Full Statute Name:  West's Wyoming Statutes Annotated. Title 11. Agriculture, Livestock and Other Animals. Chapter 29. Protection of Livestock Animals.

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Primary Citation:  W. S. 1977 §§ 11-29-101 to 115 Country of Origin:  United States Last Checked:  February, 2022 Alternate Citation:  WY ST §§ 11-29-101 to 115 Historical: 
Summary: This chapter concerns cruelty to livestock animals. The laws state that every person who confines or causes to be confined any livestock animal under the laws of this state, must supply to the livestock animal during confinement a sufficient quantity of wholesome food and water. The section also provides that officers and agents of the Wyoming livestock board must be provided with a certificate and badge. Any peace officer, agent or officer of the board may lawfully interfere to prevent the perpetration of any act of cruelty upon any livestock animal in his or her presence


§ 11-29-101. Definitions

§ 11-29-102. Repealed by Laws 1982, ch. 75, § 5; Laws 1983, ch. 171, § 3

§ 11-29-103. Livestock animals to be fed while confined; ownership; penalties

§ 11-29-104. Repealed by Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 3, eff. July 1, 2011.

§ 11-29-105. Livestock board; certificates or badges to be provided

§ 11-29-106. Livestock board; authority to prevent cruelty; penalty for interference with officer

§ 11-29-107. Repealed by Laws 2006, ch. 88, § 3, eff. March 23, 2006

§ 11-29-108. Livestock board; seized livestock animals and vehicles; lien on seized chattels; civil action for unpaid expenses

§ 11-29-109. Livestock board; care of abandoned livestock animals; civil action for expenses; lien

§ 11-29-110. Livestock board; enforcement of liens; notice to owner

§ 11-29-111. Livestock board; destruction of diseased or injured livestock animals

§ 11-29-112. Repealed by Laws 1982, ch. 75, § 5; Laws 1983, ch. 171, § 3

§ 11-29-113. Repealed by Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 3, eff. July 1, 2011.

§ 11-29-114. Impoundment of livestock animals; cost of care for livestock animals; providing for bond; forfeiture hearing

§ 11-29-115. Use of agricultural and livestock management practices

 

 


§ 11-29-101. Definitions

(a) As used in this act:

(i) Repealed by Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 3, eff. July 1, 2011.

(ii) “Owner” or “person” means any individual including the agents and employees of corporations;

(iii) “Torture” or “cruelty” means every act, omission or neglect whereby the willful and malicious infliction of pain or suffering is caused, permitted or allowed to continue when there is a reasonable remedy or relief;

(iv) “Disposal” means as defined in W.S. 11-24-101(a)(iv);

(v) “Livestock” means as defined in W.S. 23-1-102(a)(xvi);

(vi) “Livestock animal” means:

(A) Any bovine, including domestic bison, equine, swine, sheep, goat, domesticated camelid animal, ratite bird, rabbit or poultry; or

(B) Any animal used or harvested for any good and proper purpose including but not limited to food, fiber, fur, leather, medical research and byproducts; or

(C) Any animal used or trained for work, sport, exhibit or entertainment.

(vii) A “person with authority to enforce this chapter” means a peace officer, agent or officer of the board;

(viii) “Reasonable costs of impoundment” means all costs incurred by the impounding entity in providing necessary food and water, veterinary attention and treatment for any animal which is impounded under this act;

(ix) “This act” means W.S. 11-29-101 through 11-29-115.

Credits
Laws 1895, ch. 31, § 14; Laws 1965, ch. 185, § 1; Laws 1978, ch. 32, § 1; Laws 2010, ch. 80, § 1, eff. July 1, 2010; Laws 2011, ch. 100, §§ 2, 3, eff. July 1, 2011; Laws 2021, ch. 119, § 2, eff. July 1, 2021.
Codifications: R.S. 1899, § 2287; C.S. 1910, § 3099; C.S. 1920, § 3860; R.S. 1931, § 6-114; C.S. 1945, § 56-2014; W.S. 1957, § 11-545; W.S. 1977, § 11-34-101.

 

§ 11-29-102. Repealed by Laws 1982, ch. 75, § 5; Laws 1983, ch. 171, § 3

 

§ 11-29-103. Livestock animals to be fed while confined; ownership; penalties

(a) Every person who confines or causes to be confined any livestock animal under the laws of this state, shall supply to the livestock animal during confinement a sufficient quantity of wholesome food and water.

(b) A livestock animal is the private property of its owner.

(c) A violation of this section is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than six (6) months, a fine of not less than one hundred dollars ($100.00) nor more than seven hundred fifty dollars ($750.00), or both except that a subsequent offense is a high misdemeanor punishable by not more than one (1) year imprisonment, a fine of not more than five thousand dollars ($5,000.00), or both.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1895, ch. 31, § 2; Laws 1978, ch. 32, § 1; Laws 1981, ch. 98, § 2; Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 2, eff. July 1, 2011.

Codifications: R.S. 1899, § 2275; C.S. 1910, § 3087; C.S. 1920, § 3848; R.S. 1931, § 6-102; C.S. 1945, § 56-2002; W.S. 1957, § 11-547; W.S. 1977, § 11-34-103.

 

§ 11-29-104. Repealed by Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 3, eff. July 1, 2011.

 

§ 11-29-105. Livestock board; certificates or badges to be provided

Officers and agents of the Wyoming livestock board shall be provided with a certificate by the board that they are officers and agents of the board, in such form as the board may choose, or with a badge bearing the name or seal of the board, and if requested, shall show the certificate or badge when acting officially.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1895, ch. 31, § 12; Laws 1965, ch. 185, § 3; Laws 1978, ch. 32, § 1.

Codifications: R.S. 1899, § 2285; C.S. 1910, § 3097; C.S. 1920, § 3858; R.S. 1931, § 6-112; C.S. 1945, § 56-2012; W.S. 1957, § 11-550; W.S. 1977, § 11-34-106.

 

§ 11-29-106. Livestock board; authority to prevent cruelty; penalty for interference with officer

Any peace officer, agent or officer of the board may lawfully interfere to prevent the perpetration of any act of cruelty upon any livestock animal in his presence. Any person who interferes with, obstructs or resists any peace officer or officer or agent of the board in the discharge of his duty shall be fined not less than two hundred dollars ($200.00) nor more than one thousand five hundred dollars ($1,500.00), or imprisoned not more than one (1) year, or both.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1895, ch. 31, § 6; Laws 1965, ch. 185, § 4; Laws 1978, ch. 32, § 1; Laws 1981, ch. 98, § 2; Laws 2006, ch. 88, § 2, eff. March 23, 2006; Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 2, eff. July 1, 2011.

Codifications: R.S. 1899, § 2279; C.S. 1910, § 3091; C.S. 1920, § 3852; R.S. 1931, § 6-106; C.S. 1945, § 56-2006; W.S. 1957, § 11-551; W.S. 1977, § 11-34-107.

 

§ 11-29-107. Repealed by Laws 2006, ch. 88, § 3, eff. March 23, 2006

 

§ 11-29-108. Livestock board; seized livestock animals and vehicles; lien on seized chattels; civil action for unpaid expenses

When any person arrested under this act is in charge of any vehicle drawn by or containing any livestock animal cruelly treated in violation of W.S. 6-3-1002 or this chapter at the time of arrest, any peace officer, agent or officer of the board may take charge of the livestock animal and vehicle and its contents, and give notice thereof to the owner, if known, and shall provide for them until their owner takes possession of them. The board or local government shall have a lien on the livestock animals, the vehicle and its contents for the reasonable costs of impoundment. The expense or any part remaining unpaid may be recovered by the board or local government in a civil action.

Credits
Laws 1895, ch. 31, § 7; Laws 1965, ch. 185, § 6; Laws 1978, ch. 32, § 1; Laws 1996, ch. 55, § 1, eff. March 15, 1996; Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 2, eff. July 1, 2011; Laws 2021, ch. 30, § 2, eff. July 1, 2021; Laws 2021, ch. 119, § 4, eff. July 1, 2021.

 

§ 11-29-109. Livestock board; care of abandoned livestock animals; civil action for expenses; lien

Any peace officer, agent or officer of the board may take charge of any livestock animal found abandoned, neglected or treated with cruelty in violation of W.S. 6-3-1002 or this chapter. He shall give notice to the owner, if known, and may care and provide for the livestock animal until the livestock animal is disposed of. The reasonable costs of impoundment are a charge against the owner of the livestock animal and collectible from the owner by the board or by the local government employing the peace officer taking charge of the livestock animal in a civil action. The board or local government may detain the livestock animals until the reasonable costs of impoundment are paid and shall have a lien upon the livestock animals therefor. This lien shall be filed as provided pursuant to W.S. 29-7-101 through 29-7-106.

Credits
Laws 1895, ch. 31, § 8; Laws 1965, ch. 185, § 7; Laws 1978, ch. 32, § 1; Laws 1996, ch. 55, § 1, eff. March 15, 1996; Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 2, eff. July 1, 2011; Laws 2021, ch. 30, § 2, eff. July 1, 2021; Laws 2021, ch. 119, § 4, eff. July 1, 2021.

 

§ 11-29-110. Livestock board; enforcement of liens; notice to owner

Any person entitled to a lien under this act may enforce the lien by disposing of the livestock animals and other personal property upon which the lien is given, at public auction, upon giving written notice to the owner, if he is known, of the time and place of the disposal, at least five (5) days previous thereto, and by posting three (3) notices of the time and place of the disposal in three (3) public places within the county at least five (5) days previous thereto. If the owner is not known, the notice shall be posted at least ten (10) days previous to the disposal.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1895, ch. 31, § 11; Laws 1978, ch. 32, § 1; Laws 2010, ch. 80, § 1, eff. July 1, 2010; Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 2, eff. July 1, 2011.

Codifications: R.S. 1899, § 2284; C.S. 1910, § 3096; C.S. 1920, § 3857; R.S. 1931, § 6-111; C.S. 1945, § 56-2011; W.S. 1957, § 11-556; W.S. 1977, § 11-34-111.

 


§ 11-29-111. Livestock board; destruction of diseased or injured livestock animals

Any peace officer, agent or officer of the board may destroy or cause to be destroyed any livestock animal in his charge when in his judgment and the judgment of a Wyoming licensed veterinarian or the judgment of the livestock animal owner, the livestock animal appears to be severely injured, severely disabled, diseased past recovery or unfit for any useful purpose. There shall be no right for any future indemnity or payment to the owner for the destruction of any livestock animal destroyed and the peace officer, agent or officer of the board shall be held harmless while acting in accordance with this section.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1895, ch. 31, § 10; Laws 1965, ch. 185, § 9; Laws 1978, ch. 32, § 1; Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 2, eff. July 1, 2011.

Codifications: R.S. 1899, § 2283; C.S. 1910, § 3095; C.S. 1920, § 3856; R.S. 1931, § 6-110; C.S. 1945, § 56-2010; W.S. 1957, § 11-557; W.S. 1977, § 11-34-112.

 

§ 11-29-112. Repealed by Laws 1982, ch. 75, § 5; Laws 1983, ch. 171, § 3

 

§ 11-29-113. Repealed by Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 3, eff. July 1, 2011.

 

§ 11-29-114. Impoundment of livestock animals; cost of care for livestock animals; providing for bon; forfeiture hearing

(a) Any person with authority to enforce this chapter who has probable cause to believe there has been a violation of this chapter may, in consultation with an agent or officer of the board, impound any livestock animal treated cruelly as determined by a Wyoming licensed veterinarian or veterinarian employed by the board.

(b) If any livestock animal is impounded under subsection (a) of this section, the following shall apply:

(i) Within the earlier of seventy-two (72) hours of impoundment or charges being filed, the circuit court shall hold a hearing to set a bond in an amount the circuit court determines is sufficient to provide for the livestock animal's reasonable costs of impoundment for at least ninety (90) days including the day on which the livestock animal was impounded. At the request of the owner of the livestock animal, the court may make a determination on the disposition of the livestock animal at a hearing pursuant to this paragraph;

(ii) The bond shall be posted by the owner of the livestock animal with the circuit court in the county where the livestock animal was impounded within ten (10) days after the hearing required by this paragraph.

(c) When the bond required by subsection (b) of this section expires, if the owner of the livestock animal desires to prevent disposition of the livestock animal by the person with authority to enforce this chapter, the owner shall post a new bond with the court as described in subsection (b) of this section. The court may correct, alter or otherwise adjust the new bond before the expiration date of the previous bond.

(d) If a bond is not posted under subsection (b) or (c) of this section, the person with authority to enforce this chapter shall dispose of the livestock animal. As used in this section, “dispose” means as defined in W.S. 11-24-101(a)(iv), and shall also mean to place for adoption or return to the owner. The owner of the livestock animal shall be liable for all costs associated with the final disposition of the livestock animal under this subsection. Posting of a bond shall not prevent the person with authority to enforce this chapter from disposing of the impounded livestock animal before the expiration of the period covered by the bond if during a disposition hearing pursuant to subsection (g) of this section the court orders the forfeiture of the livestock animal to a person with authority to enforce this chapter or the owner voluntarily forfeits the livestock animal. No animal shall be forfeited without a hearing pursuant to subsections (g) through (j) of this section, regardless of whether a bond is posted, if the animal is connected to the livelihood or ability to make a living of the owner.

(e) If a bond has been posted in accordance with subsection (b) or (c) of this section, the person with authority to enforce this chapter, may draw from the bond the actual costs as described in subsection (b) of this section, from the date of initial impoundment to the date of final disposition of the livestock animal.

(f) Upon the final disposition of the livestock animal, any bond amount remaining that has not been expended in the impoundment and disposition of the livestock animal shall be remitted to the owner of the livestock animal.

(g) A person with authority to enforce this chapter or other participant in the criminal action, may file a petition in the criminal action requesting that the court issue an order providing for the final disposition of the livestock animal if:

(i) The livestock animal is in the possession of and being held by a person with authority to enforce this chapter;

(ii) The outcome of the criminal action charging a violation of this chapter is pending; and

(iii) The final disposition of the livestock animal has not occurred.

(h) Upon receipt of a petition pursuant to subsection (g) of this section, the court shall set a hearing on the petition for disposition of the livestock animal. The hearing shall be conducted within seven (7) days after the filing of the petition or as soon as practicable thereafter. The hearing shall be limited to the question of the disposition of the livestock animal.

(j) At a hearing conducted pursuant to subsection (h) of this section, the prosecutor shall have the burden of proving by a preponderance of the evidence that the livestock animal was subjected to a violation of this chapter. After the hearing, if the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the livestock animal was subjected to a violation of this chapter, the court may order immediate forfeiture of the livestock animal to the person with authority to enforce this chapter. If, after the hearing, the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the livestock animal was not subjected to a violation of this chapter, the livestock animal shall be returned to the owner of the livestock animal and the owner shall not be responsible for any reasonable costs of the impoundment incurred after a finding that the livestock animal was not subjected to a violation of this chapter unless the person later pleads guilty to or is found guilty of a violation of this chapter.

Credits
Laws 2006, ch. 88, § 1, eff. March 23, 2006; Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 2, eff. July 1, 2011; Laws 2021, ch. 30, § 2, eff. July 1, 2021; Laws 2021, ch. 119, §§ 2, 5, eff. July 1, 2021.

 

§ 11-29-115. Use of agricultural and livestock management practices

(a) Nothing in this chapter prohibits:

(i) The use of Wyoming industry accepted agricultural or livestock management practices or any other commonly practiced animal husbandry procedure used on livestock animals, as defined by W.S. 11-29-101(a)(vi);

(ii) A Wyoming licensed veterinarian from treating a livestock animal as authorized by the Wyoming Veterinary Medical Practice Act;

(iii) Any rodeo event employing animal care practices generally accepted within the rodeo industry, whether the event is performed in a rodeo, jackpot or similar arena;

(iv) A person from humanely destroying a livestock animal.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 2011, ch. 100, § 1, eff. July 1, 2011.

 

 

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