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MI - Cruelty - Legislative Analysis   HOUSE BILLS 4550-4552 (legislative analysis)  

This document is the legislative analysis for House Bills 4551 and 4552. The bills (now law) amend the penal laws (MCL 750.50) to revise the penalties for harming animals and allow for consecutive sentencing.  Both bills would exempt veterinarians and veterinarian technicians from the prohibitions and penalties when lawfully engaging in the practice of veterinarian medicine. Under the new law, a court could order a term of imprisonment imposed for a violation prohibited under the bills to be served consecutively to a term of imprisonment imposed for any other crime including any other violation of law arising out of the same transaction. 

 
US - AWA - Animal Welfare Act Decisions     This document contains references to both court decisions and administrative proceedings under the Animal Welfare Act on a section by section basis.  
US - AWA - Sectional History of AWA   7 USC 2131 - 2159   This document gives legal history of the Animal Welfare Act on a section by section basis.  
US - AWA - US Public Law 101 - 624 (AWA 1990)   Public Law 101-624   This set of amendment had a narrow focus of stronger provisions for keeping pets, stolen pets, out of the chain of commerce.  
US - Golden Eagle - Protection   Public Law 87-884; 76 Stat. 1246 (1962)   This public law amended the Eagle Protection Act by adding golden eagles as a protected species under the Act.  The Joint Resolution states that the golden eagle was added under the Act not only because it too faced extinction, but its listing would further protect the bald eagle, as the two species are sometimes mistaken for each other.  For further discussion, see the Eagle Act Detailed Discussion.  
US - MMPA - Legislative History of 1972   U.S.C.C.A.N. 4144, 1971 WL 11285 (Leg.Hist.)   This document contains most of the legislative history surrounding the 1972 adoption of the Marine Mammal Protection Act.  
US - Protection - Annotated Eagle Act   16 U.S.C. 668   The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGEPA) prohibits any form of taking both bald and golden eagles except as provided by permit.  This annotated version links to the specific issue in a detailed discussion of the Act.  For further discussion of the BGEPA in general, see Detailed Discussion of Eagle Act.  
US - Tuna Fishing - Legislative History of the MMPA (1981)   1981 U.S.C.C.A.N. 1458   This legislative history outlines the background and analysis of the 1981 amendments to the Marine Mammal Protection Act.  Of particular note is the discussion related to the "zero mortality" goal for dolphins in the tuna fishing industry.  
US - Tuna Fishing - Legislative History of the MMPA (1988)   1988 WL 169926   This legislative history provides the background and section by section analysis of the 1988 amendments to the Marine Mammal Protection Act.  As in 1981, the focus of the amendments rests with the mortality of dolphins from the tuna fishing industry.  
US Public Law 89-544 (AWA-1966)    

As stated in Senate Report No. 1280 there were three main purposes for the proposed law in 1966: (1) to protect the owners of pet dogs and cats from the theft of their pets; (2) to prevent the use or sale of stolen dogs or cats for purposes of research or experimentation; and (3) to establish humane standards for the treatment of dogs, cats, and certain other animals by animal dealers and research facilities.

 
US Public Law 91-579 (AWA-1970)    

There were four areas of significant change to the AWA in the 1970 amendments: (1) the definition of "animal" was expanded to include warm-blooded animals generally, (2) more human entities were brought under the regulatory provisions of the Act: animal exhibitors (i.e., circuses, zoos and roadside shows), and wholesale pet dealers, (3) the lab door of research facilities was opened more, requiring that certain humane standards be maintained at all times, (4) the Secretary�s enforcement powers were strengthened and protection for government inspectors was provided from individuals who interfered with enforcement actions under the Act.

 
US Public Law 94-279 (AWA 1976)     The 1976 Amendments of the AWA dealt with several new topics: (1) transportation carriers and intermediate handlers of animals were brought under the provisions of the Act, (2) a number of specific transportation problems were addressed by Congress, (3) a new provision was added which made it a crime to knowingly sponsor, participate in, transport, or use the mails to promote fights between live birds, live dogs or other mammals, (4) the penalty provisions were rewritten, allowing the broad use of civil fines.  
US Public Law 99-198 (AWA 1985)     The set of amendments that Congress adopted in December of 1985 focused almost entirely on the issue of animal research, (1) the minimum level of care is stated with more specificity, (2) animal research facilities are required to create Institutional Animal Committees, which include the presence of a public member from outside the facility, (3) trade secrets of research facilities are protected by a new section of the AWA.  
US- AWA - US Public Law 107 - 171 (AWA 1990)   116 Stat. 134   This amendment to the AWA eliminated rats mice and birds used in research from the definition of animal. It also added some provisions in the animal fighting section. See generally, Discussion of AWA.  

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