Full Statute Name:  Code of Alabama. Title 45. Local Laws. Chapter 11. Chilton County. Article 17. Health and Environment. Part 3. Animal Control.

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Primary Citation:  Ala.Code 1975 § 45-11-172 - 172.08 Country of Origin:  United States Last Checked:  February, 2022 Alternate Citation:  AL ST § 45-11-172 - 172.08 Date Adopted:  2021 Historical: 
Summary: This section of laws applies only to Chilton County. An animal control officer or law enforcement officer of the county shall investigate any incidents involving any dog reported to be dangerous or a nuisance in the unincorporated areas of the county. If an unowned dog has been reported to be dangerous and bites a person, the dog may be quarantined and destroyed pursuant to Section 3-7A-9(b). In addition, if there is probable cause to believe that an owned dog is dangerous or a nuisance and has caused serious physical injury or has caused damage to real or personal property, the law enforcement officer or animal control officer shall impound the dog pending disposition of a petition to declare a dog to be dangerous or a nuisance. A following section details the requirements for an owner of a dog that has been declared dangerous or a nuisance.

§ 45-11-172. Applicability.

§ 45-11-172.01. Definitions.

§ 45-11-172.02. Procedures for dogs reported as dangerous or a nuisance.

§ 45-11-172.03. When dog may not be declared dangerous or a nuisance.

§ 45-11-172.04. Requirements of owner of dog declared dangerous or a nuisance.

§ 45-11-172.05. Removal of dangerous or nuisance dog designation.

§ 45-11-172.06. Penalties for owner of dangerous dog.

§ 45-11-172.07. Penalties for owner of nuisance dog.

§ 45-11-172.08. Enforcement.

 




§ 45-11-172. Applicability.

This part shall only apply in Chilton County in those areas of the county outside the corporate limits of any municipality.

Credits
(Act 2018-236, § 1.)

 

§ 45-11-172.01. Definitions.

The following words shall have the following meanings:

(1) Animal control officer. Any person employed by Chilton County who performs animal control functions or any person who performs animal control functions who is employed by an entity under agreement or contract with the county to perform animal control functions or to enforce this part.

(2) Attack. Aggressive physical contact initiated by a dog.

(3) Bittten. Seized with the teeth so that the skin of the person seized has been gripped, or has been wounded or pierced.

(4) County. Chilton County.

(5) Dangerous dog. A dog, regardless of its breed, that has bitten or caused physical injury to a human being without provocation or has repeatedly bitten or caused physical injury to humans, except a dog used by law enforcement officials for legitimate law enforcement purposes, a certified guide dog for the blind, a hearing dog for the deaf, or a service dog for an individual with a disability.

(6) Dog. All members of the canine family, including dog hybrids.

(7) Impounded. Taken into the custody of law enforcement, the county pound, or an animal control authority or provider of animal control services to the county where the dangerous dog is found.

(8) Nuisance dog. A dog, regardless of its breed, that has caused damage to or disturbed the real or personal property of a human being without provocation, except a dog used by law enforcement officials for legitimate law enforcement purposes, a certified guide dog for the blind, a hearing dog for the deaf, or a service dog for an individual with a disability.

(9) Owner. A person, firm, corporation, or organization having a right of property in a dog, or who keeps or harbors a dog, or who has a dog in his or her care or acts as the custodian of a dog, or who permits a dog to remain on or about any premises occupied by him or her.

(10) Physical injury. An injury as defined in Section 13A-1-2(12).

(11) Proper enclosure of a dangerous or nuisance dog. An enclosure for the confinement of a dog that has been declared dangerous that is suitable to prevent the entry of the general public and that:

a. Is capable of being locked with a key or combination lock when the dog is within the structure.

b. Has secure sides and a secure top attached at all sides with all four sides of the fence or pen sunk at least two feet into the ground or built over a concrete pad to prevent the dog from digging out.

c. Provides adequate ventilation and protection from the elements.

d. Exhibits a sign conspicuously posted upon the pen or the structure containing the following: “Dangerous Dog--No Trespassing” or “Nuisance Dog--No Trespassing.”

e. The enclosure shall be constructed to allow the dog to stand normally and without restriction and shall be not less than four times the length of the dog and two times the width of the dog.

(12) Serious physical injury. Physical injury which creates a substantial risk of death or which causes serious and protracted disfigurement, protracted impairment of health, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily organ.

Credits
(Act 2018-236, § 2.)

 

§ 45-11-172.02. Procedures for dogs reported as dangerous or a nuisance.

(a) An animal control officer or law enforcement officer of the county shall investigate any incidents involving any dog reported to be dangerous or a nuisance in the unincorporated areas of the county.

(b) If a dog, which is unowned and has been reported to be dangerous, bites a person, the dog may be quarantined and destroyed pursuant to Section 3-7A-9(b). For purposes of this subsection, “bites” means the same as “has been exposed” as defined in Section 3-7A-1(5).

(c) If there is probable cause to believe that an owned dog is dangerous or a nuisance and has caused serious physical injury or has caused damage to real or personal property, the law enforcement officer or animal control officer shall impound the dog pending disposition of a petition to declare a dog to be dangerous or a nuisance. The county may impound the dog at the county pound as described in Section 3-7A-7, or may enter into an agreement with an animal shelter or licensed veterinarian to secure and impound dangerous or nuisance dogs pursuant to this section. The owner of the dog shall be liable to the county for the costs and expenses incurred in impounding, feeding, and providing veterinary care or treatment for the dog.

(d) The district attorney may file a petition in the district court to declare the dog dangerous or a nuisance. The owner of the dog shall be served with a copy of the petition.

(e) A dog that is the subject of a dangerous or nuisance dog investigation may not be relocated and ownership shall not be transferred pending the outcome of the investigation and hearing to determine whether to declare the dog to be dangerous or a nuisance.

(f) The court hearing shall be held as soon as practicable. At the hearing, the district attorney shall present evidence that the dog is a dangerous dog or a nuisance dog as defined by this part.

(1) If the court determines that the dog is dangerous or a nuisance and has caused serious physical injury or death to a human being, the court shall order the dog to be humanely euthanized by a licensed veterinarian or an authorized animal control official.

(2) If the court determines that the dog is dangerous or a nuisance, but has not caused serious physical injury or death to a human being, the court shall issue orders authorized by this part.

(g) The pleading and practice in all cases to petition the court to declare a dog to be dangerous or a nuisance under this part shall be in accordance with the Alabama Rules of Civil Procedure. Any judicial determination of a district court that a dog is dangerous or a nuisance may be appealed to the circuit court pursuant to the requirements of the Alabama Rules of Civil Procedure.

Credits
(Act 2018-236, § 3.)

 

§ 45-11-172.03. When dog may not be declared dangerous or a nuisance.

(a) A dog may not be declared dangerous or a nuisance in any of the following circumstances:

(1) When an injury or damage was sustained by a person who, at the time of injury or damage, was committing a willful trespass or other tort upon premises occupied by the owner or custodian of the dog with the intent to commit a crime or was committing a crime, or was teasing, tormenting, abusing, or assaulting the dog, or who can be shown to have repeatedly, in the past, provoked, tormented, abused, or assaulted the dog.

(2) When the dog was protecting or defending a person within the immediate vicinity of the dog from an unjustified attack or assault.

(3) When the dog was responding to pain or injury or protecting itself, its kennel, or its offspring.

(4) When a person or domestic animal was disturbing the natural functions of the dog such as sleeping or eating.

(b) Neither growling nor barking, or both, shall alone constitute grounds upon which to find a dog to be dangerous or a nuisance.

Credits
(Act 2018-236, § 4.)

 

§ 45-11-172.04. Requirements of owner of dog declared dangerous or a nuisance.

(a)(1) If a court determines that a dog is dangerous or a nuisance, but does not order that the dog be destroyed because evidence was insufficient to determine that the dog caused serious physical injury or damage to the real or personal property of another person, the owner of the dog shall comply with the requirements in subdivision (2) in addition to any other requirements imposed by the court.

(2) Within 30 days of the issuance of the order declaring the dog to be dangerous or a nuisance, the owner of the dog shall be required to register the dog with the animal control authority in the jurisdiction in which the animal is kept or if there is no animal control authority in the jurisdiction where the animal is kept, with the county health department. All certificates of registration required to be obtained under this section shall only be issued to persons 18 years of age or older which represent evidence of the following:

a. A current certificate of rabies vaccination.

b. A current photograph of the dog.

c. That the dog will be confined to a proper enclosure when the dog is outdoors and unattended.

d. That the dog has been neutered or spayed, unless medically not needed.

e. That the dog has been permanently identified by tattooing or injected with an identification microchip using standard veterinary procedures.

f. A policy of insurance or a surety bond in the amount of not less than one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) covering the medical or veterinary costs, or both, resulting from any future dangerous actions of the dog.

g. If the owner of the dangerous or nuisance dog is not the owner of the property where the dog is kept, proof that the owner of the dog has obtained from the property owner written permission for the dangerous or nuisance dog to be kept there.

h. A notarized affidavit from the owner of the dangerous or nuisance dog stating that the dog will be under the control of a person 18 years of age or older when the dog is not in a proper enclosure or inside a building and that the dog will not be allowed outside the property of its owner except in emergencies or for normal or necessary medical or health-related treatment.

(b) If the owner fails to provide a proper enclosure for the dangerous or nuisance dog or fails to provide a certification of dangerous or nuisance dog registration to the court within 30 days of the issuance of the declaration of the court that the dog is dangerous or a nuisance, the dog shall be humanely euthanized.

(c) The owner of the dangerous or nuisance dog shall pay an annual fee to register the dog pursuant to this part. The amount of the dangerous or nuisance dog registration fee shall be established by the county.

(d) An animal control officer or law enforcement officer may make whatever inquiry is deemed necessary to ensure compliance with this part and any court order issued pursuant to this part.

(e) Prior to a dangerous or a nuisance dog being sold or given away, the owner shall advise the new prospective owner in writing that the dog has been declared to be dangerous or a nuisance by a court and shall provide the animal control authority or county health department information on where the dog is registered, the name, address, and the telephone number of the new owner. The new owner shall comply with all of the requirements of this part.

Credits
(Act 2018-236, § 5.)

 

§ 45-11-172.05. Removal of dangerous or nuisance dog designation.

The owner of a dog that has been declared to be dangerous or a nuisance by a court may petition the district court to remove the dangerous or nuisance dog designation 18 months after the judicial declaration was issued. A copy of the petition shall be filed with the district attorney. The court may remove the dangerous or nuisance dog designation and eliminate any requirements of this part if the owner of the dog has not violated this part and any orders of the court, and if the court is satisfied from the evidence that the dog is no longer dangerous.

Credits
(Act 2018-236, § 6.)

 

§ 45-11-172.06. Penalties for owner of dangerous dog.

(a) An owner of a dangerous dog who violates this part shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than three hundred dollars ($300) for the first offense and not more than six hundred dollars ($600) for each subsequent offense. Additionally, for each offense, the owner of a dangerous dog who violates this part shall pay an administrative fine of one hundred fifty dollars ($150) to be collected by the Chilton County Circuit Clerk. The fine shall be forwarded by the circuit clerk to the Chilton County Commission to be deposited into the General Fund of Chilton County to be used as a first priority to carry out the purposes of this part.

(b) If a dog that has previously been declared dangerous, when unprovoked, attacks, assaults, wounds, or causes severe physical injury, or kills a human being, the owner or keeper of the dog shall be guilty of a Class C felony punishable by a fine of not more than five thousand dollars ($5,000) or imprisonment of not more than two years, or both. The dog control authority may confiscate and, after the expiration of 10 working days after the owner has been notified, destroy the dangerous dog. The 10-day time period shall allow the owner to request a due process hearing. The owner shall be responsible for payment of all boarding costs and other fees as may be required to humanely and safely keep the dog during any appeal procedure. Additionally, for each offense, the owner of a dangerous dog who violates this part shall pay an administrative fine of one hundred fifty dollars ($150) to be collected by the Chilton County Circuit Clerk. The fine shall be forwarded by the circuit clerk to the Chilton County Commission to be deposited into the General Fund of Chilton County to be used as a first priority to carry out the purposes of this part.

(c) If a dog that has not been declared dangerous attacks and causes severe injury to or death of any human, and the owner of the dog had prior knowledge of the dangerous propensities of the dog yet demonstrated a reckless disregard of the propensities under the circumstances, the owner of the dog shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than three hundred dollars ($300) for the first offense and, for a second or subsequent offense, punishable by a fine of not more than six hundred dollars ($600). In addition, the dog shall be immediately confiscated by an animal control authority, held for 10 business days after the owner is given written notification, and thereafter destroyed in an expeditious and humane manner. This 10-day period shall allow the owner to request a due process hearing. The owner shall be responsible for payment of all boarding costs and other fees as may be required to humanely and safely keep the dog during any appeal procedure. Additionally, for each offense, the owner of a dangerous dog who violates this part shall pay an administrative fine of one hundred fifty dollars ($150) to be collected by the Chilton County Circuit Clerk. The fine shall be forwarded by the circuit clerk to the Chilton County Commission to be deposited into the General Fund of Chilton County to be used as a first priority to carry out the purposes of this part.

(d) This section shall not be construed to repeal other criminal laws. Whenever conduct prescribed by any provision of this part is also prescribed by any other provision of law, the provision which carries the more serious penalty shall be applied.

Credits
(Act 2018-236, § 7.)

 

§ 45-11-172.07. Penalties for owner of nuisance dog.

An owner of a nuisance dog who violates this part shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than three hundred dollars ($300) for the first offense and not more than six hundred dollars ($600) for each subsequent offense. Additionally, for each offense, the owner of a dangerous dog who violates this part shall pay an administrative fine of one hundred fifty dollars ($150) to be collected by the Chilton County Circuit Clerk. The fine shall be forwarded by the circuit clerk to the Chilton County Commission to be deposited into the General Fund of Chilton County to be used as a first priority to carry out the purposes of this part.

Credits
(Act 2018-236, § 8.)

 

§ 45-11-172.08. Enforcement.

A law enforcement officer may enforce this part by immediately removing a dog to an appropriate facility, without requirement for a warrant or pending due process, or both, if in responding to an incident covered by this part, he or she determines that the dog poses a threat to the public safety, regardless of the actions, omissions, or intent of the owner.

Credits
(Act 2018-236, § 9.)

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