112/1. Short title
§ 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Dissection Alternatives Act.
P.A. 91-771, § 1, eff. June 9, 2000.
112/5. Findings and purpose
§ 5. Findings and purpose.
(a) The General Assembly finds and declares that the appropriate use of dissection in research and education has contributed a great deal to the advancement of medical and biological science. Without dissection the science of anatomy could not have advanced, and it is the bedrock supporting the modern practice of surgery in its many forms. The appropriate use of dissection has brought many benefits to the people of this State, and it continues to play important roles in medical and veterinary practice, research, and education.
(b) The General Assembly also finds that the remarkable progress of the last few decades has produced significant advances in computing and the graphic and representational arts, and that these developments have resulted in the creation of many new technologies for teaching anatomy, physiology, and other medical and biological sciences. In certain circumstances these new technologies are capable of providing an educational experience superior to dissection, and they have often proven to be less expensive and more humane.
(c) The General Assembly also finds that the use of dissection, when inappropriate or poorly supervised, can result in the inhumane treatment and unnecessary suffering of animals. The inappropriate or careless use of dissection in schools has also in some instances traumatized students and contributed to a failure to teach proper respect for life and living creatures.
(d) It is the purpose of this Act to encourage schools in this State to make available and use alternatives to dissection when those alternatives are appropriate and can provide an educational experience that is equal or superior to the traditional use of dissection. It is not in any way the intention of this Act to discourage the appropriate use of dissection in research or when it provides a valuable educational experience to students.
P.A. 91-771, § 5, eff. June 9, 2000.
§ 10. Definitions. For the purposes of this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:
“Student” means a pupil at a public or private elementary or secondary school in Illinois.
“Teacher” means a person who is teaching at a public or private elementary or secondary school in Illinois, regardless of whether that teaching is on a full-time or part-time, temporary or permanent, or regular or substitute basis.
“Dissection” includes cutting, killing, preserving, or mounting of living or dead animals or animal parts for scientific study; but does not include the cutting, preserving, or mounting of (1) meat or other animal products that have been processed for use as food or in the preparation of food or (2) wool, silk, glue, or other commercial or artistic products derived from animals.
P.A. 91-771, § 10, eff. June 9, 2000.
112/15. Alternative student projects
§ 15. Alternative student projects. A school may excuse a student enrolled in a course in which students are ordinarily expected to perform, participate in, or observe dissection who objects for any reason to performing, participating in, or observing that dissection and instead allow the student to complete an alternative project. The alternative project should be nonpunitive and should be reasonably chosen to provide the student, through means other than dissection, with knowledge similar to that expected to be gained by other students in the course who perform, participate in, or observe the dissection. The alternative project should be consistent with any guidelines for alternative projects that have been adopted by the State Board of Education.
P.A. 91-771, § 15, eff. June 9, 2000.
112/20. Guidelines for notification of students and parents
§ 20. Guidelines for notification of students and parents.
(a) The State Board of Education shall develop and make available guidelines that may be used by the public elementary and secondary schools within this State to give appropriate notice of the following to students and their parents or legal guardians:
(1) Which, if any, of the courses taught at the school ordinarily require or allow the student to perform, participate in, or observe dissection.
(2) Whether or not the school makes available to students the opportunity to complete an alternative project.
(b) When offering high school students an opportunity to choose between dissection or an alternative project, teachers should encourage the students to take into consideration the expectations and requirements of the colleges and graduate programs that they may be interested in attending.
P.A. 91-771, § 20, eff. June 9, 2000.
112/25. Discrimination prohibited
§ 25. Discrimination prohibited. A student may not be penalized or discriminated against in any way for refusing to perform, participate in, or observe dissection.
P.A. 91-771, § 25, eff. June 9, 2000.
112/99. Effective date
§ 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon becoming law and first applies to the 2000-2001 school year.
P.A. 91-771, § 99, eff. June 9, 2000.