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Minnesota

Police Regulations. Chapter 343. Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Crimes, Criminals (Ch. 609-624). Chapter 609. Criminal Code. Sex Crimes. 609.294. Bestiality.

Statute Details
Printable Version
Citation: MN ST 343.01 - 40; MN ST 609.294

Citation: M. S. A. 343.01 - 40; M.S.A. 609.294


Last Checked by Web Center Staff: 01/2013

Summary:   These Minnesota statute comprise the anti-cruelty laws in the state.  This section first allows the formation of private prevention of cruelty to animals societies and humane societies and sets forth their obligations by law.   "Animal" is defined by this section as every living creature except members of the human race.  No person shall overdrive, overload, torture, cruelly beat, neglect, or unjustifiably injure, maim, mutilate, or kill any animal, or cruelly work any animal when it is unfit for labor.  Under the neglect component, the statute states that no person shall deprive any animal over which the person has charge or control of necessary food, water, or shelter, among other things.  A person who intentionally violates these provisions where the violation results in substantial bodily harm to a pet or companion animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than one year or to payment of a fine of not more than $3,000, or both, with previous convictions resulting in enhanced penalties.  A person who intentionally causes death or great bodily harm to a pet or companion animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than two years or to payment of a fine of not more than $5,000, or both.  Minnesota has a unique provision that provides that a person who intentionally causes in death or great bodily harm to a pet or companion animal, and the act is done to threaten, intimidate, or terrorize another person, may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than four years or to payment of a fine of not more than $10,000, or both.  Animal fighting is also prohibited under this section; engaging in or conducting a fight results in a felony, and attending such fight a misdemeanor.  This section also prohibits the docking of horses tails, dyeing of baby chicks, cruel transportation of animals, as well as greased pig contests and turkey scrambles.


Statute in Full:

 

Pet and Companion Animal Welfare Act (MN ST 346.36 - 58)

Provisions Regarding Humane Societies

343.01. Purposes; powers; county organization

343.02, 343.03. Repealed by Laws 1977, c. 264, § 5, eff. July 1, 1977; Laws 1977, c. 332, § 17

343.04, 343.05. Repealed by Laws 1977, c. 264, § 5, eff. July 1, 1977

343.06. Purpose of federation

343.07. Repealed by Laws 1977, c. 264, § 5, eff. July 1, 1977

343.08. Repealed by Laws 1987, c. 394, § 14, eff. June 4, 1987

343.09. Repealed by Laws 1977, c. 264, § 5, eff. July 1, 1977

343.10. County and district societies

343.11. Acquisition of property, appropriations

Definitions and Duties of Peace Officers

343.12. Duties of peace officers

343.20. Definitions

Cruelty and Investigation Provisions

343.21. Overworking or mistreating animals; penalty

343.22. Investigation of cruelty complaints

343.23. Expenses of investigation

343.235. Disposition of seized animals

343.24. Cruelty in transportation

343.25. Docking horses; penalty

343.26. Clipped animals; penalty [Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 333, art. 1, § 40, eff. July 1, 2010]

343.27. Poisoning animals

343.28. Animal with infectious disease

343.29. Exposure of animals; duty of officers

343.30. Injury to birds

Animal Fighting Provisions

343.31. Animal fights and possession of fighting animals

343.315. Live lure greyhound training or racing

Use of Animals as Prizes or in Advertising

343.32. Artificially colored animals; sale

343.33. Use as advertising devices

343.34. Care of animals used as advertising devices

343.35. Violations

343.36. Greased pig contests and turkey scrambles

Prohibition of Decompression Chambers

343.37. Decompression chambers prohibited

Requirements for Dog Houses

343.40. Dog houses

Bestiality Provision

Crimes, Criminals (Ch. 609-624). Chapter 609. Criminal Code. Sex Crimes.

609.294. Bestiality

 

 

343.01. Purposes; powers; county organization

Subdivision 1. Formation authorized. A state federation of county and district societies for the prevention of cruelty to animals may be created as a corporation under chapter 317A for the purpose provided in section 343.06. The federation may appoint representatives in any county where no active county or district society exists for the purpose of receiving and accounting for funds from any source, and may also appoint agents at large to carry out the work of the federation throughout the state. The federation and all county and district societies may appoint agents for the purpose of investigating or otherwise assisting lawfully empowered officials in the prosecution of persons charged with cruelty to animals. Appointed agents must have training and experience in activities relating to prevention of cruelty to animals or enforcement of laws relating to cruelty to animals. The federation may make bylaws as are necessary to implement its authority under this chapter and under chapter 317A.

Subd. 1a. Minnesota humane society; continuation confirmed. The Minnesota humane society, also known as the Minnesota society for the prevention of cruelty, is confirmed and continued as a nonprofit organization under chapter 317A.

Subd. 1b. Independent organizations; powers of the federated humane societies. (a) The Minnesota humane society, also known as the Minnesota society for the prevention of cruelty, and the Minnesota federated humane societies are not affiliated with each other or with the state of Minnesota.

(b) The Minnesota federated humane societies have the powers given to it under this chapter.

Subd. 2. Unauthorized use of names prohibited. It is unlawful for any organization, association, firm or corporation not named in this chapter to refer to itself as or in any way to use the names Minnesota federated humane societies, Minnesota society for the prevention of cruelty, the Minnesota humane society, or any combination of words or phrases using the above names which would imply that it represents, acts in behalf or is a branch of the society or the federation.

Subd. 3. Powers and duties. The federation and the society must each be governed by a board of directors designated in accordance with chapter 317A. The powers, duties, and organization of the federation and the society and other matters for the conduct of the business of the federation and the society are as provided in chapter 317A and in the articles of incorporation and bylaws of each organization.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1971, c. 85, § 1, eff. March 30, 1971; Laws 1975, c. 369, § 1; Laws 1977, c. 264, § 1, eff. July 1, 1977; Laws 1983, c. 293, § 97; Laws 1985, c. 285, § 47; Laws 1986, c. 444; Laws 1987, c. 394, § 3, eff. June 4, 1987; Laws 1989, c. 304, § 137; Laws 1994, c. 634, art. 1, §§ 18 to 21, eff. May 11, 1994.

 

343.02, 343.03. Repealed by Laws 1977, c. 264, § 5, eff. July 1, 1977; Laws 1977, c. 332, § 17

 

343.04, 343.05. Repealed by Laws 1977, c. 264, § 5, eff. July 1, 1977

 

343.06. Purpose of federation

It shall be the purpose of the state federation of county and district humane societies to assist in the enforcement of the laws for the prevention of wrongs to animals; to assist in the organization of district and county societies and give them representation in the state federation; to aid such societies and agents in the enforcement of the laws for the prevention of wrongs to animals which may now or hereafter exist, and to promote the growth of education and sentiment favorable to the protection of animals.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1975, c. 369, § 4; Laws 1977, c. 264, § 2, eff. July 1, 1977; Laws 1987, c. 394, § 4, eff. June 4, 1987.

 

343.07. Repealed by Laws 1977, c. 264, § 5, eff. July 1, 1977

 

343.08. Repealed by Laws 1987, c. 394, § 14, eff. June 4, 1987

 

343.09. Repealed by Laws 1977, c. 264, § 5, eff. July 1, 1977

 

343.10.County and district societies

A county society for the prevention of cruelty to animals may be formed in any county and a district society for the prevention of cruelty to animals may be formed in any group of two or more contiguous or noncontiguous counties or parts of counties by not less than seven incorporators. County and district societies shall be created as corporations under chapter 317A and as provided in the bylaws of the state federation. No county or district society may conduct investigations outside the boundaries of the county or counties included in the county or district society.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1975, c. 369, § 7; Laws 1987, c. 394, § 5, eff. June 4, 1987; Laws 1989, c. 304, § 137; Laws 2007, c. 45, art. 1, § 60, eff. July 1, 2007.

 

343.11. Acquisition of property, appropriations

Every county and district society for the prevention of cruelty to animals may acquire, by purchase, gift, grant, or devise, and hold, use, or convey, real estate and personal property, and lease, mortgage, sell, or use the same in any manner conducive to its interest, to the same extent as natural persons. The county board of any county, or the council of any city, in which such societies exist, may, in its discretion, appropriate for the maintenance and support of such societies in the transaction of the work for which they are organized, any sums of money not otherwise appropriated; provided, that no part of the appropriation shall be expended for the payment of the salary of any officer of the society.
CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1955, c. 366, § 1; Laws 1973, c. 123, art. 5, § 7; Laws 1973, c. 187, § 1; Laws 1975, c. 369, § 8; Laws 1985, c. 69, § 1, eff. May 7, 1985; Laws 1987, c. 394, § 6, eff. June 4, 1987; Laws 2005, c. 152, art. 1, § 5, eff. Jan. 1, 2006; Laws 2009, c. 94, art. 1, § 93, eff. July 1, 2009.
 

343.12. Duties of peace officers

Upon application of any agent appointed by the federation or a county or district society, it shall be the duty of, any sheriff or the agent's deputy or any police officer to investigate any alleged violation of the law relative to cruelty to animals, and to arrest any person found violating those laws. It shall also be the duty of those officers to take possession of any animals in their respective jurisdictions which have been cruelly treated, and deliver the same to the proper officers of the county or district for custody and care.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1975, c. 369, § 9; Laws 1977, c. 332, § 15; Laws 1986, c. 444; Laws 1987, c. 394, § 7, eff. June 4, 1987.

 

343.20. Definitions

Subdivision 1. Application. Except as otherwise indicated by the context, for purposes of sections 343.20 to 343.36, the terms defined in this section have the meanings given them.

Subd. 2. Animal. "Animal" means every living creature except members of the human race.

Subd. 3. Torture; cruelty. "Torture" or "cruelty" means every act, omission, or neglect which causes or permits unnecessary or unjustifiable pain, suffering, or death.

Subd. 4. Impure milk. "Impure and unwholesome milk" means all milk obtained from diseased or unhealthy animals, or from animals fed on any substance which is putrefied or fermented.

Subd. 5. Animal control officer. "Animal control officer" means an officer employed by or under contract with an agency of the state, county, municipality, or other governmental subdivision of the state which is responsible for animal control operations in its jurisdiction.

Subd. 6. Pet or companion animal. "Pet or companion animal" includes any animal owned, possessed by, cared for, or controlled by a person for the present or future enjoyment of that person or another as a pet or companion, or any stray pet or stray companion animal.

Subd. 7. Service animal. "Service animal" means an animal trained to assist a person with a disability.

Subd. 8. Substantial bodily harm. "Substantial bodily harm" means bodily injury which involves a temporary but substantial disfigurement, or which causes a temporary but substantial loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ, or which causes a fracture of any bodily member to a service animal or a pet or companion animal.

Subd. 9. Great bodily harm. "Great bodily harm" means bodily injury which creates a high probability of death, or which causes serious permanent disfigurement, or which causes a permanent or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ, or other serious bodily harm to a service animal or a pet or companion animal.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1989, c. 37, § 1, eff. April 18, 1989; Laws 2001, 1st Sp., c. 8, art. 8, §§ 5 to 8.

 

343.21. Overworking or mistreating animals; penalty

Subdivision 1. Torture. No person shall overdrive, overload, torture, cruelly beat, neglect, or unjustifiably injure, maim, mutilate, or kill any animal, or cruelly work any animal when it is unfit for labor, whether it belongs to that person or to another person.

Subd. 2. Nourishment; shelter. No person shall deprive any animal over which the person has charge or control of necessary food, water, or shelter.

Subd. 3. Enclosure. No person shall keep any cow or other animal in any enclosure without providing wholesome exercise and change of air.

Subd. 4. Low feed. No person shall feed any cow on food which produces impure or unwholesome milk.

Subd. 5. Abandonment. No person shall abandon any animal.

Subd. 6. Temporary abandonment. No person shall allow any maimed, sick, infirm, or disabled animal to lie in any street, road, or other public place for more than three hours after receiving notice of the animal's condition.

Subd. 7. Cruelty. No person shall willfully instigate or in any way further any act of cruelty to any animal or animals, or any act tending to produce cruelty to animals.

Subd. 8. Caging. No person shall cage any animal for public display purposes unless the display cage is constructed of solid material on three sides to protect the caged animal from the elements and unless the horizontal dimension of each side of the cage is at least four times the length of the caged animal. The provisions of this subdivision do not apply to the Minnesota State Agricultural Society, the Minnesota State Fair, or to the county agricultural societies, county fairs, to any agricultural display of caged animals by any political subdivision of the state of Minnesota, or to district, regional or national educational livestock or poultry exhibitions. The provisions of this subdivision do not apply to captive wildlife, the exhibition of which is regulated by section 97A.041.

Subd. 8a. Harming a service animal. No person shall intentionally and without justification do either of the following to a service animal while it is providing service or while it is in the custody of the person it serves: (1) cause bodily harm to the animal; or (2) otherwise render the animal unable to perform its duties.

Subd. 9. Penalty. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, a person who fails to comply with any provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor. A person convicted of a second or subsequent violation of subdivision 1 or 7 within five years of a previous violation of subdivision 1 or 7 is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.

(b) A person who intentionally violates subdivision 1 or 7 where the violation results in substantial bodily harm to a pet or companion animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than one year or to payment of a fine of not more than $3,000, or both.

(c) A person convicted of violating paragraph (b) within five years of a previous gross misdemeanor or felony conviction for violating this section may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than two years or to payment of a fine of not more than $5,000, or both.

(d) A person who intentionally violates subdivision 1 or 7 where the violation results in death or great bodily harm to a pet or companion animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than two years or to payment of a fine of not more than $5,000, or both.

(e) A person who violates subdivision 8a where the violation renders the service animal unable to perform its duties is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.

(f) A person who violates subdivision 8a where the violation results in substantial bodily harm to a service animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than two years or to payment of a fine of not more than $5,000, or both.

(g) A person who intentionally violates subdivision 1 or 7 where the violation results in substantial bodily harm to a pet or companion animal, and the act is done to threaten, intimidate, or terrorize another person, may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than two years or to payment of a fine of not more than $5,000, or both.

(h) A person who violates subdivision 8a where the violation results in death or great bodily harm to a service animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than four years or to payment of a fine of not more than $10,000, or both.

(i) A person who intentionally violates subdivision 1 or 7 where the violation results in death or great bodily harm to a pet or companion animal, and the act is done to threaten, intimidate, or terrorize another person, may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than four years or to payment of a fine of not more than $10,000, or both.

Subd. 9a. Harm to service animals; mandatory restitution and civil remedies. (a) The court shall order a person convicted of violating subdivision 8a to pay restitution for the costs and expenses resulting from the crime. Costs and expenses include, but are not limited to, the service animal user's loss of income, veterinary expenses, transportation costs, and other expenses of temporary replacement assistance services, and service animal replacement or retraining costs incurred by a school, agency, or individual. If the court finds that the convicted person is indigent, the court may reduce the amount of restitution to a reasonable level or order it paid in installments.

(b) This section does not preclude a person from seeking any available civil remedies for an act that violates subdivision 8a.

Subd. 10. Restrictions. If a person is convicted of violating this section, the court shall require that pet or companion animals that have not been seized by a peace officer or agent and are in the custody or control of the person must be turned over to a peace officer or other appropriate officer or agent unless the court determines that the person is able and fit to provide adequately for an animal. If the evidence indicates lack of proper and reasonable care of an animal, the burden is on the person to affirmatively demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that the person is able and fit to have custody of and provide adequately for an animal. The court may limit the person's further possession or custody of pet or companion animals, and may impose other conditions the court considers appropriate, including, but not limited to:

(1) imposing a probation period during which the person may not have ownership, custody, or control of a pet or companion animal;

(2) requiring periodic visits of the person by an animal control officer or agent appointed pursuant to section 343.01, subdivision 1;

(3) requiring performance by the person of community service; and

(4) requiring the person to receive psychological, behavioral, or other counseling.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1986, c. 386, art. 4, § 24; Laws 1986, c. 444; Laws 1990, c. 387, § 1, eff. April 4, 1990; Laws 1990, c. 612, § 2; Laws 1993, c. 326, art. 4, §§ 10, 11; Laws 2001, 1st Sp., c. 8, art. 8, §§ 9 to 11; Laws 2010, c. 292, §§ 1 to 3, eff. Aug. 1, 2010.

2010 Legislation

Laws 2010, c. 292, §§ 1 to 3, rewrote subd. 8a; in subd. 9, inserted par. (e), providing that a person who violates subd. 8a where the violation renders the service animal unable to perform its duties is guilty of a gross misdemeanor, and redesignated former pars. (e) to (h) as pars. (f) to (i); and added subd. 9a, relating to mandatory restitution and other civil remedies. Prior to revision, subd. 8a read:

“Subd. 8a. Harming a service animal. No person shall intentionally and without justification cause bodily harm to a service animal while it is providing service or while it is in the custody of the person it serves.”

Laws 2010, c. 292, §§ 1 to 3, amending subds. 8a and 9 and adding subd. 9a, respectively, each also provided:

“This section is effective August 1, 2010, and applies to crimes committed on or after that date.”

 

343.22. Investigation of cruelty complaints

Subdivision 1. Reporting. Any person who has reason to believe that a violation of this chapter has taken place or is taking place may apply to any court having jurisdiction over actions alleging violation of that section for a warrant and for investigation. The court shall examine under oath the person so applying and any witnesses the applicant produces and the court shall take their affidavits in writing. The affidavits must set forth facts tending to establish the grounds for believing a violation of this chapter has occurred or is occurring, or probable cause to believe that a violation exists. If the court is satisfied of the existence of the grounds of the application, or that there is probable cause to believe a violation exists, it shall issue a signed search warrant and order for investigation to a peace officer in the county. The order shall command the officer to proceed promptly to the location of the alleged violation. The order may command that a doctor of veterinary medicine accompany the officer.

Subd. 2. Police investigation. The peace officer shall search the place designated in the warrant and, together with the veterinary doctor, shall conduct an investigation of the facts surrounding the alleged violation. The peace officer may retain in custody, subject to the order of the court, any property or things which are specified in the warrant, including any animal if the warrant so specifies. The warrant shall contain the names of the persons presenting affidavits in support of the application and the grounds for its issuance. Service shall be made in accordance with the provisions of sections 626.13, 626.14, and 626.16. The warrant must be executed and returned to the court which issued the warrant within ten days after its date; after the expiration of that time the warrant, unless executed, is void. The officer executing the warrant shall promptly return the warrant to the court, and deliver to it a written inventory of the property or things taken, verified by the certificate of the officer. The warrant and order for investigation issued pursuant to this section and section 343.23 shall have the same force as a warrant issued pursuant to chapter 626.

Subd. 3. Disposal of animals. Upon a proper determination by a licensed doctor of veterinary medicine, any animal taken into custody pursuant to this section may be immediately disposed of when the animal is suffering and is beyond cure through reasonable care and treatment. All other animals shall be disposed of as provided in section 343.235. The authority taking custody of the animals may recover all costs incurred under this section.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1986, c. 444; Laws 1987, c. 394, § 8, eff. June 4, 1987; Laws 1991, c. 122, §§ 1, 2, eff. May 21, 1991.

 

343.23. Expenses of investigation

The expenses of the investigation authorized by section 343.22, including the fee of the doctor of veterinary medicine, the expenses of keeping or disposing of any animal taken into custody pursuant to an investigation, and all other expenses reasonably incident to the investigation shall be paid by the county treasurer from the general fund of the county. If the person alleged to have violated section 343.21 is found guilty of the violation, the county shall have judgment against the guilty person for the amount of the expenses.

HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES

2004 Main Volume

Derivation:

St.1981 Supp., § 346.216.
Laws 1981, c. 53, § 4.
Laws 1977, c. 332, § 16.
Laws 1971, c. 647, § 2.
 

343.235. Disposition of seized animals

Subdivision 1. General rule. An animal taken into custody under section 343.12, 343.22, 343.29, or 343.31 may be humanely disposed of at the discretion of the jurisdiction having custody of the animal ten days after the animal is taken into custody, provided that the procedures in subdivision 3 are followed. An animal raised for food or fiber products may not be seized or disposed of without prior examination by a licensed veterinarian pursuant to a warrant issued by a judge.

Subd. 2. Security. A person claiming an interest in an animal in custody under subdivision 1 may prevent disposition of the animal by posting security in an amount sufficient to provide for the animal's actual costs of care and keeping. The security must be posted within ten days of the seizure inclusive of the date of the seizure.

Subd. 3. Notice; right to hearing. (a) The authority taking custody of an animal under section 343.12, 343.22, 343.29, or 343.31 shall give notice of this section by delivering or mailing it to a person claiming an interest in the animal or by posting a copy of it at the place where the animal is taken into custody or by delivering it to a person residing on the property, and telephoning, if possible. The notice must include:

(1) a description of the animal seized; the authority and purpose for the seizure; the time, place, and circumstances under which the animal was seized; and the location, address, telephone number, and contact person where the animal is kept;

(2) a statement that a person claiming an interest in the animal may post security to prevent disposition of the animal and may request a hearing concerning the seizure or impoundment and that failure to do so within ten days of the date of the notice will result in disposition of the animal; and

(3) a statement that all actual costs of the care, keeping, and disposal of the animal are the responsibility of the person claiming an interest in the animal, except to the extent that a court or hearing officer finds that the seizure or impoundment was not substantially justified by law.

The notice must also include a form that can be used by a person claiming an interest in the animal for requesting a hearing under this subdivision.

(b) Upon request of a person claiming an interest in the animal, which request must be made within ten days of the date of seizure, a hearing must be held within five business days of the request, to determine the validity of the seizure and impoundment. If the seizure was done pursuant to a warrant under section 343.22, the hearing must be conducted by the judge who issued the warrant. If the seizure was done under section 343.12, 343.29, or 343.31, the municipality taking custody of the animal or, in the case of a humane society, the municipality from which the animal was seized, may either (1) authorize a licensed veterinarian with no financial interest in the matter or professional association with either party or (2) use the services of a hearing officer to conduct the hearing. A person claiming an interest in the animal who is aggrieved by a decision of a hearing officer under this subdivision may seek a court order governing the seizure or impoundment within five days of notice of the order.

(c) The judge or hearing officer may authorize the return of the animal, if the judge or hearing officer finds that:

(1) the animal is physically fit; and

(2) the person claiming an interest in the animal can and will provide the care required by law for the animal.

(d) The person claiming an interest in the animal is liable for all actual costs of care, keeping, and disposal of the animal, except to the extent that a court or hearing officer finds that the seizure or impoundment was not substantially justified by law. The costs must be paid in full or a mutually satisfactory arrangement for payment must be made between the municipality and the person claiming an interest in the animal before return of the animal to the person.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1991, c. 122, § 4, eff. May 21, 1991. Amended by Laws 1995, c. 244, § 7, eff. June 2, 1995; Laws 2001, 1st Sp., c. 8, art. 8, §§ 12, 13.

 

343.24. Cruelty in transportation

Subdivision 1. Penalty. Any person who does any of the following is guilty of a misdemeanor: (a) Carries or causes to be carried, any live animals upon any vehicle or otherwise, without providing suitable racks, cars, crates, or cages in which the animals can both stand and lie down during transportation and while awaiting slaughter; (b) Except as provided in subdivision 2, paragraph (a), carries or causes to be carried, upon a vehicle or otherwise, any live animal having feet or legs tied together, or in any other cruel or inhumane manner; (c) Transports or detains livestock in cars or compartments for more than 28 consecutive hours without unloading the livestock in a humane manner into properly equipped pens for rest, water, and feeding for a period of at least five consecutive hours, unless requested to do so as provided in subdivision 2, paragraph (b), or unless prevented by storm or unavoidable causes which cannot be anticipated or avoided by the exercise of due diligence and foresight; or (d) Permits livestock to be crowded together without sufficient space to stand, or so as to overlie, crush, wound, or kill each other.

Subd. 2. Exceptions. (a) A person may carry or cause to be carried, upon a vehicle or otherwise, a cloven-hoofed animal having legs tied together, if:

(1) the person transporting the animal is the animal's owner or an employee or agent of the owner;

(2) the animal weighs 250 pounds or less;

(3) the tying is done in a humane manner and is necessary for the animal's safe transport; and

(4) the animal's legs are tied for no longer than one-half hour.

(b) A person or corporation engaged in transporting livestock may confine livestock for 36 consecutive hours if the owner or person with custody of that particular shipment of livestock requests in writing that an extension be allowed. That written request shall be separate from any printed bill of lading or other railroad form.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1998, c. 402, § 1.

 

343.25. Docking horses; penalty

A person who cuts the bony part of a horse's tail for the purpose of docking it, or who causes or knowingly permits the same to be done upon premises of which the person is owner, lessee, or user, or who assists in the cutting is guilty of a misdemeanor. When a horse is found so cut, upon the premises or in the custody of any person, and the wound resulting is unhealed, that fact shall constitute prima facie evidence that the offense was committed by the person. All fines resulting from complaint made by an officer or agent of any society of this state for the prevention of cruelty to animals for any offense specified in this section shall be paid to the society whose officer or agent made the complaint.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1986, c. 444.

 

343.26. Repealed by Laws 2010, c. 333, art. 1, § 40, eff. July 1, 2010

Former Text:

No person who has custody of any animal which has had its hair removed by clipping or shearing shall cause or permit the animal to stand on a road, street, or other unsheltered place between November 1 and May 1 within 60 days after the clipping or shearing, unless the animal is blanketed. Violation of this section is a misdemeanor.

HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES

2004 Main Volume

Derivation:

St.1981 Supp., § 346.24.
Laws 1981, c. 53, § 7.
St.1961, § 614.45.
St.1927, § 10446.
Gen.St.1923, § 10446.
Gen.St.1913, § 8958.
Rev.Laws 1905, § 5155.
Laws 1903, c. 283.
 

343.27. Poisoning animals

Any person who unjustifiably administers any poisonous, or noxious drug or substance to any animal, or procures or permits it to be done, or unjustifiably exposes that drug or substance with intent that the drug be taken by any animal, whether the animal is the property of the person or another, is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1986, c. 444.

 

343.28. Animal with infectious disease

An owner or person having charge of any animal who knows the animal has any infectious or contagious disease, or knows the animal has recently been exposed to an infectious or contagious disease, who sells or barters the animal, or knowingly permits the animal to run at large or come into contact with any other animal, or with another person without that person's knowledge and permission shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES

2004 Main Volume

Derivation:

St.1981 Supp., § 346.26.
Laws 1981, c. 53, § 9.
Laws 1980, c. 467, § 36.
St.1961, § 614.47.
St.1927, § 10450.
Gen.St.1923, § 10450.
Gen.St.1913, § 8962.
Rev.Laws 1905, § 5159.
Gen.St.1894, § 6805.
Laws 1889, c. 209, § 14.
Pen.Code, § 493.
 

343.29. Exposure of animals; duty of officers

Subdivision 1. Delivery to shelter. Any peace officer, animal control officer, or agent of the federation or county or district societies for the prevention of cruelty, may remove, shelter, and care for any animal which is not properly sheltered from cold, hot, or inclement weather or any animal not properly fed and watered, or provided with suitable food and drink in circumstances that threaten the life of the animal. When necessary, a peace officer, animal control officer, or agent may deliver the animal to another person to be sheltered and cared for, and furnished with suitable food and drink. In all cases, the owner, if known, shall be immediately notified as provided in section 343.235, subdivision 3, and the person having possession of the animal, shall have a lien thereon for its actual costs of care and keeping and the expenses of the notice. If the owner or custodian is unknown and cannot by reasonable effort be ascertained, or does not, within ten days after notice, redeem the animal by paying the expenses authorized by this subdivision, the animal may be disposed of as provided in section 343.235.

Subd. 2. Disposal of animals. Upon a proper determination by a licensed doctor of veterinary medicine, any animal taken into custody pursuant to subdivision 1 may be immediately disposed of when the animal is suffering and is beyond cure through reasonable care and treatment. The expenses of disposal shall be subject to the provisions of section 343.23.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1987, c. 394, § 9, eff. June 4, 1987; Laws 1989, c. 37, § 2, eff. April 18, 1989; Laws 1991, c. 122, § 3, eff. May 21, 1991; Laws 1995, c. 244, § 8, eff. June 2, 1995.

 

343.30. Injury to birds

A person who in any manner maliciously maims, kills, or destroys any bird designated as unprotected by section 97A.015, subdivision 52, or who maliciously destroys the nests or eggs of any such bird shall be guilty of a petty misdemeanor.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1986, c. 386, art. 4, § 25.

 

343.31. Animal fights and possession of fighting animals

Subdivision 1. Penalty for animal fighting; attending animal fight. (a) Whoever does any of the following is guilty of a felony:

(1) promotes, engages in, or is employed in the activity of cockfighting, dogfighting, or violent pitting of one pet or companion animal as defined in section 346.36, subdivision 6, against another of the same or a different kind;

(2) receives money for the admission of a person to a place used, or about to be used, for that activity;

(3) willfully permits a person to enter or use for that activity premises of which the permitter is the owner, agent, or occupant; or

(4) uses, trains, or possesses a dog or other animal for the purpose of participating in, engaging in, or promoting that activity.

(b) Whoever purchases a ticket of admission or otherwise gains admission to the activity of cockfighting, dogfighting, or violent pitting of one pet or companion animal as defined in section 346.36, subdivision 6, against another of the same or a different kind is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.

(c) Whoever possesses any device or substance with intent to use or permit the use of the device or substance to enhance an animal's ability to fight is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.

(d) This subdivision shall not apply to the taking of a wild animal by hunting.

Subd. 2. Presumption of training a fighting dog. There is a rebuttable presumption that a dog has been trained or is being trained to fight if:

(1) the dog exhibits fresh wounds, scarring, or other indications that the dog has been or will be used for fighting; and

(2) the person possesses training apparatus, paraphernalia, or drugs known to be used to prepare dogs to be fought.

This presumption may be rebutted by a preponderance of the evidence.

Subd. 3. Presumption of training fighting birds. There is a rebuttable presumption that a bird has been trained or is being trained to fight if:

(1) the bird exhibits fresh wounds, scarring, or other indications that the bird has been or will be used for fighting; or

(2) the person possesses training apparatus, paraphernalia, or drugs known to be used to prepare birds to be fought.

This presumption may be rebutted by a preponderance of the evidence.

Subd. 4. Peace officer duties. Animals described in subdivisions 2 and 3 are dangerous weapons and constitute an immediate danger to the safety of humans. A peace officer or animal control authority may remove, shelter, and care for an animal found in the circumstances described in subdivision 2 or 3. If necessary, a peace officer or animal control authority may deliver the animal to another person to be sheltered and cared for. In all cases, the peace officer or animal control authority must immediately notify the owner, if known, as provided in subdivision 5. The peace officer, animal control authority, or other person assuming care of the animal shall have a lien on it for the actual cost of care and keeping of the animal. If the owner or custodian is unknown and cannot by reasonable effort be ascertained, or does not, within ten days after notice, redeem the animal by paying the expenses authorized by this subdivision, the animal may be disposed of as provided in subdivision 5.

Subd. 5. Disposition. (a) An animal taken into custody under subdivision 4 may be humanely disposed of at the discretion of the jurisdiction having custody of the animal ten days after the animal is taken into custody, if the procedures in paragraph (c) are followed.

(b) The owner of an animal taken into custody under subdivision 4 may prevent disposition of the animal by posting security in an amount sufficient to provide for the actual costs of care and keeping of the animal. The security must be posted within ten days of the seizure inclusive of the date of the seizure. If, however, a hearing is scheduled within ten days of the seizure, the security amount must be posted prior to the hearing.

(c) (1) The authority taking custody of an animal under subdivision 4 must give notice of this section by delivering or mailing it to the owner of the animal, posting a copy of it at the place where the animal is taken into custody, or delivering it to a person residing on the property and telephoning, if possible. The notice must include:

(i) a description of the animal seized; the authority and purpose for the seizure; the time, place, and circumstances under which the animal was seized; and the location, address, and telephone number of a contact person who knows where the animal is kept;

(ii) a statement that the owner of the animal may post security to prevent disposition of the animal and may request a hearing concerning the seizure and impoundment and that failure to do so within ten days of the date of the notice will result in disposition of the animal; and

(iii) a statement that all actual costs of the care, keeping, and disposal of the animal are the responsibility of the owner of the animal, except to the extent that a court or hearing officer finds that the seizure or impoundment was not substantially justified by law. The notice must also include a form that can be used by a person claiming an interest in the animal for requesting a hearing.

(2) The owner may request a hearing within ten days of the date of the seizure. If requested, a hearing must be held within five business days of the request to determine the validity of the impoundment. The municipality taking custody of the animal or the municipality from which the animal was seized may either (i) authorize a licensed veterinarian with no financial interest in the matter or professional association with either party, or (ii) use the services of a hearing officer to conduct the hearing. An owner may appeal the hearing officer's decision to the district court within five days of the notice of the decision.

(3) The judge or hearing officer may authorize the return of the animal if the judge or hearing officer finds that (i) the animal is physically fit, (ii) the person claiming an interest in the animal can and will provide the care required by law for the animal, and (iii) the animal has not been used for violent pitting or fighting.

(4) The person claiming an interest in the animal is liable for all actual costs of care, keeping, and disposal of the animal, except to the extent that a court or hearing officer finds that the seizure or impoundment was not substantially justified by law. The costs must be paid in full or a mutually satisfactory arrangement for payment must be made between the municipality and the person claiming an interest in the animal before the return of the animal to the person.

Subd. 6. Photographs. (a) Photographs of animals seized during an investigation are competent evidence if the photographs are admissible into evidence under all the rules of law governing the admissibility of photographs into evidence. A satisfactorily identified photographic record is as admissible in evidence as the animal itself.

(b) A photograph must be accompanied by a written description of the animals seized, the name of the owner of the animals seized, the date of the photograph, and the name, address, organization, and signature of the photographer.

Subd. 7. Veterinary investigative report. (a) A report completed by a Minnesota licensed veterinarian following an examination of an animal seized during an investigation is competent evidence. A satisfactorily identified veterinary investigative report is as admissible in evidence as the animal itself.

(b) The veterinary investigative report may contain a written description of the animal seized, the medical evaluation of the physical findings, the prognosis for recovery, and the date of the examination and must contain the name, address, veterinary clinic, and signature of the veterinarian performing the examination.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1986, c. 444; Laws 2005, c. 136, art. 17, § 4; Laws 2008, c. 353, § 1, eff. Aug. 1, 2008; Laws 2010, c. 292, § 4, eff. Aug. 1, 2010.

 

343.315. Live lure greyhound training or racing

No person may train a greyhound for racing using a live lure or live bait or conduct a greyhound race using a live lure or live bait.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1991, c. 74, § 1, eff. May 10, 1991.

 

343.32. Artificially colored animals; sale

No chick, duckling, gosling, or rabbit that has been dyed or otherwise colored artificially may be sold or offered for sale; raffled; offered or given as a prize, premium, or advertising device; or displayed in any store, shop, carnival, or other public place.

HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES

2004 Main Volume

Derivation:

St.1981 Supp., § 346.30.
Laws 1965, c. 620, § 1.
 

343.33. Use as advertising devices

Chicks, ducklings, and goslings younger than four weeks of age shall not be sold or offered for sale; raffled; or offered or given as a prize, premium, or advertising device, in quantity of fewer than 12 birds to an individual person unless sold by a person, firm, partnership or corporation engaged in the business of selling chicks, ducklings, and goslings for agricultural or wildlife purposes.

HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES

2004 Main Volume

Derivation:

St.1981 Supp., § 343.31.
Laws 1981, c. 53, § 12.
Laws 1965, c. 620, § 2.
 

343.34. Care of animals used as advertising devices

Stores, shops, vendors, and others offering chicks, ducklings, or goslings for sale; raffle; or as a prize, premium, or advertising device; or displaying chicks, ducklings, or goslings to the public; shall provide and operate brooders or other heating devices that may be necessary to maintain the chicks, ducklings, or goslings in good health, and shall keep adequate food and water available to the birds at all times.

HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES

2004 Main Volume

Derivation:

St.1981 Supp., § 346.32.
Laws 1981, c. 53, § 13.
Laws 1965, c. 620, § 3.
 

343.35. Violations

A violation of sections 343.32 to 343.34 is a petty misdemeanor; provided that, after any violation has been called to the attention of the violator by any law enforcement officer, each day on which the violation continues or is repeated constitutes a separate offense.

HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES

2004 Main Volume

Derivation:

St.1981 Supp., § 346.33.
Laws 1981, c. 53, § 14.
Laws 1965, c. 620, § 4.
 

343.36. Greased pig contests and turkey scrambles

No person shall operate, run or participate in a contest, game, or other like activity, in which a pig, greased, oiled or otherwise, is released and wherein the object is the capture of the pig, or in which a chicken or turkey is released or thrown into the air and wherein the object is the capture of the chicken or turkey. Any violation of this section is a misdemeanor.

HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES

2004 Main Volume

Derivation:

St.1981 Supp., § 346.34.
Laws 1981, c. 53, § 15.
Laws 1971, c. 649, § 1.
 

343.37. Decompression chambers prohibited

A person may not use a decompression chamber to destroy an animal. A violation of this section is a misdemeanor.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1985, c. 270, § 1, eff. June 1, 1986.

 

343.40. Dog houses

Subdivision 1. In general. A person in charge or control of any dog which is kept outdoors or in an unheated enclosure shall provide the dog with shelter and bedding as prescribed in this section as a minimum.

Subd. 2. Building specifications. The shelter shall include a moistureproof and windproof structure of suitable size to accommodate the dog and allow retention of body heat. It shall be made of durable material with a solid, moisture-proof floor or a floor raised at least two inches from the ground. Between November 1 and March 31 the structure must have a windbreak at the entrance. The structure shall be provided with a sufficient quantity of suitable bedding material consisting of hay, straw, cedar shavings, blankets, or the equivalent, to provide insulation and protection against cold and dampness and promote retention of body heat.

Subd. 3. Shade. Shade from the direct rays of the sun, during the months of May to October shall be provided.

Subd. 4. Farm dogs. In lieu of the requirements of subdivisions 2 and 3, a dog kept on a farm may be provided with access to a barn with a sufficient quantity of loose hay or bedding to protect against cold and dampness.

Subd. 5. Zoning. All shelters required by this section shall be subject to all building or zoning regulations of any city, township, county, or state.

Subd. 6. Penalty. Whoever violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a petty misdemeanor.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Laws 1998, c. 402, § 2; Laws 2005, c. 10, art. 1, § 69.

 

Crimes, Criminals (Ch. 609-624). Chapter 609. Criminal Code. Sex Crimes.

609.294. Bestiality

Whoever carnally knows a dead body or an animal or bird is guilty of bestiality, which is a misdemeanor. If knowingly done in the presence of another the person may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than one year or to payment of a fine of not more than $3,000 or both.

CREDIT(S)

Laws 1967, c. 507, § 5, eff. May 18, 1867. Amended by Laws 1971, c. 23, § 42; Laws 1984, c. 628, art. 3, § 11, eff. May 3, 1984; Laws 1986, c. 444.

RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

<Section 480.059, subd. 7, provides in part that statutes which relate to substantive criminal law found in chapter 609, except for sections 609.115 and 609.145, remain in full force and effect notwithstanding the Rules of Criminal Procedure.>

ADVISORY COMMITTEE COMMENT [1963]

2003 Main Volume

This supersedes Minn.St. § 617.14 insofar as it covers animals and corpses. Unnatural intercourse with a human being is covered by the proposed sodomy provision, § 609.30.

There has been a substantial reduction in the penalty imposed. Minn.St. § 617.14 authorizes imprisonment to a maximum of 20 years. The excessive penalty is believed to be more the product of revulsion to this type of crime than to the social harm in fact committed. The American Law Institute Model Penal Code recommends that the offense be made a misdemeanor. The recent Illinois revision contains no provision on the subject. Wisconsin St. § 944.17, on the other hand, permits imprisonment up to five years. The recommended section increases the penalty where the act occurs in the presence of another. This, it is believed, meets more directly the purpose of the criminal law in penalizing these reprehensible acts.

 



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