Full Statute Name:  West's Colorado Revised Statutes Annotated. Title 16. Criminal Proceedings. Code of Criminal Procedure. Article 10. Jury Trials. Part 4. Trial Proceedings. § 16-10-404. Use of a court facility dog--definitions

Share |
Primary Citation:  C. R. S. A. § 16-10-404 Country of Origin:  United States Last Checked:  January, 2020 Alternate Citation:  CO ST § 16-10-404 Date Adopted:  2019 Historical: 
Summary: This Colorado law enacted in 2019 states that a court may order order that a witness's testimony be offered while a court facility dog is in the courtroom during a criminal proceeding if the judge determines by a preponderance of the evidence that: (1) the presence of a court facility dog with the witness during the witness's testimony would reduce the witness's anxiety and enhance the ability of the court to receive full and accurate testimony; (2) the arrangements for an available court facility dog during the witness's testimony would not interfere with efficient criminal proceedings; and (3) no prejudice would result to any party due to the presence of a court facility dog with the witness. A "court facility dog" must be a graduate of an accredited internationally recognized assistance dog organization.

(1) As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:

(a) “Court facility dog” means a dog that is a graduate of an assistance dog organization that is accredited by an internationally recognized organization whose main purpose is to grant accreditation to assistance dog organizations based on standards of excellence in all areas of assistance dog acquisition, training, and placement. A “court facility dog” must be specially trained to provide support to witnesses testifying in proceedings without causing a distraction.

(b) “Criminal proceeding” or “criminal proceedings” has the same meaning as set forth in section 16-8.5-101(7).

(c) “Qualified individual with a disability” has the same meaning as set forth in the federal “Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990”, 42 U.S.C. sec. 12101 et seq., and its related amendments and implementing regulations.

(d) “Service animal” has the same meaning as set forth in the implementing regulations of Title II and Title III of the federal “Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990”, 42 U.S.C. sec. 12101 et seq.

(2)(a) The court may, upon motion of a party or upon its own motion, order that a witness's testimony be offered while a court facility dog is in the courtroom during the testimony of the witness if:

(I) The testimony is taken during a criminal proceeding; and

(II) The judge determines by a preponderance of the evidence that:

(A) The presence of a court facility dog with the witness during the witness's testimony would reduce the witness's anxiety and enhance the ability of the court to receive full and accurate testimony;

(B) The arrangements for an available court facility dog during the witness's testimony would not interfere with efficient criminal proceedings; and

(C) No prejudice would result to any party due to the presence of a court facility dog with the witness.

(b) To obtain an order authorizing the use of a court facility dog during the witness's testimony, the party must file a written motion with the court no less than fourteen days prior to the criminal proceeding.

(3) Notwithstanding a judge's order granting that the witness's testimony may be offered while a court facility dog is present pursuant to subsection (2)(a) of this section, the judge has the authority to terminate the presence of a court facility dog at any time prior to, or during, the witness's testimony.

(4) To ensure that the presence of a court facility dog does not influence the jury or is not a reflection on the truthfulness of any testimony that is offered by a witness, the court may instruct the jury, if a jury instruction is requested by a party who objected to the presence of the court facility dog or upon agreement of the parties, on the role of the court facility dog and that the court facility dog is a trained animal.

(5) Nothing in this section precludes or interferes with the rights of a qualified individual with a disability who is accompanied by a service animal pursuant to state or federal law.

Credits
Added by Laws 2019, Ch. 138, § 1, eff. July 1, 2019.

Share |