Elephants or Ivory: Related Statutes
|Statute by category||Citation||Summary|
|AK - Elephants - Article 1. Buffalo, Musk Oxen, Elk, and Elephants||AS § 16.40.010 - 060||
This section of Alaska laws concerns the disposition of surplus buffalo and musk oxen as well as the requirements for obtaining a permit for elephants. An elephant permit may be issued only to a person who intends to exhibit the animal commercially; possesses facilities to maintain the animal under positive control and humane conditions; and maintains personal injury and property damage insurance in an amount established by the commissioner.
|CA - Elephant Abuse - § 596.5. Elephants; abusive behavior by owner or manager; misdemeanor||West's Ann. Cal. Penal Code § 596.5||
This statute makes it a misdemeanor for an owner or manager of an elephant to engage in abuse and specifies certain behaviors that qualify as abuse.
|CA - Elephant Training - § 2128. Elephants; prohibited practices; penalties||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 2128||
This statute (operative on January 1, 2018) prohibits a person who houses, possesses, manages, or is in direct contact with an elephant from using a billhook, ankus, baseball bat, axe handle, pitchfork, and other devices that inflict pain for the purpose of training or controlling the elephant. Any person caught in violation of this statute will be subject to civil penalty and a suspension or revocation of his or her license to lawfully possess the animal.
|CA - Fish & Game - Chapter 1. Taking and Possessing in General||West's Ann. Cal. Fish & G. Code § 2000 - 2022||
These sections make it unlawful to take any bird, mammal, fish, reptile, or amphibian except as provided in this code. Some of the restrictions in the code refer to taking after season, offering a prize or inducement to take game, setting a bounty for an animal, using sniper scopes, artificial lights, or trap guns. Section 2009 also makes it a crime willfully interfere with the participation of any individual in the lawful activity of shooting, hunting, or fishing.
|NJ - Endangered - Chapter 2A. Wildlife Generally||NJSA 23:2A-1 to 23:2A-1:15||
These statutes comprise the New Jersey Endangered and Nongame Species Conservation Act. The definitions used in the Act are described as well as the rules for listing species, the powers and duties of the supervising department, and the designation of funding. Under the statute, violation of the Act incurs a civil penalty of $250-5,000. In 2014, provisions were added for the prohibition on import, sale, or purchase of ivory products.
|US - Elephant - African Elephant Conservation Act||16 USC 4201 - 4246||
A U.S. federal law that reaffirms the endangered status of African elephants and allocates money toward conservation efforts.
|US - Elephant - Asian Elephant Conservation Act||16 USC 4261 - 4266||
A U.S. federal law that reaffirms the endangered status of Asian elephants and allocates money toward conservation efforts.