Full Case Name:  The People of the State of New York, Respondent v. Nicholas Arcidicono, Appellant

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Country of Origin:  United States Court Name:  Supreme Court, Appellate Term, Second Department Primary Citation:  360 N.Y.S.2d 156 (1974) Date of Decision:  Tuesday, April 30, 1974 Judge Name:  Hogan, P. J., Farley and Gagliardi, JJ. Jurisdiction Level:  New York Alternate Citation:  79 Misc.2d 242 (1974) Judges:  JJ. Farley and Gagliardi Hogan P. J. Attorneys:  John F. Middlemiss (Leon J. Kesner of counsel), for appellant. Henry G. Wenzel, III, District Attorney (Ronald E. Lipetz of counsel), for respondent

The defendant was properly convicted of cruelty when a horse in his custody and care had to be destroyed due to malnutrition. The defendant was in charge of feeding the gelding, and was aware of his loss of weight. He knew the diet was inadequate but failed to provide more food. The defendant was guilty of violating Agriculture and Markets Law § 353 for failing to provide proper sustenance to the horse. 


Judgment of conviction affirmed.

In our opinion, defendant's guilt of violating the Agriculture and Markets Law (§ 353) (failure to provide proper sustenance to an animal) was proven beyond a reasonable doubt. Regardless of the possible culpability of the owners of the gelding, it was clearly established that defendant was in charge of feeding the gelding for the three months prior to its demise, that he was aware of its loss of weight, and that he gave it back to its owners in such a state of malnutrition that it was mercifully destroyed.

Although we are in agreement with the trial court's finding that the evidence was ample to establish a culpable state of mind on the part of defendant, we do not, under the present circumstances, think it necessary to pass upon the issue of whether the subject offense is one of strict liability or mental culpability (cf. Agriculture and Markets Law, § 43; Penal Law, §§ 15.00-15.15; former Penal Law, § 185; People v. Wright, 19 Misc. 135, 136, 137).


Concur -- Hogan, P. J., Farley and Gagliardi, JJ.

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