Animal Legal and Historical Center
Great Apes and the Law: A complete resource for the legal status of the Great Apes within the United States
Michigan State University College of Law

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New York Great Ape Laws

Statute Name Citation Summary
NY - Cruelty - Consolidated Cruelty Statutes   McKinney's Agriculture and Markets Law 331 - 379; McKinney's Penal Law 130.20   These New York statutes comprise the state's anti-cruelty provisions.  "Animal" includes every living creature except a human being.  A person who overdrives, overloads, tortures or cruelly beats or unjustifiably injures, maims, mutilates or kills any animal, or deprives any animal of necessary sustenance, food or drink, is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than one year, or by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or by both.  Exclusions include properly conducted scientific tests, experiments or investigations, involving the use of living animals approved by the state commissioner of health.  
NY - Dangerous animal - 209-cc. Notification of presence of wild animals and dangerous dogs   McKinney's General Municipal Law 209-cc   New York state law requires anyone in possession of dangerous dogs and dangerous wild animals (which include non-human primates, non-domesticated dogs and cats, bears, venomous, constrictors and python snakes, and certain crocodiles) to report the presence of that animal to the clerk of the city, town, or village in which the animal resides. The report must be filed by April 1st every year and must list all of the physical locations where the animal may be kept. The clerk must then notify all local police, fire, and emergency medical service departments of the presence of that animal. Any person who fails to report the presence may be fined up to $250 dollars for the first offense and $1,000 dollars for each subsequent offense. Zoos and other U.S. Department of Agriculture-licensed exhibitors are exempt from the reporting requirement.  
NY - Endangered Species - Chapter 43-B. Of the Consolidated Laws.   N.Y. Envtl. Conserv. Law 11-0535  

The New York code for endangered species defines endangered species as any species which meets one of the following criteria:  native species in imminent danger of extirpation or extinction in New York; or species listed as endangered by the United States Department of the Interior in the Code of Federal Regulations (50 CFR part 17).

NY - Enforcement - Agriculture and Markets Law - Article 3. Investigation; Practice and Procedure; Violations; Penalties.   McKinney's Agriculture and Markets Law 32 - 45-a   This article outlines the procedures and penalties for violations of New York's Agriculture and Markets Law.  
NY - Enforcement, Conservation - Article 71. Enforcement.   McKinney's ECL 71-0101 to 71-0927   This set of statutes outlines the procedures and penalties for violations of New York's Environmental Conservation Law.  
NY - Exotic - Chapter 43-B. Of the Consolidated Laws.   McKinney's E. C. L. 11-0917   This New York laws begin by stating that wild game and other wildlife may only be possessed if lawfully taken in compliance with the Fish and Wildlife Law and the accompanying regulations. Skunk, bobcat, mink, raccoon and muskrat may be bought and sold alive during their respective open seasons. No live wolf, coyote, coydog, fox, skunk, venomous reptile or raccoon shall be possessed or transported, except under a license or permit issued by the department. Every such license or permit shall contain a prominent notice warning the licensee or permittee of his or her duty to exercise due care in safeguarding the public from attack; failure to do so is a crime under section three hundred seventy of the agriculture and markets law.  
NY - Exotic - Chapter 43-B. Of the Consolidated Laws.   McKinney's E. C. L. 11-0501 to 11-0539   This set of New York statutes provides some of the state's fish and wildlife laws. Among the provisions include a prohibition against interference with wildlife, restriction on the possession and importation of certain wildlife such as wolves, wolfdogs, coyotes, coydogs, foxes, skunks, and venomous reptiles, and laws that allows individuals to take destructive wildlife. No person shall knowingly possess, harbor, sell, barter, transfer, exchange or import any wild animal for use as a pet in New York state, except that any person who possessed a wild animal for use as a pet at the time that this section went effect may retain possession of such animal for the remainder of its life.  
NY - Testing, animals - Title I. General Provisions: State Laboratories; Approved Laboratories   McKinney's Public Health Law 500 - 505-a   The following statutes provide protections for animals used in experiments and research.  The statutes also require that alternative nonanimal testing methods be used when certain requirements are met.  
NY - Wildlife, Exotics - Title 1. Short Title; Definitions; General Provisions   McKinney's E. C. L. 11-0101 to 11-0113   This set of statutes represents the definitional portion of New York's Fish and Wildlife Law. Among the provisions include definitions for game and non-game, a definition for "wild animal," which includes big cats, non-domesticated dogs, bears, and venomous reptiles, and the state's hunter harassment law. The section also provides that the State of New York owns all fish, game, wildlife, shellfish, crustacea and protected insects in the state, except those legally acquired and held in private ownership. (See also link to Article 25-B. § 370. Protection of the public from attack by wild animals and reptiles).  

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