Full Statute Name:  New Brunswick Statutes - Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act

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Primary Citation:  R.S.N.B. 1973, c. S-12, s. 0.1 - 32(2) Country of Origin:  Canada
Summary:

This set of laws establishes the New Brunswick Society for the Prevention of Cruelty. Under the Act, the Minister may appoint an officer, agent or employee of the society or any other person to be an animal protection officer who shall attend to the enforcement of this Act. Where an animal has been seized under this Act, the animal protection officer shall within 3 business days notify the owner or make reasonable attempts to identify and notify the owner. A person who has ownership, possession or the care and control of an animal shall provide the animal with food, water, shelter and care in accordance with the regulations.

Statute Text: 

0.1In this Act

“animal” means animal as defined in the regulations;(animal)

“animal protection officer” means an officer, agent or employee of the society or any other person appointed by the Minister under section 8;(agent de la protection des animaux)

“business day” means a day on which the offices of the society are open for business;(jour ouvrable)

“domestic animal” means domestic animal as defined in the regulations;(animal domestique)

“Minister” means the Minister of Environment and Local Government and includes any person designated by the Minister to act on theMinister’s behalf;(Ministre)

“pet establishment” means pet establishment as defined in the regulations;(établissement hébergeant des animaux familiers)

“public road” means public road as defined in the regulations;(chemin public)

“society” means The New Brunswick Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals continued under section 1.(Société)

1997, c.27, s.2; 2000, c.26, s.267; 2006, c.16, s.170; 2008, c.35, s.1; 2012, c.39, s.138

The New Brunswick Society for the Prevention of Cruelty incorporated by Chapter 58 of the Acts of 44 Victoria, (1881), is hereby continued under the name of The New Brunswick Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and shall consist of all persons who contribute to the funds thereof, according to the terms and conditions prescribed by the rules and regulations of the society.

R.S., c.214, s.1; 1958, c.52, s.1

Subject to paragraph 32(s), the members may make such rules and regulations, not contrary to law, as they may deem necessary for thecontrol and management of the society and, among other things, for fixing the terms of membership, the appointment of officers and of a governing body, and may annul, change or modify such rules and regulations in such manner as the same shall specify and allow.

R.S., c.214, s.2; 1997, c.27, s.3

3(1) The society may receive, take, hold, enjoy and manage all bequests, legacies, subscriptions and donations, whether of real or personal estate, which may be made or given to it, and may, subject to subsection (2), acquire, hold, lease, sell, convey and mortgage any real estate necessary for the purpose thereof.

3(2) The society shall not borrow money.

R.S., c.214, s.3; 1997, c.27, s.4

The society may establish branch societies or associations in any of the cities, towns, villages, rural communities or parishes of theProvince, subject to such regulations as may be deemed expedient.

R.S., c.214, s.4; 2005, c.7, s.78

Neither the society nor any branch thereof is responsible for any act done by any of its officers unless the same has been previously authorized, or subsequently ratified by said society or its executive committee.

R.S., c.214, s.5

The society is not responsible for any debts, liabilities or acts contracted, done or committed by any branch or its officers; nor shall any branch society be liable for any debts, liabilities or acts contracted, done or committed by the parent society or its officers, or any other branchsociety or its officers.

R.S., c.214, s.6

No member of the society, or of any branch thereof, is personally liable for the debts, liabilities or acts of the society, or any of its officers, beyond double the amount of his annual subscription, unless he has made himself responsible for the same.

R.S., c.214, s.7

8(1) The Minister may, in accordance with the requirements set by the regulations, appoint an officer, agent or employee of the society or any other person to be an animal protection officer who shall attend to the enforcement of this Act and the regulations in accordance with thepowers conferred upon them by this Act and the regulations.

8(2) No person shall be appointed as an animal protection officer unless the person meets the requirements set by the regulations.

R.S., c.214, s.8; 1956, c.61, s.1; 1960, c.71, s.1; 1990, c.61, s.133; 1997, c.27, s.5

9A document signed by the Minister stating that the person named in the document has been appointed as an animal protection officer shall, without proof of the appointment or signature of the Minister, be accepted by all courts as conclusive proof that the person has

(a)met the requirements set by the regulations,

(b)taken the oath or made the affirmation referred to in section 10, and

(c)been appointed to the office that the person is stated to hold,

and the person in possession of such document shall, upon proof that his or her name is the same as the person named in the document, be deemed to be the person named in the document.

R.S., c.214, s.9; 1997, c.27, s.5

10 Every animal protection officer before beginning his or her duties shall

(a)take and subscribe the following oath, or

(b)make and subscribe the following affirmation,

before a commissioner for taking affidavits or a notary public and return it to the Minister:

I .................................... of the Parish of............................... in the county of............................... in the Province of New Brunswick, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully perform and discharge the several duties of an animal protection officer underthe Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act and regulations. (In the case where an oath is taken add “So help me God”)

R.S., c.214, s.10; 1997, c.27, s.5

11(1) Every animal protection officer in carrying out his or her duties under this Act and the regulations is a person employed for thepreservation and maintenance of the public peace and has and may exercise all the powers, authorities and immunities of a peace officer as defined in the Criminal Code (Canada).

11(2) Every animal protection officer may exercise all the powers and authorities conferred upon an animal protection officer by this Act in any part of the Province.

R.S., c.214, s.11; 1959, c.71, s.1; 1997, c.27, s.5; 2008, c.35, s.2

11.1(1) No person shall obstruct or hinder an animal protection officer or a person authorized by an animal protection officer in carrying out his or her duties under this Act and the regulations.

11.1(2) A person who violates or fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence punishable under Part II of the Provincial Offences Procedure Act as a category D offence.

2008, c.35, s.3

12 Members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and police officers appointed under the Police Act shall aid and assist animal protection officers in the enforcement of this Act and have the powers of animal protection officers under sections 17, 27, 27.1, 28 and 29.

R.S., c.214, s.12; 1985, c.4, s.64; 1986, c.6, s.44; 1997, c.27, s.5; 2008, c.35, s.4

13A person may make application in accordance with the regulations for a pet establishment licence.

R.S., c.214, s.13; 1986, c.6, s.45; 1997, c.27, s.5

14(1) An animal protection officer may at any reasonable time enter and inspect

(a)a licensed pet establishment, or

(b)any building, place or premises, except a dwelling house, that the animal protection officer has reason to believe is being used for or in connection with a pet establishment.

14(2) Before or after attempting to enter any place for the purposes of subsection (1), an animal protection officer may apply to a judge foran entry warrant under the Entry Warrants Act.

14(3) An animal protection officer may at any time require a licensee

(a)to produce an animal for inspection, or

(b)to produce for inspection, or for the purpose of obtaining copies or extracts, any records, books, accounts or other documents, other than financial records, books, accounts or documents, relating to the establishment, operation or maintenance of a pet establishment.

14(4) A licensee shall immediately on demand by an animal protection officer produce

(a)the animal, or

(b)the records, books, accounts and other documents relating to the pet establishment.

14(5) An animal protection officer may seize an animal that is being kept in a pet establishment if the animal requires immediate attention.

R.S., c.214, s.14; 1959, c.71, s.2; 1990, c.61, s.133; 1997, c.27, s.5

15(1) An animal protection officer may seize an animal

(a)found running at large, or

(b)otherwise, in accordance with this Act and the regulations.

15(2) An animal protection officer may place a seized animal under care for a period not exceeding 15 days and for such additional periods as may be required for the prosecution of an offence respecting the animal.

R.S., c.214, s.15; 1984, c.27, s.15; 1986, c.6, s.46; 1997, c.27, s.5; 2008, c.35, s.4.1

16(1) Where an animal has been seized under this Act, the animal protection officer shall within 3 business days notify the owner or make reasonable attempts to identify and notify the owner if the owner is not known,

(a)that the animal has been seized by the animal protection officer, and

(b)of the costs that have been incurred or will be incurred in the care and treatment of the animal.

16(2) The owner of a seized animal is liable to pay the costs incurred in the care and treatment of the seized animal.

16(3) Where the owner of an animal seized under paragraph 15(1)(a) is identified, the owner may reclaim the animal 3 business days after receipt of the notice under subsection (1) if the costs of the care and treatment of the animal are paid unless a prosecution is commenced in respect of the animal.

16(3.1) Where the owner of an animal seized under paragraph 15(1)(b) is identified, the owner may reclaim the animal 15 days after theseizure if the costs of the care and treatment of the animal are paid unless a prosecution is commenced in respect of the animal.

16(4) The ownership of an animal seized under paragraph 15(1)(a) vests in the society if the owner

(a)cannot be identified within 3 business days after the seizure, or

(b)does not reclaim the animal 3 business days after receipt of the notice under subsection (1) and does not pay the costs incurred in respect of the care and treatment of the animal.

16(4.1) The ownership of an animal seized under paragraph 15(1)(b) vests in the society if the owner

(a)cannot be identified within 3 business days after the seizure, or

(b)does not reclaim the animal 15 days after the seizure and does not pay the costs incurred in respect of the care and treatment of theanimal.

16(5) An animal protection officer may, before the 3 day period referred to in paragraph (4)(b) expires, release to the owner an animalseized under paragraph 15(1)(a) that has been placed under care if, in the opinion of the animal protection officer, the animal will be properly cared for by the owner and if no prosecution is commenced in respect of the animal.

16(5.1) An animal protection officer may, before the 15 day period referred to in paragraph (4.1)(b) expires, release to the owner an animalseized under paragraph 15(1)(b) that has been placed under care if, in the opinion of the animal protection officer, the animal will be properly cared for by the owner and if no prosecution is commenced in respect of the animal.

16(6) Any amount for which a person is liable for the costs incurred in respect of the care and treatment of a seized animal under this Act is a debt due by that person.

R.S., c.214, s.16; 1958, c.52, s.2, 3; 1997, c.27, s.5; 2008, c.35, s.5

16.1 Repealed: 1997, c.27, s.5

1986, c.6, s.47; 1997, c.27, s.5

17 Where, in the opinion of an animal protection officer,

(a)it is unlikely that a seized animal will recover from its injuries, or

(b)it would be inhumane to allow the continued pain and suffering of the seized animal,

an animal protection officer or a person authorized by an animal protection officer may destroy the animal.

R.S., c.214, s.17; 1986, c.6, s.48; 1997, c.27, s.5

17.1 Repealed: 1997, c.27, s.5

1986, c.6, s.49; 1997, c.27, s.5

18(1) A person who has ownership, possession or the care and control of an animal shall provide the animal with food, water, shelter and care in accordance with the regulations.

18(2) A person who violates or fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence punishable under Part II of the Provincial Offences Procedure Act as a category J offence.

1958, c.52, s.4; 1990, c.61, s.133; 1997, c.27, s.5; 2009, c.43, s.1

19(1) A person who destroys or assists in the destruction of an animal shall do so in a humane manner in accordance with the regulations.

19(2) A person who violates or fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence punishable under Part II of the Provincial Offences Procedure Act as a category D offence.

19(3) A person does not commit an offence under subsection (1) where, in an emergency situation or where the provision of veterinary services are impracticable, an animal is destroyed by use of a firearm in a manner that does not cause unnecessary pain or panic to the animal.

1959, c.71, s.3; 1997, c.27, s.5

20(1) No person shall transport a dog on a public road outside the passenger compartment of a vehicle in any space intended to carry a load unless

(a)the space is enclosed or has side and tail racks to a height of 1.17 metres (forty-six inches) extending vertically from the floor, or

(b)the dog is protected by

(i)a secured cage, or

(ii)a prescribed animal restraint device.

20(2) A person who violates or fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence punishable under Part II of the Provincial Offences Procedure Act as a category C offence.

1997, c.27, s.5

21(1) A person operating a motor vehicle that strikes and injures a domestic animal shall stop and use reasonable diligence to notify the owner, a peace officer or an animal protection officer and take such other reasonable and appropriate action so that the animal may receive proper care.

21(2) A person who violates or fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence punishable under Part II of the Provincial Offences Procedure Act as a category C offence.

1997, c.27, s.5

22(1) A person commits an offence

(a)who sells or offers for sale, barters or displays living baby chicks, ducklings or other fowl that have been dyed, coloured or otherwise treated to impart to them an artificial colour, or

(b)who sells or offers for sale, barters or gives away living baby chicks, ducklings or other fowl under two months of age in any quantity less than six.

22(2) A person who violates or fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence punishable under Part II of the Provincial Offences Procedure Act as a category C offence.

1997, c.27, s.5

23(1) A person who operates a pet establishment without a licence issued in accordance with this Act and the regulations commits an offence.

23(2) A person who violates or fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence punishable under Part II of the Provincial Offences Procedure Act as a category C offence.

1997, c.27, s.5

24 A person who owns or has the possession or care and control of an animal while prohibited from doing so by reason of an order made under section 26 commits an offence punishable under Part II of the Provincial Offences Procedure Act as a category C offence.

1997, c.27, s.5

25 A person who violates or fails to comply with any provision of the regulations commits an offence punishable under Part II of the Provincial Offences Procedure Act as a category B offence.

1997, c.27, s.5

26 In addition to imposing sentence under the Provincial Offences Procedures Act in relation to a conviction of an offence under this Act, a judge

(a)may make an order prohibiting the defendant from owning or having any animal in his or her possession or care and control for such period as the judge prescribes,

(b)shall, in the case of a second or subsequent offence, make an order prohibiting the defendant from owning or having any animal in his or her possession or care and control

(i)for the lifetime of the defendant, or

(ii)for such period as the judge prescribes, or

(c)may make an order vesting in the society

(i)the ownership of all animals owned by the defendant, or

(ii)the ownership of the animal in respect of which the prosecution has been commenced.

1997, c.27, s.5

27(1) Where an animal protection officer has, on reasonable and probable grounds, reason to believe that an animal is confined, impounded or yarded without adequate food, water, shelter or care for more than twenty-four consecutive hours, an animal protection officer or a person authorized by an animal protection officer may enter the place or break and enter any enclosure, erection or building where the animal is confined, impounded or yarded, except a dwelling house, to provide the animal with food, water, shelter or care.

27(2) An animal protection officer may seize an animal referred to in subsection (1) if the seizure is necessary to attend to the immediate needs of the animal.

27(3) Before or after attempting to enter any place for the purpose of subsection (1), an animal protection officer may apply to a judge foran entry warrant under the Entry Warrants Act.

1997, c.27, s.5

27.1(1) Where an animal protection officer has, on reasonable and probable grounds, reason to believe that an animal is confined in a motor vehicle and is in distress or is deprived of reasonable protection from injurious heat or cold, the animal protection officer or a person authorized by the animal protection officer may enter the motor vehicle, using the force the animal protection officer considers necessary, for thepurposes of attending to the needs of the animal.

27.1(2) An animal protection officer may seize an animal referred to in subsection (1) if the seizure is necessary to attend to the immediate needs of the animal.

27.1(3) If the circumstances permit, an animal protection officer shall, before attempting to enter a motor vehicle under subsection (1), take reasonable steps to find the owner or person in charge of the motor vehicle.

2008, c.35, s.6

28 Where an animal protection officer has, on reasonable and probable grounds, reason to believe that an animal confined in a dwelling house requires immediate attention, the animal protection officer may apply to a judge for a entry warrant under the Entry Warrants Act to enter a dwelling house for the purposes of attending to the needs of the animal and to seize the animal if necessary to attend to the immediate needs of the animal.

1997, c.27, s.5

29 Where an animal protection officer has, on reasonable and probable grounds, reason to believe that a person owns an animal or has ananimal in his or her possession or care and control contrary to an order issued under section 26, the animal protection officer may apply to a judge for a entry warrant under the Entry Warrants Act to enter any place including a dwelling house for the purpose of seizing the animal.

1997, c.27, s.5

30(1) There is hereby established an account to be known as the Animal Protection Account.

30(2) The Minister shall be the custodian of the Animal Protection Account and the Animal Protection Account shall be held in trust by theMinister.

30(3) The Animal Protection Account shall be held for the purposes of this section in a separate account in the Consolidated Fund.

30(4) The following revenue shall be deposited into the Animal Protection Account:

(a)revenue from animal licence fees collected under the Municipalities Act in areas outside the territorial limits of a municipality or rural community;

(b)revenue from pet establishment licence fees collected under this Act throughout the Province; and

(c)revenue from fines and fixed penalties collected in respect of offences under this Act excluding any surcharge payable under the Victims Services Act and any administrative fee referred to in paragraph 14(5)(d) of the Provincial Offences Procedure Act.

30(5) The purpose of the Animal Protection Account is to provide funding for animal protection.

30(6) Payments for the purposes of subsection (5) shall be a charge upon and payable out of the Animal Protection Account.

30(7) The assets of the Animal Protection Account shall be used to provide funding for animal protection.

1997, c.27, s.5; 2005, c.7, s.78; 2007, c.33, s.10

31(1) The society may apply to the Minister for funding for animal protection from the Animal Protection Account.

31(2) Funding provided to the society

(a)shall be made from the amount deposited in the Animal Protection Account, and

(b)shall be made on the basis of one to one matched funding, where one dollar received by the society as a bequest, legacy or donation is matched to one dollar deposited into the Animal Protection Account under subsection 30(4).

31(3) All bequests, legacies and donations received by the society or its branches or associations are eligible for matching purposes except bequests, legacies or donations of real or personal property or bequests, legacies or donations that are subject to trust conditions.

31(4) The society shall provide the Minister with audited financial statements and such other information as is requested by the Minister or required under the regulations in respect of funding from the Animal Protection Account.

31(5) Subject to the amount deposited in the Animal Protection Account under subsection 30(4), the maximum amount of funding that may be provided to the society in any year shall be one hundred and fifty thousand dollars.

1997, c.27, s.5

32(1) The Lieutenant-Governor in Council may make regulations

(a)defining “animal”, “domestic animal”, “pet establishment”, “public road” and any other word or expression used in this Act and not defined in this Act for the purposes of this Act, the regulations or both;

(b)respecting the training, examination and certification of animal protection officers;

(c)establishing classes of pet establishment licences;

(d)respecting the application for and issuance of pet establishment licences;

(e)respecting the fees payable for pet establishment licences;

(f)respecting the terms and conditions to which a pet establishment licence is subject;

(g)respecting the suspension or cancellation of pet establishment licences;

(h)respecting exemptions from pet establishment licensing provisions;

(i)respecting the establishment, operation and maintenance of pet establishments;

(j)respecting the provision of food, water, shelter and care for the purposes of section 18;

(k)specifying standards or codes of conduct, codes of practices or codes of procedures as acceptable;

(l)specifying practices or procedures that are prohibited;

(m)respecting the care and handling of animals;

(n)respecting codes of conduct, codes of practices, codes of procedures, practices, procedures or circumstances applicable in respect of an offence under section 18;

(o)respecting humane euthanasia of animals;

(p)respecting the seizure of animals;

(q)prescribing animal restraint devices;

(r)respecting horse-hauling contests;

(s)respecting the board of directors of the society, including the composition of the board of directors, the number of board members,the election of board members, the appointment of board members by the Minister, the term of office of board members, vacancies on theboard of directors, quorum of the board of directors, the establishment of an executive committee of the board of directors, meetings ofthe board of directors, meetings of the executive committee of the board of directors, and transitional provisions in respect of any of thematters referred to in this paragraph;

(t)respecting the submission to the Minister by the society of business plans, budget estimates and audited financial statements;

(u)respecting any surplus or deficit of the society;

(v)respecting the respective responsibilities of the society, its branches and associations;

(w)respecting the Animal Protection Account.

32(2) Regulations made under this Act may contain different provisions for different classes of pet establishment licences and for differentanimals.

1997, c.27, s.5

 

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