3/408. Trusts for domestic or pet animals
§ 408. Trusts for domestic or pet animals.
(a) A trust for the care of one or more designated domestic or pet animals is valid. The trust terminates when no living animal is covered by the trust. A trust instrument shall be liberally construed to bring the transfer within this Section, to presume against a merely precatory or honorary nature of its disposition, and to carry out the general intent of the transferor. Extrinsic evidence is admissible in determining the transferor's intent.
(b) A trust for the care of one or more designated domestic or pet animals is subject to the following provisions:
(1) Except as expressly provided otherwise in the trust instrument, no portion of the principal or income of the trust may be converted to the use of the trustee or to a use other than for the trust's purposes or for the benefit of a covered animal.
(2) Upon termination, the trustee shall transfer the unexpended trust property in the following order:
(A) as directed in the trust instrument;
(B) to the settlor, if then living;
(C) if there is no direction in the trust instrument and if the trust was created in a non-residuary clause in the transferor's will, then under the residuary clause in the transferor's will;
(D) to the transferor's heirs under Section 2-1 of the Probate Act of 1975.
(3) The intended use of the principal or income may be enforced by an individual designated for that purpose in the trust instrument or, if none, by an individual appointed by a court having jurisdiction of the matter and parties, upon petition to it by an individual.
(4) Except as ordered by the court or required by the trust instrument, no filing, report, registration, periodic accounting, separate maintenance of funds, appointment, or fee is required by reason of the existence of the fiduciary relationship of the trustee.
(5) The court may reduce the amount of the property transferred if it determines that the amount substantially exceeds the amount required for the intended use. The amount of the reduction, if any, passes as unexpended trust property under paragraph (2).
(6) If a trustee is not designated or no designated trustee is willing and able to serve, the court shall name a trustee. The court may order the transfer of the property to another trustee if the transfer is necessary to ensure that the intended use is carried out, and if a successor trustee is not designated in the trust instrument or if no designated successor trustee agrees to serve and is able to serve. The court may also make other orders and determinations as are advisable to carry out the intent of the transferor and the purpose of this Section.
(7) The trust is exempt from the operation of the common law rule against perpetuities.
P.A. 101-48, § 408, eff. Jan. 1, 2020. Amended by P.A. 102-279, § 10, eff. Jan. 1, 2022.
3/1223. Trust for care of animal
§ 1223. Trust for care of animal.
(a) In this Section:
(1) “Animal trust” means a trust or an interest in a trust created to provide for the care of one or more designated domestic or pet animals.
(2) “Protector” means a person described in paragraph (3) of subsection (b) of Section 408.
(b) The decanting power may be exercised over an animal trust that has a protector to the extent the trust could be decanted under this Article as if each animal that benefits from the trust were an individual, if the protector consents in a signed record to the exercise of the decanting power.
(c) A protector for an animal has the rights under this Article of a qualified beneficiary.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Article, if a first trust is an animal trust, in an exercise of the decanting power, the second trust must provide that trust property may be applied only to its intended purpose for the period the first trust benefited the animal.
P.A. 101-48, § 1223, eff. Jan. 1, 2020.