This set of laws lists various animal-related actions and conditions that are considered nuisances per se because of their significant public health risks. In addition, it addresses the methods by which such nuisances may be abated, up to and including the destruction of property without compensation.
§ 22-10-1. Enumeration of conditions, etc., constituting public nuisances menacing public health.
The following things, conditions and acts, among others, are hereby declared to be public nuisances per se, menacing public health and unlawful:
(1) Animals (including fish, birds, fowls and insects), other than human beings, infected with or acting as, or likely to act as, conveyors of disease or infection whereby they are likely to become menaces to public health;
(2) Insanitary buildings, yards, premises, places, privies, ponds, marshes, swamps and dumps which are, or are likely to become, menaces to public health;
(3) Insanitary clothing, bedding, furniture, vehicles, containers, receptacles, appliances and equipment which are, or are likely to become, nuisances to public health;
(4) Unwholesome, or decayed or infected meats, fish, fruits or other food or foodstuffs, medicines, drugs, beverages or drinking waters which are, or are likely to become, menaces to public health;
(5) Such other acts, things or conditions as may, from time to time, be by the rules and regulations of the State Board of Health declared to be public nuisances per se, menacing public health;
(6) The ownership, possession, management, control, maintenance, permitting or use of any of the things or conditions described or referred to in this section or in any rule or regulation adopted under subdivision (5) of this section;
(7) The conducting of a business, trade, industry or occupation or the doing of a thing, not inherently insanitary or a menace to public health, in such a manner as to make it a menace, or likely to become a menace, to public health; and
(8) The conducting of a business, trade or industry or occupation or the doing of a thing lawful, but inherently insanitary or a menace to public health, without complying with safeguards for the protection of health as may, from time to time, be prescribed by the rules and regulations of the State Board of Health.
(Code 1907, § 718; Acts 1919, No. 658, p. 909; Code 1923, § 1136; Code 1940, T. 22, § 75.)
§ 22-10-2. How and by whom nuisances to be abated.
Any such nuisance shall be abated by the county board of health and the county health officer in any of the ways provided in this chapter that may be appropriate or in any other lawful manner including abatement by a complaint. And an effort to abate by one method shall not preclude resort to any other method or methods. In litigation undertaken by such board for the abatement of a nuisance, said litigation may be conducted in the name of said board.
(Acts 1919, No. 658, p. 909; Code 1923, § 1137; Code 1940, T. 22, § 76.)
§ 22-10-3. Summary destruction of property without compensation.
When such nuisance consists of one or more of the diseased animals mentioned in this chapter, or of insanitary clothing or bedding, furniture, vehicles, containers, receptacles or appliances, or of unwholesome or decayed or infected meats, fish, fruits or other foods or foodstuffs, medicines, drugs or beverages or consists of personal property of small value and which nuisance, in the opinion of the county board of health, should be abated by destroying rather than curing, cleansing or disinfecting the animal or animals or thing or material involved; or consists of equipment which by reason of its nature cannot be used without being such a nuisance; or consists of a privy of an insanitary or improper type, the county board of health shall, if after a careful investigation of the facts it considers such a course necessary for the protection of the public health, adjudicate such animal or animals, or things or material involved or such privy, as the case may be, to be such nuisance and order its summary destruction without compensation to the owner thereof; and thereupon, the county health officer shall proceed with such destruction in such manner as reasonably to avoid danger of infection.
(Acts 1919, No. 658, p. 909; Code 1923, § 1138; Code 1940, T. 22, § 77.)