Displaying 5871 - 5880 of 6137
Title Authorsort descending Citation Summary Type
Why Can't I Know How The Sausage Is Made?: How Ag-Gag Statutes Threaten Animal Welfare Groups And The First Amendment Daniel L. Sternberg 13 Cardozo Pub. L. Pol'y & Ethics J. 625 The purpose of this Note is to investigate this clash and analyze the constitutionality of the five Ag-Gag statutes that specifically target surreptitious investigative techniques. Part I provides an overview of these state Ag-Gag statutes enacted around the United States. Part II summarizes the first constitutional challenge to an Ag-Gag statute - Animal Legal Def. Fund v. Hebert, which is pending in the U.S. District Court for the District of Utah. Part III analyzes the constitutionality of the provisions of Ag-Gag statutes that (a) provide a cause of action for civil restitution for the actual and consequential damages resulting from a violation of the statutes; or (b) implicate third parties by triggering state criminal laws such as aiding and abetting or conspiracy. Finally, Part IV summarizes the author's conclusions about the extent to which the First Amendment shields journalists and newsgathering organizations from prosecution under an Ag-Gag statute. Article
European Union Legislation on the Welfare of Farm Animals Peter Stevenson Compassion in World Farming

European Union (EU) law contains a range of helpful provisions designed to protect farm animals on-farm, during transport and at slaughter. The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union recognises animals as “sentient beings” and requires the EU and its Member States, when formulating and implementing their policies in certain key areas to pay “full regard to the welfare requirements of animals”. EU law has prohibited some of the worst aspects of industrial livestock production: veal crates have been prohibited from 2007, barren battery cages for egg-laying hens from 2012 and sow stalls (gestation crates) are prohibited (except during the first four weeks of pregnancy) from 2013. This article describes and evaluates the above legislation and indicates the scientific research on which it is based. Nonetheless, EU law has to date only gone part way; substantial and far-reaching fresh legislation is needed before the EU can claim to have a body of law which properly ends the suffering inherent in industrial farming and legislates for a positive state of well-being for farm animals.

The World Trade Organisation Rules: A Legal Analysis of Their Adverse Impact on Animal Welfare Peter Stevenson Journal of Animal Law

An in-depth analysis of the language of WTO's GATT treaty requirements as they relate to state's attempts to provide for the welfare of animals.

The World Trade Organization Rules: A Legal Analysis of their Adverse Impact on Animal Welfare Peter Stevenson 8 Animal L. 107 (2001)

Mr. Stevenson analyzes the free trade rules of the World Trade Organisation and discusses their detrimental impact on certain measures designed to protect animals. Specifically, he discusses U.S. laws to safeguard dolphins and sea turtles, as well as proposed EU laws regarding leghold traps and cosmetic testing on animals. Mr. Stevenson provides an analysis of current WTO rule interpretation, identifies ways in which the rules should be reformed, and provides a less restrictive interpretation that would permit the existence of measures designed to improve animal welfare.

Review of animal welfare legislation in the beef, pork, and poultry industries Peter Stevenson, Daniela Battaglia, Carmen Bullon, Arianna Carita Stevenson, Peter et al. (2014). Review of animal welfare legislation in the beef, pork, and poultry industries. Food and Agriculture Organization United Nations. This study aims to give an overview of the legal framework that applies to animal welfare in the EU and a group of non-EU countries. It focuses specifcally on beef cattle, pigs, broilers (the chickens reared for meat) and egg-laying hens while they are on the farm, in transit and at slaughter. Animal welfare standards of four international organizations, as well as a number of private standards established by major food businesses and animal welfare organizations are also analyzed. Article
DOLPHIN-SAFE TUNA: THE TIDE IS CHANGING Kristen L. Stewart 4 Animal L. 111 (1998) Ms. Stewart reviews the history of the tuna-dolphin controversy in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. She explores international agreements and U.S. law that mandate dolphin-safe tuna fishing practices. Finally, Ms. Stewart reviews the steps taken by the United States, including embargoes against other countries’ tuna, to force tuna-fishing nations to use dolphin-safe practices. Article
Hog Confinement Operations in Iowa Leana E. Stormont

Brief Summary of Hog Farming in Iowa
Leana E. Stormont (2003)

Topical Introduction
Detailed Discussion of Iowa Hog Farming Practices Leana Stormont Animal Legal & Historical Center

This paper focuses on the practice of confinement farming of hogs, specifically examining those practices from the state of Iowa. In doing so, the paper outlines the problems associated with confinement farming of hogs, including manure storage, cruel practices, and zoning issues among others. It then concludes with a look at sustainable agriculture practices from the U.S. and Europe.

Biological Information, Terminology and Hog Production Phases Leana E. Stormont Animal Legal and Historical Center

The article contains general biological information about hogs, farming production phases and commonly used terminology.

Overview of Hog Farming in Iowa Leana E. Stormont Animal Legal and Historical Center

This article describes the decline of family hog farming in Iowa and how farming has transitioned to an industrial model of swine production.