|Statute by category||Citation||Summary|
|CUIDADO DE LOS ANIMALES||207 Animal Protection Law||
New comprehensive Animal Welfare Law for Spain - in spanish only.
|UK - Animal Welfare - Animal Welfare (Sentencing) Act 2021||2021 c.21||This Act increased the period that judges may impose prison sentences on those that breach the Animal Welfare Act 2006 (applicable in England and Wales). The Act came into force on 29 June 2021. Imprisonment has increased to 5 years (and/or an unlimited fine) for certain offences where a defendant is convicted on indictment at the Crown Court. This includes the offences of unnecessary suffering and dog fighting. Imprisonment on summary conviction for these offences at the Magistrates' Court is increased to 12 months, or a fine, or both.|
|Scotland - Animal Welfare - Animals and Wildlife (Penalties, Protections and Powers) (Scotland) Act 2020||2020 asp 14||This Act increased the maximum penalty for the most serious animal welfare and wildlife crimes in Scotland to five years imprisonment and unlimited fines. This includes penalties under the The Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006, the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, The Protection of Badgers Act 1992, the Wild Mammals (Protection) Act 1996, the Deer (Scotland) Act 1996, and other animal welfare related legislation in Scotland. These include the offence of unnecessary suffering and animal fighting. The Act also incorporated 'Finn's Law' which will prevent those that harm service animals in the course of their duties from claiming that they did so in self-defence. The Act also creates new powers (by way of future secondary legislation) to impose fixed penalty notices for less serious offences. Further, the Act restricts licensing for the killing of seals, and provides mountain hares with general protection from killing.|
|Wales - Circus - Wild Animals and Circuses (Wales) Act 2020||2020 asc 2||This Act prohibits the use of wild animals in travelling circuses in Wales.|
|UK - Wildlife - The Humane Trapping Standards Regulations 2019||2019 No. 22||These Regulations amend the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 in order to implement requirements contained in the agreement on international humane trapping standards concluded between the European Community, the Government of Canada and the Government of the Russian Federation. They introduce a prohibition on using or setting in position any trap or snare for the purpose of killing or taking the Stoat or the European Beaver. The prohibitions in section 11(2)(a) and (b) (as revised) (relating to using or setting in position a trap or snare) do not apply in relation to any animal specified in Schedule 6ZA where the use or setting of the trap is under and in accordance with a Government issued license.|
|England - Puppy and Kitten Sales - The Animal Welfare (Licensing of Activities Involving Animals) (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2019||2019 No. 1093||Comes into force 6 April 2020: Known as 'Lucy's Law.' These amendments to the licensing Regulations prevent the sale of puppies and kittens by third party sellers - such as a pet shop or commercial dealer - unless they have bred the animal themselves. Anyone looking to buy or adopt a puppy or kitten under 6 months old must deal directly with the breeder or animal re homing center.|
|England/Wales - Wild Animals - Wild Animals in Circuses Act 2019||2019 CHAPTER 24||Comes into force January 2020: An Act banning the use of wild animals in traveling circuses in England and Wales.|
|England/Wales - Animal Welfare - Animal Welfare (Service Animals) Act 2019||2019 c.15||This Act amends the Animal Welfare Act of 2006 (England and Wales). It makes it an offence to be cause unnecessary suffering to a service animal whilst in service, removing the defence to human safety from the Animal Welfare Act 2006. Also known as 'Finn's Law.'|
|England - Farming - The Use of Closed Circuit Television in Slaughterhouses (England) Regulations 2018||2018 No. 556||These Regulations introduce requirements on operators of slaughterhouses in England to install and operate a closed circuit television (CCTV) system in all areas where live animals are present. CCTV footage and associated data must be retained for a period of 90 days. Inspectors are given powers to require compliance with these Regulations. This includes powers of inspection and seizure where an inspector has entered premises for the purposes of executing and enforcing the 2015 Welfare of Animals at the Time of Killing (England) Regulations, and powers to issue enforcement notices.|
|UK - Wildlife - Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2017||2017 No. 1012||These Regulations consolidated the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010, and made minor modifications. Part 3, regulation 43 makes it an offence (subject to exceptions) to deliberately capture, kill or disturb certain wild animals or to trade in them. Regulation 45 prohibits the use of certain methods of capturing or killing wild animals.|
|Scotland - Dogs, microchip - The Microchipping of Dogs (Scotland) Regulations 2016||2016 No. 58||Regulations providing for the compulsory microchipping of dogs and the recording of each dog’s identity and its keeper’s contact details on a database.|
|Wales - Dogs - The Microchipping of Dogs (Wales) Regulations 2015||2015 No. 1990 (W. 300)||Regulations providing for the compulsory microchipping of dogs and the recording of each dog’s identity and its keeper’s contact details on a database.|
|England and Wales - Dogs - The Dangerous Dogs Exemption Schemes (England and Wales) Order 2015||2015 No. 138||An order providing exemptions from the immediate destruction of a dangerous dog, by way of a Contingent Destruction Order. Following a conviction under the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991, the Court must either order the immediate destruction of the dog, or the contingent destruction of a dog if satisfied that the dog is not a danger to public safety. Contains conditions that must be met in relation to the dog, and requirements that the person in charge of the dog must comply with.|
|England - Dogs - The Microchipping of Dogs (England) Regulations 2015||2015 No. 108||Regulations making it compulsory for dog owners to ensure their dog is microchipped, and that their contact details are kept up to date on a database.|
|US - AWA - 2014 Public Law113-79||2014 PL 113-79||The 2014 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act allows the Secretary of agriculture to define de minimis, as well as several grammatical changes. The public law also provides the prohibits anyone from allowing a person who has not attained the age of 16 from attending an animal fighting venture.|
|Wales - Dogs - The Animal Welfare (Breeding of Dogs) (Wales) Regulations 2014||2014 No. 3266 (W. 333)||Regulations to license persons breeding dogs in Wales.|
|England - Slaughter - The Welfare of Animals (Slaughter or Killing) (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2012||2012 No. 501||These Regulations amended the Welfare of Animals (Slaughter or Killing) Regulations 1995. Provisions extend the range of birds that can be killed by gas mixtures in specific circumstances, and extend the time limits under which a prosecution may be brought.|
|Scotland - Slaughter - The Welfare of Animals at the Time of Killing (Scotland) Regulations 2012||2012 No. 321||These Regulations replace the Welfare of Animals (Slaughter or Killing) Regulations 1995 for Scotland in respect of slaughterhouse activities (the 1995 Regulations continue to have full effect in England and Wales). Provisions include: certificates of competence and handling and stunning requirements for a number of farmed species.|
|Northern Ireland - Farm animal - Welfare of Farmed Animals Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2012||2012 No. 156||Regulations placing duties on persons responsible for farmed animals, to include: the conditions under which animals are kept; and specific conditions for laying hens, reared meat chickens, caves, cattle, pigs and rabbits.|
|Wales - Fur, mink - The Mink Keeping (Prohibition) (Wales) Order 2012||2012 No. (W. )||An Order imposing an absolute prohibition upon the keeping of mink in Wales.|
|UK - Research Animals - The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 Amendment Regulations 2012||2012 No.||Protected animals are extended under the 1986 Act to include cephalopods (i.e., octopus or squid). The principles of replacement, reduction and refinement (the 3Rs), are encompassed in section 2A of the amendment; The Secretary of State must be satisfied that a scientific objective could not be achieved without using animals, by using fewer animals, or by causing less suffering.|
|England - Circus - The Welfare of Wild Animals in Travelling Circuses (England) Regulations 2012||2012 No.||These Regulations set out license conditions for wild animals in travelling circuses, including animal welfare requirements. Licensing conditions include providing lifelong care for the retirement of every licensed animal.|
|KY - Initiatives - Right to Hunt||2012 Amendment||This measure proposes to amend the Constitution of Kentucky to create a right to hunt, fish, and harvest nonthreatened species using traditional methods. It passed by 84.5% of the vote.|
|PA - Cruelty - De protección a los animales domésticos||2011 De protección a los animales domésticos||
This document provides a link to De protección a los animales domésticos (.pdf).
|Northern Ireland - Animal Welfare - Welfare of Animals Act (Northern Ireland) 2011||2011 CHAPTER 16||An Act establishing penalties for engaging in certain activities that are considered detrimental to animal welfare in Northern Ireland. Activities that constitute offences include: causing an animal unnecessary suffering, mutilating an animal’s body, docking a dog’s tail (with certain limited exceptions), administering a poisonous or injurious substance to an animal, and engaging in or attending an animal fight. Activities lawfully done under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986, and the normal course of fishing, hunting and (hare) coursing are exempt from the 2011 Act. Hare coursing events have since been banned in separate legislation.|
|Northern Ireland - Wildlife - Wildlife and Natural Environment Act (Northern Ireland) 2011||2011 Chapter 15||This Act provides various protections to certain wild animals, and prohibits facilitating, attending or participating in hare coursing events.|
|Scotland - Wildlife - Wildlife and Natural Environment (Scotland) Act 2011||2011 asp 6||This Act provides various protections to certain wild animals in Scotland, and makes amendments to the Nature Conservation (Scotland) Act 2004.|
|Canada - Saskatchewan - Northern Municipailities Act (dangerous animal)||2010, c.N-5.2, s.395; 2018, c A-21.2, s.40.||Saskatchewan's The Municipalities Act, The Cities Act and The Northern Municipalities Act, 2010 provide the basic legislative framework for all of the province's municipalities, and give municipalities what is referred to as "Natural Persons Power." This term is commonly understood to mean that municipalities possess all of the same powers that a normal person would. Essentially, a municipality can take any action that a natural person or business could to carry out its purposes unless or until legislation prohibits an action or places limitations or conditions on an action. Northern municipalities have specific authority to declare any animal or class or classes of animal to be dangerous. Legislative provisions within The Northern Municipalities Act, 2010 respecting dangerous dogs may meet local needs.|
|MO - Breeding - Proposition B||2010 Proposition B||
The official ballot title asks voters if Missouri law be amended to (1) require large-scale dog breeding operations to provide each dog under their care with sufficient food, clean water, housing and space; necessary veterinary care; regular exercise and adequate rest between breeding cycles; (2) prohibit any breeder from having more than 50 breeding dogs for the purpose of selling their puppies as pets; and (3) create a misdemeanor crime of “puppy mill cruelty” for any violations.
|Wales - Collars, electronic - The Animal Welfare (Electronic Collars) (Wales) Regulations 2010||2010 No. 943 (W.97)||Regulations prohibiting the use of electronic collars on dogs and cats in Wales.|
|England - Greyhounds - The Welfare of Racing Greyhounds Regulations 2010||2010 No. 543||These Regulations cover license requirements, including renewal, suspension and cancellation; and license conditions for the racing of greyhounds in England. Conditions include the attendance of a veterinary surgeon at every race, kennels at races, microchipping and race injury records.|
|England - Farm animals - The Welfare of Farmed Animals (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2010||2010 No. 303||Regulations to address the welfare of chickens raised for meat. Provisions include: maximum stocking densities, and minimum management, training and monitoring requirements.|
|EU - Farming - Council Directive 2008/119/EC (Calves)||2008/119/EC||
Even before passage of this important new directive setting down minimum standards for the protection of calves, the use of veal crates for rearing calves had already been illegal in the EU (since 2006). The new directive, however, passed on December 18, 2008, fleshed out older one, establishing new welfare minimums under which veal could be raised. According to the new directive, veal calves may, when very young, be kept in individual pens, but must be able to turn around and to see and touch other calves through perforated walls. Once they are more than eight weeks old, veal calves must be reared in groups. To guard against the nutrient-deficient diet veal calves have long been fed on factory farms—and continue to be fed on farms in the United States—European calves must, at least twice a day, be fed a diet that meets basic health requirements to ensure their bodies develop normally.
|CA - Initiatives - Proposition 2 (farm cruelty)||2008 Proposition 2||This 2008 California initiative measure would add to the Health & Safety Code with a law entitled, "The Prevention of Farm Animal Cruelty Act." Specifically, the proposed law requires that calves raised for veal, egg-laying hens and pregnant pigs be confined only in ways that allow these animals to lie down, stand up, fully extend their limbs and turn around freely. Exceptions are made for transportation, rodeos, fairs, 4-H programs, lawful slaughter, research and veterinary purposes. The law provides misdemeanor penalties, including a fine not to exceed $1,000 and/or imprisonment in jail for up to 180 days and would go into effect on January 1, 2015. It was approved in November 2008 by a margin of 63% to 37%.|
|US - AWA - 2008 Public Law 110-246||2008 PL 110-246||The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, P.L. 110-246 amends the Animal Welfare Act by strengthening penalties related to animal fighting, including an increase in imprisonment. The 2008 bill also contained language prohibiting imports for resale of dogs unless they are at least six months of age, in good health, and have all necessary vaccinations, with some exemptions defined. Finally, fines for violations of the Animal Welfare Act increased from $2500 to $10,000 per violation, per animal, per day.|
|US - AWA - 2008 Public Law 110-234||2008 PL 110-234||2008 Amendments to the Animal Welfare Act concerning the importation of live dogs.|
|EU - Farming - Council Directive 2007/43/EC laying down minimum rules for the protection of chickens kept for meat production||2007/43/EC||
Community measures regulate the management of holdings that rear chickens for meat production in order to improve animal welfare, particularly for chickens kept on intensive farms.
|US - AWA - 2007 Public Law110-22||2007 PL 110-22||The Animal Fighting Prohibition Enforcement Act of 2007 was signed into law on May 3, 2007. The law upgrades current penalties by creating felony-level jail time (up to 3 years) for violations of the federal animal fighting law, and it also prohibits interstate and foreign commerce of cockfighting weapons (e.g., knife, gaff, etc.).|
|England - Farm animals - Welfare of Farmed Animals (England) Regulations 2007||2007 No. 2078||These Regulations set minimum welfare standards for farm animals generally whilst kept and reared on a farm. Some more specific provisions address laying hens, calves confined for rearing and fattening, cattle, pigs, boars, sows, piglets and rabbits. These 2007 Regulations repeal the 2000 Regulations, and also repeal the 2002 and 2003 Regulation Amendments.|
|England - Dogs - The Docking of Working Dogs' Tails (England) Regulations 2007||2007 No. 1120||
These Regulations exempt hunt, spaniel and terrier breeds from the tail docking prohibition under the Animal Welfare Act 2006, provided that certain conditions are met. Tail docking must be carried out by a veterinary surgeon, and not past 5 days old.
|England - Animal Welfare - The Mutilations (Permitted Procedures) (England) Regulations 2007||2007 No. 1100||These Regulations specify the procedures that are exempt from the Section 5 mutilation prohibition of the Animal Welfare Act 2006. Procedures include: ear tagging for identification and castration for control of reproduction, for certain species. Anaesthetics, and other requirements, are also set out concerning certain species.|
|England - Transport - The Welfare of Animals (Transport) (England) Order 2006||2006 No. 3260||Regulations to provide general protections to vertebrate and cold blooded invertebrate animals during transport. It is an offence to transport an animal in a way which causes, or is likely to cause, injury or unnecessary suffering to that animal. Similar legislation is in place for the rest of the UK (Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.)|
|MI - Initiatives - Michigan Proposal 3 (mourning dove hunting)||2006 Michigan Proposal 3||
In 2006, Michigan voters were presented with Proposal 3 that would have legalized the hunting of mourning doves by adding the species to the state game list. The measure was defeated by a 69 to 31 percent vote.
|GA - Initiatives - Georgia Amendment 2 (right to hunt)||2006 Georgia Amendment 2||This Georgia constitutional amendment was presented to voters on the 2006 ballot. The measure preserves the state's tradition of hunting and fishing for the public good. Amendment 2 passed by a margin of 81% to 19%.|
|Scotland - Animal Welfare - Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006||2006 asp 11||An Act establishing penalties for engaging in certain activities that are considered detrimental to animal welfare in Scotland. Part 1 of the Act contains detailed provisions concerning animal health and preventing the spread of disease. Activities that constitute offenses under Part 2 of the Act include: causing an animal unnecessary suffering, mutilating an animal’s body, docking a dog’s tail (with certain limited exceptions), administering a poisonous or injurious substance to an animal, and engaging in or attending animal fighting. Nothing in the Act applies to anything lawfully done under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 or to anything which occurs in the normal course of fishing.|
|AZ - Initiatives - Proposition 204 (inhumane confinement)||2006 Arizona Proposition 204||This comprises Proposition 204 also known as the Humane Treatment of Farm Animals Act. A "yes" vote shall have the effect of establishing misdemeanor fines and penalties for tethering or confining a pregnant pig or a calf raised for veal for all or a majority of the day in a manner that prevents the animal from lying down and fully extending its limbs or turning around freely but excepts transportation of the animal, rodeo and fair exhibitions, lawful slaughters, research, veterinary purposes and the seven day period before a pig's expected date of giving birth. The measure passed with 62% voting "yes."|
|EU - Transport - 2004/544/EC: Council Decision on the signing of the European Convention for the protection of animals during in||2004/544/EC||
This Council Decision directs the signing the of the European Convention for the protection of animals during international transport.
|US - MBTA - Senate Bill 2547 An Act to Amend the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA)||2004 Senate Bill 2547||
This Act, now known as the Migratory Bird Treaty Reform Act (MBTRA), revamps the MBTA by excluding species of birds that are "non-native" to the United States. Under the bill, a bird species shall not be treated as native to the United States if the species occurs in the United States solely as a result of intentional or unintentional human-assisted introduction after the date of adoption of the treaty in 1918. As a result, some 94 species of birds currently protected under the treaty would lose their protected status.
|US - Rodent - Nutria Eradication and Control Act of 2003||2004 P.L. 108-16; 2004 P.L. 105-322||
Nutria are large, semi-aquatic rodents that are native to South America and have invaded the marshland of certain U.S. states. There are no natural predators to control nutria, no market for their fur, and private trappers have failed to keep pace with the animals' ability to reproduce. P.L. 108-16 of 2003 and P.L. 105-322 of 1998 authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to provide financial assistance to the States of Maryland and Louisiana for a program to implement measures to: (1)eradicate nutria in Maryland; (2)eradicate or control nutria in Louisiana and other States; and (3) restore marshland damaged by nutria.
|England - Fur - The Mink Keeping (Prohibition) (England) Order 2004||2004 No. 100||An Order imposing an absolute prohibition upon the keeping of mink in England.|