Under this federal law, fraudulent statements, orally or in writing, may result in a fine and or imprisonment.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, whoever, in any matter within the jurisdiction of the executive, legislative, or judicial branch of the Government of the United States, knowingly and willfully--
shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years or, if the offense involves international or domestic terrorism (as defined in section 2331), imprisoned not more than 8 years, or both. If the matter relates to an offense under chapter 109A, 109B, 110, or 117, or section 1591, then the term of imprisonment imposed under this section shall be not more than 8 years.
(b) Subsection (a) does not apply to a party to a judicial proceeding, or that party's counsel, for statements, representations, writings or documents submitted by such party or counsel to a judge or magistrate in that proceeding.
(c) With respect to any matter within the jurisdiction of the legislative branch, subsection (a) shall apply only to--
(June 25, 1948, c. 645, 62 Stat. 749; Sept. 13, 1994, Pub.L. 103-322, Title XXXIII, § 330016(1)(L), 108 Stat. 2147; Oct. 11, 1996, Pub.L. 104-292, § 2, 110 Stat. 3459; Dec. 17, 2004, Pub.L. 108-458, Title VI, § 6703(a), 118 Stat. 3766; July 27, 2006, Pub.L. 109-248, Title I, § 141(c), 120 Stat. 603.)