|Statute by category||Citation||Summary|
|CA - Hunting - § 3513. Migratory nongame birds; protection||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 3513||
California law reiterates that it is illegal to take or possess any bird or its parts that is listed under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, of which the eagle is listed. .
|CA - Hunting - § 3511. Fully protected birds; permits or licenses; necessary scientific research; legal imports;||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 3511||
California law specifically states that no other statutes are to be construed to allow the taking of state protected birds, of which the golden eagle and bald eagle are listed, and any licenses issued to take protected birds are void unless issued for scientific or depredation purposes.
|CA - Birds - Part 2. Birds.||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 3500 - 3864||
These various sections are all related to the protection of birds in California. Within these sections, the Legislature has enumerated fully protected birds in the state, prohibited activities such as destroying bird nests and eggs, required licenses for duck hunting, and outlined several provisions to guide state efforts in preserving and rehabilitating the California Condor.
|CA - Hunting - Article 2.5. Hunter's Safety.||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 3049 - 3055.1||
The Legislature of California in these sections finds and declares that individuals who engage in hunting should possess an adequate understanding of hunter safety practices, principles of conservation, and sportsmanship. In order to achieve these goals, hunters must procure a license and complete a course in hunter safety.
|CA - Hunting - Article 2. Hunting Licenses||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 3031 - 3040||
These sections outline the general licensing requirements for hunting in the State of California. The provisions contain age and residency requirements, grant lifetime licenses in certain instances, and outline preferences for members of the armed forces and veterans.
|CA - Hunting - Article 1. Methods of Taking (including trapping methods)||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 3000 - 3012||
These sections pertain to hunting in California. A hunting license is required, and certain hunting methods are prohibited, such as night hunting, hunting while intoxicated, shooting at an animal from a vehicle, Internet hunting, the use of body-gripping or metal-jawed traps, the use of certain poisons and lead bullets, and the use of bird or mammal calls.
|CA - Marine - Chapter 10.5. Marine Life Protection Act.||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 2850 - 2863||
In this act, the California Legislature finds and declares a need to reexamine and redesign California's marine protected area systems to increase its effectiveness at protecting the state's marine life, habitat, and ecosystems. To improve the design and management of that system, the Marine Life Protection Program was adopted. A few of the Program's goals are to protect the natural diversity and abundance of marine life, to help sustain, conserve, and protect marine life populations, and rebuild those that are depleted.
|CA - Fish & Game - Chapter 6.5. Control of Illegally Taken Fish and Wildlife||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 2580 - 2589||
This set of laws outlines various violations involving the possession and movement of illegally obtained animals and imposes liability for those activities.
|CA - Elephant Training - § 2128. Elephants; prohibited practices; penalties||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 2128||
This statute (operative on January 1, 2018) prohibits a person who houses, possesses, manages, or is in direct contact with an elephant from using a billhook, ankus, baseball bat, axe handle, pitchfork, and other devices that inflict pain for the purpose of training or controlling the elephant. Any person caught in violation of this statute will be subject to civil penalty and a suspension or revocation of his or her license to lawfully possess the animal.
|CA - Hunting - § 2124. Possession, purchase, sale or transfer of wild animals||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 2124||Under this California law, it is unlawful for any person to possess, transport, import, export, propagate, purchase, sell, or transfer any live mammal for the purposes of maiming, injuring, or killing the mammal for gain, amusement, or sport.|
|CA - Wild Animal - Chapter 2. Importation, Transportation, and Sheltering of Restricted Live Wild Animals.||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 2116 - 2203||
The California Legislature adopted this act based on a findings that wild animals are captured for importation and resold in California and that some populations of wild animals are being depleted, that many animals die in captivity or transit, and that some keepers of wild animals lack sufficient knowledge or facilities for the proper care of wild animals. It was the intention of the Legislature to regulate the importation, transportation, and possession of wild animals to protect the native wildlife and agricultural interests against damage from the existence at large of certain wild animals, and to protect the public health and safety in this state. The act defines "wild animal" and classifies them by species. Among other things, the act also includes inspection and permit provisions that govern the treatment of wild animals and the actions that may be taken where they are concerned.
|CA - Dog, collar - § 2011.5. Removal of collar from hunting dog; unlawful without written permission||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 2011.5||This California statute makes it unlawful to remove a hunting dog's collar without having written permission from the dog's owner.|
|CA - Fish & Game - Chapter 1. Taking and Possessing in General||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 2000 - 2022||These sections make it unlawful to take any bird, mammal, fish, reptile, or amphibian except as provided in this code. Some of the restrictions in the code refer to taking after season, offering a prize or inducement to take game, setting a bounty for an animal, using sniper scopes, artificial lights, or trap guns. Section 2009 also makes it a crime willfully interfere with the participation of any individual in the lawful activity of shooting, hunting, or fishing.|
|CA - Fish & Game - Chapter 1. General Definitions||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 1 - 89.5||This chapter includes the general definitions for the Fish and Game Code.|
|CA - Endangered Species - CHAPTER 1.5. ENDANGERED SPECIES||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 2050 - 2115.5||
The California Fish and Game Code considers that endangered and threatened species are of ecological, educational, historical, recreational, esthetic, economic, and scientific value to the people of the State of California. The State of California has legislation that allows the state to protect endangered and threatened species by acquiring land for these species to protect, restore and enhance the habitat of these species. Section 2080 prohibits the importing, taking, exporting, possessing, purchasing, or selling, any species, or any part or product thereof that is endangered or threatened.
|CA - Domestic Violence - Inclusion of Animals; Domestic Violence||West's Ann. Cal. Fam. Code § 6320 - 6327||On a showing of good cause, the court may include in a protective order a grant to the petitioner of the exclusive care, possession, or control of any animal owned, possessed, leased, kept, or held by either the petitioner or the respondent or a minor child residing in the residence or household of either the petitioner or the respondent.|
|CA - Divorce - § 2605. Care and ownership of pet animal||West's Ann. Cal. Fam. Code § 2605||This California law, effective January of 2019, allows to court to enter an order, at the request of a party, for a party to care for the pet animal prior to the entry of a final order. The existence of an order providing for the care of a pet animal during the course of proceedings for dissolution of marriage or for legal separation of the parties shall not have any impact on the court's final determination of ownership of the pet animal.|
|CA - Education - Chapter 2.3. Pupils' Rights to Refrain from the Harmful or Destructive Use of Animals||West's Ann. Cal. Educ. Code § 32255 - 32255.6||This California chapter of laws concerns students refraining from engaging in animal dissection in education institutions. Under Section 32255.1, any pupil (defined as under age 18) with a moral objection to dissecting or otherwise harming or destroying animals, or any parts thereof, shall notify his or her teacher regarding this objection. If the pupil refrains from such participation, he or she and the teacher may work to develop an alternate education project. The pupil shall not be discriminated against based upon his or her decision to exercise his or her rights pursuant to this chapter. A pupil's objection to participating in an educational project pursuant to this section shall be substantiated by a note from his or her parent or guardian.|
|CA - Cruelty - Part 11. Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals||West's Ann. Cal. Corp. Code § 14500 - 14505||This section of California laws concerns the formation and powers of societies for the prevention of cruelty to animals.|
|CA - Cruelty - Part 9. Societies for Prevention of Cruelty to Children and Animals.||West's Ann. Cal. Corp. Code § 10400 - 10406||This set of statutes outlines the rights and responsibilities of corporations that are formed for the prevention of cruelty to animals.|
|CA - Fur - § 996. Fur bearing animals raised in captivity; ownership; protection of law||West's Ann. Cal. Civ. Code § 996||
This California law provides that any furbearing animal whether born in captivity or brought into captivity for the purpose of pelting fur is regarded as personal property, the same as other domestic animals.
|CA - Housing - § 4715. Pets within common interest developments||West's Ann. Cal. Civ. Code § 4715||This California statute states that no governing documents shall prohibit the owner of a separate interest within a common interest development from keeping at least one pet.|
|CA - Entertainment - Title 4. Motion Pictures (use of animals)||West's Ann. Cal. Civ. Code § 3504 - 3508.2||
This section of laws provides that it is a nuisance to exhibit a motion picture that depicts any intentional killing of, or cruelty to, a human being or an animal where such intentional killing of, or cruelty to, a human being or an animal actually occurred in the production of the motion picture for the purpose of such production created after January 1, 1979. An action may be brought to abate and prevent the nuisance by the relevant county's district attorney or the California Attorney General. Any violation or disobedience of an injunction or order expressly provided for by this title is punishable as a contempt of court by a fine of not less than two hundred dollars ($200) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000).
|CA - Damages - Injuries to animals; exemplary damages||West's Ann. Cal. Civ. Code § 3340||
Exemplary damages may be given for injuries to animals committed in disregard of humanity either willfully or through gross negligence.
|CA - Lost Property - Lost and Unclaimed Property||West's Ann. Cal. Civ. Code § 2080 - 2082||
This statutory section comprises California's lost property laws.
|CA - Testing, animal - Chapter 2. Deposit for Keeping. Article 1. General Provisions.||West's Ann. Cal. Civ. Code § 1833 - 1840||
The following statutes requires that a research facility which houses living animals shall provide said animals with veterinary care, food, housing, and treat each animal with kindness. Any violation of the statute could result in civil liability. In addition, the statutes provide that an alternative testing method must be utilized when scientifically validated, recommended by the ICCVAM, and adopted by the appropriate federal agency.
|CA - Ordinances - Local regulations||West's Ann. Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 7582.5||
This California statute provides great deference to local municipalities by providing that regulations governing local municipalities shall not infringe upon the police powers of those local units to regulate dogs. Specifically, it states that this chapter shall not prevent the local authorities in any city, county, or city and county, by ordinance and within the exercise of the police power of the city, county, or city and county from imposing reasonable additional requirements necessary to regulate and control protection dogs according to their local needs and not inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter.
|CA - Veterinary - Chapter 11. Veterinary Medicine.||West's Ann. Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 4800 - 4917||These are the state's veterinary practice laws. Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.|
|WI - Horsemeat - 97.45. Labeling of horsemeat||W.S.A. 97.45 (97.45. Repealed by 2015 Act 243, § 59, eff. March 3, 2016)||[97.45. Repealed by 2015 Act 243, § 59, eff. March 3, 2016]. This former statute states that no person shall sell any horsemeat, unless it is conspicuously labeled, marked, branded or tagged “horsemeat.” Violation is a Class H felony.|
|WI - Hunting - 951.09. Shooting at caged or staked animals||W.S.A. 951.09||This Wisconsin statute prohibits the killing or aiding in killing or wounding by use of deadly weapon of any animal that is tied, staked out, caged or otherwise intentionally confined in a man-made enclosure, regardless of size. However, nothing in this section prohibits the shooting of any wild game in its wild state.|
|WI - Veterinary - Chapter 89. Veterinary Examining Board||W.S.A. 89.02 - .08||These are the state's veterinary practice laws. Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.|
|WI - Research animals - 36.40. Use of animals for research purposes||W.S.A. 36.40||This Wisconsin law states that the board of higher education for the University of Wisconsin System shall adopt criteria for researchers to follow regarding humane treatment of animals for scientific research purposes.|
|WI - Wildlife - Subchapter XII. Wildlife Damage||W.S.A. 29.885 - 29.89||Under these Wisconsin statutes, wild animals that are causing damage or a nuisance may be removed. These statutes also establish a wildlife damage abatement program and venison processing and donation program. Wildlife control measures in urban communities and management of double-crested cormorants are also provided.|
|WY - Hunting - Article 1. Game Bird Farms.||W.S.1977 §§ 23-5-101 - 111||This Wyoming statute provides that one who desires to operate a game bird farm must file a verified declaration that states the purpose of the farm (breeding, propagating, or hunting) and a legal description of the tract of land.|
|WY - Assistance Animals - Assistance Animal/Guide Dog Laws||W.S.1977 § 35-13-201 to 206; § 31-5-611||The following statutes comprise the state's relevant assistance animal and service animal laws.|
|WY - Eagles - § 23-3-101. Taking eagle prohibited||W.S.1977 § 23-3-101||This Wyoming statutes prohibits the taking of an eagle unless the taking is authorized by federal law. Such a taking constitutes a high misdemeanor.|
|WY - Equine Activity Liability - Chapter 1. General Provisions as to Civil Actions||W.S.1977 § 1-1-122 to 123||The Wyoming equine liability provisions immunize equine professionals by declaring that those who engage in equine activities or any recreational activities assume the inherent risks in the sport or recreational opportunity. However, actions based upon negligence of the provider wherein the damage, injury or death is not the result of an inherent risk of the sport or recreational opportunity shall be preserved pursuant to W.S. 1-1-109.|
|WV - Dogs - Consolidated Dog Laws||W. Va. Code, §§ 5A-4-4; § 7-7-6d; § 19-9-1 - 40; § 19-20-1 - 26; § 19-20A-1 - 8; § 19-20B-1 - 6; § 19-20C-1 - 3; § 19-20D-1 - 3; § 20-2-5; § 20-2-5f; § 20-2-16; § 20-2-22a; § 20-2-56a||
These West Virginia statutes comprise the state's dog laws. Among the provisions include registration requirements, rabies control, and hunting laws that impact dogs.
|WV - Domestic Violence - § 48-27-503. Permissive provisions in protective order.||W. Va. Code, §§ 48-27-503; 48-27-702||In West Virginia, the terms of a protective order may include awarding the petitioner the exclusive care, possession, or control of any animal owned, possessed, leased, kept or held by either the petitioner or the respondent or a minor child residing in the residence or household of either the petitioner or the respondent and prohibiting the respondent from taking, concealing, molesting, physically injuring, killing or otherwise disposing of the animal and limiting or precluding contact by the respondent with the animal. Furthermore, West Virginia mandates that law enforcement officers who suspect animal cruelty during an alleged incident of domestic violence must report that suspicion and the grounds therefor to the county humane officer within twenty-four hours of the response to the alleged incident of domestic violence.|
|WV - Horse Slaughter - Article 2B. Inspection of Meat and Poultry.||W. Va. Code, §§ 19-2B-1 to 12||The stated purpose of this article is to provide for the inspection, labeling and disposition of animals, poultry, carcasses, meat products and poultry products which are to be sold or offered for sale through commercial outlets for human consumption, the licensing of commercial slaughterers, custom slaughterers and processors, and the inspection of slaughterhouses and processing plants located in the state of West Virginia. With regard to horse slaughter, the article makes it unlawful to add kangaroo meat, horse meat, mule meat or other equine meat to any animal meat, meat product or poultry product to be sold or offered for sale through commercial outlets or distributors for human consumption.|
|WV - Humane Slaughter - Article 2E. Humane Slaughter of Livestock.||W. Va. Code, §§ 19-2E-1 to 7||The West Virginia humane slaughter provisions apply to livestock, defined as cattle, swine, sheep or goats. Humane methods of slaughtering livestock include those where the animal is rendered insensible to pain by a single blow, gunshot or by electrical, chemical or other means, or by slaughtering in accordance with the ritual requirements of the Jewish faith or any other religious faith that prescribes a method of slaughter by the simultaneous and instantaneous severance of the carotid arteries. The section provides a graduating scheme of penalties for violation; a first offense results in a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of $100 - $500; a second offense results in a misdemeanor with a fine of $500 - 1,000 and suspension of the license to do business as a slaughtering establishment until the facility is in compliance.|
|WV - Cruelty, reporting - § 9-6-9a. Mandatory reporting suspected of animal cruelty by adult protective service workers||W. Va. Code, § 9-6-9a, W. Va. Code, § 48-27-702, W. Va. Code, § 49-2-806||These West Virginia statutes require that an adult protective services worker, a child protective services worker, or a law enforcement officer who responds to an alleged domestic violence incident, who form a reasonable suspicion that an animal is the victim of cruelty, shall report their suspicion to the county humane society within twenty-four hours.|
|WV - Licenses - § 7-7-6d. Collection of head tax on dogs; duties of assessor and sheriff;||W. Va. Code, § 7-7-6d||This West Virginia statute provides that it is the duty of the county assessor at the time of assessment of the personal property within such county, to assess and collect a head tax of one dollar on each male or spayed female dog and of two dollars on each unspayed female dog. In addition to the above, the assessor and his deputies shall have the further duty of collecting any such head tax on dogs as may be levied by the ordinances of each and every municipality within the county. The tax also serves the function of providing a registration for the dog. Any person who refuses to pay the tax after a specified period may have his or her dog seized, which may then be sold or eventually destroyed.|
|WV - Cruelty - Consolidated Cruelty Statutes||W. Va. Code, § 7-10-1 to 5; W. Va. Code, § 61-8-19 to 23; W. Va. Code, § 19-33-1 - 5||These West Virginia statutes comprise the state's anti-cruelty and animal fighting provisions. If any person cruelly mistreats, abandons or withholds proper sustenance, including food, water, shelter or medical treatment, necessary to sustain normal health and fitness or to end suffering or abandons any animal to die, or uses, trains or possesses any domesticated animal for the purpose of seizing, detaining or maltreating any other domesticated animal, he or she is guilty of a misdemeanor. If any person intentionally tortures or maliciously kills an animal, or causes, procures or authorizes any other person to torture or maliciously kill an animal, he or she is guilty of a felony. The provisions of this section do not apply to lawful acts of hunting, fishing, trapping or animal training or farm livestock, poultry, gaming fowl or wildlife kept in private or licensed game farms if kept and maintained according to usual and accepted standards of livestock, poultry, gaming fowl or wildlife or game farm production and management. The section also prohibits animal fighting, making it a felony if the animal is a dog or other fur-bearing animal ("canine, feline, porcine, bovine, or equine species whether wild or domesticated"), and a misdemeanor if not (i.e., cockfighting).|
|WV - Leash - § 5A-4-4. Unlawful to kill or molest animals, birds or fowls upon grounds of capitol;||W. Va. Code, § 5A-4-4||This West Virginia statute aims at protecting the state capitol grounds and governor's mansion from disturbance. In doing so, it makes it unlawful for any person to knowingly allow a dog owned by him or her to be upon the grounds of the capitol buildings or governor's mansion unless such dog is under control by leash. Any person who knowingly allows a dog owned by him to be upon the grounds of the capitol buildings or governor's mansion while not under control by leash shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, be fined not less than twenty-five nor more than one hundred dollars. Other interesting provisions are included in this law.|
|WV - Assistance Animal - Assistance Animal/Guide Dog Laws||W. Va. Code, § 5-15-1 to 9; § 19-20-2; § 5-11A-3, 5-11A-5; § 17-29-17||The following statutes comprise the state's relevant assistance animal and guide dog laws.|
|WV - Pet Trust - § 44D-4-408. Trust for care of animal||W. Va. Code, § 44D-1-110; W. Va. Code, § 44D-4-408; W. Va. Code, § 44D-4-409||These West Virginia statutes regulate trusts for the care of animals. A pet trust may be created to provide for the care of an animal alive during the grantor's lifetime. The trust terminates upon the death of the animal. Property of a trust may be applied only to its intended use. A trust may be enforced by a person appointed in the terms of the trust instrument or by a person appointed by the court.|
|WV - Lien - § 38-11-4. Lien of bailee of animals or vehicles||W. Va. Code, § 38-11-4||This West Virginia law (as it relates to animals) states the a person who keeps a livery stable, or boarding stable for animals, or one who boards, pastures, feeds or trains animals for hire, has a lien upon such animals for the sum due him for the care, boarding, pasturage, feeding, or training of such animals, or the care, keeping of such animals. This lien exists even though such animals are permitted to be taken out of the possession of the one claiming such lien even if the contract has not yet terminated for the lien. The purchaser of such an animal, while out of the possession of the person claiming the lien, can take the property free of the lien unless he or she had actual notice of the lien at the time of purchase.|
|WV - Veterinary - Article 10. Veterinarians.||W. Va. Code, § 30-10-1 to 23||These are the state's veterinary practice laws. Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.|
|WV - Equine Activity Liability - Article 4. Equestrian Activities Responsibility Act.||W. Va. Code, § 20-4-1 to 7||This West Virginia section expressly recognizes the value of equestrian activities to the state. Thus, in order to limit liability to those who provide equine services, the duties of both the horsemen who provide such services and the participants who engage in such activities are stated. Each participant in an equestrian activity expressly assumes the risk of and legal responsibility for any injury, loss or damage to person or property which results from participation in an equestrian activity. Horsemen are required to ensure the safety of the participants and the equipment provided.|