Full Statute Name:  Ley de Protección y Bienestar Animal de Tlaxcala

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Popular Title:  Tlaxcala’s Animal Protection and Welfare Statute (2019) Primary Citation:  Ley de Protección y Bienestar Animal de Tlaxcala Country of Origin:  Mexico Last Checked:  October, 2023 Date Adopted:  2019 Historical: 
Summary: This law seeks to promote animal welfare by providing proper care, suitable living conditions, fostering their natural development, and maintaining their health. It also seeks to protect their natural behavior, guaranteeing public health. Article 3, IV defines animal as a “Multicellular living being with a developed nervous system, which feels and moves voluntarily or by instinct.” It includes various definitions, but it does not define animal cruelty.
Documents:  PDF icon Mexico-Tlaxcala’s Animal Protection and Welfare Statute-2016-Spanish.pdf (14.08 MB)

According to this law, the state and municipalities have the authority to govern animal protection and welfare aspects. Specifically, the Secretariat of Agricultural Development oversees matters concerning animals used for consumption and working animals, the Secretariat of Health is responsible for public health issues related to animals, and the Secretariat of Education oversees animal protection and welfare matters.

Among its guiding principles, this law emphasizes that animals are sentient beings capable of experiencing pain, suffering, and stress, thus entitling them to the right to life and respect. Those responsible for animals in their care must ensure their protection and well-being.

Additionally, the law mandates that animal “tutors” or owners consider the specific characteristics of their species to limit work demands in terms of time and intensity and reasonably receive adequate food, veterinary care, and necessary rest to ensure their well-being. Furthermore, the law outlines general provisions applicable to various entities, including businesses, Zoonosis centers, wildlife handling units, Centers for Wildlife Conservation and Research, and facilities for rehabilitating Wild Animals.

Other aspects addressed in this law include the welfare of animals during transportation (arts 60-76), the welfare of animals in the stream of commerce (Arts. 77-83), the handling of animals in teaching and investigation (arts. 96-115), Handling practices regarding companion animals (arts 116-123), the exhibition of animals (arts 124-132), animals use in tourism (Art 133), slaughter and euthanasia (Arts 140-146).

Finally, concerning the enforcement, inspections, and sanctions, article 149 establishes the “popular complaint” as the mechanism to report any form of animal cruelty to the relevant municipal authority. As for the inspection and enforcement of the law, Article 153 designates the Secretariat of Agricultural Development as the authorized authority responsible for overseeing and monitoring these matters.

It is worth noting that the concept of “popular complaints” is defined in Title Six, Chapter VII of the General Law of Ecological Balance and Environmental Protection (LGEEPA) as a social participation instrument. Through popular complaints, authorities gain awareness of actions, events, or omissions that result in ecological imbalances or environmental harm.

Regarding administrative sanctions, Article 157 outlines the available mechanisms, which include issuing written reprimands, imposing administrative fines, implementing administrative arrests lasting up to 36 hours, and authorizing the confiscation of animals related to the violation.

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