Whales: Related Statutes
|Statute by category||Citation||Summary|
|CA - Marine - Chapter 10.5. Marine Life Protection Act.||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 2850 - 2863||
In this act, the California Legislature finds and declares a need to reexamine and redesign California's marine protected area systems to increase its effectiveness at protecting the state's marine life, habitat, and ecosystems. To improve the design and management of that system, the Marine Life Protection Program was adopted. A few of the Program's goals are to protect the natural diversity and abundance of marine life, to help sustain, conserve, and protect marine life populations, and rebuild those that are depleted.
|US - Fisheries - Packwood-Magnuson Amendment||16 USC 1801 - 1803||
Aim of statute is the development of United States' controlled fishing conservation and management program designed to prevent overfishing and to rebuild depleted stock.
|US - Fisheries - Pelly Amendment (§ 1978)||22 USC 1978||
Restriction on importation of fishery or wildlife products from countries which violate international fishery or endangered or threatened species programs
|US - Marine Mammal Protection Act - Annotated Guide||16 USC 1361 - 1421h||
The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) is the main regulatory vehicle that protects marine mammal species and their habitats in an effort to main sustainable populations. In doing so, the statute outlines prohibitions, required permits, criminal and civil penalties, and international aspects in addressing marine mammals. This document provides a table of contents for the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) with links to the specific statutory sections.
|US - MMPA - Legislative History of 1972||U.S.C.C.A.N. 4144, 1971 WL 11285 (Leg.Hist.)||
This document contains most of the legislative history surrounding the 1972 adoption of the Marine Mammal Protection Act.
|US - Whales - Chapter 14A. Whale Conservation and Protection.||16 U.S.C.A. § 917 - 917d||
These statutes extended federal authority and responsibility over the conservation and protection of all mammals including certain species of whales. The statutes also granted the Secretary of Commerce with authority to complete a comprehensive study of all whales in an effort to conserve and protect them effectively.
|US - Whales - Whaling Convention Act||16 U.S.C.A. § 916 - 916l||
These federal statutes describe the Whaling Convention Act which granted authority to the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Commerce for regulation. The Act makes it unlawful for any person in the United States to engage in whaling, transporting, or selling any whale or whale products, that are taken or processed in violation of the Act. The Act also prohibits other unlawful conduct such as whaling without a license and failing to keep required returns, records, and reports. Finally, the Act provide penalties for violations including a fine of not more than $10,000, imprisonment of not more than one year, or both. In addition the court may prohibit such person from whaling for a period of time.
|WA - Orca - 77.15.740. Protection of southern resident orca whales--Penalty||West's RCWA 77.15.740||
Under this Washington statute, it is unlawful to feed, intercept, or approach within three hundred feet of a southern resident orca whale, with exceptions. A violation is a natural resource infraction and carries a fine of five hundred dollars, not including statutory assessments added pursuant to RCW 3.62.090.