Brazil's Ratification of the Biodiversity Treaty: Decree No. 2, dated 3/2/94,
The Environment - Rio-92
The United Nations Conference on Development and the Environment
The city of Rio de Janeiro was the venue for the UN Conference on Development and the Environment held from June 3-14, 1992. The event was known as Rio-92 and was attended by delegations from 175 countries.
The specific undertakings adopted by the Rio-92 Conference included two conventions, one on Climate Change and the other on Biodiversity, as well as a Declaration on Forests. The Conference also approved documents on more wide-ranging objectives and of a more political nature: the Rio Declaration and Agenda 21.
Convention On Biological Diversity
Date And Place Of Adoption: Rio De Janeiro, 5/6/92
Year Of Entry Into Force: 1993
Year Of Entry Into Force For Brazil: 1994
Year Of Signature Or Accession By Brazil: 1992
Ratification By Brazil: Decree No. 2, dated 3/2/94, published on 4/2/94 (approves the text). Instrument of Ratification deposited on: 28/2/94
Promulgation By Brazil: Decree No. 2,519, dated 16/3/98, published on 17/3/98
To conserve biological diversity, promote the sustainable use of its components, and encourage equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources. Such equitable sharing includes appropriate access to genetic resources, as well as appropriate transfer of technology, taking into account existing rights over such resources and such technology
Provisions Of The Agreement:
The Parties should:
have the sovereign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental policies, and the responsibility to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the environment of other States or of areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction;
cooperate with other Contracting Parties, directly or, where appropriate, through competent international organizations, in respect of areas beyond national jurisdiction and on other matters of mutual interest, for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity;
in accordance with its particular conditions and capabilities:
a) develop national strategies, plans or programs for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity or adapt for this purpose existing strategies, plans or programmes which shall reflect, inter alia , the measures set out in this Convention relevant to the Contracting Party concerned; and
b) integrate, as far as possible and as appropriate, the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity into relevant sectoral or cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies.
adopt identification and monitoring actions for: in situ and ex situ conservation; sustainable use of components of biological diversity; incentives; research and training; public education and awareness; impact assessment and minimizing adverse impacts; access to genetic resources; access to and transfer of technology; exchange of information; technical and scientific cooperation; handling of biotechnology and distribution of its benefits.