as an offense.
|TX - Cruelty - Chapter 829. Animal Control Officer Training||V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 829.001 - 009||
This chapter concerns the appointment of animal control officers in Texas. The chapter requires that an animal control officer complete training, which includes at least a 12-hour basic animal control course and subsequent continuing education.
|TX - Rabies - § 826.045. Area Rabies Quarantine.||V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 826.045||
This Texas statute outlines the parameters under which a rabies quarantine area may be adopted. If this occurs, it may call for the restraint of carnivorous animals and the transportation of carnivorous animals into and out of the quarantine area. While the quarantine is in effect, the rules adopted by the board supersede all other applicable ordinances or rules applying to the quarantine area.
|TX - Ordinances - § 826.034. Restraint; Criminal Penalty.||V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 826.034||This Texas statute provides that a person commits an offense (Class C misdemeanor) if the person fails or refuses to restrain a dog or cat owned by the person and the animal is required to be restrained under the ordinances or rules adopted under this chapter.|
|TX - Impound - § 826.033. Restraint, Impoundment, and Disposition of Dogs and Cats.||V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 826.033||This Texas statute provides that a municipality or county may adopt ordinances or rules to require that each dog or cat be restrained by its owner and that any stray dog or cat be declared a public nuisance. Further, it can declare that each unrestrained dog or cat be detained or impounded by the local rabies control authority. Each stray dog or cat be impounded for a period set by ordinance or rule and a humane disposition be made of each unclaimed stray dog or cat upon its expiration.|
|TX - Licenses - § 826.032. Registration; Criminal Penalty||V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 826.032||
This Texas statute provides that a person commits an offense (Class C misdemeanor) if he or she fails to or refuses to register or present for registration a dog or cat owned by the person as required by state law or local ordinance.
|TX - Licenses - § 826.031. Registration of Dogs and Cats by Local Governments.||V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 826.031||
This Texas statute provides that the governing body of a municipality and the commissioners court of a county may adopt ordinances or rules requiring the registration of each dog and cat within the jurisdiction of the municipality or county. Fees may be collected pursuant to such ordinances to defray costs.
|TX - Rabies - § 826.022. Vaccination; Criminal Penalty.||V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 826.022||
This Texas statute provides that a person commits an offense (Class C misdemeanor) if the person fails or refuses to have each dog or cat owned by the person vaccinated against rabies and the animal is required to be vaccinated under applicable state law or local ordinance.
|TX - Impound - Chapter 823. Animal Shelters||V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 823.001 - 009||
Chapter 823 enumerates the standards by which animal shelters shall comply. It sets forth confinement requirements, permissible forms of euthanasia, and personnel requirements.
|TX - Dangerous - Subchapter E: Dangerous Wild Animals||V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 822.101 - 116||
Chapter 822, Subchapter E regulates the keeping of dangerous wild animals. It imposes a registration requirement upon the owner of a dangerous wild animal and also sets forth insurance requirements. One thing to note is that Texas animal cruelty laws do not apply to these wild animals.
|TX - Dangerous - § 822.0422. Reporting of Incident in Certain Counties and Municipalities||V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 822.0422||
This Texas statute outlines the procedures for reporting a dangerous dog incident in counties with a population of at least 2,800,000 in which an ordinance has been adopted pursuant to this section. It describes the reporting and seizure requirements should an owner fail to turn over an implicated dog.
|TX - Dangerous - Subchapter D: Dangerous Dogs||V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 822.041 - 047||
Chapter 822, Subchapter D addresses dangerous dogs and their treatment, including dog attacks, registration, defenses, violations of the statute.
|TX - Registration - Subchapter C: Regulation of Dogs||V. T. C. A., Health & Safety Code § 822.021 - 035||
Chapter 822, Sections .031 through .035 address the regulation of dogs. Specifically, these provisions cover the registration requirements, prohibit unregistered dogs from running at large, and enumerate the treatment of dogs that attack other domestic animals.