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Ohio

Statute Name Citation Summary
OH - Assistance Animals - Consolidated Assistance Animal Laws   R.C. 955.011; R.C. 955.43; R.C. 2921.321; R.C. 4511.47  

The following statutes comprise the state's relevant assistance animal and guide dog laws.

 
OH - Bald Eagle - Chapter 4503. Licensing of Motor Vehicles.   R.C. 4503.572  

This Ohio statute provides that funds derived from bald eagle license plates sales are used exclusively to acquire, develop, and restore habitat for bald eagles in Ohio.  For discussion of federal Eagle Act, see Detailed Discussion.

 
OH - Breeder - Chapter 956. Dog Breeding Kennels; Dog Retailers.   R.C. 956.01 - 18   This section represents Ohio's commercial dog breeding laws. Under the chapter enacted in 2013, a “high volume breeder” is defined as "an establishment that keeps, houses, and maintains adult breeding dogs that produce at least nine litters of puppies in any given calendar year and, in return for a fee or other consideration, sells sixty or more adult dogs or puppies per calendar year." A high volume breeder must obtain a license from the director of agriculture. The director of agriculture must inspect high volume breeder facilities at least once annually and may also do so upon receipt of a public complaint.  
OH - Cemeteries, Pet - Chapter 961. Pet Cemeteries   R.C. 961.01 - 99   This Ohio chapter concerns the establishment of "pet cemeteries." The owner of land used for a pet cemetery must file a declaration in the county recorder's office that the land is to be used only for such purposes. Unless the deed restriction is removed, no person shall use land restricted as provided in this section for any purpose other than for pet cemetery purposes. The pet cemetery must be at least three acres in size and the owner must comply with deposit requirements described under the "endowment care fund." Violation of the provisions relating to the land use restriction (961.02), the size of the pet cemetery (961.03), or the endowment care fund requirement (961.04) results in a fine of up to $5,000 or imprisonment for up to one year, or both.  
OH - Cruelty - Chapter 1717. Humane Societies. County Humane Societies   R.C. 1717.01 - 1717.15   This chapter relates to the formation and powers of humane societies in Ohio. Under the chapter, a county humane society organized under section 1717.05 of the Revised Code may appoint agents, who are residents of the county or municipal corporation for which the appointment is made, for the purpose of prosecuting any person guilty of an act of cruelty to persons or animals. Such agents may arrest any person found violating this chapter or any other law for protecting persons or animals or preventing acts of cruelty.  
OH - Cruelty - Consolidated Cruelty Statutes   R.C. 959.01 - 959.99  

These statutes comprise Ohio's anti-animal cruelty and animal fighting provisions.  Included in the prohibited acts are abandoning domestic animals, willfully injuring or poisoning domestic or agricultural animals, drugging animals in competition, and "cruel" acts to both wild and domestic animals as defined by statute.  The section also prohibits dogfighting and cockfighting.

 
OH - Dog - Chapter 955. Dogs (Consolidated dog laws)   RC 955 - 01 - 99   This is the Ohio statute that regulates dogs in general, outlining rules and regulations for dog owners. The state leash requirement appears limited to rabies quarantines (Sec. 955.26).  It also gives the definition of  what is considered a dangerous or vicious dog, the rules and regulations for owners of these dogs, and penalization for breaking these rules.  
OH - Ecoterrorism - Chapter 2923. Conspiracy, Attempt, and Complicity; Weapons Control. Corrupt Activity.   R.C. 2923.31 - 2923.36   This Ohio law define “Animal or ecological terrorism” as the commission of any felony that involves causing or creating a substantial risk of physical harm to any property of another, the use of a deadly weapon or dangerous ordnance, or purposely, knowingly, or recklessly causing serious physical harm to property and that involves an intent to obstruct, impede, or deter any person from participating in a lawful animal activity, from mining, foresting, harvesting, gathering, or processing natural resources, or from being lawfully present in or on an animal facility or research facility.  
OH - Endangered Species - Chapter 1531. Division of Wildlife. Propagation and Preservation.   R.C. 1531.26  

This Ohio statute provides for a wildlife fund created by tax revenue that is used to monitor and protect non-game and endangered species.  Additionally, revenues in the wildlife fund from sources such as the Bald Eagle License Plate Fund and direct donations may also be used to pay the costs of acquiring, developing, and restoring habitat for bald eagles within this state.  For discussion of federal Eagle Act, see Detailed Discussion.

 
OH - Endangered Species - Chapter 1518. Endangered Species.   R.C. 1518.01 - 1518.99; 1531.25, 1531.99   These Ohio statutes protect both endangered plants and animals as defined by the State of Ohio as well as those species listed on the federal ESA list.  Taking of an endangered or threatened animal species constitutes a misdemeanor and the person is required upon pleading guilty to the offense, in addition to any fine, term of imprisonment, seizure, and forfeiture imposed, to make restitution for the minimum value of the wild animal illegally held, taken, or possessed.  Notably, if the aggregate value of the animal(s) taken exceeds $1,000, a person is guilty of a felony.  
OH - Equine Liability Act - Chapter 2305. Jurisdiction; Limitation of Actions. Miscellaneous Provisions.   R.C. 2305.321  

This act stipulates that an equine sponsor, equine activity participant, equine professional, veterinarian, farrier, or any other person is not liable in damages in a tort or other civil action for harm that an equine activity participant allegedly sustains during an equine activity, which resulted from the inherent risks of equine activities.  However, there are exceptions to this rule:  an equine sponsor, equine activity participant, equine professional, veterinarian, farrier, or any other person will be held liable for injuries of an equine activity participant if he or she displays a willful and wanton or intentional disregard for the safety of the participant and if he or she fails to make reasonable and prudent efforts in ensuring the safety of the participant.  In addition, an equine sponsor, equine activity participant, equine professional, veterinarian, farrier, or any other person will also be held liable for the injury of an equine activity participant if he or she is injured on the land or at a facility due to a dangerous latent condition of which was known to the equine sponsor, professional or other person.

 
OH - Exotic - Chapter 2927. Miscellaneous Offenses (repealed 2012)   R.C. 2927.21   Formerly, this Ohio law provides than an owner or keeper of any non-indigenous or exotic animal that presents a risk of serious physical harm to persons or property must report the animal's escape within one hour after discovering its escape. Failure to do so is a first degree misdemeanor. However, this law was repealed in 2012.  
OH - Exotic - Chapter 935. Dangerous Wild Animals and Restricted Snakes   R.C. 935.01 - .99   On June 5, 2012, Ohio governor Kasich signed the "Dangerous Wild Animal Act" into law. Under this new section, no person shall possess a dangerous wild animal on or after January 1, 2014 unless he or she is authorized under an unexpired wildlife shelter/propagation permit or other exception. Dangerous wild animals include big cats, some smaller exotic cats, bears, elephants, hyenas, gray wolves, alligators, crocodiles and nonhuman primates other than lemurs. Except as provided, no person shall acquire, buy, sell, trade, or transfer possession or ownership of a dangerous wild animal on or after the effective date of this section  
OH - Falconry - Chapter 1533. Hunting; Fishing. Falconry.   R.C. 1533.05, 1533.051   This Ohio statute regulates falconry in the state.  It specifically excludes bald eagles from the listed species of raptors for use in falconry.  For discussion of  federal Eagle Act, see Detailed Discussion.  
OH - Fur - Chapter 1533. Hunting; Fishing. Fur Dealers   R.C. 1533.23 - 1533.27   Under these Ohio statutes regulating fur dealers, no person may deal in or buy green or dried furs, skins, or parts taken from fur-bearing animals of the state without a fur dealer's permit. Fur dealers are also required to keep a daily record.  
OH - Horse slaughter - Chapter 919. Horse Meat   R.C. 919.01 - 919.99   These Ohio statutes deal with horse slaughter and horse meat. Any person who has any establishment that processes and sells horse meat for human food must be licensed by the department of agriculture. The statutes also stipulate certain labeling, signage, and record-keeping requirements. A violation is a first degree misdemeanor.  
OH - Humane Slaughter - Chapter 945. Humane Slaughter of Livestock.   R.C. 945.01 - 99   These laws comprise Ohio's humane slaughter provisions.  After July 1, 1967, no method of slaughtering livestock or handling in connection with the commercial slaughtering of livestock shall be utilized unless it is humane.  Humane methods are defined as those that render animals insensible to pain by a single blow or gunshot or an electrical, chemical, or other means that is rapid and effective.  Slaughter in accordance with the ritual requirements of the Jewish faith or any other religious faith that prescribes a method of slaughter whereby the animal suffers loss of consciousness by anemia of the brain is also allowed.  Violation of the act results in a fine of not more than one hundred dollars.  
OH - Hunting - Chapter 1533. Hunting; Fishing. General Provisions.   R.C. 1533.031 - 1533.031   This section reflects Ohio's hunter harassment provisions. No person shall purposely prevent or attempt to prevent any person from hunting, trapping, or fishing for a wild animal. A person who is or may be reasonably affected by the prohibited conduct can seek an injunction. The companion statute also provides that no person shall purposely prevent or attempt to prevent hunting by creating noise or loud sounds through the use of implements that are intended to affect the behavior of the wild animal being hunted.  
OH - Impound - Impounding Animals   R.C. 715.23   This Ohio statute empowers municipal corporations to regulate, restrain, or prohibit the running at large of cattle, horses, swine, sheep, goats, geese, chickens, or other fowl or animals (except as otherwise provided for dogs), impound and hold these animals, and authorize the sale of the animals for the penalty imposed.  
OH - Livestock - Chapter 904. Livestock Care Standards   R.C. 904.01 - 904.09   These Ohio statutes establish the Ohio livestock care standards board and Ohio livestock care standards fund. The statutes make it illegal to falsify any plans, specifications, data, reports, records, or other information required to be kept or submitted to the director of agriculture or the board.  
OH - Nongame - Chapter 1533. Hunting; Fishing. Special Hunting Area; Nongame Birds; Scientific Permits.   R.C. 1533.06 - 1533.09   This Ohio statute prohibits the injuring, killing, pursuing, possessing, or exposing to commerce of all nongame birds.  The statute further prohibits the killing or possession at any time of bald or golden eagles, except for the educational or zoological possession by government affiliated agencies.  Notably, each possession or taking of a bird or bird part constitutes a separate offense.  For discussion of federal Eagle Act, see Detailed Discussion.  
OH - Ordinance - 955.221 County, township, and municipal corporation ordinances to control dogs   R.C. 955.221   This Ohio statute provides that a board of county commissioners, board of township trustees, or municipal corporation may adopt and enforce resolutions to control dogs that are not otherwise in conflict with any other provision of the Revised Code.  These ordinances or resolutions to control dogs include, but are not limited to, ordinances or resolutions concerned with the ownership, keeping, or harboring of dogs, the restraint of dogs, dogs as public nuisances, and dogs as a threat to public health, safety, and welfare, except that such ordinances or resolutions shall not prohibit the use of any dog which is lawfully engaged in hunting or training for the purpose of hunting while accompanied by a licensed hunter.  
OH - Trust - Chapter 5804. Creation, Validity, Modification and Termination of Trust   R.C. 5804.08   Ohio enacted its pet trust law in 2007. A trust may be created to provide for the care of an animal alive during the settlor's lifetime. The trust terminates upon the death of the animal or, if the trust was created to provide for the care of more than one animal alive during the settlor's lifetime, upon the death of the last surviving animal.  
OH - Veterinary - Chapter 4741. Veterinarians.   R.C. 4741.01 - 4741.99  

These are the state's veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.

 
OH - Wildlife possession - Chapter 1533. Hunting; Fishing. Restoration, Possession, and Transportation of Wildlife   R.C. 1533.28 - 1533.32   These Ohio statutes regulate possession of wildlife. These laws make it illegal to transport fish, game birds, or wild quadrupeds or any part thereof, unless in a container with a label showing certain information. However, no one may transport certain game birds and game quadrupeds out of state. No person may fish in any of the waters in the state without a license, including taking frogs or turtles. However, people fishing in privately owned waters are exempt from the license requirements.  

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