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Table of State Dog Related Statutes

Rebecca Wisch


Michigan State University - Detroit College of Law
Publish Date:
2004
Place of Publication: Michigan State University - Detroit College of Law
Printable Version

Table of State Dog Related Statutes

State Name

 

Dog As Property; Definition

 

Gen’l Dog Ordinance

Provisions

Dogs at Large; Loose Dogs

 

Breed-Specific Laws, including Wolf-Hybrid

 

Dogs Attacking Livestock, Game, or Domestic Animals

 

Dangerous Dog Laws

 

Impound & Seizure Laws

 

Dog Health & Rabies Quarantine Provisions

 

Licensing, Tax, & Registration Provisions

 

Dog Fighting Provisions

 

Animal Shelter Provisions; Pet Shop Regulations; Kennels; Scientific Research Provisions

 

Stray/Abandoned Animal Provisions

 

Euthanasia

 

Other Provisions

 

Alaska

 

 

Power of Village Council to Control Dogs
AK ST 03-55-070

Dogs at Large
AK ST 3-55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alabama

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maintenance of Pound; Notice; Adoption
AL ST 3-7A-7

 

Destruction of Impounded Dogs & Cats
AL ST 3-7A-8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arkansas

 

 

Reg. by Suburban Improvement District
AR ST 14-16-701

Dogs Running at Large
AR ST 14-54-1102

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arizona

 

 

Powers/Duties of Bd. Supervisors
AZ ST 11-1-5

Exemption of Cities, Towns & Counties
AZ ST 11-1018

General Ordinance Powers
AZ ST 9-219

 

 

 

 

Lawful Presence on Private Property Defined
AZ ST 11-1026

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

California

 

 

Regulation & Control of Dogs; Maintenance of Pound & Rabies Control
Cal. Health & Saf. Code 121690

 

 

 

Dangerous Dog Provisions
Cal. Food & Ag. Code 31601

Seizure & Impoundment Pending Hearing
 Cal. Food & Ag. Code 31625

Seizure & Impoundment of Dogs on Private Property
Cal. Gov’t Code 53074

 

City dog license tags
Cal. Food & Ag. Code 30502

 

Fighting Dogs
Cal. Penal Code 597-5

Fighting Animals
Cal. Penal Code 597b

Owning, Keeping, Training Animal for Fighting
Cal. Penal Code 597c

Warrantless Arrests at Animal Fights
Cal. Penal Code 597d

Attaching Live Animal to be Pursued by Dog
Cal. Penal Code 597h

Unlawful Operation of Pet Shop
Cal. Penal Code 597l

 

 

Abandonment of Animal
Cal. Penal Code 597s

 

 

Permissible Methods for Killing Newborn dog or cat 
Cal. Penal Code 597v

Prohibition Against Killing Dog or Cat by Use of High-Altitude Chamber
Cal. Penal Code 597w

Policy Against Euthanization of Adoptable Animal
Cal. Penal Code 599d

Requirement that Animal Unfit for Employment be Killed
Cal. Penal Code 599e

Killing Dog or Cat for the Animal’s Pelt
Cal. Penal Code 598a

 

Colorado

 

 

Animal Control Officers
CO ST 30-15-105

Uninoculated Animals Not to Run at Large
CO ST 25-4-610

 

 

 

Liability for Accident/Disease from Impoundment
 CO ST 30-15-104

 

Pet Animal Control & Licensing
CO ST 30-15-101

 

 

 

 

 

Connecticut

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Delaware

 

Dogs Deemed Personal Property
DE ST 1708

Local Ordinances
DE ST T.7 1740

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proposed Bill to Make Sale of Dog/Cat Products Unlawful
(2000 Senate Bill 374)

Florida

 

 

 

 

 

Dog Ordinances; Interpretation with Dangerous Dog Law
FL ST 767.07

Additional Local Restrictions on Dangerous Dogs
FL ST 767.14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Georgia

 

 

Juris. & Duties of Local Gov’t
GA ST 4-8-22

 

 

Dangerous Dog Ordinances
GA ST 4-8-29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hawaii

 

Definitions
HI ST 143-1

Regulation of Other Animals
HI ST 143-2.5

Penalty
HI ST 143-19

Female Dogs (at large)

HI ST 143-14

 

Liability of Dog Owner

HI ST 142-74

 

Human Bitten by Dog; Duty of Dog Owner

HI ST 142-75

 

Pounds & Animal Control

HI ST 143-7

 

Seizure & Redemption of Unlicensed Dogs

HI ST 143-8

 

Redemption of Dog After Sale

HI ST 143-9

 

Contracts for Seizing & Impounding Dogs

HI ST 143-15

 

Contract Btw. County of Kauai & Kauai H.S.

HI ST 143-16

 

Wrongful Interference w/ Officers

HI ST 143-17

 

Unlawful Disposition of Impounded Dogs

HI ST 143-18

Seizure & Disposal of Diseased Dogs

HI ST 143-12

 

Destruction of Diseased or Unfit Dogs

HI ST 143-13

License Required

HI ST 143-2

 

License Fee Controlled by Ordinance

HI ST 143-3

 

Issuance of License & Tag

HI ST 143-4

 

Removal & Imitation Dog Tag

HI ST 143-5

 

Lost Dog Tags

HI ST 143-6

 

 

Animal Desertion

HI ST 143-2.6

 

Stray Dogs

HI ST 143-10

 

Redemption of Stray Licensed Dogs

HI ST 143-11

 

 

Idaho

 

Dogs as Property (Microchip)
ID ST 25-2807

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Illinois

 

 

Power of Municipality to Regulate Dogs
IL ST Ch. 510 5/24

Appt. of Animal Control Officers; Microchip. & Registration
IL ST Ch. 510 5/3

Duties of Admin.; Local Dog Ordinances
IL ST Ch. 510 5/5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Animal Control Fund Regis. Fees; Uses
IL ST Ch. 510 5/7

 

 

 

 

 

Indiana

 

Dogs as Personal Property
IN ST 15-5-10.1

Other Powers Not Limited (dog ordin.)
IN ST 15-5-12.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iowa

 

Dog as Property
IA ST 351.25

Duties of County Board
IA ST 331.381

Laws Not a Limitation on Municipal Authority
IA ST 351.41

Dogs Running at Large
IA ST 351.37

 

Right to Kill Untagged Dog Chasing Livestock
IA ST 351-27

 

Enforcement of Vaccination & Impoundment Laws
IA ST 351.36

 

Right to Kill Untagged Dog
IA ST 351.26

 

 

 

 

 

Kansas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kentucky

 

Licensed Dogs as Personal Property; Destruct. Prohibited
KY ST 258.245

Dog Wardens, County Ordinances, Dog Pounds
KY ST 258.195

Other State & Local Laws Not Affected
KY ST 258.365

Confinement & Control at Night; Exemption of Hunting
KY ST 258.265

 

Dog Confinement & Destruction; Causing Damage to Livestock, Persons or Poultry
KY ST 258.325

Dog Quarantine in Case of Excessive Livestock, Poultry, or Domestic Game Bird Damage
KY ST 258.345

 

Seizure, Impounding & Destruction of Dog Lacking Tag; Exemption of Hunting Dog
KY ST 258.215

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Louisiana

 

 

Parishes & Municipalities May Regulate Dogs
L.A.R.S. 3-2731

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maryland

 

 

Dog Ordinance Regulations (Carroll & Frederick)
MD Code Art. 24 11-511

Washington Co. Commissioners; dog ordin.
MD Code Art. 25 236A

Seizure of Dogs at Large
MD Code Art. 24 11-510

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Massachusetts

 

 

By-laws & Ordinances for Regulation of Dogs
MA ST 140-147A

Ordinances & By-Laws Related to Dogs
MA ST 140-173

Violation of Dog Control Laws (Non-Crim.)
MA ST 140-173A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michigan

 

 

Animal Control Agency; Estab.; County Animal Control
MI ST 287.289a

City, Township, Village Animal Control Ordin.
MI ST 287.290

Gen’l Powers of City; Ordin.
MI ST 91.1

 

Possess of Wolf Dog Hybrid
MI ST 287.1004

Wolf-Dog Cross Act; Ordinances
MI ST 287.1021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minnesota

 

 

Interpretation of Dog Ordin.
MN ST 347.21

What Electors May Do at Town Meetings
MN ST 365.10

Town Board Powers
MN ST 366.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unlicensed Dogs
MN ST 347.14

 

 

 

 

 

Mississippi

 

 

 

Running of Animals at Large
MS ST 19-5-50

Dogs Running at Large; Vaccination
MS ST 41-43-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Missouri

 

 

What Municipalities May Regulate
MO ST 77-510

Board of Aldermen Powers
MO ST 79-400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Montana

 

 

County Control of Dogs
MT ST 7-23-2108

 

 

 

 

Vicious Dog Control
MT ST 7-23-2109

 

 

Relation of Municipal License Tags to Other Laws
MT ST 7-23-4103

 

 

 

 

 

Nebraska

 

 

Dogs & Other Animals – Licensing & Regulation
NE ST 15-220

Animals at Large
NE ST 15-218

 

 

 

Dangerous Dogs; Local Ordinance
NE ST 54-624

 

 

Dogs & Other Animals – License Tax
NE ST 17-526

Dogs – License Tax; Amount
NE ST 54-603

 

 

 

 

 

Nevada

 

Personal Property Defined
NV ST 193.021

Ordinance Concerning Control of Animals
NV ST 244.359

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Hampshire

 

 

 

Dog Control Law
NH ST 466:30a

Muzzling & Restraining Referendum
NH ST 466.30b

 

 

 

Impoundment of Dog w/out Tag
NH ST 436:107

Order; Rabies Epidemic
NH ST 466:29

 

 

Group Licenses (kennel)

NH ST 466.6

 

 

 

New Jersey

 

 

Supersedure of Local Law
NJ ST 4-19-36

 

 

Use of Tax Collections to Pay Animal Damage Claims
NJ ST 4-19-4

 

Liability of Owner for Impoundment & Destruction Costs
NJ ST 4-19-26

 

Annual Dog Taxes
NJ ST 4-19-1

Disposition of Dog Fees
NJ ST 4-19-15-11

License Fee May be Fixed by Ordinance
NJ ST 4-19-15-12

Fees for License (dogs)
NJ ST 4-19-31

 

 

 

 

 

New Mexico

 

Animals as Personal Property
NM ST 77-1-1

Regulation & Licensure of Dogs
NM ST 77-1-15

Local Control – Dogs & Cats Running at Large
NM ST 77-1-12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New York

 

 

Local Laws or Ordinances (dogs)
NY Agri. & Mkts. 124

Preemption of Local Laws
NY Gen. Bus. 753e

Town Ordinances
NY Town 130

 

 

 

 

Seizure of Dogs; Redemption Period; Adoption
NY Agri. Mkts. 118

 

License Fees
NY Agri. & Mkts. 110

 

 

 

Disposition of Stray or Unwanted Dogs by Municipality
NY Gen. Mun. 88

 

Dog Stealing
NY Agri. Mkts. 366

North Carolina

 

 

Regulation of Domestic Animals

NC ST 160A-186

 

Local Ordinances

NC ST 67-4-5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Animal Taxes

NC ST 160A-212

 

 

 

 

 

North Dakota

 

 

Additional Powers of City Council & Commissioners

ND ST 40-05-02

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ohio

 

 

County, Township, & Municipal Corp. Ordinances; Control of Dogs

OH ST 955.221

 

 

 

Dangerous Dog Law

OH ST 955

Impounding Animals

OH ST 715.23

 

Impoundment of Companion Animal; Request for Hearing

OH ST 959.132

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oklahoma

 

Dogs as Personal Property

OK ST 1-717

Counties over 200,000 – Regulation & Control of Dogs

OK ST T.4 394

Animals Running at Large

OK ST T.11 22-115

 

 

Dangerous Dog Definitions

OK ST T.4 44

 

 

 

 

Animal Facilities Protection Act

OK ST T.21 1680

 

Delivery of Animal on Demand

OK ST T.4 394

 

 

 

Oregon

 

Dogs as Personal Property

OR ST 609.020

Application of State Law (dog ordinances)

OR ST 609.015

Publication of Election Result; Dogs Running at Large Petition

OR ST 609.060

 

Impounding of Dogs Running at Large or Biting

OR ST 609.090

 

 

Impoundment of Dogs Chasing Livestock

OR ST 609.155

 

Opportunity of Dog Owner to Request Hearing

OR ST 609.156

 

Hearings; Notice to Owner; Reexamination

OR ST 609.158

 

Guidelines for Imposing Reasonable Measures; Civil Penalties & Other Sanctions

OR ST 609.162

 

Enhanced Penalties for Habitual Violators

OR ST 609.163

 

 

 

 

 

Inspection of Records of Animal Dealer

OR ST 609.520

 

 

 

Pennsylvania

 

 

Dog Ordinances – Applicability to Cities of the 1st, 2nd, & 3rd Class

PA ST 3 P.S. 459-1201

 

Power of Municipalities to Tax & Destroy Dogs

PA ST 53 P.S. 23144

 

Local Regulation of Dogs

PA ST 53 P.S. 66530

 

Construction of Article (sterilization of cats & dogs)

PA ST 3 P.S. 459-910A

 

 

 

Construction of Article (dangerous dogs)

PA ST 3 P.S. 459-507A

 

Dog Quarantine Area

PA ST 3 P.S. 459-301

 

 

 

 

 

Nuisances and Injunction (noise from dog training)

PA ST 3 P.S. 551

 

General Immunity from Noise Laws (dog training)

PA ST 3 P.S. 550

Puerto Rico

 

 

Powers & Faculties – Dog Ordinances

PR ST T.21 4054

 

Municipal Regulation of Domestic Animals

PR ST T.24 651

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhode Island

 

 

Regulatory Ordinances (dogs)

RI ST 4-13-1

 

Prior Ordinances Preserved (dogs)

RI ST 4-13-3

 

Penalties for Violations of Dog Laws

RI ST 4-19-18

Ordinances Concerning Unrestricted & Vicious Dogs; Leash Laws

RI ST 4-13-15.1

 

Collaring of Dogs

RI ST 4-13-15

 

 

Towns of Portsmouth, West Warwick, Middletown & City of Woonsocket; Vicious Dog Ordinances

RI ST 4-13-1.1

 

Vicious Dog Licensing & Fees

RI ST 4-13-1.9

 

Responsibility for Local Rabies Control

RI ST 4-13-29.1

Disposition of Dog License Fees

RI ST 4-13-8

 

 

 

 

Veterinarian’s Emergency Treatment of Animal; Immunity from Liability

RI ST 4-15-15

South Carolina

 

 

Local Animal Care & Control Ordinances

SC ST 47-3-20

 

 

 

Dangerous Dog; Liability of Owner

SC ST 47-3-110

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

South Dakota

 

 

 

Running at Large Prohibited by County

SD ST 40-34-5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tennessee

 

 

Use of Electronic Locating Collars & Ordinance

TN ST 44-17-401

 

 

 

Dangerous Dogs; Death or Serious Injury; Destruction

TN ST 44-17-120

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Texas

 

 

Preemption generally

TX ST 1-08

Restraint; Criminal Penalty

TX Health & Safety Code 826.034

 

 

Dangerous Dogs

TX ST 822.041

 

Reporting of Incident in Certain Counties

TX Health & Safety Code 822.0422

Restraint, Impoundment & Disposition of Dogs & Cats by Local Gov’t

TX Health & Safety Code 826.031

Area Rabies Quarantine

TX Health & Safety Code 826.045

 

Vaccination; Criminal Penalty

TX Health & Safety Code 826.022

Registration of Dogs & Cats by Local Gov’t

TX Health & Safety Code 826.031

 

Registration; Criminal Penalty

TX Health & Safety Code 826.032

 

Animal Shelters

TX 823

 

 

 

Utah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

License & Tax; Destruction, Sale & Other Disposal

UT ST 10-8-65

 

 

 

Safekeeping by Officer Pending Disposition – Stray Animals

UT ST 77-24-1-5

 

Dog or Pet Abandoned at Veterinarian Office

UT ST 58-28-9

 

Virginia

 

Dogs & Cats Deemed Personal Property

VA ST 3.1-796.127

 

 

Governing Body of County, City, or Town May Adopt Ordinances (dogs)

VA ST 3.1-796.94

 

Unlawful Acts Related to Dogs Ordinances, Generally

VA ST 3.1-796.128

 

Local Ordinances; Penalties

VA ST 3.1-796.84

Referendum on Ordinance Requiring Dogs on Leash

VA ST 3.1-796.95

Definitions Related to Hybrid Dogs

VA ST 3.1-796.126:8

Compensation for Livestock & Poultry Killed by Dog

VA ST 3.1-796.118

Authority to Prohibit Training of Attack Dogs

VA ST 3.1-796.93.2

 

Rabies Regulations Covering Local Ordinances

VA ST 32.1-48.3

 

Regulations to Prevent Spread of Rabies & Running at Large of Vicious Dogs

VA ST 3.1-796.117

 

Rabid Animals

VA ST 3.1-796.98

 

Inoculation for Rabies at Animal Shelter

VA ST 3.1-796.99

Unlicensed Dogs Prohibited

VA ST 3.1-796.85

 

How to Obtain Dog or Cat License

VA ST 3.1-796.86

 

Amount of Dog or Cat License

VA ST 3.1-796.87

 

Regulation of Sale of Animals Procured from Animal Shelters

VA ST 3.1-796-94:2

 

 

Illegal to Sell Dog or Cat Fur

VA ST 3.1-796.128:2

Vermont

 

 

Enumeration of Powers (dog ordinances)
VT ST T.24 2291

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Washington

 

 

Dog Ordinances – Specific Powers Enumerated
WA ST 35-27-370

Additional Powers of Cities
WA ST 35-30-010

 

 

 

Dangerous Dogs & Related Definitions
WA ST 16-08-070

Dangerous Dogs & Potentially Dangerous Dogs
WA ST 16-08-090

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West Virginia

 

 

 

Vaccinated Dogs May Run at Large Unless Ordinance
WV ST 19-20A-8

 

 

 

 

 

Dog Head Tax & Registration
WV ST 7-7-6d

 

 

 

 

 

Wisconsin

 

 

County Administration (dog ordinances)
WI ST 59.52

Dog Ordinances by County Board
WI ST 59.54

Town Board Powers
WI ST 60.23

 

 

Actions Against Owners for Damage
WI ST 174.12

Claims for Damage by Dogs to Domestic Animals including Mink
WI ST 174.11

 

Dog Impound; Disposition of Animals
WI ST 173.23

Reasons for Taking Custody of Animals
WI ST 173.13

 

Registration, Licensing, & Listing of Dog by Municipality
WI ST 174.06

Dog Licenses and Collar Tags
WI ST 174.07

 

 

 

 

 

Wyoming

 

 

General Powers of Governing Bodies
WY ST 15-1-103

Dogs at Large as Public Nuisance
WY ST 11-31-301

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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