Full Statute Name:  The Northern Municipalities Act. Part VIII -- Powers and Duties of Councils. Public Health and Welfare [Heading amended 1984-85-86, c. 68, s. 56.]

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Popular Title:  Northern Municipailities Act Primary Citation:  S.S. 1983, c. N-5.1, s. 100 - 100.09 Country of Origin:  Canada Last Checked:  April, 2015 Alternate Citation:  SS 2010, c N-5.2 Date Adopted:  2010
Summary:

Dangerous Dog Laws for Saskatchewan's Northern Municipalities

Statute Text: 

DIVISION 5
Dangerous Animals

Interpretation of Division
395 In this Division:
(a) “judge” means a provincial court judge or a justice of the peace;
(b) “owner” includes:
(i) a person who keeps, possesses or harbours an animal; or
(ii) the person responsible for the custody of a minor if the minor is the
owner of an animal;
but does not include:
(iii) a veterinarian registered pursuant to The Veterinarians Act, 1987
who is keeping or harbouring an animal for the prevention, diagnosis or
treatment of a disease of or an injury to the animal; or
(iv) a municipality, the Saskatchewan Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals, a local Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals or a Humane Society operating pursuant to The Animal
Protection Act, 1999, with respect to an animal shelter or impoundment
facility operated by any of them;
(c) “peace officer” means a peace officer as defined by the Criminal Code;
(d) “provocation” means an act done intentionally for the purpose of
provoking an animal.
2010, c.N-5.2, s.395.


Declaration of dangerous animal
396(1) On hearing a complaint that an animal in a municipality is dangerous, a
judge may declare the animal to be dangerous if the judge is satisfied on reasonable
grounds that:
(a) the animal, without provocation, in a vicious or menacing manner,
chased or approached a person or domestic animal in an apparent attitude of
attack;
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(b) the animal has a known propensity, tendency or disposition to attack
without provocation, to cause injury or to otherwise threaten the safety of
persons or domestic animals;
(c) the animal has, without provocation, bitten, inflicted injury, assaulted or
otherwise attacked a person or domestic animal; or
(d) the animal is owned primarily or in part for the purpose of fighting or is
trained for fighting.
(2) For the purposes of proceedings pursuant to this section and section 397, an
animal is presumed not to have been provoked, in the absence of evidence to the
contrary.
(3) No animal shall be declared dangerous because of an action described in
clause (1)(a), (b) or (c) that occurred while the animal was:
(a) acting in the performance of police work; or
(b) working as a guard dog on commercial property while:
(i) securely enclosed on the property by a fence or other barrier
sufficient to prevent the escape of the animal and the entry of young
children; and
(ii) defending that property against a person who was committing an
offence.
(4) The owner of an animal complained of, if known, shall be served with notice of
a hearing pursuant to subsection (1), but the judge may make an order pursuant to
subsection (5) in the absence of the owner if the owner fails to appear.
(5) If a judge declares an animal to be dangerous, the judge shall:
(a) make an order embodying one or more of the following requirements, as
the judge considers appropriate:
(i) the owner shall keep the animal in an enclosure that complies with
prescribed criteria;
(ii) if the owner removes the animal from the enclosure, the owner shall
muzzle and leash it in accordance with prescribed criteria and keep it
under the owner’s direct control and supervision;
(iii) the owner shall obtain and keep in effect liability insurance in the
prescribed amount to cover damage or injury caused by the animal;
(iv) the owner shall display a sign, in the prescribed form and manner,
on his or her property warning of the presence of the animal and shall
continue to display that sign in good condition so long as the animal is
present on the property;
(v) the owner shall comply with the regulations and the Health of
Animals Act (Canada) with respect to the detection and control of rabies;
(vi) if the animal is moved to any other municipality, the owner shall
notify the designated officer in the other municipality;
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(vii) if the animal is to be sold or given away, the owner shall:
(A) notify any prospective owner that the animal has been
declared dangerous, before it is sold or given away; and
(B) notify the designated officer in the municipality of the name,
address and telephone number of any new owner of the animal;
(viii) the owner shall have the animal tattooed in the prescribed
manner;
(ix) the owner shall have the animal spayed or neutered;
(x) the owner shall take any other measures that the judge considers
appropriate; or
(b) order that the animal be destroyed or otherwise disposed of at the
owner’s expense and shall, in that case, give directions with respect to the
destruction or other disposition.
(6) An order issued pursuant to this section continues to apply if the animal is
sold or given to a new owner or is moved to any other municipality.
(7) An owner against whom an order has been made pursuant to subclause (5)(a)(iii)
may apply to the judge who made the order for a waiver, and the judge may waive
compliance with subclause (5)(a)(iii), on any terms and conditions that the judge
considers reasonable, if the judge is satisfied that the owner is unable to comply
with the requirements of that clause for a reason other than his or her financial
circumstances.
(8) An owner or complainant who feels aggrieved by an order made pursuant to
subsection (5) or (7) may appeal the order:
(a) to a provincial court judge by way of a new trial, if the order was made by
a justice of the peace; or
(b) to the court, if the order was made by a provincial court judge, on the
grounds that it:
(i) is erroneous in point of law;
(ii) is in excess of jurisdiction; or
(iii) constitutes a refusal or failure to exercise jurisdiction.
(9) A person who appeals pursuant to subsection (8) shall, within seven days after
the date of the order being appealed from, file a notice of appeal with the judge or
court being appealed to, and the provisions of Part XXVII of the Criminal Code
apply, with any necessary modification.
(10) A person who feels aggrieved by a decision of a provincial court judge made
with respect to an appeal pursuant to clause (8)(a) may appeal the decision to the
court on any grounds set out in clause (8)(b), and the provisions of subsection (9)
apply to the appeal.
2010, c.N-5.2, s.396.
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Offences and penalties re animals
397(1) Any person who owns an animal for the purpose of fighting, or trains,
torments, badgers, baits or otherwise uses an animal for the purpose of causing or
encouraging the animal to make unprovoked attacks on persons or domestic
animals is guilty of an offence.
(2) Any person who displays a prescribed sign warning of the presence of a
dangerous animal and who is not acting on an order made pursuant to
subsection 396(5) or has not received the permission of a council to display the sign
is guilty of an offence.
(3) Any person who does not comply with any part of an order made against him or
her pursuant to subsection 396(5) or (7) is guilty of an offence.
(4) Any person who owns an animal that, without provocation, attacks, assaults,
wounds, bites, injures or kills a person or domestic animal is guilty of an offence.
(5) A person who is guilty of an offence pursuant to this section is liable on
summary conviction to:
(a) a fine of not more than $10,000;
(b) imprisonment for not more than six months;
(c) an order pursuant to subsection 396(5); or
(d) a penalty consisting of any combination of clauses (a) to (c).
(6) A person may appeal an order or conviction pursuant to this section by filing a
notice of appeal with the Provincial Court of Saskatchewan or the court, as the case
may be, within seven days after the date of the order or conviction, and the
provisions of Part XXVII of the Criminal Code apply, with any necessary
modification.
2010, c.N-5.2, s.397.


Destruction order
398(1) Unless the owner otherwise agrees, every order for destruction of an
animal shall state that it shall not be implemented for eight days.
(2) If an appeal is taken against an order for the destruction of an animal, the
application of the order is stayed pending the disposition of the appeal.
(3) If the judge on appeal overturns the order for destruction of the animal, the
animal shall be released to the owner after the owner has paid the costs of
impoundment of the animal pending the hearing.
2010, c.N-5.2, s.398.


Entry and search
399(1) A peace officer or a designated officer who has reasonable grounds for
believing that an animal is dangerous or has been ordered to be destroyed or
otherwise disposed of and is in or on any premises other than a private dwelling
may, with or without a warrant:
(a) enter the premises;
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(b) search for the animal; and
(c) either impound the animal or, if there is an order to destroy or otherwise
dispose of the animal, deliver the animal to the person appointed in the order
to destroy or otherwise dispose of it.
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), a peace officer or designated officer shall not
enter any place that is a private dwelling without:
(a) the consent of the owner or occupant of the private dwelling; or
(b) a warrant issued pursuant to subsection (3) authorizing the entry.
(3) If it appears to a justice of the peace or provincial court judge that, based on
evidence presented by a peace officer or designated officer under oath, there are
reasonable grounds to believe that an animal that is dangerous or has been ordered
to be destroyed or otherwise disposed of is in a private dwelling, the justice of the
peace or provincial court judge may issue a warrant authorizing a peace officer or
designated officer to enter the private dwelling specified in the warrant and search
for the animal.
(4) On issuance of a warrant pursuant to subsection (3), the peace officer or
designated officer may:
(a) enter the private dwelling;
(b) search for the animal; and
(c) either impound the animal or, if there is an order to destroy or otherwise
dispose of the animal, deliver the animal to the person appointed in the order
to destroy or otherwise dispose of it.
2010, c.N-5.2, s.399.


Destruction of animals
400(1) Without limiting the generality of clause 8(1)(k), a council may pass a
bylaw respecting any or all of the following matters:
(a) persons who own or harbour animals;
(b) the number or type of animals owned or harboured by any person;
(c) the being at large of animals;
(d) persons who permit animals to be at large;
(e) the seizing, impounding, destruction or other disposition of animals
found at large.
(2) A council may authorize, by bylaw, a peace officer or designated officer to
destroy any animal that he or she finds:
(a) injuring or viciously attacking a person or a domestic animal; or
(b) wandering at large or in a pack and posing an imminent threat to the
safety of persons in the municipality.
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(3) A peace officer or designated officer who, acting in good faith, destroys an
animal pursuant to subsection (2) is not liable to the owner for the value of the
animal.
2010, c.N-5.2, s.400.


Action for damages
401 In an action brought to recover damages for injuries to persons or property
caused by an animal, it is not necessary for the person injured to prove that the
animal is, or that the owner knew that the animal was:
(a) of a dangerous or mischievous nature; or
(b) accustomed to doing acts causing injury.
2010, c.N-5.2, s.401.

 

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