Map of Private Exotic Pet Ownership Laws

Label code (short name, no spaces)Label descriptive nameColor (Hex code, e.g. #80BFB9)
Label-1State with a comprehensive ban #8C510A
Label-2State with a partial ban #D8B365
Label-3State with licensure scheme#01665E
Label-4State with no ban (but import/health rules)#5AB4AC
Label-5
Label-6
Map data: 
StateURL (relative path, e.g. /statute/name-of-page)Label code (must match Label code from Label creation table)
Alabama/administrative/alabama-importation-wildlife-220-2-26-restrictions-possession-sale-importation-andorLabel-4
Alaska/administrative/ak-exotic-pets-5-aac-92030-possession-wolf-and-wild-cat-hybrids-prohibitedLabel-2
Arizona/administrative/az-exotic-wildlife-article-4-live-wildlifeLabel-3
Arkansas/statute/ar-exotic-pets-large-carnivores-subchapter-5-ownership-and-possession-large-carnivoresLabel-2
California/administrative/ca-permits-chapter-3-miscellaneous-permits-restricted-speciesLabel-1
Colorado/administrative/co-exotic-pets-and-wildlife-chapter-11-wildlife-parks-and-unregulated-wildlifeLabel-1
Connecticut/statute/ct-exotic-pets-§-26-40a-possession-potentially-dangerous-animal-chapter-490-fisheries-andLabel-2
Delaware/statute/de-exotic-pets-chapter-72-possession-mammals-or-reptiles-exotic-delawareLabel-3
Florida/administrative/fl-exotic-pets-chapter-68a-6-wildlife-personal-petsLabel-2
Georgia/statute/ga-exotic-pets-wildlife-chapter-5-wild-animalsLabel-1
Hawaii/administrative/hi-exotic-wildlife-subchapter-2-non-domestic-animal-introductionsLabel-1
Idaho/administrative/id-exotic-animals-chapter-27-rules-governing-deleterious-exotic-animalsLabel-3
Illinois/statute/il-exotic-pets-548-10-dangerous-animalsLabel-1
Indiana/administrative/wild-animal-rule-11-wild-animal-possession-permitsLabel-3
Iowa/statute/ia-dangerous-chapter-717f-dangerous-wild-animals-0Label-1
Kansas/statute/ks-exotic-pets-chapter-32-wildlife-parks-and-recreationLabel-2
Kentucky/administrative/ky-exotic-wildlife-native-wildlife-transportation-and-holding-native-wildlife301-karLabel-1
Louisiana/administrative/la-captive-wildlife-§115-possession-potentially-dangerous-wild-quadrupeds-and-nonLabel-2
Maine/statute/me-exotic-pets-subchapter-15-wildlife-importation-and-possession-permits-and-requirementsLabel-3
Maryland/statute/md-exotic-pets-subtitle-6-crimes-relating-animalsLabel-1
Massachusetts/statute/ma-exotic-pets-chapter-131-inland-fisheries-and-game-and-other-natural-resourcesLabel-1
Michigan/statute/mi-exotic-pets-chapter-287-animal-industry-large-carnivore-actLabel-2
Minnesota/statute/mn-exotic-pet-346155-possessing-regulated-animalsLabel-2
Mississippi/statute/ms-exotic-pet-chapter-8-importation-sale-and-possession-inherently-dangerous-wild-animalsLabel-3
Missouri/statute/mo-exotic-pet-578023-keeper-dangerous-wild-animals-must-register-animals-exceptions-penaltyLabel-3
Montana/statute/mt-exotic-pets-chapter-4-commercial-activitiesLabel-3
Nebraska/statute/ne-exotic-pets-chapter-37-game-and-parks-article-4-permits-and-licenses-b-special-permitsLabel-2
Nevada/administrative/nv-exotic-animals-possession-transportation-importation-exportation-and-releaseLabel-4
New Hampshire/statute/nh-exotic-pets-wildlife-chapter-207-general-provisions-fish-and-game-import-possession-orLabel-1
New Jersey/administrative/nj-endangered-species-subchapter-4-endangered-nongame-and-exotic-wildlifeLabel-1
New Mexico/administrative/nm-exotic-pets-19357-importation-live-non-domestic-animals-birds-and-fishLabel-1
New York/statute/ny-exotic-pets-chapter-69-consolidated-lawsLabel-1
North Carolina/statute/nc-exotic-pets-chapter-153a-countiesLabel-4
North Dakota/administrative/nd-wildlife-possessionrehabilitation-article-48-12-nontraditional-livestockLabel-3
Ohio/statute/oh-exotic-chapter-935-dangerous-wild-animals-and-restricted-snakesLabel-1
Oklahoma/statute/ok-exotic-pet-§-4-107-commercial-wildlife-breeders-license-§-4-1071-circuses-application-actLabel-3
Oregon/statute/or-exotic-pets-chapter-609-animal-control-exotic-animals-dealersLabel-1
Pennsylvania/statute/pa-exotic-pets-subchapter-d-permits-relating-wildlife-chapter-147-special-permits-subchapterLabel-3
Rhode Island/statute/ri-exotic-pets-chapter-18-importation-wild-animalsLabel-3
South Carolina/statute/sc-exotic-pets-chapter-16-importation-wildlifeLabel-4
South Dakota/administrative/sd-exotic-pets-chapter-126818-nondomestic-animal-controlLabel-3
Tennessee/statute/tn-exotic-pet-part-4-exotic-animalsLabel-2
Texas/statute/tx-dangerous-subchapter-e-dangerous-wild-animals-0Label-3
Utah/administrative/ut-wildlife-possession-r657-3-collection-importation-transportation-and-possessionLabel-1
Vermont/statute/vt-exotic-pet-wildlife-§-4709-importation-stocking-wild-animalsLabel-1
Virginia/administrative/va-exotic-pets-chapter-30-definitions-and-miscellaneousLabel-2
Washington/statute/wa-exotic-pet-chapter-1630-dangerous-wild-animalsLabel-1
West Virginia/statute/wv-exotic-pets-article-34-dangerous-wild-animals-actLabel-2
WisconsinLabel-4
Wyoming/statute/wy-wildlife-exotic-hybrid-chapter-1-game-and-fish-administrationLabel-2
Summary: The above map details states that ban, partially ban, require licensure, or provide miscellaneous regulations on private ownership of wild or exotic animals. Currently, 19 states have what can be called "comprehensive bans." These bans typically classify wild cats, large non-domesticated carnivores, reptiles, and non-human primates as "dangerous animals" or otherwise prohibit private ownership of these species. These laws may outright ban the ownership of wild or exotic animals as pets or only allow those animals to be kept under certain licenses not including pet or private possession (i.e., for educational or scientific purposes). Thirteen (13) states have partial bans on exotic pets, which means that these states ban specific, listed animals by statute, but not all non-traditional, non-domestic animals (for example, these states may allow ownership of small primates). Fourteen (14) states permit private ownership of exotic animals under a licensure or permit scheme. People seeking licenses may have to register with the state, prove satisfactory conditions for the keeping of such animals, pay a fee, and maintain liability insurance. The remaining five (5) states do not have a statutory or regulatory scheme that directly addresses or controls the private ownership of exotic pets, but may regulate some aspect of ownership. These states may require health certificates or import permits for such animals. For more discussion on exotic pet laws, see our Topical Introduction.