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Maryland

West's Annotated Code of Maryland. Article 10 to Article 26A. Article 24. Political Subdivisions--Miscellaneous Provisions. Title 11. Licenses. Subtitle 5. Regulation of Animals; Transportation; Article 10 to Article 26A. Article 25. County Commissioners. Miscellaneous Provisions; Title 21. Vehicle Laws--Rules of the Road. Subtitle 10. Stopping, Standing, and Parking. Natural Resources; Title 10. Wildlife. Subtitle 7. Field Trials and Use of Hunting Dogs. Natural Resources; Subtitle 8. State Wildlife Management Areas and Hunting Grounds; Public Safety. Title 2. Department of State Police. Subtitle 3. Powers and Duties of Department. Health—General; Title 18. Disease Prevention. Subtitle 3. Specific Diseases. Part III. Rabies. State Government; Title 13. Emblems; Commemorative Days; Manual. Subtitle 3. Additional Emblems; Designations.

Statute Details
Printable Version
Citation: MD Code, Art. 24, § 11-501 - 514; MD Code, Transportation,§ 21-1004.1; MD Code, Art. 25, § 236A, MD Code, Natural Resources, § 10-413, 10-701 TO 703; MD Code, Natural Resources, § 10-807; MD Code, Public Safety, § 2-313; MD Code, Health - General, § 18-312 - 321; MD Code, State Government, § 13-30

Citation: MD CODE, Art. 24, § 11-501 - 514; MD TRANS § 21-1004.1; MD CODE, Art. 25, § 236A; MD NAT RES § 10-413 - 10-701 TO 703; MD NAT RES § 10-807; MD PUBLIC SAFETY § 2-313; MD HEALTH GEN § 18-312 - 321; MD STATE GOVT § 13-303


Last Checked by Web Center Staff: 01/2014

Summary:   These statutes comprise Maryland's dog laws.  Maryland is unique in that the state law governs the specific licensing and other regulations certain counties may adopt or enforce.  Also included are the state rabies provisions and even the law that designates the state dog (the Chesapeake Bay retriever).


Statute in Full:

Article 24. Political Subdivisions--Miscellaneous Provisions.  Title 11. Licenses.  Subtitle 5. Regulation of Animals.

§ 11-501. Dog and kennel licenses and fees- Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-502. Dog guides exemption- Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-503. Description and contents of dog tags - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-504. Enforcement of subtitle - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-505. When dog killing permitted - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-506. Deemed personal property - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-507. Funds collected - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-508. Compensation for damages by dog - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-509. Violation of provisions - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-510. Enforcement of licenses - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-511. Domestic criminal regulations - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-512. Dog in heat--Cecil, Dorchester, Frederick, Talbot, and Wicomico Counties - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-513. Dog in heat--Harford County - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

§ 11-514. Dog in heat--Howard and St. Mary's Counties - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Transportation.  Title 21. Vehicle Laws--Rules of the Road.  Subtitle 10. Stopping, Standing, and Parking.

§ 21-1004.1. Domestic animals left in vehicle

Article 10 to Article 26A.  Article 25. County Commissioners.  Miscellaneous Provisions.

§ 236A. Washington county commissioners; adoption of ordinance

Natural Resources. Title 10. Wildlife. Subtitle 4. Hunting Restrictions--in General.

§ 10-413. Dogs and cats

Natural Resources.  Title 10. Wildlife.  Subtitle 7. Field Trials and Use of Hunting Dogs.

§ 10-701. Permit requirement

§ 10-702. Shooting during closed hunting season

§ 10-703. Nonresident dogs

Natural Resources.  Title 10. Wildlife.  Subtitle 8. State Wildlife Management Areas and Hunting Grounds.

§ 10-807. Entry into refuge

Public Safety.  Title 2. Department of State Police.  Subtitle 3. Powers and Duties of Department.

§ 2-313. Licenses for dogs used for law enforcement

Health—General.  Title 18. Disease Prevention.  Subtitle 3. Specific Diseases.  Part III. Rabies.

§ 18-312. Public health veterinarian defined

§ 18-313. Statewide system to control rabies

§ 18-314. Immunizations for rabies

§ 18-315. Antirabies clinics

§ 18-316. Reporting requirements

§ 18-317. Duty of Department to pay antirabies treatment

§ 18-318. Vaccination against rabies required

§ 18-319. Duties of veterinarian in administering vaccine

§ 18-320. Quarantine of animals

§ 18-321. Reserved

State Government.  Title 13. Emblems; Commemorative Days; Manual.  Subtitle 3. Additional Emblems; Designations.

§ 13-303. Designation of state dog

 

 

Article 10 to Article 26A

Article 24. Political Subdivisions--Miscellaneous Provisions.  Title 11. Licenses.  Subtitle 5. Regulation of Animals.

§ 11-501. Dog and kennel licenses and fees - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

(a) Except in Calvert County, Carroll County, Cecil County, Montgomery County, Howard County, Talbot County, and Washington County, on or before the first day of July of each year, the owner of any dog, six months old or over, shall apply either orally or in writing, to the county treasurer or to the tax collecting officer in said county for a license for each such dog owned or kept by him, and such application shall be accompanied by a fee of one dollar ($1.00) for each male dog or each spayed female dog, and a fee of two dollars ($2.00) for each unspayed female dog, and provided that kennel license shall be issued for ten dollars ($10.00) to persons owning or keeping not in excess of twenty-five dogs and that a kennel license fee of twenty dollars ($20.00) shall be issued to persons keeping more than twenty-five dogs. Except as provided in subsection (a-1) of this section, the said license or fee shall be the only license or tax required for the ownership or keeping of said dog or dogs. Such license shall be issued on a form prepared and supplied by the county commissioners. Such license shall be dated and numbered, and shall contain a description of the dog licensed. Except in Calvert County, Carroll County, Cecil County, Montgomery County, Howard County, Talbot County, and Washington County, all licenses shall be void upon the first day of July of the following year. The county commissioners shall also furnish, and the county treasurer, or tax collecting officer issuing the license, shall issue, with each license, a metal tag. Such tag shall be affixed to a substantial collar. The collar shall be furnished by the owner, and with the tag attached shall at all times be kept on the dog for which the license is issued, except when confined in the kennel or when hunting in charge of an attendant.

(a-1)(1) This subsection applies in all counties.

(2) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, a person shall obtain a kennel license from the local licensing agency if the person:

(i) Owns or has custody of 15 or more unspayed female dogs over the age of 6 months kept for the purpose of breeding the dogs and selling their offspring; and

(ii) Sells dogs from six or more litters in a year.

(3) Each county shall collect and maintain a record of the following information for each kennel license issued in the county:

(i) Name of the licensee;

(ii) Address of the licensee;

(iii) Number of dogs maintained by the licensee; and

(iv) Number of puppies sold by the licensee in the preceding year.

(4) On or before January 15 of each year, each county shall report to the Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation the information collected under paragraph (3) of this subsection for the preceding year.

(5) A county may establish additional kennel license fees to cover the cost of collecting, maintaining, and submitting the records and reports required by paragraphs (3) and (4) of this subsection.

(6) This section may not be construed to prohibit a county from enacting more stringent kennel licensing ordinances.

(b) In Calvert County the fees for dog licenses shall be determined by the County Commissioners. However, before establishing or altering any license fee, the Calvert County Commissioners shall advertise the proposed fee for 2 consecutive weeks in at least 2 newspapers of general circulation in Calvert County. All dog licenses will expire 1, 2, or 3 years after the date of issue, as specified by county law.

(c) In Harford County all applications for licenses under the provisions of this section shall be made on or before the thirty-first day of December of each year and all licenses issued shall be void upon the thirty-first day of December of the following year. Any license issued under the provisions of this section as of July 1, 1950, shall be valid until December 31, 1951. The license fee for each unspayed female dog shall be three dollars ($3.00).

(d) In Montgomery County:

(1) The fees for dogs shall be determined by the County Executive of the county; and

(2) A dog license shall expire when a rabies vaccination certification issued under § 18-319(a)(3) of the Health--General Article expires.

(e) In St. Mary's County the license fees for dogs, including the fee for any kennel license, shall be determined by the County Commissioners of the county and shall be payable on or before the thirtieth day of June of each year, and all such licenses issued shall be void upon the thirtieth day of June the following year. The County Commissioners of St. Mary's County are authorized and directed to appoint the necessary agents to collect said license fees from owners of dogs who have not paid the required license fees by the first day of August in each year, and there shall be added to the fee of such delinquent owner a penalty of one dollar ($1.00) per license. Every dog warden appointed in St. Mary's County shall have all the powers of a constable or other peace officer.

(f) In Talbot County:

(1) The fees, the term, and the form of dog and kennel licenses shall be determined by the County Council of Talbot County;

(2) A dog license shall expire as specified by county law; and

(3) A dog tag may be either a metal tag or a surgically implanted microchip.

(g) In Charles County the fee for dogs shall be determined by the County Commissioners of the county.

(h) In Howard County:

(1) The fee for dog and kennel licenses is determined by the County Executive with the approval of the County Council; and

(2) A dog license shall expire as specified by county law.

(i) Repealed.

(j) In Worcester, Kent, and Caroline counties the fee for dog and kennel licenses shall be determined by the county commissioners.

(k) In Frederick County, the license fees for dogs, including the fee for any kennel license, shall be determined by the County Commissioners of the county.

(l) In Wicomico County:

(1) The fees for dog and kennel licenses shall be determined by the County Council of Wicomico County; and

(2) A dog license shall expire as specified by county law.

(m) In Anne Arundel County, the fees for dog and kennel licenses shall be determined by the County Council of Anne Arundel County. A dog license shall expire when a rabies vaccination certificate issued under § 18-319(a)(3) of the Health--General Article expires.

(n) In Garrett County, the license fee for dogs, including the fee for any kennel license, shall be determined by the County Commissioners of the county.

(o)(1) This subsection applies only to Carroll County.

(2) The Carroll County Commissioners shall set the fees, the term, and the form for dog licenses and kennel licenses pursuant to the authority under § 11-511 of this subtitle.

(p) In Cecil County, the fees, the terms, and the forms for dog and kennel licenses shall be determined by the County Commissioners of Cecil County.

CREDIT(S)
Amended by Acts 1994, c. 60, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1994; Acts 1997, c. 54, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1997; Acts 1997, c. 472, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1997; Acts 2001, c. 29, § 6, eff. April 10, 2001; Acts 2005, c. 244, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2005; Acts 2006, c. 293, § 1, eff. June 1, 2006; Acts 2006, c. 384, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2006; Acts 2009, c. 380, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2009; Acts 2011, c. 297, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2011.
 

§ 11-502. Dog guides exemption - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

(a) If the application shall disclose and the clerk be satisfied that the dog for which the license is sought is a "dog guide", professionally trained to aid the blind or visually handicapped or deaf or hearing impaired, or mobility impaired, as the case may be, and actually in use for such purpose, the license therefor shall be issued without the payment of any fee and the clerk shall inscribe across the face of the license in red ink the words "dog guide".

(b)(1) The application shall be accompanied by an affidavit from the owner or owners stating that the dog for which the license is sought has been professionally trained as a dog guide and stating that the owner or owners are aware that the owner may be liable, under § 7-705 of the Human Services Article, for damages caused by the guide dog to premises or facilities. Forms for affidavits required under this subsection shall be made available by the local licensing agency in each subdivision.

(2) The dog guide shall be issued an orange license tag in addition to the tag issued pursuant to § 11-501 of this subtitle. The orange tag shall be labeled "dog guide" and shall indicate that it is issued by this State. Pursuant to Article 41, § 18-201 of the Code, the Department of General Services shall purchase the orange tags and make them available to the counties upon reimbursement for the cost of the tags.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Acts 2007, c. 8, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2007.

 

§ 11-503. Description and contents of dog tags - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

(a) Except in Carroll County, the county commissioners of the counties shall prepare, and furnish annually to the county treasurer, and to the tax collecting officer, metal tags to be given the owners of dogs when the owners shall pay the license fee for dogs. The tags shall be of metal, and shall have a serial number corresponding with the number on the license issued to the owner, as provided in § 11-501 of this subtitle. The tags shall also have impressed thereon the calendar year for which the tag is issued, and shall not be more than 1 inch in length, and shall be equipped with a substantial metal fastening device. The general shape of the tag shall be changed from year to year, and the tags furnished owners of kennels shall have the word "kennel" thereon. If any tag is lost it shall be replaced by the county treasurer, or tax collecting office, upon application by the person to whom the original license was issued, upon the production of the license and payment of a fee of 25 cents.

(b) In Calvert County the tag may not be more than two inches in length and shall cost 50 cents for a replacement if the original is lost.

(c) In Anne Arundel County, the expiration date of the dog license, rather than a calendar year, shall be impressed on the tag, and the shape of the tag may remain unchanged from year to year.

(d) This section does not apply in Talbot County or Washington County.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Acts 1994, c. 60, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1994; Acts 2006, c. 293, § 1, eff. June 1, 2006.

 

§ 11-504. Enforcement of subtitle - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

(a)(1) The sheriffs of the several counties, or any deputy authorized by him, shall enforce the provisions of this subtitle. The sheriffs and their duly authorized deputies may issue a summons to any person violating any provision of this subtitle.

(2) In Garrett County, the dog warden and his deputies have the duties imposed by this subsection.

(3) This section does not apply in Washington County.

(4)(i) In Calvert County, the provisions of this subtitle shall be enforced by:

1. The sheriff or any deputy authorized by the sheriff; or

2. An animal control officer appointed by the County Commissioners or the County Commissioners' designee.

(ii) In Calvert County, the sheriff, a deputy authorized by the sheriff, or an animal control officer may issue a summons to any person violating any provision of this subtitle.

(b) The county commissioners of the several counties are authorized and directed to reimburse the said sheriffs for their actual expenses in enforcing the provisions of this subtitle, including the payment of the salary of any special deputy appointed for that purpose.

(c) The county commissioners of the several counties are authorized and empowered to pay such additional compensation to the county treasurer, or to the tax-collecting officer as they may deem necessary or advisable to compensate him or them for the additional duties imposed by this subtitle. In Carroll, Harford and Wicomico counties, the county commissioners are hereby authorized to designate suitable persons in appropriate locations of the county for the purpose of assisting the county treasurer or tax-collecting officer in the performance of their duties in collecting license fees and issuing licenses and tags under the provisions of this subtitle at such compensation as the said county commissioners may deem necessary or advisable.

(d) The county commissioners of the several counties shall have power in their discretion to make from time to time all necessary rules and regulations for the sale of dog licenses, the keeping of records of such licenses, and the convenient and effective enforcement of the provisions of this subtitle. They are hereby authorized and empowered to delegate by written contract the enforcement and administration of the provisions of this subtitle to any organization, association of persons, or municipal corporations in their counties; provided, however, that in any such contract, the county commissioners shall reserve unto themselves a right of cancellation thereof, such cancellation to be without previous notice or recourse if done for a stated cause, or to be on thirty days' notice if without any stated cause.

(e)(1) The boards of county commissioners of Allegany, Charles, Frederick, St. Mary's and Carroll counties may, in order to safeguard the health, safety and public welfare of the residents of those counties pass rules, regulations or resolutions for the purpose of carrying out the powers hereinafter granted. The rules, regulations or resolutions shall contain proper standards for the exercise of the discretion contained herein, and shall operate uniformly. The rules, regulations or resolutions shall provide for the sale of dog licenses in these counties, the keeping of records of all sales, the designation of persons authorized to sell licenses, the taking into custody and disposition of any dogs found running at large within the limits of these counties with power to delegate by written contract the enforcement of the rules, regulations or resolutions, provided, however, in any contract the boards of county commissioners shall reserve the right to cancel, without notice or recourse, the delegation for stated cause or on thirty days' notice without cause. Before the county commissioners shall proceed to enforce any rule, regulation or resolution, passed in pursuance of the provisions of this section, advertisement of the rule, regulation or resolution shall be made in some newspaper of general circulation published in the county once each week for 4 successive weeks, in order to provide any person, firm or corporation adversely affected thereby an opportunity to be heard by the county commissioners in opposition to the adoption of the rule, regulation or resolution. The boards of county commissioners may also enter into a contract with any animal welfare or humane society or any other individual, association or corporation specially qualified for the purposes hereinafter set forth, for the establishment of a dog pound, and for the collection, disposition and destruction of stray, injured and sick dogs. Notwithstanding the provisions of § 11-507 of this subtitle, the county commissioners may use all or any part of the dog license tax for the establishment of a pound, and for the collection or destruction of said dogs.

(2) In Frederick County, the powers granted the County Commissioners for the regulation of dogs are also granted for the regulation of cats.

(f) The boards of county commissioners of Allegany, Carroll, and Charles counties are hereby respectively authorized and empowered to appoint dog wardens, in their respective counties, who shall have all the powers of a constable or other peace officer and who may sell and issue dog licenses, and take into custody and dispose of stray, injured and sick dogs in accordance with rules, regulations or resolutions of the respective boards of county commissioners enacted pursuant to subsection (e) hereof. The respective boards of county commissioners are hereby further authorized and empowered to provide the compensation for the dog wardens.

(g) The Board of County Commissioners of St. Mary's County is hereby authorized to employ a dog warden at an annual salary to be determined by the County Commissioners. Such warden shall collect and dispose of all unlicensed dogs in a manner and on conditions to be prescribed by the County Commissioners. Said Commissioners are authorized to provide a dog pound for the county wherein dogs seized by said dog warden may be placed or, in the discretion of the Commissioners, to enter into agreements with adjacent counties for the establishment of a dog pound to serve all of such counties. Said Commissioners are further authorized to pay any expenses arising from the operation of this subsection.

(h) The County Commissioners of Charles County are authorized to establish a dog pound and to hire the personnel and provide the equipment necessary for the collection, impoundment, care, handling, and disposal of stray, unlicensed, diseased or vicious dogs, provided, however, that the initial cost for the building and equipment shall not exceed $35,000. The salary and number of persons to be employed shall be determined by the County Commissioners.

In the discretion of the Commissioners, an agreement may be entered into with adjacent counties for the establishment of a dog pound to serve all of such counties.

(i)(1) The county commissioners of Charles and St. Mary's counties are authorized and empowered by rule, regulation or resolution to provide that owners of dogs in the county shall not permit the dog, whether licensed or unlicensed, to run at large off the premises of the owner, except when it is under the control of the owner or an authorized agent of the owner by leash, cord or chain, provided that the following dogs may be permitted to run at large when accompanied by the owner or an authorized agent and when kept within sight or calling distance:

(i) Dogs proved to be obedient, in accordance with any regulation or resolution of the county commissioners;

(ii) Dogs being used for hunting, or trained for hunting; and

(iii) Dogs being accompanied by the owner on horseback.

(2) The county commissioners by rule, regulation or resolution may provide for investigation of reports of violations of paragraph (1) of this subsection and for enforcement of the provisions of this subsection.

(3) Any owner failing to comply with the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be subject to a fine of not more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00) for each offense.

(j)(1) The county commissioners of Caroline and Worcester counties are hereby authorized and empowered, in order to safeguard the health, safety and public welfare of the residents of these counties to adopt rules and regulations, by resolution or ordinance, for the purpose of carrying out the powers hereinafter granted, provided that the rules and regulations shall contain proper standards for the exercise of the discretion contained therein, and shall operate uniformly. The rules and regulations shall provide for the sale of dog licenses in these counties, the keeping of records of all sales, the designation of persons authorized to sell licenses and taking into custody and disposition of any dog running at large within the limits of these counties, with power to delegate by written contract for the enforcement of the rules and regulations provided, however, that in any contract, the county commissioners shall reserve the right to cancel, without notice or recourse, the delegation for stated cause or on thirty days' notice without cause. Before the county commissioners shall proceed to enforce any rule or regulation adopted pursuant to the provisions of this subsection, advertisement of a summary of the rule, regulation, resolution or ordinance shall be made in some newspaper published in the county once each week for two successive weeks in order to provide any person, firm or corporation adversely affected thereby an opportunity to be heard by the county commissioners in opposition to the adoption of the rule, regulation, resolution or ordinance. Notwithstanding the provisions of § 11-507 of this subtitle, the county commissioners may in their discretion use all or any part of the dog license tax for the establishment and maintenance of a pound, and for the collection, care, or destruction of dogs. The county commissioners are further authorized and empowered to appoint dog wardens and to provide compensation therefor, who shall have all the powers of a peace officer who may sell and issue dog licenses, and take into custody and dispose of stray, injured, unlicensed, diseased or vicious dogs in accordance with rules and regulations of the county commissioners and pursuant to this subsection. The county commissioners are further authorized and empowered to provide dog pounds wherein dogs seized by dog wardens may be placed or, in the discretion of the commissioners to enter into agreement with adjacent counties for the establishment of a dog pound to serve all of the counties. The commissioners are further authorized to pay any expenses arising from the operation of this subsection. This subsection shall not be operative or effective within the corporate limits of any incorporated town or city within either county unless and until the governing body thereof shall indicate by resolution its intention to be governed by the provisions of this subsection.

(2) Any dog owner violating the rules and regulations provided for in paragraph (1) of this subsection, in Worcester County, is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof will be subject to a fine of not more than $25 for the first offense or a fine of not more than $100 for each additional offense.

(k) In Charles and St. Mary's counties the provisions of subsection (e) of this section shall be deemed to apply to the extent that they are reasonably applicable to the regulation and control of every domestic animal, including but not limited to dogs, and to every wild animal kept in captivity. In lieu of the penalties otherwise prescribed in this subtitle, the county commissioners are authorized to establish penalties for violation of rules and regulations passed pursuant to the powers granted under subsection (e) of this section, not to exceed a fine of $1,000 or imprisonment for 1 year, or both, as to each offense.

(l)(1) In addition to or in substitution for any powers granted under this subtitle, the County Commissioners of Harford County by resolution or ordinance enacted according to its usual procedure may provide for a comprehensive system for regulation of dogs in the county, including licensing and control of dogs. As a part of the regulation the County Commissioners may establish separate dog control districts in the county with regulations applicable solely within the district, provide for the impounding and disposal of dogs found to be dangerous to persons and property, and provide reasonable penalties for violations of any regulations applicable to dogs.

(2) In Harford County a law-enforcement officer, upon witnessing a violation of any Harford County dog regulation or ordinance, may issue a summons for that violation and bring the violator before the District Court in Harford County.

(3) It is unlawful in Harford County for any person to own or keep a dog which disturbs the peace and quiet of any neighborhood in an inhabited area, or which is vicious and bites any person. Upon the sworn complaint before the District Court sitting in Harford County of any person alleging that a dog disturbs the peace and quiet of any neighborhood in an inhabited area of Harford County, or upon the sworn complaint of any one or more persons that a dog is vicious and has bitten any person, a summons shall issue to the owner or keeper of such dog to appear before the District Court sitting in Harford County. Upon proof that the dog disturbs the peace and quiet of any neighborhood in an inhabited area, or is vicious and has bitten any person, the owner or keeper may be required to deliver up the offending dog to be killed in the most humane manner possible unless he removes the dog permanently from the neighborhood. If the owner or keeper is required to deliver up the dog to be killed or to remove it as aforesaid, and he refuses or fails to do so, then it is the duty of any police officer or any duly empowered agent on behalf of the county to seize the dog wherever it may be found and to cause it to be killed in the most humane manner possible. The court may order the dog restrained or enter such other appropriate order as the case may require. Any owner failing to comply with the provisions of this paragraph or a court order entered thereunder is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be subject to a fine of not more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00) for each offense. Notwithstanding the aforegoing provisions of this subsection, the barking of hunting dogs in pursuit of game shall not be considered a disturbance of the public peace for the purposes hereof.

(4) In addition to and not in substitution for any powers granted under this subtitle, the County Commissioners of Cecil County by resolution or ordinance enacted according to its usual procedure may provide for a comprehensive system for regulation of domestic animals in the county, including licensing and control of domestic animals. As a part of such regulation the County Commissioners may establish separate domestic animal control districts in the county with regulations applicable solely within the district, provide for the impounding and disposal of domestic animals found to be dangerous to persons and property, and provide reasonable penalties for violations of any regulations applicable to domestic animals.

(5) It is unlawful in Cecil County for any person to own or keep a domestic animal which disturbs the peace and quiet of any neighborhood in an inhabited area, or which is vicious and bites any person. Upon the sworn complaint in the District Court sitting in Cecil County of any person alleging that a domestic animal disturbs the peace and quiet of any neighborhood in an inhabited area of Cecil County, or upon the sworn complaint of any person that a domestic animal is vicious and has bitten any person, a summons shall issue to the owner or keeper of such domestic animal to appear in the District Court sitting in Cecil County. Upon proof that the domestic animal disturbs the peace and quiet of any neighborhood in an inhabited area, or is vicious and has bitten any person, the owner or keeper may be required to deliver up the offending domestic animal to be killed in the most humane manner possible unless he removes the domestic animal permanently from the neighborhood. If the owner or keeper is required to deliver up the domestic animal to be killed or to remove it as aforesaid, and he refuses or fails to do so, then it is the duty of any police officer or any duly empowered agent on behalf of the county to seize the domestic animal wherever it may be found and to cause it to be killed in the most humane manner possible. The court may order the domestic animal restrained or enter such other appropriate order as the case may require. Any owner failing to comply with the provisions of this paragraph or a court order entered thereunder is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be subject to a fine of not more than $500 for each offense. Notwithstanding the aforegoing provisions of this subsection, the barking of hunting dogs in pursuit of game may not be considered a disturbance of the public peace for the purposes hereof.

(m) In addition to and not in substitution for any powers granted under this subtitle, the County Commissioners of Kent County by resolution may provide for a comprehensive system for the regulation of dogs within the county, including licensing and control. These regulations may include provision for the impoundment and disposal of unlicensed or dangerous dogs and reasonable penalties for violations of any of the provisions of the regulations.

(n) In Howard County, the County Council shall prescribe by law the agency or agencies which shall administer and enforce the laws relating to dog licenses.

(o)(1) In addition to and not in substitution for any powers granted under this subtitle, the county commissioners of Dorchester, Garrett, and Somerset counties may by ordinance provide for a comprehensive system for the regulation of dogs and cats within the county, including licensing and control. These regulations may include provision for the impounding and disposal of unlicensed or dangerous dogs and cats and penalties, including civil or criminal penalties, for violations of any of the provisions of the regulations.

(2) In Dorchester County , Garrett County, and Somerset County, the County Commissioners may provide that a violation of a county dog or cat control ordinance shall be prosecuted by the county in the same manner and to the same extent as provided for municipal infractions under Article 23A, § 3(b) of the Code.

(p)(1) In addition to and not in substitution for any powers granted under this subtitle, the County Commissioners of Calvert County may by ordinance provide for the regulation, humane treatment, and keeping of domestic animals within Calvert County, including the authority to assess a penalty for a violation of a provision of an ordinance of imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding 30 days or a fine not exceeding $1,000 or both.

(2) Any fines issued in accordance with an ordinance enacted under paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be paid to the Calvert County Treasurer.

(3)(i) The County Commissioners of Calvert County may create an Animal Matters Hearing Board to resolve disputes and controversies arising under the animal control ordinances adopted under this subsection.

(ii) The County Commissioners may authorize an Animal Matters Hearing Board to:

1. Issue a subpoena to compel parties in a dispute to appear before the Board;

2. Assess a civil penalty not exceeding $1,000 for a violation of an ordinance adopted under this subsection; and

3. Collect a civil penalty imposed under this paragraph.

(q)(1) The provisions of this subsection only apply to Calvert County.

(2) The County Commissioners may construct or lease, operate and maintain a dog pound for and in Calvert County. The cost of the pound and of its operation shall be borne by the county. In their discretion, the County Commissioners may enter into agreements with adjacent counties for the establishment of a dog pound to serve all of those counties.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Acts 2001, c. 29, § 6, eff. April 10, 2001; Acts 2001, c. 533, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2001; Acts 2002, c. 380, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 200; Acts 2003, c. 414, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2003; Acts 2005, c. 83, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2005; Acts 2008, c. 42, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2008; Acts 2008, c. 309, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2008; Acts 2009, c. 380, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2009; Acts 2009, c. 434, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2009.

 

§ 11-505. When dog killing permitted - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

Any person may kill any dog which he sees in the act of pursuing, attacking, wounding or killing any poultry or livestock, or attacking human beings whether or not such dog bears the proper license tag required by these provisions. There shall be no liability on such persons in damages or otherwise for such killing.

(no history)

 

§ 11-506. Deemed personal property Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

All lawfully licensed dogs in the counties of this State, the ownership of which can be proved, shall be deemed personal property, said provision not to apply to Somerset County.

(no history)

 

§ 11-507. Funds collected - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

(a) For the purposes of this section and § 11-508 of this subtitle, "person" means an individual, receiver, trustee, guardian, personal representative, fiduciary, or representative of any kind and any partnership, firm, association, corporation, or other entity.

(b) Money arising from the dog licenses or taxes shall be kept in a separate fund by the treasurer of the county, or tax collecting office or credited to the county's general fund, and may be used for the payment of damages for the injury and killing of sheep, poultry or other livestock in the respective counties, according to the procedures set out in a local law or ordinance adopted under § 11-508 of this subtitle.

(c) If a county adopts a local law or ordinance under § 11-508 of this subtitle and there are insufficient funds for the payment of all damages the damages shall be paid in the order the claims are presented. Any person whose claim is not paid in any one year by reason of the lack of money available to satisfy claims shall be paid out of the first money that becomes available after the claim is reached. Claims shall be paid in the order in which the claims are proved and filed. Any claims now filed and passed upon, but remaining unpaid, shall have preference over any new claims in the order of payment.

(d) The governing body of each county may expend any funds in excess of $1,000 remaining in a dog license fund after the payment of the claims for any public purpose which, in the governing body's judgment may seem right and proper. The county governing body may enter into a contract or agreement with any person considered suitable, for the removal, care and disposition of unlicensed dogs, or licensed dogs which may create a menace to the safety, security and property of the residents of the county, on the terms and conditions and for the compensation that may be agreed to by the county governing body and the person.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Acts 1994, c. 661, § 2, eff. Oct. 1, 1994; Acts 1997, c. 14, § 1, eff. April 8, 1997.

 

§ 11-508. Compensation for damages by dog - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

(a)(1) The governing body of a county may provide by local law or ordinance for the compensation of any person whose sheep, poultry, or livestock is destroyed or injured by a dog.

(2) A local law or ordinance enacted under this section may require the sheriff of the county, a county official, or other person to appraise the damages sustained by the person and report the findings to the county governing body.

(b)(1) If the owner of the dog may not be determined, the county governing body may compensate the person in accordance with the appraisal out of a dog license fund established under § 11-507 of this subtitle or out of the general fund of the county.

(2) A sworn report of the appraiser shall be deemed prima facie evidence of the fairness of the award of damages in each instance.

(3) If the county governing body considers the amount of the appraisal unfair, the county governing body may compensate the person an amount that the county governing body considers fair.

(c) If the owner of the dog doing the damage be known, it is the duty of the county governing body to notify the owner to kill the dog immediately. If the owner refuses or neglects to kill the dog upon notice, the owner shall be liable for the damages to the same extent as the owner would be liable in case of negligence or malicious destruction of property. The county governing body may have special officers kill the dog.

(d) If a county governing body does not adopt a local law or ordinance under this section, the county is not required to compensate any person for sheep, poultry, or livestock destroyed or injured by a dog.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Acts 1994, c. 661, § 2, eff. Oct. 1, 1994.

 

§ 11-509. Violation of provisions - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

(a) Any person violating or refusing to comply with any of the provisions of this subtitle is guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined not less than $5 nor more than $25 or shall be imprisoned in the county jail for not more than 30 days, or shall be both fined and imprisoned. The State's Attorney and the sheriffs of the several counties shall prosecute all persons found violating the law by refusing to comply with its provisions.

(b) In Calvert County the fine is $50 or 60 days.

(c) This subtitle does not apply to the City of Baltimore, the City of Cambridge, or the City of Crisfield.

(d) This section does not apply in Washington County.

(e) This section does not apply in Garrett County.

(f) This section does not apply to a violation of § 11-512, § 11-513, or § 11-514 of this subtitle.

CREDIT(S)

Amended by Acts 2002, c. 26, § 4, eff. Oct. 1, 2002; Acts 2003, c. 414, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2003.

 

§ 11-510. Enforcement of licenses - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

(a) The provisions of this section are applicable only in Calvert County.

(b) Any dog found running at large without the proper license tag attached in accordance with the provisions of this subtitle is a nuisance and is subject to seizure, detention and destruction. The dog warden or his duly authorized deputies, whenever possible, shall seize and impound any dog found running at large without the proper license tag attached. When the dog warden or his duly authorized deputies are not able to catch a dog running at large without a license tag, they may shoot or otherwise kill the dog.

(c) The County Commissioners may provide by ordinance that owners of dogs may not permit the dog, whether licensed or unlicensed, to run at large within the confines of any platted subdivision or district zoned residential, except when the dog is under the control of the owner or an authorized agent of the owner by leash, cord or chain. However, a petition requesting such an ordinance shall be submitted to the County Commissioners and signed by a majority of the residents of the platted subdivision or district zoned residential, with a designation of the boundary limits of the specific area. Further, the County Commissioners, after advertising the proposed ordinance and a public hearing on that ordinance for 2 consecutive weeks in 2 newspapers of general circulation in Calvert County, shall designate the boundary limits of each area as part of any enacted ordinance.

(d) Any dog seized and impounded shall be held for its owner for a period of 72 hours. During this period any dog seized shall be released to the owner, or his duly authorized representative, upon satisfactory proof of ownership, tender of a fee in whatever amount the County Commissioners determine for the costs of seizure and impounding, and upon presentation of the license for the dog.

(e) Any owner who does not redeem his dog within 72 hours forfeits all rights of ownership and the dog shall be the property of Calvert County. The dog shall remain impounded for an additional 48 hours, during which time any person desiring may obtain ownership of the dog by tendering the fee for the costs of seizure and impounding and by purchasing a license.

(f) Any dog seized and not redeemed within 120 hours from time of its seizure may be killed by the dog warden or one of his duly authorized deputies. If it is killed, it shall be killed in the most humane manner possible.

(g) Whenever the County Commissioners are of the opinion that the health, welfare and safety of the citizens of Calvert County require, the Commissioners by resolution may provide for the quarantine of all dogs, and they may make whatever further rules and regulations concerning dogs they deem necessary.

(h) The County Commissioners may make from time to time all necessary rules and regulations for the sale of dog licenses, the keeping of records of those licenses, and the convenient and effective enforcement of these provisions.

(no history)

 

§ 11-511. Domestic criminal regulations - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

(a) This section only applies to Carroll County, Cecil County, and Frederick County.

(b) In addition to and not in substitution for any powers granted under this article, the county commissioners, by ordinance, may provide for a comprehensive system for the regulation of domestic animals, including dogs, and wild animals held in captivity, within the county, including licensing and control.

(c) These regulations may include:

(1) Provisions for the impoundment and disposal of unlicensed or dangerous dogs;

(2) Provisions for the regulation of persons who own or keep any animal which disturbs the peace and quiet of a neighborhood, or which is vicious; and

(3) Reasonable penalties for violations of any of the provisions of the regulations, not to exceed imprisonment in the county jail for 30 days or a fine of $500, or both.

(d) The county commissioners:

(1) May regulate animals that are hybrids of domestic or wild animals; but

(2) May not regulate or control wild animals that are not owned or kept by individuals.

Amended by Acts 2010, c. 601, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2010.

 

§ 11-512. Dog in heat--Cecil, Dorchester, Frederick, Talbot, and WicomicoCounties - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

(a)(1) In Cecil, Dorchester, Frederick, Talbot, and Wicomico counties, the owner or custodian of a female dog that is in heat may not knowingly allow the dog to run at large.

(2) In Cecil, Dorchester, Frederick, and Wicomico counties, the owner or custodian of a female dog that is in heat shall confine the dog.

(b) A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction is subject to a fine not exceeding $25.

CREDIT(S)

Added by Acts 2002, c. 26, § 4, eff. Oct. 1, 2002.

 

§ 11-513. Dog in heat--HarfordCounty - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

(a) This section applies in Harford County.

(b) The owner of a female dog that is in heat may not allow the dog to be out of doors either loose or on a leash.

(c) A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction:

(1) For a first violation, is subject to a fine of $25; and

(2) For each subsequent violation, is subject to a fine of not less than $100 and not exceeding $200.

CREDIT(S)

Added by Acts 2002, c. 26, § 4, eff. Oct. 1, 2002.

 

§ 11-514. Dog in heat--Howard and St. Mary's Counties - Repealed by Acts 2013, c. 119, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2013

Former Text

(a) This section applies in Howard and St. Mary's counties.

(b) The owner or custodian of a female dog that is in heat shall:

(1) Adequately and securely confine the dog;

(2) Prevent the dog from contacting roaming dogs;

(3) Protect the dog from other dogs that are attracted to the premises; and

(4) Protect the dog from migrating dogs.

(c) A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction is subject to a fine of not less than $10 and not exceeding $50. 

CREDIT(S)

Added by Acts 2002, c. 26, § 4, eff. Oct. 1, 2002.

 

Transportation.  Title 21. Vehicle Laws--Rules of the Road.  Subtitle 10. Stopping, Standing, and Parking.

§ 21-1004.1. Domestic animals left in vehicle

(a) A person may not leave a cat or dog unattended in a standing or parked motor vehicle in a manner that endangers the health or safety of the cat or dog.

(b) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, a person may use reasonable force to remove from a motor vehicle a cat or dog left in the vehicle in violation of the provisions of subsection (a) of this section if the person is:

(1) A law enforcement officer;

(2) A public safety employee of the State or of a local governing body;

(3) An animal control officer under the jurisdiction of the State or a local governing body;

(4) An officer of a society or association, incorporated under the laws of this State for the prevention of cruelty to animals, authorized to make arrests under the provisions of § 10-609 of the Criminal Law Article; or

(5) A volunteer or professional of a fire and rescue service.

(c) A person may not use force of any kind to remove from a motor vehicle:

(1) A dog used by the State or a local governing body for police work while the dog is on duty; or

(2) A cat or dog in the custody of an animal control officer.

(d) A person described in subsection (b) of this section may not be held liable for any damages directly resulting from actions taken under the provisions of subsection (b) of this section.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1987, c. 611; Acts 1988, c. 296. Amended by Acts 2002, c. 213, § 6, eff. Oct. 1, 2002.

 

Article 10 to Article 26A.  Article 25. County Commissioners.  Miscellaneous Provisions.

§ 236A.Washington county commissioners; adoption of ordinance

(a) In this section, "animal control officer" means a county employee or a contract employee hired by the Board of County Commissioners of Washington County who is authorized:

(1) To provide animal control services; and
(2) To issue citations for violations of animal control ordinances in Washington County.

(b) The County Commissioners for Washington County may adopt an animal control ordinance to:

(1) Create a quasi-judicial deliberative animal control authority for Washington County to:
(i) Hold public hearings to decide citations, complaints, and other controversies arising under the animal control ordinance, other than those filed with the District Court of Maryland for Washington County, subject to the right of a party to file a petition for judicial review in the Circuit Court for Washington County; and
(ii) Adopt rules and regulations for the governance of its hearings;
(2) Designate an appropriate private agency or department of county government to:
(i) Enforce the provisions of the ordinance;
(ii) Maintain records regarding the licensing, impoundment, and disposition of animals coming into the custody of the private agency or department of county government; and
(iii) Enter into contracts or agreements to provide for the disposal of animals;
(3) Provide for the designation of animal control shelters in Washington County;
(4) Specify rules and regulations that may include:
(i) The licensing of dogs, kennels, and pet shops;
(ii) The control of rabid animals; and
(iii) The disposition of uncontrolled, vicious, and sick animals; and
(5) Provide that a violation of the animal control ordinance is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment of up to 30 days or a fine of $1,000, or both for each offense.

(c)(1) An animal control officer may deliver a citation to a person believed to be committing a violation of an animal control ordinance.
(2)(i) The animal control officer shall keep a copy of the citation.
(ii) The citation shall bear a certification attesting to the truth of the matters set forth in the citation.

(d) The citation shall contain:

(1) The name and address of the person charged;
(2) The nature of the violation;
(3) The location and time of the violation;
(4) The amount of the fine;
(5) The manner, location, and time in which the fine may be paid; and
(6) The cited person's right to elect to stand trial for the violation.

(e)(1) A fine not exceeding $1,000 may be imposed for each violation.

(2) The County Commissioners also may:
(i) Establish a schedule of additional fines for each violation; and
(ii) Adopt procedures for the collection of the fines.

(f)(1) A person who receives a citation may elect to stand trial for the offense by filing with the animal control officer a notice of intention to stand trial.

(2) The person electing to stand trial shall give notice at least 5 days before the date set forth in the citation for the payment of fines.
(3) After receiving a notice of intention to stand trial, the animal control officer shall forward the notice to the District Court having venue, with a copy of the citation.
(4) After receiving the citation and notice, the District Court shall schedule the case for trial and notify the defendant of the trial date.
(5) All fines, penalties, or forfeitures collected by the District Court for violations of this title shall be remitted to the county in which the violation occurred.

(g)(1) If a person who receives a citation for a violation fails to pay the fine by the date of payment set forth on the citation and fails to file a notice of intention to stand trial, a formal notice of the violation shall be sent to the owner's last known address.
(2) If the citation is not satisfied within 15 days after the date the formal notice of violation is mailed, the person shall be subject to an additional fine not exceeding twice the amount of the original fine.
(3) If the person who receives the citation does not pay the citation by the 36th day after the formal notice of violation is mailed, the animal control officer may request the District Court to adjudicate the violation.
(4) After the animal control officer requests adjudication, the District Court shall schedule the case for trial and summon the defendant to appear.
(h) In a proceeding before the District Court, a violation of this title shall be prosecuted in the same manner and to the same extent as a municipal infraction under Article 23A, § 3(b)(7) through (15) of the Annotated Code of Maryland.
(i) The County Commissioners may authorize the County Attorney, the State's Attorney, or another attorney to prosecute a violation of this title.
(j) If the District Court finds that a person has committed a violation of this title, the person shall be liable for the costs of the court proceedings.

CREDIT(S)
Amended by Acts 1997, c. 472, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1997; Acts 2003, c. 192, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2003; Acts 2005, c. 71, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 2005.

 

Natural Resources. Title 10. Wildlife. Subtitle 4. Hunting Restrictions--in General.

§ 10-413. Dogs and cats

(a) An owner of a dog may run or train the owner's dog on woodcock, pheasants, or any imported species, ruffed grouse, rabbit, hare, and quail at any time of year if an attendant accompanies the dog. An attendant of the dog may not carry firearms of any description, except a handgun, or permit the dog, while being trained, to kill any game birds or mammals except during the open season for the game. Each attendant shall possess a valid hunting license while training any dog.

(b) A person may not willfully allow any dog belonging to the person to destroy the eggs or nest of any game bird or mammal. Any person harboring a dog shall be deemed its lawful owner.

(c) Any Natural Resources police officer or any law enforcement officer may kill any dog, which does not bear a license, found destroying game birds or mammals or the nest or eggs of any game bird or mammal.

(d) A natural resources police officer or any law enforcement officer shall and any other person may destroy any cat found hunting any game bird or mammal or protected bird or mammal. A cause of action for damages cannot be maintained for this act.

(e)(1) The owner or custodian of a retriever dog shall obtain a permit from the Department before the owner or custodian may shoot artificially reared game birds for the purpose of training the dog. The permit is not required in order to shoot game birds during an open season or on a licensed shooting preserve.

(2) Only the trainer of a retriever dog and not an assistant to the trainer is required to obtain a permit under this subsection.

(3) On payment of the $5 permit fee, the Department shall issue annually a permit to the owner or custodian of a retriever dog to train the dog at any time of the year.

(4) A permittee under this subsection may, while training a retriever dog, possess and shoot with a shotgun any artificially reared game bird that has been liberated by hand and tagged before its use with an identification band provided by the Department.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1973, 1st Sp. Sess., c. 4, § 1; Acts 1978, c. 524; Acts 1985, c. 501, § 1; Acts 1990, c. 6, § 2.

 

Natural Resources.  Title 10. Wildlife.  Subtitle 7. Field Trials and Use of Hunting Dogs.

§ 10-701. Permit requirement

(a) A club or association may not hold a field trial with dogs in the State during any closed hunting season without first obtaining a permit from the Secretary.

(b) The Secretary may grant a permit to field trial clubs and associations to hold field trials with raccoon, opossum, bird, or rabbit dogs in the State any time during the closed season. Field trials shall be held pursuant to regulations the Secretary adopts to safeguard the interests of wildlife in the State.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1973, 1st Sp. Sess., c. 4, § 1; Acts 1985, c. 501, §§ 1, 2; Acts 1990, c. 6, § 2.

 

§ 10-702. Shooting during closed hunting season

In general

(a) Any club or association holding a field trial during closed hunting season may not shoot or attempt to shoot any game bird or mammal or protected bird.

Exception

(b) Game birds bred, raised, or purchased in captivity may be shot in flight immediately upon release at retriever trials after being positively identified.

CREDIT(S)

Added by Acts 1973, 1st Sp. Sess., c. 4, § 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1985, c. 501, §§ 1, 2.

 

§ 10-703. Nonresident dogs

Dogs brought into the State to participate in field trials and which are to be removed from the State within 15 days after field trials are held shall be exempted from the payment of State, city, or county license tax.

CREDIT(S)

Added by Acts 1973, 1st Sp. Sess., c. 4, § 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1985, c. 501, §§ 1, 2.

 

Natural Resources.  Title 10. Wildlife.  Subtitle 8. State Wildlife Management Areas and Hunting Grounds.

§ 10-807. Entry into refuge

(a) A person may not enter in any manner on any State wildlife refuge without the consent of the Department or person in charge of the area of land or water.

(b)(1) A person may not allow any dog, domestic stock, or poultry to enter in any manner on any State-owned wildlife refuge.

(2) The Department may grant a special written permit, subject to revocation at any time, to any person regularly residing on lands included within any wildlife refuge to have any trap, dog, or gun on the refuge. However, the trap, dog, or gun may not be used in hunting wildlife unless done under special permit from the Department for propagating purposes.

(3) Where any portion of a State wildlife refuge is used for a State park, entry by any person within the refuge area for recreational pursuits may not be restricted on the portion used as a State park as long as the person does not carry any firearm or trap nor permit any dog to disturb or chase wildlife.

(c) The Department by written permission may grant to any responsible person the right to hunt for vermin and use any dog and gun in connection with hunting on State wildlife refuges. The Department also may grant permission to hunt wildlife to be used for propagation purposes.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1973, 1st Sp. Sess., c. 4, § 1; Acts 1990, c. 6, § 2.

 

Public Safety.  Title 2. Department of State Police.  Subtitle 3. Powers and Duties of Department.

§ 2-313. Licenses for dogs used for law enforcement

Required

(a) Each publicly owned dog used for law enforcement work by the State or a local subdivision of the State shall have a license issued by the Department under this section.

Issuance; contents; scope

(b)(1) A license under this section shall be issued:
(i) on the form prepared and provided by the Department; and
(ii) to the law enforcement officer to whom the licensed dog is assigned.
(2) Each license shall:
(i) be dated and numbered;
(ii) state the law enforcement agency to which the dog belongs; and
(iii) describe the dog that is licensed.
(3) A license issued under this section is valid for all dog licensing purposes anywhere in the State.

 
Term

(c) A license issued under this section is in effect until the earlier of:
(1) revocation of the license by the Department; and
(2) removal of the licensed dog from law enforcement work.

Tags and collar

(d)(1) The Department shall provide with each license a metal tag that:
(i) is stamped "Department of State Police"; and
(ii) bears the license number of the dog.
(2) The tag shall be affixed to a substantial collar to be provided by the law enforcement agency to which the dog belongs.
(3) The tag and collar shall be kept on the licensed dog at all times unless the dog is confined in a kennel or is under the personal charge of the law enforcement officer to whom the dog is assigned.

Liability

(e) The licensing responsibility of this section does not create liability for the Department or its officers or employees for any action of a licensed dog or the law enforcement officer to whom it is assigned.


CREDIT(S)

Added by Acts 2003, c. 5, § 2, eff. Oct. 1, 2003.

 

Health—General.  Title 18. Disease Prevention.  Subtitle 3. Specific Diseases

Part III. Rabies.

§ 18-312. Definition of public health veterinarian

In Part III of this subtitle, "public health veterinarian" means the veterinarian whom the Secretary designates as responsible for the veterinary public health program of the Department.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1982, c. 21, § 2; Acts 1984, c. 626.

 

§ 18-313. System to control

The Secretary of Health and Mental Hygiene shall provide a statewide system:

(1) To control rabies;

(2) To grant authority to the public health veterinarian and the local health officer in matters pertaining to the disposition of animals that bite or otherwise expose rabies to an individual;

(3) To assist local political subdivisions regarding the laboratory testing of rabid animals;

(4) To treat each individual who is exposed or suspected of having been exposed to rabies; and

(5) To distribute, in accordance with the conditions set by the Secretary of Agriculture, the biological products that are needed to prevent and treat rabies.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1982, c. 21, § 2; Acts 1984, c. 626; Acts 1986, c. 746.

 

§ 18-314. Immunization

The Department shall provide preexposure immunization, without charge, to any individual who provides rabies control services at the request of the Department.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1983, c. 197.

 

§ 18-315. Clinics

(a) With the county health department for each county, the Department shall provide for an antirabies clinic in the county.

(b) Each clinic shall be staffed by a graduate veterinarian.

(c) The clinic for a county shall be offered on or before June 30 of each year, on the date and at the location that the Department and the health department for the county determine.

(d) Each county health department may charge fees that are set so as to produce funds to cover the cost of material and services that the clinic provides.

(e) The public health veterinarian shall set the vaccination procedures to be used at the clinics.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1982, c. 21, § 2.

 

§ 18-316. Reports required

(a)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, an individual immediately shall report to the local police or sheriff if the individual:

(i) Knows that a dog, cat, or other warm blooded animal has bitten, scratched, or otherwise exposed an individual to a possible rabies infection; or

(ii) Suspects that an animal has rabies.

(2) In Frederick County, the individual shall report to the animal control center of Frederick County.

(b) On receipt of a report under this section, the police, sheriff, or animal control center staff shall:

(1) Notify the health officer for the county where the report is made; and

(2) Enforce all orders of the health officer and the public health veterinarian.

(c) If the public health veterinarian or the local health officer issues an order to surrender an animal that is suspected of having rabies, a person may not hide or secret the animal:

(1) In the custody of the person; or

(2) In the custody or with the cooperation of any other person.

(d) A person who fails or refuses to comply with any provision of this section or any order issued under this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction is subject to a fine not exceeding $500.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1982, c. 21, § 2; Acts 1984, c. 626.

 

§ 18-317. Treatment cost

The Department shall pay the cost of any antirabies treatment that an individual requires, if the individual is unable to pay for the treatment.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1982, c. 21, § 2.

 

§ 18-318. Vaccination required

(a) Each person who owns or keeps a dog, cat, or ferret that is 4 months old or older shall have the dog, cat, or ferret vaccinated adequately against rabies.

(b)(1) A county may not register or license a dog, cat, or ferret unless the person who owns or keeps the dog, cat, or ferret submits, with the application for registration or license, proof that the dog, cat, or ferret has been vaccinated adequately against rabies.

(2) The public health veterinarian shall determine the proof of vaccination that is acceptable.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1982, c. 21, § 2; Acts 1985, c. 311; Acts 1996, c. 684, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1996.

 

§ 18-319. Responsibilities of veterinarian

(a) A licensed veterinarian who vaccinates a dog, cat, or ferret against rabies:

(1) May select the vaccine to be used;

(2) Shall administer the vaccine in a manner that is consistent with the recommendations of the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians;

(3) Shall issue to the owner of the dog, cat, or ferret a vaccination certificate, on the form that the Department approves; and

(4) Shall keep a record of the vaccination for a period of 5 years.

(b) The information in the rabies vaccination record that a licensed veterinarian keeps may not be used:

(1) To license the dog, cat, or ferret; or

(2) To tax the owner of the dog, cat, or ferret.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1982, c. 21, § 2; Acts 1985, c. 311; Acts 1996, c. 684, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1996.

 

§ 18-320. Quarantine

(a) Except as provided in subsection (e) of this section, an apparently healthy dog, cat, or ferret that has been adequately vaccinated against rabies in accordance with § 18-318 of this subtitle or any other animal that bites a human or otherwise exposes a human to rabies shall be quarantined as provided in subsection (b) of this section.

(b) An animal under quarantine shall be quarantined in a place, which may include the residence of the owner, in the manner designated by the local health officer or the public health veterinarian for a suitable period as determined by the health officer or the public health veterinarian.

(c)(1) At any time during the quarantine period, the public health veterinarian or local health officer may order the owner of a biting animal to have the animal monitored for rabies by a licensed veterinarian.

(2) The owner of the animal shall pay for the cost of any examination or other associated cost.

(d) An animal under quarantine may not be moved from the place of quarantine without the written permission of the local health officer or public health veterinarian.

(e) The public health veterinarian or local health officer or the designee of the public health veterinarian or local health officer may order the immediate and humane destruction of a biting animal for rabies testing if:

(1) It is necessary to preserve human health;

(2) A licensed veterinarian determines that a quarantined animal is inhumanely suffering; or

(3) The animal is considered wild and is not claimed by an owner within 24 hours.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1984, c. 314; Acts 1996, c. 684, § 1, eff. Oct. 1, 1996.

 

§ 18-321. Reserved

 

State Government.  Title 13. Emblems; Commemorative Days; Manual.  Subtitle 3. Additional Emblems; Designations.

§ 13-303. Designation of state dog

The Chesapeake Bay retriever is the State dog.

CREDIT(S)

Acts 1984, c. 284, § 1.

 



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