This law prohibits the hunting and capture of endangered, vulnerable, rare, and lesser known species, as well as those species considered necessary to keep the balance of the natural ecosystem when population density is reduced. Vetoes, seasonal hunting zones, may be created for the species that do not meet the requirements specified above.
Some of the prohibitions established in this law include the destruction of nests and burrows, as well as the collection of eggs and hatchlings, with exception of species considered harmful.
Commercialization of wildlife having been captured or hunted, as well as their products, sub-products and parts obtained in violation of this law, is prohibited as well.
Hunting requires prior obtention of a license issued by the Agriculture and livestock Breeding Service in addition to express authorization of the owner of the property according to Articles 609 and 610 of the civil code. Licenses will be valid for a period of two years. An exam and payment of a fee will be required to apply for this license. This law creates the national registry of hunters, which keeps records of licensed hunters and sanctions and violations of this law.
The penalties established for those who violate this law include fines, arms confiscations, hunting license suspension and prison, depending on the type and level of the violation.