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Michigan

Michigan Compiled Laws Annotated Chapter 324. Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act Article III. Natural Resources Management Chapter 2. Management of Renewable Resources Subchapter 1. Wildlife Wildlife Conservation Part 413. Transgenic and Nonnative Organisms

Statute Details
Printable Version
Citation: M.C.L.A. 324.41301 to 324.41305

Citation: MI ST 324.41301 to 324.41305


Last Checked by Web Center Staff: 07/2013

Summary:   The following Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act sections lists which transgenic and non-native organisms are either restricted or prohibited in the state of Michigan. In addition to listing a species as prohibited or restricted, the statute also grants authority to the Commission of Natural Resources to add or delete an organism, other than an insect or plant, from either list. For the addition or deletion of an insect or a plant species, the statute grants authority to the Commission of Agriculture. In order for either commission to list a species as restricted or prohibited, the statute sets out specific criteria and procedural rules that both commissions must follow. The statute also provides exceptions—with qualifications—to possessing a restricted or prohibited species; provisions in which a person can introduce a prohibited or restricted species; and circumstances in which a person is not considered to be in possession of a restricted or prohibited species.


Statute in Full:
324.41301.   Definitions
324.41302.  List of Prohibited or Restricted Species; Additions or Deletions
324.41303.  Possession of Live Prohibited or Restricted Species Organism; Notification of State Departments of Discovery of Organism
324.41305.  Introduction of Prohibited or Restricted Species, or Genetically Engineered or Nonnative Aquatic Plant, Bird, Crustacean, Fish, Mammal, or Mollusk

 

324.41301. Definitions

Sec. 41301. (1) As used in this part:

(a) “Genetically engineered” refers to an organism whose genome, chromosomal or extrachromosomal, is modified permanently and heritably, using recombinant nucleic acid techniques, or the progeny of such an organism.

(b) “Introduce”, with reference to an organism, means to knowingly and willfully stock, place, plant, release, or allow the release of the organism in this state at any specific location where the organism is not already naturalized.

(c) “Prohibited species”, subject to section 41302, 1 means any of the following:

(i) Any of the following prohibited aquatic plant species, including a hybrid or genetically engineered variant of the species or a fragment, including a seed or other propagule, of the species or of a hybrid or genetically engineered variant:

(A) African oxygen weed (Lagarosiphon major).

(B) Brazilian elodea (Egeria densa).

(C) Cylindro (Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii).

(D) European frogbit (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae).

(E) Fanwort (Cabomba caroliniana).

(F) Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum).

(G) Giant salvinia (Salvinia molesta, auriculata, biloba, or herzogii).

(H) Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata).

(I) Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica).

(J) Parrot's feather (Myriophyllum aquaticum).

(K) Starry Stonewort (Nitellopsis obtusa).

(L) Water chestnut (Trapa natans).

(M) Yellow floating heart (Nymphoides peltata).

(ii) The following prohibited bird species, including a hybrid or genetically engineered variant of the species or an egg of the species or of a hybrid or genetically engineered variant: Eurasian collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto).

(iii) The following prohibited crustacean species, including a hybrid or genetically engineered variant of the species or an egg of the species or of a hybrid or genetically engineered variant: rusty crayfish (Orconectes rusticus).

(iv) Any of the following prohibited fish species, including a hybrid or genetically engineered variant of the species or an egg of the species or of a hybrid or genetically engineered variant:

(A) Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis).

(B) Bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus).

(C) Black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus).

(D) Eurasian ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernuus).

(E) Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus).

(F) Ide (Leuciscus idus).

(G) Japanese weatherfish (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus).

(H) Round goby (Neogobius melanostomus).

(I) Rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalamus).

(J) Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix).

(K) A fish of the snakehead family (family Channidae).

(L) Tench (Tinca tinca).

(M) Tubenose goby (Proterorhinus marmoratus).

(v) Any of the following prohibited insect species, including a hybrid or genetically engineered variant of the species or an egg of the species or of a hybrid or genetically engineered variant:

(A) Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis).

(B) Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis).

(vi) The following prohibited mammal species, including a hybrid or genetically engineered variant: nutria (Myocastor coypus).

(vii) Any of the following prohibited mollusk species, including a hybrid or genetically engineered variant of the species or an egg of the species or of a hybrid or genetically engineered variant:

(A) Brown garden snail (Helix aspersa).

(B) Carthusian snail (Monacha cartusiana).

(C) Giant African snail (Achatina fulica).

(D) Girdled snail (Hygromia cinctella).

(E) Heath snail (Xerolenta obvia).

(F) Wrinkled dune snail (Candidula intersecta).

(d) “Recombinant nucleic acid techniques” means laboratory techniques through which genetic material is isolated and manipulated in vitro and then inserted into an organism.

(e) “Restricted species”, subject to section 41302, 1 means any of the following:

(i) Any of the following restricted aquatic plant species, including a hybrid or genetically engineered variant of the species or a fragment, including a seed or other propagule, of the species or of a hybrid or genetically engineered variant:

(A) Curly leaf pondweed (Potamogeton crispus).

(B) Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum).

(C) Flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus).

(D) Phragmites or common reed (Phragmites australis).

(E) Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), except that cultivars of purple loosestrife developed and recognized to be sterile and approved by the director of the department of agriculture under section 16a of the insect pest and plant disease act, 1931 PA 189, MCL 286.216a, are not a restricted species.

(ii) Any of the following restricted mollusk species, including a hybrid or genetically engineered variant of the species or an egg of the species or of a hybrid or genetically engineered variant:

(A) Quagga mussel (Dreissena bugensis).

(B) Zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha).

(2) For the purposes of this part:

(a) A person is not considered to possess a live organism simply because the organism is present on land or in waters owned by that person unless the person has knowingly introduced that live organism on that land or in those waters.

(b) A person is not considered to possess a live organism if the organism was obtained from the environment and the person only possesses the organism at the specific location at which it was obtained from the environment.

(c) A person is not considered to possess a live organism if the possession is for the purpose of promptly destroying the organism.

Credits
P.A.1994, No. 451, § 41301, added by P.A.2003, No. 270, Eff. March 30, 2004. Amended by P.A.2005, No. 77, Imd. Eff. July 19, 2005; P.A.2009, No. 51, Eff. Sept. 21, 2009.

324.41302. List of Prohibited or Restricted Species; Additions or Deletions

Sec. 41302. (1) The commission of natural resources may by order add to or delete from the list of prohibited species or restricted species under section 413011 any species other than an insect or plant species. Before issuing an order under this subsection, the commission of natural resources shall consult with the department of agriculture. After the consultation, and at least 30 days before the commission of natural resources issues the order, the department of natural resources shall post a copy of the proposed order on the department of natural resources' website and shall submit a copy of the proposed order to all of the following:

(a) The legislature.

(b) The standing committees of the senate and house of representatives with primary responsibility for any of the following:

(i) Agricultural issues.

(ii) Environmental issues.

(iii) Natural resources issues.

(2) The commission of agriculture may by order add to or delete from the list of prohibited species or restricted species under section 41301 any insect or plant species. Before issuing an order under this subsection, the commission of agriculture shall consult with the department of natural resources. After the consultation, and at least 30 days before the commission of agriculture issues the order, the department of agriculture shall post a copy of the proposed order on the department of agriculture's website and shall submit a copy of the proposed order to all of the following:

(a) The legislature.

(b) The standing committees of the senate and house of representatives with primary responsibility for any of the following:

(i) Agricultural issues.

(ii) Environmental issues.

(iii) Natural resources issues.

(3) The commission of natural resources or the commission of agriculture, as applicable, shall list a species as a prohibited species or restricted species if the commission of natural resources or commission of agriculture, respectively, determines the following:

(a) For a prohibited species, all of the following requirements are met:

(i) The organism is not native to this state.

(ii) The organism is not naturalized in this state or, if naturalized, is not widely distributed in this state.

(iii) One or more of the following apply:

(A) The organism has the potential to harm human health or to severely harm natural, agricultural, or silvicultural resources.

(B) Effective management or control techniques for the organism are not available.

(b) For a restricted species, all of the following requirements are met:

(i) The organism is not native to this state.

(ii) The organism is naturalized and widely distributed in this state.

(iii) One or more of the following apply:

(A) The organism has the potential to harm human health or to harm natural, agricultural, or silvicultural resources.

(B) Effective management or control techniques for the organism are available.

Credits
P.A.1994, No. 451, § 41302, added by P.A.2009, No. 52, Eff. Sept. 21, 2009.


324.41303. Possession of Live Prohibited or Restricted Species Organism; Notification of State Departments of Discovery of Organism

Sec. 41303. (1) Subject to subsection (2), a person shall not knowingly possess a live organism if the organism is a prohibited species or restricted species, except under 1 or more of the following circumstances:

(a) The person intends to present a specimen of the prohibited species or restricted species, for identification or similar purposes, to a person who is a certified applicator or registered applicator under part 83,1 to a public or private institution of higher education, or to the department of natural resources, the department of agriculture, or any other state, local, or federal agency with responsibility for the environment, natural resources, or agriculture.

(b) The person has been presented with a specimen of a prohibited species or restricted species for identification or similar purposes under subdivision (a).

(c) The person possesses the prohibited species or restricted species in conjunction with otherwise lawful activity to eradicate or control the prohibited species or restricted species.

(d) If the prohibited species or restricted species is not an insect or plant species, the possession is pursuant to a permit issued for education or research purposes by the department of natural resources under section 41306.2 If the prohibited species or restricted species is an insect or plant species, the possession is pursuant to a permit issued for education or research purposes by the department of agriculture under section 41306 or by the United States department of agriculture.

(2) A person described in subsection (1)(b) or (c) shall notify the department of natural resources, the department of agriculture, or the department of environmental quality if the prohibited species or restricted species was found at a location where it was not previously known to be present.

Credits
P.A.1994, No. 451, § 41303, added by P.A.2003, No. 270, Eff. March 30, 2004. Amended by P.A.2005, No. 78, Imd. Eff. July 19, 2005; P.A.2009, No. 52, Eff. Sept. 21, 2009.

324.41305. Introduction of Prohibited or Restricted Species, or Genetically Engineered or Nonnative Aquatic Plant, Bird, Crustacean, Fish, Mammal, or Mollusk

Sec. 41305. A person shall not introduce a prohibited species, a restricted species, or a genetically engineered or nonnative aquatic plant, bird, crustacean, fish, mammal, or mollusk unless the introduction is authorized by 1 of the following, as applicable:

(a) For a fish, by a permit issued by the department of natural resources under section 48735.1

(b) For an insect or plant, by a permit issued by the department of agriculture under section 41306.2

(c) For any other species, by a permit issued by the department of natural resources under section 41306.

Credits
P.A.1994, No. 451, § 41305, added by P.A.2003, No. 270, Eff. March 30, 2004. Amended by P.A.2005, No. 79, Imd. Eff. July 19, 2005; P.A.2009, No. 52, Eff. Sept. 21, 2009.



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