Full Statute Name:  West's Revised Statutes of Nebraska Annotated. Chapter 54. Livestock. Article 19. Meat and Poultry Inspection. (a) Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law

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Primary Citation:  Neb. Rev. St. § 54-1901 - 1915.02 Country of Origin:  United States Last Checked:  January, 2022 Alternate Citation:  NE ST § 54-1901 - 1915.02 Date Adopted:  1969 Historical: 
Summary: The Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law assures that only wholesome meat and poultry products enter regular commercial channels of commerce and to provide that same are identified and truthfully labeled. It is unlawful under the act for any person to operate or maintain any establishment unless first licensed by the department. With regard to horses, it is unlawful for any person to sell, transport, offer for sale or transportation, or receive for transportation, in intrastate commerce any carcasses of horses, mules, or other equines or parts of such carcasses, or the meat or meat food products thereof, unless they are plainly and conspicuously marked or labeled or otherwise identified as required by regulations prescribed by the director to show the kinds of animals from which they were derived.

54-1901 . Act, how cited

54-1902 . Terms, defined

54-1903 . Intent of sections

54-1904 . License; application; inspection; renewal; fee; suspension; when

54-1905 . Hearings; how conducted; order; appeal

54-1906 . Director of Agriculture; rules and regulations; adopt; requirements

54-1907 . Records; contents; access

54-1908 . Director of Agriculture; powers

54-1909 . Unlawful acts

54-1910 . Inspection of products; when completed

54-1911 . Exempted product; adulterated or misbranded; seized by inspector; when

54-1912 . Product found adulterated or misbranded; seizure; destruction; procedure

54-1913 . Officer, inspector, employee of state; bribes, acceptances; interference; penalty

54-1914 . Director of Agriculture; violations; investigations; powers; subpoenas

54-1915 . Director of Agriculture; cooperate with United States Department of Agriculture

54-1915.01. Acquisition of meat from livestock by an informed end consumer; allowed; conditions

54-1915.02. Independent Processor Assistance Program; created; purpose; department; powers and duties

 

 

54-1901. Act, how cited

Sections 54-1901 to 54-1915.02 shall be known and may be cited as the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law.

Credits
Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 1, p. 1502; Laws 2021, LB 324, § 1, eff. Aug. 28, 2021.

 

54-1902. Terms, defined

For purposes of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, unless the context otherwise requires:

(1) Adulterated shall apply to any livestock product or poultry product under one or more of the following circumstances:

(a) If it fails to conform to the requirements established by the Nebraska Pure Food Act;

(b) If it has been subjected to radiation, unless the use of the radiation was in conformity with a regulation or exemption in effect pursuant to section 409 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act approved June 25, 1938, (52 Stat. 1040) and acts amendatory thereof or supplementary thereto; or

(c) If it is margarine containing animal fat and any of the raw material used therein consists in whole or in part of any filthy, putrid, or decomposed substance;

(2) Animal share means an ownership interest in an animal or herd of animals created by a written contract between an informed end consumer and a farmer or rancher that includes a bill of sale to the consumer for an ownership interest in the animal or herd and a boarding provision under which the consumer boards the animal or herd with the farmer or rancher for care and processing and the consumer is entitled to receive a share of meat from the animal or herd;

(3) Capable of use as human food shall apply to any wholesome livestock or poultry carcass or part or product of any such carcass, unless it is denatured or otherwise identified as required by rules and regulations prescribed by the director to preclude its use as human food or it is naturally inedible by humans;

(4) Container or package shall mean any box, can, tin, cloth, plastic, or other receptacle, wrapper, or cover;

(5) Department shall mean the Department of Agriculture;

(6) Director shall mean the Director of Agriculture;

(7) Establishment shall mean any building or structure in which slaughtering, butchering, meat canning, meat packing, meat manufacturing, poultry canning, poultry packing, poultry manufacturing, pet feed manufacturing, or rendering is carried on and the ground upon which such building or structure is erected and so much ground adjacent thereto as is used in carrying on the business of such establishment, including drains, gutters, and cesspools used in connection with the establishment and any place, including where a mobile or remote processing unit is located, or vehicle where livestock, poultry, livestock products, poultry products, meat food products, or poultry food products are prepared, manufactured, stored, sold, offered for sale, or exposed for sale. Establishment does not include operations under federal inspection;

(8) Federal Meat Inspection Act shall mean the act so entitled approved March 4, 1907, (34 Stat. 1260) as amended by the Wholesome Meat Act (81 Stat. 584), federal Poultry Products Inspection Act shall mean the act so entitled approved August 28, 1957, (71 Stat. 441) as amended by the Wholesome Poultry Products Act (82 Stat. 791), and federal acts shall mean the Federal Meat Inspection Act and the federal Poultry Products Inspection Act;

(9) Hydrolyzed whole poultry shall mean the animal feed product resulting from the hydrolyzation of whole carcasses of culled or dead, undecomposed poultry as such product is defined in the Official Publication of the Association of American Feed Control Officials;

(10) Immediate container shall mean any consumer package or any other container in which livestock products or poultry products which are not consumer-packaged are packed;

(11) Inspector shall mean an employee or official or agent of the State of Nebraska authorized by the director, or any employee or official of the federal government or any governmental subdivision of this state authorized by the director, to perform any inspection functions under the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law under an agreement between the director and any governmental subdivision or other governmental agency;

(12) Intrastate commerce shall mean commerce within this state;

(13) Label shall mean a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon any article or the immediate container, not including package liners, of any article;

(14) Labeling shall mean all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter (a) upon any article or any of its containers or wrappers or (b) accompanying such article;

(15) License shall mean a license issued under the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law by the director;

(16) Licensed establishment shall mean any of the establishments as defined in this section which are licensed under the terms of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or pursuant to the terms of any other act administered by the director;

(17) Livestock shall mean any cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules, other equines, and other mammalian species as the director may determine, either living or dead;

(18) Livestock product shall mean any carcass, part thereof, meat, or meat food product of any livestock;

(19) Meat food product shall mean any product capable of use as human food which is made wholly or in part from any meat or other portion of the carcass of any cattle, sheep, swine, or goats, except products which contain meat or other portions of such carcasses only in a relatively small proportion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the meat food industry and which are exempt from definition as a meat food product by the director under such conditions as the director may prescribe to assure that the meat or other portions of such carcass contained in such product are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as meat food products. This term as applied to food products of equines or other mammalian species as designated by the director shall have a meaning comparable to that provided in this subdivision with respect to cattle, sheep, swine, and goats;

(20) Misbranded shall apply to any livestock product or poultry product under one or more of the following circumstances:

(a) If it fails to conform to the requirements established by the Nebraska Pure Food Act; or

(b) If it fails to bear directly thereon and on its containers, as the director may by rule and regulation prescribe, the official inspection legend and establishment number of the establishment where the product was prepared and, unrestricted by any of the foregoing, such other information as the director may require in such rules and regulations to assure that it will not have false or misleading labeling and that the public will be informed of the manner of handling required to maintain the article in a wholesome condition. Exemptions as to livestock products not in containers may be established by rules and regulations prescribed by the director and exemptions as to small packages may be established for livestock products or poultry products in the same manner;

(21) Mobile or remote processing unit shall mean any equipment for processing whole poultry by grinding, chopping, or other comparable method that is, or is intended to be, transported to or permanently located at locations away from a rendering establishment for purposes of collecting poultry carcasses processed for transport to a rendering establishment in liquid suspension;

(22) Official certificate shall mean any certificate prescribed by rules and regulations of the director for issuance by an inspector or other person performing official functions under the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law;

(23) Official device shall mean any device prescribed or authorized by the director for use in applying any official mark;

(24) Official establishment shall mean any establishment as determined by the director at which antemortem and postmortem inspection of livestock or poultry or the inspection of the manufacturing of livestock products or poultry products for human consumption is maintained under the authority of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law;

(25) Official inspection legend shall mean any symbol prescribed by rules and regulations of the director showing that an article was inspected and passed in accordance with the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law;

(26) Official mark shall mean the official inspection legend or any other symbol prescribed by regulations of the director to identify the status of any article, livestock, or poultry under the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law;

(27) Person shall include individuals, partnerships, limited liability companies, corporations, and associations and any officer, agent, partner, limited liability company member, or employee thereof;

(28) Pesticide chemical, food additive, color additive, and raw agricultural commodity shall have the same meanings for purposes of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law as under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act approved June 25, 1938, (52 Stat. 1040);

(29) Pet feed manufacturing shall mean the business of processing livestock or poultry or carcasses or parts thereof into small animal feed;

(30) Poultry shall mean any domesticated bird or other avian species as the director may designate, either living or dead;

(31) Poultry product shall mean any poultry carcass or part thereof or any product which is made wholly or in part from any poultry carcass or part thereof, except products which contain poultry ingredients only in a relatively small proportion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the poultry food industry and which are exempt by the director from definition as a poultry product under such conditions as the director may prescribe to assure that the poultry ingredients in such products are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as poultry products;

(32) Prepared shall mean slaughtered, canned, salted, stuffed, rendered, boned, cut up, frozen, or otherwise manufactured or processed in any manner;

(33) Reinspection shall include inspection of the preparation of livestock products and poultry products, as well as reexamination of articles previously inspected;

(34) Rendering shall mean the business of processing livestock or poultry or carcasses or parts thereof not intended or capable for use as human food, including the processing of poultry carcasses into hydrolyzed whole poultry feed products; and

(35) Shipping container shall mean any container used or intended for use in packaging the product packed in an immediate container.

Credits
Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 2, p. 1502; Laws 1981, LB 487, § 42; Laws 1991, LB 358, § 5; Laws 1993, LB 121, § 346; Laws 1994, LB 884, § 73; Laws 1997, LB 199, § 2; Laws 2003, LB 160, § 12; Laws 2021, LB 324, § 2, eff. Aug. 28, 2021.

 

54-1903. Intent of sections

The intent of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law is to assure that only wholesome meat and poultry products enter regular commercial channels of commerce and to provide that same are identified and truthfully labeled. The director is designated as the administrator of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law and the department is designated as the administrative state agency.

Credits
Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 3, p. 1507; Laws 2021, LB 324, § 3, eff. Aug. 28, 2021.

 

54-1904. License; application; inspection; renewal; fee; suspension; when

It shall be unlawful for any person to operate or maintain any establishment unless first licensed by the department. A license may be obtained by application to the director upon forms prescribed by him or her for that purpose. The license shall authorize and restrict the licensee to the operation or operations requested in his or her application and approved by the director.

Application for a livestock establishment or a poultry establishment license shall be accompanied by a fee of fifty dollars for each establishment. A license application for a rendering establishment or for a pet feed establishment shall be accompanied by a fee of three hundred dollars for each establishment. Such fee shall be deposited in the state treasury and deposited in the Livestock Auction Market Fund.
No license shall be issued until an inspection of the facilities described in the license application is completed showing the proposed facilities to be in conformity with the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law and the rules and regulations adopted and promulgated thereunder by the director.

Licenses shall be renewable annually on or before their expiration. No license shall be transferable with respect to licensee or location. The renewal fee shall be the same as the application fee for each license.

Each license shall by order be summarily suspended whenever an inspection reveals that conditions in any establishment constitute a menace to the public health and shall remain suspended until such conditions are corrected, subject to review by the department and courts as is provided for in the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law.

In addition, the director may, upon ten days' notice in writing, suspend or revoke any license issued hereunder or refuse to renew the same for violation of any of the provisions of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or any rule or regulation duly adopted and promulgated by the director. The notice shall specify in writing the charges relied on, and the hearings, disposition, and court review shall be as prescribed by the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law.

Credits
Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 4, p. 1507; Laws 1982, LB 928, § 43; Laws 1983, LB 617, § 11; Laws 1988, LB 352, § 98; Laws 1997, LB 752, § 137; Laws 2016, LB 909, § 9, eff. July 21, 2016.

 

54-1905. Hearings; how conducted; order; appeal

Hearings shall be conducted by the director who may administer oaths, rule upon offers of proof and objections, and take such other action as may be necessary.

The director shall not be bound by formal rules of evidence as observed in courts of law but shall exclude irrelevant, immaterial, or unduly repetitious evidence. The burden of proof and of proceeding with the evidence shall be on the department, and every party shall have the right to compulsory process, to representation by counsel of his or her own choosing, and to cross-examination of and confrontation by witnesses against him or her. The final determination of the director may be appealed, and the appeal shall be in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 5, p. 1508; Laws 1988, LB 352, § 99.

 

54-1906. Director of Agriculture; rules and regulations; adopt; requirements

The director shall promulgate and enforce such rules and regulations as are necessary to the proper administration and enforcement of the provisions of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law. Such rules and regulations shall require:

(1) Antemortem and postmortem inspection, quarantine, segregation, sanitation standards and reinspections with respect to the slaughter of livestock and poultry and the preparation of livestock products and poultry products at all establishments licensed in this state, except those exempted by subdivision (9) of section 54-1908, rendering establishments and pet feed manufacturing establishments;

(2) The identification of livestock and poultry for inspection purposes and the marking and labeling of livestock products or poultry products or their containers, or both, to clearly identify the products as inspected and passed if inspected and passed, or not for sale if not inspected, or condemned if they are found upon inspection to be adulterated. Condemned products shall be decharacterized or denatured or destroyed and shall not be sold or offered for sale as human food;

(3) Prohibition of entry into official establishments of livestock products and poultry products not prepared under federal inspection, or inspection pursuant to the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, and further limit the entry of such articles and other materials into such establishments under such conditions as he or she deems necessary to effectuate the purposes of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law;

(4) That when a livestock product, meat food product, poultry product, or poultry food product leaves an official establishment it shall conform to the requirements of the Nebraska Pure Food Act;

(5) Prior approval of all labeling and containers to be used for such products when sold or transported in intrastate commerce to assure that they comply with the requirements of the Nebraska Pure Food Act;

(6) That necessary facilities, equipment, identification practices, sanitary standards, inspections of materials and ingredients be used in the preparation of products at a rendering establishment or a pet feed establishment for the protection of the health and welfare of the citizens of this state and their pets, livestock, and poultry. Inspections as described in this subdivision shall be at the expense of the establishment operator receiving the service;

(7) That the conveyance or conveyances used by pet feed manufacturers, renderers, and motor carriers are so constructed as to be leak proof, insect tight, readily cleaned, and disinfected and kept in a sanitary condition;

(8) That any mobile or remote processing unit used by renderers be kept in sanitary condition, transported, and utilized in a manner as determined prudent by the department to minimize the risk of the spread of disease;

(9) That the products of hydrolyzed whole poultry processing be processed in such a manner as to be suitable for animal food, including heating by boiling at two hundred twelve degrees Fahrenheit at sea level for thirty minutes, dry extrusion at a minimum temperature of two hundred eighty-four degrees Fahrenheit for thirty seconds with a pressure differential of approximately forty atmospheres as the product exits the extruder, or their equivalents as approved by the department unless it is shown to the satisfaction of the department that heating is not required to render the product suitable for animal food; and

(10) Inspection of all operations traditionally and usually conducted at retail stores where meat, meat food products, poultry, and poultry food products are sold, consumed, held for sale or offered for sale, and in connection therewith, to cause such operations to be inspected to protect the consuming public from meat, poultry, meat food products, and poultry food products which may be adulterated or misbranded by seizure or embargo of such products pursuant to the terms of section 54-1912.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 6, p. 1508; Laws 1981, LB 487, § 43; Laws 2003, LB 160, § 13.

 

54-1907. Records; contents; access

The following classes of persons shall keep such records for such periods as are specified in regulations adopted by the director to fully and correctly disclose all transactions involved in their business, and shall afford to the director and his representatives access to such places of business, and opportunity, at all reasonable times, to examine the facilities, inventory and records thereof, to copy the records, and to secure samples or specimens of inventory after paying or offering to pay for such sample or specimen:

(1) Any persons who engage in or for intrastate commerce in the business of slaughtering any livestock or poultry, or preparing, freezing, packaging or labeling, buying or selling, transporting, or storing any livestock products or poultry products for human food or animal feed; or

(2) Any persons who engage in or for intrastate commerce in the business of rendering, pet feed manufacturing, buying, selling, storing, or transporting any wholesome or dead, dying, disabled or diseased livestock or poultry, or parts of the carcasses of any such livestock or poultry which died either by slaughter or otherwise.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 7, p. 1510.

 

54-1908. Director of Agriculture; powers

The director shall have the authority to:

(1) Remove inspection from any establishment that fails to abide by the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or any rule or regulation adopted and promulgated under such law;

(2) Refuse to provide inspection service under the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law with respect to any establishment for causes specified in section 401 of the Federal Meat Inspection Act or section 18 of the federal Poultry Products Inspection Act;

(3) Order labeling and containers to be withheld from use if the director determines that the labeling is false or misleading or the containers are of a misleading size or form;

(4) Require that equines be slaughtered and prepared in establishments separate from establishments where other livestock are slaughtered or their products are prepared;

(5) Appoint as his or her agent and prescribe the duties of such inspectors and personnel, including employees of the United States Department of Agriculture, as he or she deems necessary for the efficient execution of the provisions of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, except that inspection requested at times other than regularly scheduled inspection times shall be at the establishment operator's expense;

(6) Cooperate with the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States or with any governmental subdivision of this state in the administration of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, and to accept federal assistance or assistance from any governmental subdivision of this state for that purpose, and to spend funds of this state appropriated for administration of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, except that if the director enters into an agreement with the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States involving the acceptance of federal assistance and the utilization of both state and federal personnel, the salaries of state personnel involved in carrying out the enforcement of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law shall be comparable to those of their federal counterparts;

(7) Recommend to the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States for appointment to the advisory committees provided for in the federal acts, such officials or employees of the department as the director shall designate;

(8) Serve as the representative of the Governor for consultation with the secretary under paragraph (c) of section 301 of the Federal Meat Inspection Act and paragraph (c) of section 5 of the federal Poultry Products Inspection Act;

(9) Exempt the operations or any part of the operations at any establishment from inspection or other requirements of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law to the extent the director determines such operations are exempt under the Federal Meat Inspection Act or the federal Poultry Products Inspection Act when such exemption would not jeopardize the public health or welfare; or exempt from the inspection requirements of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law the slaughter of livestock and poultry, preparation of livestock products and poultry products at any establishment in Nebraska when the director determines that it is impractical to provide such inspection and that such exemption will otherwise facilitate enforcement of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law and not endanger the health and welfare of the people of this state. The director may refuse, withdraw, or modify any exemption under this subdivision whenever the director determines such action is necessary to effectuate the purposes of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law;

(10) Adopt and promulgate rules and regulations prescribing the sizes and style of type to be used for labeling information required under the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, and definitions and standards of identity or composition or standards of fill of container, consistent with federal standards, when the director deems such action appropriate for the protection of the health and welfare of the public;

(11) Adopt and promulgate rules and regulations prescribing conditions of storage and handling of livestock products and poultry products by persons engaged in the business of buying, selling, freezing, storing, or transporting such articles in or for intrastate commerce as brokers, wholesalers, common carriers, or otherwise to assure that such articles will not be adulterated or misbranded when delivered to the consumer;

(12) Adopt and promulgate rules and regulations as the director deems necessary prescribing sanitation, antemortem inspection, postmortem inspection, labeling requirements, and facility requirements for the slaughtering and preparation of horses, mules, and other equines and other species in all establishments; and

(13) Adopt and promulgate rules and regulations as the director deems necessary for the efficient execution of the provisions of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, including rules of practice providing opportunity for hearing in connection with issuance of orders under section 54-1905 and prescribing procedure for proceedings in such cases.

Credits
Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 8, p. 1510; Laws 2021, LB 324, § 4, eff. Aug. 28, 2021.

 

54-1909. Unlawful acts

It shall be unlawful for any person to:

(1) Slaughter any livestock or poultry or prepare any livestock products or poultry products which are capable of use as human food, at any establishment, without first obtaining a license from the director and then only when slaughter or preparation is done in compliance with the requirements of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law and rules and regulations adopted and promulgated by the director;

(2) Engage in rendering or pet feed manufacturing without first obtaining a license from the director and then only when such activity is in compliance with the requirements of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law and rules and regulations adopted and promulgated by the director;

(3) Sell, transport, offer for sale or transportation, or receive for transportation, in intrastate commerce, any such articles which (a) are capable of use as human food and (b) are adulterated or misbranded at the time of such sale, transportation, offer for sale or transportation, or receipt for transportation; or any articles required to be inspected under the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law unless they have been so inspected and passed;

(4) Slaughter livestock or poultry for regular commercial channels of commerce unless subjected to antemortem and postmortem inspection, or to sell, offer for sale, expose for sale or have in possession for the purpose of sale, or transport or receive for transportation any livestock product or poultry product capable of use as human food which was slaughtered without antemortem and postmortem inspection and which fails to bear the marks of identification as required by the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law and rules and regulations adopted and promulgated under such law. The possession of any quantity of livestock product or poultry product in an amount greater than meets the reasonable consumption of the owner thereof, including all members of such person's immediate household and nonpaying guests, shall be prima facie evidence of intent to sell the same contrary to the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law;

(5) With respect to any such articles which are capable of use as human food, do any act while they are being transported in intrastate commerce or held for sale after such transportation, which is intended to cause or has the effect of causing such articles to be adulterated or misbranded;

(6) Sell, transport, offer for sale or transportation, or receive for transportation, in intrastate commerce or from any establishment, any slaughtered poultry from which the blood, feathers, feet, head, or viscera have not been removed in accordance with rules and regulations adopted and promulgated by the director, except as may be authorized by such rules and regulations;

(7) Fail to mark or identify any livestock or poultry, part or product of such carcass as required by the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or rules and regulations adopted and promulgated under such law;

(8) Violate any provision of the rules, regulations, or orders of the director entered pursuant to section 54-1904 or 54-1905 or rules and regulations adopted and promulgated pursuant to section 54-1906 or 54-1908;

(9) Cast, print, lithograph, or otherwise make any device containing any official mark or simulation thereof, or any label bearing any such mark or simulation thereof, except as authorized by the director;

(10) Forge any official device, mark, or certificate or without authorization from the director use any official device, mark, or certificate, or simulation thereof, or alter, detach, remove, deface, or destroy any official device, mark, or certificate required pursuant to the terms of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law and rules and regulations adopted and promulgated by the director;

(11) Knowingly possess, without promptly notifying the director or the director's representative, any official device or any counterfeit, simulated, forged, or improperly altered official certificate or any device or label or any carcass of any animal, including poultry, or part or product thereof, bearing any counterfeit, simulated, forged, or improperly altered official mark, or knowingly make any false statement in any shipper's certificate or other nonofficial or official certificate provided for in the rules and regulations adopted and promulgated by the director; or knowingly represent that any article has been inspected and passed, or exempted, under the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law when in fact it has not been so inspected and passed or exempted;

(12) Sell, transport, offer for sale or transportation, or receive for transportation, in intrastate commerce, any carcasses of horses, mules, or other equines or parts of such carcasses, or the meat or meat food products thereof, unless they are plainly and conspicuously marked or labeled or otherwise identified as required by rules and regulations prescribed by the director to show the kinds of animals from which they were derived;

(13) Buy, sell, transport, or offer for sale or transportation, or receive for transportation, in intrastate commerce, any livestock products or poultry products, or dead, dying, disabled, or diseased livestock or poultry which are not intended for use as human food unless they are denatured or otherwise identified or decharacterized as required by the rules and regulations of the director so as to prevent them from being used for human food purposes;

(14) Give, pay, or offer, directly or indirectly, to any officer or employee of this state authorized to perform any of the duties prescribed by the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or by the rules and regulations of the director, any money or other thing of value, with intent to influence such officer or employee in the discharge of any such duty;

(15) Neglect or refuse to attend and testify or to answer any lawful inquiry, or to produce documentary evidence, if in such person's power to do so, in obedience to the subpoena or lawful requirement of the director; or

(16) Willfully make, or cause to be made, any false entry or statement of fact in any report required to be made under the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or rules and regulations adopted and promulgated under such law, or willfully make, or cause to be made, any false entry in any account, record, or memorandum kept by any person subject to the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or willfully neglect or fail to make or to cause to be made, full, true, and correct entries in such accounts, records, or memoranda, of all facts and transactions appertaining to the business of such person or that shall willfully remove out of the jurisdiction of this state, or willfully mutilate, alter, or by any other means falsify any documentary evidence of any person subject to the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or to willfully refuse to submit to the director or to any of the director's authorized agents, for the purpose of inspection and taking copies, any documentary evidence of any person subject to the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law in such person's possession or within such person's control; or for any inspector to make public any information obtained by the director, under the authority granted by the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, without first securing the director's authority to do so, unless directed by a court to divulge such information.

Credits
Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 9, p. 1513; Laws 2021, LB 324, § 5, eff. Aug. 28, 2021.

 

54-1910. Inspection of products; when completed

No inspection of products placed in any container at any official establishment shall be deemed to be complete until the products are sealed or enclosed therein under the supervision of an inspector.

Credits
Laws 1969, ch. 499, § 10, p. 1516.

 

54-1911. Exempted product; adulterated or misbranded; seized by inspector; when

Whenever any livestock product or poultry product or any product exempted from the definition of a livestock product and from the definition of a poultry product, or any dead, dying, disabled, or diseased livestock or poultry, is found by any authorized representative of the director upon any premises where it is held for purposes of distribution, or during or after distribution, in intrastate commerce or is otherwise subject to the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, and the authorized representative or inspector has reason to believe that any such article is adulterated or misbranded and is capable of use as human food, or that it has not been inspected and fails to bear an official mark or is otherwise in violation of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or of the federal acts or the Nebraska Pure Food Act, or that such article or animal has been or is intended to be distributed in violation of any such provisions, it may be seized and embargoed by such representative or inspector for a period not to exceed twenty days, pending action under section 54-1912 or notification of any federal authorities having jurisdiction over such article or animal, and shall not be moved by any person from the place at which it is located when so seized or embargoed until released by an inspector or representative of the department or by an order of a court having jurisdiction. All official marks may be required by such representative or inspector to be removed from such article or animal before it is released unless it appears to the satisfaction of the director that the article or animal is eligible to retain such mark or marks.

Credits
Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 11, p. 1516; Laws 1981, LB 487, § 44; Laws 2021, LB 324, § 6, eff. Aug. 28, 2021.

 

54-1912. Product found adulterated or misbranded; seizure; destruction; procedure

Any livestock product or poultry product or any dead, dying, disabled, or diseased livestock or poultry that is being transported in intrastate commerce or is otherwise subject to the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, or is held for sale in this state after such transportation, and that (1) is or has been prepared, sold, transported, or otherwise distributed or offered or received for distribution in violation of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or any rules or regulations duly adopted and promulgated under such law, (2) is capable of use as a human food and found to be adulterated or misbranded, or (3) in any other way is in violation of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, shall be seized and embargoed.

Upon receiving written permission from the owner or claimant, all articles, animals, or poultry under seizure or embargo shall be destroyed at the expense of the owner or claimant. When permission for destruction cannot be obtained, the director shall petition a judge of the district court in whose jurisdiction the article, animal, or poultry is seized or embargoed for a condemnation of such article, animal, or poultry. If the court finds that the seized or embargoed article, animal, or poultry is adulterated or misbranded, it shall, after entry of the decree, be destroyed at the expense of the claimant or owner thereof, under the supervision of the director or an inspector, and all court costs and fees and storage and other proper expenses shall be taxed against the owner or claimant or such owner's or claimant's agent, except that when the adulteration or misbranding can be corrected by proper labeling or further processing of the article of livestock or poultry, the court, after entry of the decree and after such costs, fees, and expenses have been paid and a good and sufficient bond has been executed, conditioned that such article of livestock or poultry shall be so labeled or further processed, may by order direct that such article of livestock or poultry be delivered to the claimant thereof for labeling or further processing under the supervision of an inspector. The expense of such supervision may be assessed against the claimant. The article of livestock or poultry shall be returned to the claimant on the representation to the court by the director that it is no longer in violation of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, the Nebraska Pure Food Act, or of any federal act or acts, and that the expenses of such supervision have been paid. In the case of mislabeled or misbranded articles of livestock or poultry which are abandoned by the owner and for which no claimant appears, the same may be sold by the director or the director's agent and the proceeds of the sale shall be paid to the State Treasurer to be placed in the General Fund. No article, poultry, or livestock shall be sold contrary to the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, the Nebraska Pure Food Act, the Wholesome Meat Act, or the Wholesome Poultry Products Act.

The provisions of this section shall in no way derogate from authority for condemnation or seizure conferred by other provisions of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or other laws. The district courts of this state are vested with jurisdiction specifically to enforce and to prevent and restrain violations of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law and shall have jurisdiction in all other kinds of cases arising under the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law except as otherwise provided under such law.

Credits
Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 12, p. 1517; Laws 1981, LB 487, § 45; Laws 2021, LB 324, § 7, eff. Aug. 28, 2021.

 

54-1913. Officer, inspector, employee of state; bribes, acceptances; interference; penalty

(1) Any officer, inspector, or employee of this state authorized to perform any of the duties prescribed by the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law who shall accept any money, gift, or other thing of value from any person given with intent to influence his or her official action, or who shall receive or accept from any person engaged in intrastate commerce subject to the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law any gift, money, or other thing of value given with any purpose or intent whatsoever, shall be deemed guilty of a Class III misdemeanor and shall be summarily discharged from office.

(2) Any person who forcibly assaults, resists, opposes, impedes, intimidates, bribes or attempts to bribe, or interferes with any inspector or employee while engaged in or on account of the performance of his or her official duties under the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, shall be deemed guilty of a Class II misdemeanor.

(3) Any person who violates any provisions of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or any rules and regulations duly adopted and promulgated under such law, for which no other criminal penalty is provided by the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, shall be deemed guilty of a Class II misdemeanor, but if such violation involves intent to defraud, or any distribution or attempted distribution of an article that is adulterated, such person shall be guilty of a Class IV felony.

Credits
Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 13, p. 1518; Laws 1977, LB 39, § 49; Laws 2021, LB 324, § 8, eff. Aug. 28, 2021.

 

54-1914. Director of Agriculture; violations; investigations; powers; subpoenas

The director shall have the following additional powers:

(1) Whenever he or she has reason to believe that any licensee may be in possession of information relevant to an investigation by him or her of suspected violations of the provisions of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law or regulations promulgated thereunder, the director may require such person to file with him or her in such form as he or she may prescribe special reports or answers in writing to specific questions, furnishing such information. Such reports and answers shall be made under oath and shall be filed with the director within such reasonable period as the director may prescribe, unless additional time is granted in any case upon prompt application for same.

(2) To have access to all establishments, including any premises where a mobile or remote processing unit is located or utilized, for the purposes of examination or inspection or both at all times and the right to copy any documentary evidence of any person being investigated or proceeded against, and may require by subpoena the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of all documentary evidence of any person or the taking of a deposition relating to any matter under his or her investigation. The director may sign subpoenas and may administer oaths and affirmations, examine witnesses, and receive evidence in accordance with the provisions of section 54-1905. In case of disobedience to a subpoena, the director may invoke the aid of the district court of Lancaster County in requiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of documentary evidence. If any person fails to obey an order of the court, he or she may be punished by the court as for contempt thereof. Witnesses summoned or required to give depositions shall be paid the same fees that are paid witnesses in the district courts of this state and mileage at the same rate provided in section 81-1176 for state employees.

No person shall be excused from attending and testifying or from producing books, papers, schedules of charges, contracts, agreements, or other documentary evidence before the director or in obedience to the subpoena of the director, whether such subpoena be signed or issued by the director or his or her delegate, or in any cause or proceeding, criminal or otherwise, based upon or growing out of any alleged violation of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law, or of any amendments thereto, on the ground or for the reason that the testimony or evidence, documentary or otherwise, required of him or her may tend to incriminate him or her or subject him or her to a penalty or forfeiture; but no individual shall be prosecuted or subjected to a penalty or forfeiture for or on account of any transaction, matter, or thing concerning which he or she is compelled, after having claimed his or her privilege against self-incrimination, to testify or produce evidence, documentary or otherwise, except that any individual so testifying shall not be exempt from prosecution and punishment for perjury committed in so testifying.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 14, p. 1519; Laws 1981, LB 204, § 96; Laws 2003, LB 160, § 14.

 

54-1915. Director of Agriculture; cooperate with United States Department of Agriculture

The director is hereby authorized to cooperate with the United States Department of Agriculture for the exchange and cross certification of employees or inspectors to implement the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law.

Credits
Laws 1969, ch. 449, § 15, p. 1520; Laws 2021, LB 324, § 9, eff. Aug. 28, 2021.

 

54-1915.01. Acquisition of meat from livestock by an informed end consumer; allowed; conditions

(1) The acquisition of meat from livestock by an informed end consumer shall not constitute the sale of meat products in contravention of the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law and shall not be prohibited if all of the following conditions are met:

(a) The meat is made available pursuant to an animal share and is:

(i) Received by or on behalf of an owner of an animal share; and

(ii) Obtained from the particular livestock subject to the animal share;

(b) Ownership of the particular livestock is established by contract prior to slaughter;

(c) The name and address of each individual with an ownership interest in the particular livestock is presented to the processor prior to slaughter; and

(d) Information describing the standards used by the farm or ranch with respect to livestock health and in the processing of meat from the livestock is provided to the informed end consumer by the farmer or rancher.

(2) A farmer or rancher that sells an animal share shall:

(a) Be a resident of the State of Nebraska; and

(b) Maintain a record of each animal share sold under this section.

(3) No person who obtains meat in accordance with this section shall sell, donate, or commercially redistribute the meat in any way. No farmer or rancher shall publish any statement that implies the department's approval or endorsement of meat made available pursuant to an animal share. The requirement for a license under section 54-1904 or for inspection under the Nebraska Meat and Poultry Inspection Law shall not apply to the sale of meat products pursuant to this section.

Credits
Laws 2021, LB 324, § 10, eff. Aug. 28, 2021.

 

54-1915.02. Independent Processor Assistance Program; created; purpose; department; powers and duties

(1) The Independent Processor Assistance Program is created. The department shall administer the program contingent on funds being made available for such purpose.

(2) The purpose of the Independent Processor Assistance Program is to:

(a) Address supply chain disruptions caused by a public health emergency;

(b) Increase and improve livestock slaughter and meat processing capacity;

(c) Expand market access for small livestock producers; and

(d) Facilitate workforce development.

(3) In administering the Independent Processor Assistance Program, the department may develop policies and procedures for the disbursement of funds authorized by this section that include, at a minimum, the following:

(a) Applicant eligibility standards. At a minimum, such standards shall require that eligible applicants:

(i) Operate as a federally inspected, state-inspected, or custom-exempt slaughter and processing facility domiciled in Nebraska;

(ii) Demonstrate existing sales revenue of less than two million five hundred thousand dollars and employment of fewer than twenty-five employees; and

(iii) Be registered in good standing with the Secretary of State to do business in Nebraska; and

(b) Expense eligibility standards. At a minimum, such standards shall include:

(i) Capital improvements to expand capacity, including expansion and modifications to existing buildings or construction of new buildings at existing facilities;

(ii) Upgrades to utilities, including water, electric, heat, refrigeration, freezing, and waste facilities;

(iii) Livestock intake and storage equipment;

(iv) Processing and manufacturing equipment, including cutting equipment, mixers, grinders, sausage stuffers, smokers, curing equipment, pipes, motors, pumps, and valves;

(v) Packaging and handling equipment, including sealing, bagging, boxing, labeling, conveying, and product-moving equipment;

(vi) Warehouse equipment, including storage and curing racks;

(vii) Waste treatment and management equipment, including tanks, blowers, separators, dryers, digesters, and equipment that uses waste to produce energy, fuel, or industrial products;

(viii) Technology that allows increased capacity or business resilience, including software and hardware related to business functions, logistics, inventory management, plant production controls, temperature monitoring controls, and website design that enables e-commerce;

(ix) Rental of buildings, facilities, or equipment necessary to expand capacity, including mobile slaughter units and mobile refrigeration units used exclusively for meat or poultry processing;

(x) Costs associated with increased inspections or becoming inspected, including overtime inspection services by the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture and hazard analysis and critical control point consultation services; and

(xi) Educational and workforce training provided either by the facility or by an institution of higher education.

(4) The department may adopt and promulgate rules and regulations to carry out the purposes of the Independent Processor Assistance Program.

Credits
Laws 2021, LB 324, § 11, eff. Aug. 28, 2021.

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