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Veterinary Laws/Malpractice: Related Statutes

Statute Name Citation Summary
AK - Veterinary - Chapter 98. Veterinarians.   AK ST 08.98.010 - 250  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
AK - Veterinary immunity - 09.65.097. Civil liability for emergency veterinary care   AS 09.65.097; AK ST 09.65.097   This Alaska law provides that a licensed veterinarian who renders emergency care to an injured or ill animal that reasonably appears to need emergency care to avoid serious harm or death is not liable for civil damages as a result of an act or omission in rendering emergency aid. This section does not apply to service rendered at the request of an owner of the animal and does not preclude liability for civil damages as a result of gross negligence or reckless or intentional misconduct.  
AL - Veterinary - Chapter 29. Veterinarians.   AL ST 34-29-1 to 135   These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.  
AR - Veterinary - Veterinary Practice Code   AR ST 17-101-101 to 314  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
AZ - Veterinary - Chapter 21. Veterinarians.   AZ ST 32-2201 - 2296  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
CA - Abandonment - 597f. Failure to care for animals; duty of peace or humane officers; disposal of abandoned, sick or disabled animals; notice to owner; lien; injured cats and dogs in public places   CA PENAL 597f   Every owner of any animal, who permits the animal to be without proper care and attention, shall, on conviction, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. It shall be the duty of any peace officer, officer of the humane society, or officer of a pound or animal regulation department of a public agency, to take possession of the animal so abandoned or neglected and care for the animal until it is redeemed by the owner. Every sick, disabled, infirm, or crippled animal, except a dog or cat, may, if after due search no owner can be found therefor, be killed by the officer. all injured cats and dogs found without their owners in a public place directly to a veterinarian known by the officer or agency to be a veterinarian that ordinarily treats dogs and cats for a determination of whether the animal shall be immediately and humanely destroyed or shall be hospitalized under proper care and given emergency treatment.
 
CA - Impound - 597e. Domestic animals; impounding without sufficient food or water; supply by third party; collection of cost   CA PENAL 597e   This statute requires anyone who impounds an animal to supply the animal with sufficient food and water.  It also states that if an animal is not provided with food and water, a person may enter the pound where the animal is being held, and provide it with food and water without being liable for the entry.  
CA - Rodeos - 596.7. Rodeos; veterinarians present at performances; violation of section   CA PENAL 596.7   This statute regulating rodeos requires that animals involved have access to veterinary care and mandates treatment of injured rodeo animals. This statute forbids the use of  an electric prod once an animal is in the holding chute, unless necessary to protect participants or spectators. Violations of this section are infractions punishable by a fine.
 
CA - Veterinary - Chapter 11. Veterinary Medicine.   CA BUS & PROF 4800 - 4917  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
CA - Veterinary Medicine - Chapter 11. Veterinary Medicine. Article 2. Practice Provisions.   CA BUS & PROF 4825 - 4831   These sections of the California Business and Professions Code, outline the practice provisions for veterinarians.  The regulations include definitions relating to the practice of veterinary medicine, license requirements, procedures for caring for restricted animals, as well as a duty to report the treatment of a dog believed to have been injured in a staged animal fight.  
CO - Veterinary - Article 29.3. Uniform Emergency Volunteer Health Practitioners Act   CO ST 12-29.3-101 to 113   The Uniform Emergency Volunteer Health Practitioners Act applies to registered volunteer health practitioners and who provide health or veterinary services for a host entity during an emergency.  
CO - Veterinary - Veterinary Practice Code   CO ST 12-64-101 - 124  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
CT - Veterinary - Chapter 384. Veterinary Medicine   CT ST 20-196 - 206  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
DE - Veterinary - Chapter 33. Veterinarians.   DE ST TI 24 3300 - 3323  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
FL - Immunity, Care For Injured Animals - Chapter 768. Negligence   FL ST 768.13   This section comprises Florida's Good Samaritan Act. Under the Act, any person, including those licensed to practice veterinary medicine, who gratuitously (without payment) and in good faith renders emergency care or treatment to an injured animal at the scene of an emergency on or adjacent to a roadway shall not be held liable for any civil damages as a result of such care or treatment where the person acts as an ordinary reasonably prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances.  
FL - Veterinary - Veterinary Medical Practice.   FL ST 474.201 - 221  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
GA - Veterinary - Veterinary Practice Code   GA ST 43-50-1 to 91  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners. The chapter was recently amended in 2012.

 
GA - Veterinary Liens - Article 8. Liens. Part 9. Veterinarians and Boarders of Animals.   Ga. Code Ann., 44-14-490   This section of Georgia laws deals with veterinary liens. Every licensed veterinarian in Georgia has a lien on each animal or pet treated, boarded, or cared for by him or her while in his or her custody and under contract with the owner of the animal or pet for the payment of charges for the treatment, board, or care of the animal or pet. The veterinarian has the right to retain the animal or pet until the charges are paid. There is a ten-day hold period after demand for payment (made in person or by registered or certified mail) until the pet is deemed abandoned and may be disposed of by the veterinary facility.  
HI - Veterinary - CHAPTER 471. VETERINARY MEDICINE.   HI ST 471-1 - 16  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
IA - Veterinary - Veterinary Practice Code   IA ST 169.1 - 56  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
ID - Veterinary - CHAPTER 21. VETERINARIANS.   ID ST 54-2101 - 2121  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
IL - Veterinary - Veterinary Medicine and Surgery Practice Act of 2004.   IL ST CH 225 115/1 - 28  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
IN - Veterinary - Article 38.1. Veterinarians.   IN ST 25-38.1-1-1 to 25-38.1-5-5 (formerly IN ST 15-5-1.1-1 -36)  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
KS - Veterinary - ARTICLE 8. REGISTRATION OF VETERINARIANS.   KS ST 47-801 - 854  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
KY - Veterinary - Chapter 321. Veterinarians.   KY ST 321.010 - 990  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
LA - Veterinarian Immnity -Chapter 20. Miscellaneous Provisions Common to Certain Professions.   LA R.S. 37:1731   This law reflects Louisiana's good Samaritan provision. Under the law, a licensed veterinarian licensed under who in good faith gratuitously (without payment) renders emergency care or services or assistance at the scene of an emergency to an animal is not liable for any civil damages as a result of any act or omission in rendering the care or services or assistance.  
LA - Veterinary - Veterinarians.   LA R.S. 37:1511 - 70  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
MA - Veterinary - Registration of Veterinarians.   MA ST 112 54 - 60  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
MD - Veterinary - State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners.   MD AGRIC 2-301 - 316  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
ME - Veterinary - Title 32. Professions and Occupations.   ME ST T. 32 4851 - 4876  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
MI - Statute of Limitations -Chapter 58. Limitation of Actions   M.C.L.A. 600.5805  

This Michigan statute outlines the statute of limitations for injuries to persons or property.  Under the statute, actions for malpractice have a two-year statute of limitation.

 
MI - Veterinary - Chapter 333. Health. Public Health Code   MCLA 333.18801 - 18838  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
MN - Veterinary - Chapter 156. Veterinarians. Board of Veterinary Medicine.   MN ST 156.001 - 20  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
MO - Veterinary - Chapter 340. Veterinarians.   MO ST 340.010 - 350  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
MS - Veterinarian License - Chapter 39. Veterinarians. Mississippi Veterinary Practice Act.   MS ST 73-39-77 (formerly MS ST 73-39-19)   This Mississippi statutes provides the terms under which a veterinarian can lose his or her license to practice veterinary medicine.  
MS - Veterinary - Chapter 39. Veterinarians.   MS ST 73-39-51 to 73-39- 95  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
MT - Veterinary - CHAPTER 18. VETERINARY MEDICINE   MT ST 37-18-101 to 37-18-606  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
NC - Malpractice - Chapter 90. Medicine and Allied Occupations.   NC ST 90-21.12  

This North Carolina statute provides the standard of health care in actions for damages for personal injury or death arising out of medical-based malpractice. Under the statute, the plaintiff must prove by the greater weight of the evidence that the health care provider’s actions fell below the standards of practice of other health care professionals similarly trained and situated in the same or similar communities.

 
NC - Veterinary - Article 11. Veterinarians.   NC ST 90-179 to 187.15  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
ND - Veterinary - Chapter 43-29. Veterinarians   ND ST 43-29-01 to 18; 43-29.1-01 - 08  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
NE - Veterinary - Article 33. Veterinary Medicine and Surgery Practice Act   NE ST 38-3301 to 38- 3335  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
NH - Veterinary - Chapter 332-B. New Hampshire Veterinary Practice Act.   N.H. Rev. Stat. 332-B:1 - 332-B:19  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
NJ - Veterinary - Chapter 16. Veterinary Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry.   NJ ST 45:16-1 to 45:16-18  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
NM - Veterinary - Article 14. Veterinary Practice Act.   NMSA 1978, 61-14-1 to 61-14-20  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
NV - Veterinary - Chapter 638. Veterinarians. General Provisions.   N. R. S. 638.001 - 638.200  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
NY - Veterinary - Article 135. Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health Technology.   McKinney's Education Law 6700 - 6714  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
OH - Veterinary - Chapter 4741. Veterinarians.   R.C. 4741.01 - 4741.99  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
OK - Veterinary - Chapter 15. Oklahoma Veterinary Practice Act.   59 Okl. St. Ann. 698.1 - 33  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
OR - Veterinary - Chapter 686. Veterinarians; Veterinary Technicians.   O. R. S. 686.010 - 990  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
PA - Immunity - 8331.1. Veterinary good Samaritan civil immunity   42 Pa.C.S.A. 8331.1   In Pennsylvania, any licensed veterinarian who, in good faith, renders emergency care to any animal which such individual has discovered at the scene of an accident or emergency situation is not be liable for any civil damages as a result of any acts or omissions by such person in rendering the emergency care. This immunity does not, however, apply to acts or omissions intentionally designed to cause harm, or any grossly negligent acts or omissions that cause harm to the animal. It also does not apply where the owner of the animal is present and can be consulted as to the proposed action by the veterinarian.  
PA - Veterinary - Chapter 14A. Veterinary Medicine Practice.   63 P.S. 485.1 - 35  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
RI - Immunity - 4-15-15. Veterinarian's emergency treatment of animals--Immunity from liability   Gen.Laws 1956, 4-15-15   This Rhode Island statute provides that any licensed veterinarian of this state has the right to treat any animal which has become injured upon any public highway of this state or upon any public or private property of this state which is transported to that veterinarian by any person.  If in the veterinarian's opinion the injuries sustained by the animal will result in death, the veterinarian has the right to apply euthanasia to eliminate any unnecessary suffering.  Further, any animal treated by the veterinarian not reclaimed within 72 hours may be relinquished to the appropriate animal control facility.  A veterinarian incurs no civil liability for actions taken in treating such animals.  
RI - Veterinary - Chapter 25. Veterinary Practice   Gen. Laws, 1956 5-25-1 - 17  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
SC - Veterinary - Chapter 69. Veterinarians.   Code 1976 40-69-5 - 540  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws amended in 2006.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
SD - Veterinary - Chapter 36-12. Veterinarians.   S D C L 36-12-1 - 29  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
TN - Expert - 29-26-115. Burden of proof; expert witnesses   T. C. A. 29-26-115  

This Tennessee statute provides the requirements for the claimant’s burden of proof under malpractice actions, including, inter alia, the proof that the defendant’s actions fell below the recognized standard of acceptable professional practice in the community, proximate cause, and proof by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant’s actions were negligent.

 
TN - Liens, Veterinary - 63-12-134. Liens and incumbrances.   T. C. A. 63-12-134   This statute specifically allow vets to hold an animal until a bill is paid for treatment, board or care of an animal.  
TN - Veterinary - Chapter 12. Veterinarians.   T. C. A. 63-12-101 - 145  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
TX - Veterinary - Chapter 801. Veterinarians.   V. T. C. A., Occupations Code 801.001 - 557  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
UT - Abandonment - 58-28-601. Animal abandonment   U.C.A. 1953 58-28-601   This Utah statute provides that any animal abandoned at a veterinarian's office for a period of ten days may be sold or placed in the custody of the nearest humane society or county dog pound after giving notice to the owner.  If no humane society or dog pound is located in the county, the animal may be disposed of in a humane manner.  
UT - Veterinary - Chapter 28. Veterinary Practice Act.   U.C.A. 1953 58-28-101 - 605  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
VA - Veterinary - Chapter 38. Veterinary Medicine.   Va. Code Ann. 54.1-3800 - 3813  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
VT - Veterinary - CHAPTER 44. Veterinary Medicine.   26 V.S.A. 2401- 2432  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
WA - Veterinary - Chapter 18.92. Veterinary Medicine, Surgery, and Dentistry.   West's RCWA 18.92.010 - 900  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
WI - Veterinary - Chapter 453. Veterinary Examining Board   W. S. A. 453.02 - 08  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
WV - Veterinary - Article 10. Veterinarians.   W. Va. Code, 30-10-1 - 23  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
WY - Veterinary - Chapter 30. Veterinarians   W. S. 1977 33-30-201 - 222  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 

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