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Australia, Queensland

Queensland Stock Act 1915

Statute Details
Printable Version
Citation: Stock Act 1915



Last Checked by Web Center Staff: 11/2010

Summary:   The Stock Act governs the treatment and welfare of stock or farm animals in Queensland.  The purpose of the Act is to promote responsible animal care and protection, to provide standards for animal care and use, to protect industry in the event of a disease outbreak.


Statute in Full:

STOCK ACT 1915 Reprinted as in force on 1 December 2009 Reprint No. 4B

 
TABLE OF PROVISIONS


Contents

     1.      Short title
     4.      Definitions
     4A.     When a person is in possession of something
     4B.     References to diseased or infected matter or thing
     4C.     Chemical or antibiotic residue may be prescribed as a disease
     4D.     Appointment and qualifications of inspectors
     4E.     Appointment conditions and limit on powers of inspectors
     4F.     Issue of inspector's identity card
     4G.     Production or display of inspector's identity card
     4H.     When inspector ceases to hold office
     4I.     Resignation
     4J.     Return of inspector's identity card
     5.      Chief inspector and other inspectors
     5B.     Appointment of approved veterinary surgeons
     5C.     Agreements between the Minister and approved veterinary surgeons
     5D.     Authorised veterinary surgeons
     6.      Delegations
     7.      Governor in Council may appoint districts
     8.      Stock Diseases Compensation and Stock Improvement Fund
     9.      Assessments on milk and cream
     10.     Dips etc.
     11.     Disease controls over introduction of stock and other matters and
things
     12.     Minister may prohibit or restrict introduction or removal of stock
     12A.    Emergency disease notice
     13.     Infected and declared areas
     14.     Quarantine
     15.     Stock may be destroyed in certain cases
     16.     Requirement as to stock-proof fences
     17.     Owner to be compensated
     18.     When no compensation payable
     19.     Local governments may destroy stray diseased stock
     20.     Warranty implied on sale of stock
     21.     Some stock movements require a travel permit
     21A.    Types of stock movement that require a travel permit
     21B.    Issue of a travel permit
     21C.    Application for travel permit
     21D.    Change of route under a travel permit
     21E.    Travel permit for multiple movements
     21F.    Cancellation of travel permit to prevent disease
     21G.    Travel permit taken to be cancelled
     21H.    Cancelled travel permit must be returned on request
     21I.    Duties concerning travel permit arising during stock movement
     21J.    Requirement to have travel permit relaxed in some cases
     21K.    Only an inspector to issue, alter or endorse a travel permit
     22.     Waybill to be completed and given to drover before stock movement
     22A.    Retention of copy of waybill given to drover
     22B.    Duties of drovers
     22C.    Duties relating to waybill when stock delivered
     22D.    Retention of waybill received from drover
     22E.    Entering of false or misleading information
     22F.    Waybill sometimes not required
     22G.    Multiple conveyances permitted under single waybill
     22H.    Examination of stock by owners of holdings
     22I.    Escape of travelling stock
     23.     Regulation may provide for the non-application of travel permit
and waybill requirements
     24.     Endorsement of waybill on inspection etc.
     25.     Drover to give notice before entering a holding
     26.     Branding of travelling sheep
     27.     Responsibilities about notifiable diseases and other diseases
     28.     Swine
     28J.    Cattle Feedlot Advisory Committee
     29.     Powers of inspector
     29A.    Production of documents
     30.     Disease eradication programs
     31.     Compensation relating to disease eradication programs
     32.     Testing, treatment and isolation of stock and treatment of
vehicles
     33.     Control of residue disease
     34.     Restricted entry into dwelling house
     35.     Laboratories
     35A.    Certification relating to artificial breeding
     35B.    External review by QCAT
     35C.    Application of QCAT Act notice requirement
     36.     Appeals to Magistrates Courts
     36A.    Who may appeal to the District Court
     36B.    Starting an appeal
     36C.    Stay of operation of decision
     36D.    Hearing procedures
     36E.    Powers of court on appeal
     36F.    Who may appeal to the Court of Appeal
     36G.    Appeal on questions of law only
     36H.    Starting an appeal
     36I.    Stay of operation of decision
     36J.    Hearing procedures
     36K.    Powers of court on appeal
     37.     Offences
     39.     Destroying notices etc.
     39A.    Feeding particular things to stock
     40.     Expenses of destruction etc. of stock to be borne by the owner
     41.     Protection from liability
     42.     Offences generally and penalty
     43.     Procedure
     44.     Liability for offence by agent or employee
     45.     Liability for offences by corporations
     47.     Evidentiary provisions
     47A.    Chief executive may approve forms
     48.     Regulation-making power

     SCHEDULE 1 SUBJECT MATTER FOR REGULATIONS

     1.      Movement of stock and other matter
     2.      Isolation of stock
     3.      Removal of carcasses etc. from ship
     4.      Destruction and disposal of stock etc.
     5.      Digging up carcasses
     6.      Cleansing infected areas
     .
     7.      Spread of infection
     7A.     Chemicals, antibiotics
     7B.     Contaminated places
     7C.     Contaminated fodder
     .
     8.      Disinfection of stock
     9.      Quarantine of introduced stock
     .
     .
     11.     Carriage of tick etc.
     12.     Dipping etc.
     .
     14.     Government dips etc.
     .
     .
     16A.    Prohibiting etc. movement etc. of certain stock
     17.     Seizure of stock etc.
     17A.    Feeding of stock
     17B.    Piggeries
     17C.    Laboratories
     18.     Valuing destroyed matter
     19.     Permits
     20.     Fees
     22.     Costs and expenses
     23.     Qualifications of inspectors etc.

     SCHEDULE 2 DICTIONARY


     Endnotes
 
- LONG TITLE
An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to diseases in stock
 
1 Short title
This Act may be cited as the Stock Act 1915.
 
4 Definitions
The dictionary in schedule 2 defines particular words used in this Act.
 
4A When a person is in possession of something
A person is in possession of a matter or thing for the purposes of this Act, if
the person has it under control in any place whether for the person's own or
another's use or benefit and although another person has the actual custody of
the matter or thing.
 
4B References to diseased or infected matter or thing
In this Act, a reference to a diseased or infected matter or thing shall be
taken to be a reference to a matter or thing that contains disease or is likely
to cause disease in stock that come into contact with it.
 
4C Chemical or antibiotic residue may be prescribed as a disease
A condition consisting of the presence of a chemical or antibiotic residue in
the tissues of stock in excess of a particular concentration or level may be
prescribed for the purposes of the definition disease in schedule 2, even if
the presence of the residue would not be a disease apart from this Act.
 
4D Appointment and qualifications of inspectors
(1) The chief executive may appoint any of the following persons as an
inspector--
     (a) a public service officer or employee;
     (b) an employee of the Commonwealth or another State;
     (c) an employee of a local government;
     (d) a veterinary surgeon under the Veterinary Surgeons Act 1936;
     (e) an individual included in a class of persons declared under a
     regulation to be an approved class of persons for this section.
(2) However, the chief executive may appoint a person as an inspector only if
the chief executive is satisfied the person is qualified for appointment
because the person has the necessary expertise or experience.
 
4E Appointment conditions and limit on powers of inspectors
(1) An inspector holds office on any conditions stated in--
     (a) the inspector's instrument of appointment; or
     (b) a signed notice given to the inspector; or
     (c) a regulation.
(2) The instrument of appointment, a signed notice given to the inspector or a
regulation may limit the inspector's powers under this Act.
(3) In this section--
signed notice means a notice signed by the chief executive.
 
4F Issue of inspector's identity card
(1) The chief executive must issue an identity card to each inspector.
(2) The identity card must--
     (a) contain a recent photo of the inspector; and
     (b) contain a copy of the inspector's signature; and
     (c) identify the person as an inspector under this Act; and
     (d) state an expiry date for the card.
(3) This section does not prevent the issue of a single identity card to a
person for this Act and other purposes.
 
4G Production or display of inspector's identity card
(1) In exercising a power under this Act in relation to a person, an inspector
must--
     (a) produce the inspector's identity card for the person's inspection
     before exercising the power; or
     (b) have the identity card displayed so it is clearly visible to the
     person when exercising the power.
(2) However, if it is not practicable to comply with subsection (1), the
inspector must produce the identity card for the person's inspection at the
first reasonable opportunity.
(3) For subsection (1), an inspector does not exercise a power in relation to a
person only because the inspector--
     (a) has entered a place that is a public place and entry is made when
     it is open to the public; or
     (b) for the purpose of asking the occupier of a place for consent to
     enter--
          (i) enters land around premises at the place to an extent
          that is reasonable to contact the occupier; or
          (ii) enters part of the place the inspector reasonably
          considers members of the public ordinarily are allowed to
          enter when they wish to contact the occupier.
 
4H When inspector ceases to hold office
(1) An inspector ceases to hold office if any of the following happens--
     (a) the term of office stated in a condition of office ends;
     (b) under another condition of office, the inspector ceases to hold
     office;
     (c) the inspector's resignation under section 4I takes effect.
(2) Subsection (1) does not limit the ways an inspector may cease to hold
office.
(3) In this section--
condition of office means a condition on which the inspector holds office.
 
4I Resignation
(1) An inspector may resign by signed notice given to the chief executive.
(2) However, if holding office as an inspector is a condition of the inspector
holding another office, the inspector may not resign as an inspector without
resigning from the other office.
 
4J Return of inspector's identity card
A person who ceases to be an inspector must return the person's identity card
to the chief executive within 21 days after ceasing to be an inspector unless
the person has a reasonable excuse.
Maximum penalty--20 penalty units.
 
5 Chief inspector and other inspectors
(1) There is to be a chief inspector of stock.
(2) The chief inspector is to be employed under the Public Service Act 2008.
(3) An inspector of stock must not, without the chief executive's approval--
     (a) directly or indirectly deal in stock; or
     (b) act as the agent of an owner or a dealer in stock.
Maximum penalty--20 penalty units.
 
5B Appointment of approved veterinary surgeons
(1) The Minister may enter into an agreement in writing with a registered
veterinary surgeon upon the terms, provisions and conditions upon and subject
to which such veterinary surgeon will carry out the powers, functions and
duties of an approved veterinary surgeon and may, from time to time, enter into
a like agreement varying, renewing or extending such an agreement.
(2) The Minister may appoint a veterinary surgeon with whom the Minister has
entered into such an agreement an approved veterinary surgeon by notification
published in the gazette.
(3) Without prejudice to any right or remedy which the Minister may have
against a party to such an agreement in respect of a breach thereof the
Minister may, by notification published in the gazette, terminate the
appointment of an approved veterinary surgeon if such veterinary surgeon
contravenes or fails to comply with any term, provision or condition of the
veterinary surgeon's agreement with the Minister.
 
5C Agreements between the Minister and approved veterinary surgeons
(1) The Minister may (and shall be deemed always to have had power to) enter
into an agreement in writing with an approved veterinary surgeon upon the
terms, provisions and conditions upon and subject to which such veterinary
surgeon will provide veterinary services (either generally or of a particular
type or types) for the producers of milk or cream defined in such agreement
upon whose produce an assessment made and levied under section 9 subsists and
may (and shall be deemed always to have had power to), from time to time, enter
into a like agreement varying, renewing or extending such an agreement.
(2) Without prejudice to any right or remedy which either party to an agreement
entered into pursuant to any provision of this section may have against the
other in respect of a breach thereof, either such party may, subject to the
terms of the agreement in question, by notice to the other such party,
terminate such an agreement whether or not there has been a breach thereof and,
thereupon, neither party shall be further obliged by the terms thereof.
 
5D Authorised veterinary surgeons
(1) For the purpose of the effectual execution of this Act the Minister may
from time to time appoint, with power of revocation, a registered veterinary
surgeon to be an authorised veterinary surgeon and any veterinary surgeon so
appointed shall, during the period of that appointment have and exercise such
powers, functions and duties as may be prescribed.
(2) Every such appointment shall be subject to such terms and conditions as may
be prescribed.
 
6 Delegations
(1) The Minister may delegate the Minister's powers under this Act to an
officer of the department.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to the Minister's powers under section 12.
(3) The chief inspector may delegate the chief inspector's powers under this
Act to an officer of the department.
 
7 Governor in Council may appoint districts
A regulation may--
     (a) constitute any part of the State a district for the purposes of
     this Act;
     (b) alter the boundaries of any district;
     (c) abolish any such district.
 
8 Stock Diseases Compensation and Stock Improvement Fund
(1) There shall be established at the Treasury a fund to be called 'The Stock
Diseases Compensation and Stock Improvement Fund' (the compensation fund).
(2) Into the compensation fund shall be paid--
     (a) all assessments made, levied and collected under section 9; and
     (b) subject to appropriation by Parliament, payments from the
     consolidated fund equal in amount to one-half of the payments made
     into the compensation fund under paragraph (a).
(3) Payments may be made from the compensation fund pursuant to an agreement
made by an approved veterinary surgeon with the Minister for the rendering of
veterinary services.
 
9 Assessments on milk and cream
(1) The Minister may make and levy the following assessments in respect of milk
and cream supplied to factories--
     (a) in respect of milk--an amount not exceeding 0.15 of 1c on every
     litre, based on the volume of milk supplied;
     (b) in respect of cream--an amount not exceeding 2.5c for each
     kilogram of butterfat based on the weight of butterfat contained in
     cream supplied.
(2) Different assessments may be made and levied under this section in respect
of different factories.
(3) Every owner of a factory shall, in the first instance, pay the amount of
any assessment made and levied under this section to the chief executive not
later than 15 days after the last day of the month in which the milk or cream
the subject of the assessment was supplied to the factory.
(4) All moneys received by the chief executive under this section shall be paid
into and form part of the compensation fund.
(5) Notice of an assessment made under this section shall upon the making
thereof be published in the gazette and thereupon the assessment shall be
deemed to be duly made and levied and shall be payable as prescribed.
(5A) The Minister may from time to time by notice published in the gazette
revoke or vary any assessment made and levied by the Minister under this
section.
(6) The owner of a factory with respect to any assessment payable under this
section--
     (a) may deduct the amount thereof from any moneys due by the owner to
     the producer of the milk or cream in respect of which the assessment
     is made and levied, and that entitlement shall continue
     notwithstanding any change in the ownership of those moneys;
     (b) may recover the amount thereof from the producer by action in any
     court of competent jurisdiction.
(7) In this section--
cream means cream produced from milk.
factory means premises where the business of processing milk or cream is
carried on.
milk means the milk of--
     (a) the bovine animal; or
     (b) a prescribed animal.
owner of a factory means the person who carries on the business of processing
milk or cream at the factory.
process, in relation to milk or cream, means a treatment or manufacturing
process (other than a treatment or process of a kind excluded by regulation
from the ambit of this definition).
 
10 Dips etc.
For the effectual execution of this Act the Minister may establish, maintain,
and manage dips and experimental stations and quarantine stations at all
necessary places.
 
11 Disease controls over introduction of stock and other matters and things
(1) A regulation, for the purpose of preventing, controlling or eradicating
disease in stock generally may, in relation to the introduction of stock into
the State from another State or a Territory of the Commonwealth, make provision
with respect to--
     (a) prohibiting the introduction of stock if they are in a prescribed
     condition of disease or if they have not been tested or treated for
     disease or quarantined or maintained away from disease as prescribed
     or in any such case authorising the introduction of the stock subject
     to conditions that minimise the danger of spreading disease including
     a condition that the stock should be slaughtered within a time
     specified as prescribed;
     (b) facilitating the matters referred to in paragraph (a) including--
          (i) requiring notice to be given of the proposed
          introduction of stock;
          (ii) requiring the obtaining, holding and delivery to an
          inspector of certificates of health relating to stock from
          an officer of the State or Territory from which the stock
          are introduced;
          (iii) requiring that stock should be examined by an
          inspector before or upon introduction or before being
          travelled within the State and empowering an inspector to
          require further tests, treatment or quarantining of stock
          if necessary;
          (iv) restricting entry into the State to times and to
          crossing-places, ports and points of entry appointed as
          prescribed and varying procedures to take into account the
          means of entry;
          (v) regulating the means of conveying stock into the State;
          (vi) requiring identification procedures to be undertaken
          in respect of stock;
          (vii) regulating the travelling, handling and disposal of
          introduced stock whilst in the State to the extent
          necessary to prevent, control or eradicate disease;
          (viii) providing for all such alternative procedures,
          restricted applications and exemptions as may be necessary
          or desirable to facilitate the introduction of stock into
          the State.
(2) A regulation may regulate the introduction into the State from any other
State or a Territory of the Commonwealth of any carcass, fodder, fittings,
animal product, animal pathogen, biological preparation or any other matter or
thing to the extent necessary to prevent, control or eradicate disease in
stock.
(3) A person must not introduce, or attempt to introduce, stock or a matter or
thing into the State in contravention of the regulations.
Maximum penalty--1000 penalty units or 1 year's imprisonment.
 
12 Minister may prohibit or restrict introduction or removal of stock
(1) Whenever the Minister deems it necessary for the purpose of preventing or
checking the spread of disease the Minister may, by notification--
     (a) prohibit or put restrictions on the introduction of infected or
     suspected stock or any animal product, animal pathogen, biological
     preparation or carcass of any infected or suspected stock from any
     other State or Territory of the Commonwealth, part of any other State
     or Territory of the Commonwealth, or on the removal of stock or any
     animal product, animal pathogen, biological preparation or any
     carcass of stock from one part to another part of Queensland; and
     (b) prescribe the route and manner by which infected or suspected
     stock or any animal product, animal pathogen, biological preparation
     or carcass of any infected or suspected stock shall be taken to its
     destination.
(2) A regulation may--
     (a) prohibit for any period the travelling of healthy stock by any
     route by or over which infected or suspected stock have been
     travelled;
     (c) appoint places to be places of entry, ports of introduction or
     crossing-places for introduced stock.
(3) Where pursuant to a notification or regulation made under this section the
introduction into Queensland from another State or Territory of the
Commonwealth or part of any other State or Territory of the Commonwealth of any
carcass, animal product, animal pathogen or biological preparation is--
     (a) prohibited unless the carcass, animal product, animal pathogen or
     biological preparation is accompanied by; or
     (b) restricted by requiring the carcass, animal product, animal
     pathogen or biological preparation to be accompanied by;
a prescribed document, an inspector may seize any carcass, animal product,
animal pathogen or biological preparation introduced into Queensland in
contravention of the notification or order in council by reason of its not
being accompanied by the prescribed document and, if the inspector does seize
any such carcass, animal product, animal pathogen or biological preparation,
shall destroy that carcass, animal product, animal pathogen or biological
preparation or cause it to be destroyed unless within 48 hours after the
seizure the prescribed document is produced to the inspector.
(4) A notification under this section is subordinate legislation.
 
12A Emergency disease notice
(1) The chief executive may make an emergency disease notice declaring a
disease, disorder, condition or other thing (a declared disease) to be a
disease for this Act.
(2) The chief executive may make the notice only if satisfied urgent action is
needed to meet a significant threat to the economy of the State or to public
health because of the presence, or suspected presence, of the declared disease.
(3) The notice must--
     (a) state it is an emergency disease notice; and
     (b) outline the nature of the emergency; and
     (c) include details of the declared disease, including, for example,
     any known symptoms of the declared disease.
(4) The notice is subordinate legislation.
(5) The chief executive must repeal the notice as soon as practicable after the
chief executive is satisfied the emergency no longer exists.
(6) Unless it is earlier repealed, the notice remains in force until the
earlier of the following--
     (a) the day the declared disease is prescribed as a disease under a
     regulation;
     (b) the end of 3 months.
 
13 Infected and declared areas
(1) The Minister may, by notification, notify any area therein described to be-
-
     (a) an infected area; or
     (b) a declared area of such other category as is specified therein;
in respect of any disease specified in such notice.
(2) The Minister may by notification--
     (a) require any stock within an infected area to be removed out of
     that area;
     (b) prohibit the introduction into, the movement within or the
     removal out of any infected area or declared area of any stock,
     carcass, fodder, fittings, animal product, animal pathogen or
     biological preparation or any thing likely to spread disease or
     permit such introduction, movement or removal subject only to such
     terms and conditions as are specified in the notification;
     (c) require any stock, carcass, fodder, fittings, animal product,
     animal pathogen, biological preparation, soil or anything likely to
     spread disease that is within any infected area or declared area to
     be subjected at any time and from time to time to the test or
     treatment specified in the notification.
(4) Any person who--
     (a) fails to remove any stock out of an infected area the removal of
     which is required pursuant to subsection (2);
     (b) introduces into, moves within or removes out of any infected area
     or declared area any stock, carcass, fodder, fittings, animal
     product, animal pathogen or biological preparation or any thing the
     introduction, movement or removal of which is prohibited pursuant to
     subsection (2);
     (c) contravenes or fails to comply with any condition imposed
     pursuant to subsection (2) with respect to the introduction into, the
     movement within or the removal out of any infected area or declared
     area of any stock, carcass, fodder, fittings, animal product, animal
     pathogen or biological preparation or any thing;
     (d) obstructs or prevents the testing or treatment required by the
     Minister pursuant to subsection (2);
is guilty of an offence against this Act.
Maximum penalty--1000 penalty units or 1 year's imprisonment.
(5) The Minister may exercise the power conferred on the Minister by this
section in respect of an infected area notwithstanding that at the time of the
exercise it is not known that disease is present within that area if, in the
opinion of the chief inspector, there is a real possibility that disease has
been or may be introduced into the area from elsewhere.
(6) A notification under this section is subordinate legislation.
 
14 Quarantine
(1) An inspector, on being satisfied that in any area stock is or is suspected
to be infected, shall define the boundaries of the area in question, and (save
with respect to holdings from the owners of which undertakings are accepted
pursuant to subsection (2)) place it in quarantine by giving written notice to
the owner either personally or by registered letter.
(1A) The notice shall specify the species and the class or category of stock to
which the notice shall apply and may specify the conditions for isolation or
confinement of infected or suspected stock on the holding.
(1B) On placing any area in quarantine the inspector may, in cases where the
inspector considers it necessary or desirable so to do, affix in such place or
places as the inspector deems fit a notice that such area is placed in
quarantine.
(1C) The quarantine continues until the area is released from quarantine by the
chief executive.
(1D) A person must not remove or introduce, cause to be removed or introduced,
or assist or be in any way concerned in removing or introducing, stock into or
out of the area without the chief executive's written authority.
Maximum penalty--1000 penalty units or 1 year's imprisonment.
(1E) Where necessary for the purpose of pasturing or watering quarantined
stock, an inspector may extend the boundaries of such area and bring other
stock within such boundaries.
(2) The chief executive may accept from the owner of a holding that, but for
this subsection, would be required to be placed in quarantine the owner's
undertaking in writing that the owner will in respect of the holding and the
stock thereon comply in all respects with the provisions of this Act applicable
thereto or that would be applicable thereto were the holding placed in
quarantine under subsection (1).
(2A) For so long as it continues in force such an undertaking shall be deemed
to have been entered into from time to time by and to oblige the owner for the
time being of the holding and the owner for the time being shall be subject to
and shall comply in all respects with such provisions and with all orders and
directions made or given under this Act in respect of the owner's holding or
the stock thereon.
(2B) Such an undertaking may be expressed to be limited to a period specified
therein or may be of indefinite duration and shall continue in force until--
     (a) the expiration of the period (if any) specified therein; or
     (b) the chief inspector notifies the obligor for the time being in
     writing that the obligor is released from further obligation
     thereunder;
whichever event is the first to occur.
(3) Where under this Act the Governor in Council, the Minister or any other
person is required or empowered to do any thing or issue any process in respect
of an area placed in quarantine or any part thereof or the owner thereof such
thing may be done or process issued in respect of a holding the owner of which
is for the time being obliged by an undertaking entered into under subsection
(2) or, as the case may be, in respect of such owner.
(3A) Where an area has been placed in quarantine by an inspector, or the chief
executive has accepted, pursuant to subsection (2), an undertaking by an owner
of a holding, an inspector may declare as much of the land surrounding the
quarantine area or holding subject to an undertaking as the inspector considers
necessary for disease control purposes to be a buffer area.
(4) The provisions of this section do not apply to any area in quarantine
pursuant to the provisions of the Exotic Diseases in Animals Act 1981.
 
15 Stock may be destroyed in certain cases
(1) The chief executive may order the destruction of any infected or suspected
stock or any animal product thereof, or any carcass, or any articles or things
used in connection with such stock, animal product or carcass, or any infected
or suspected pasture or fodder, or the removal and destruction of animal
pathogen or biological preparation, or the removal and disposal of soil,
whenever in the chief executive's opinion such destruction or removal and
disposal would tend to prevent the spread of disease or assist in the diagnosis
of the disease.
(1A) Stock ordered to be destroyed shall be destroyed, and the carcass disposed
of in manner prescribed.
(1B) Every animal product, carcass, pasture, fodder, article, and thing ordered
to be destroyed shall be destroyed in manner prescribed.
(1C) Soil ordered to be removed and disposed of shall be removed and disposed
of in the manner prescribed.
(1D) Animal pathogen or biological preparation ordered to be removed and
destroyed shall be removed and destroyed in the manner prescribed.
(2) Upon a failure in any respect to comply with the requirements of an order
made under subsection (1) and without prejudice to any proceedings which may be
taken upon such a failure, the chief executive may, after the expiration of 7
days from the date of such failure, direct in writing an inspector to enter
upon the premises or holding in or upon which the stock, animal product, animal
pathogen, carcass, article or thing, pasture or fodder ordered to be destroyed
is or are situated and destroy or cause to be destroyed such stock, animal
product, animal pathogen, carcass, article or thing, pasture or fodder
specified in the order.
(3) For the purposes of such destruction the inspector may, if the inspector
thinks fit, remove or cause to be removed any such stock, animal product,
animal pathogen, carcass, article or thing or fodder to any other place.
 
16 Requirement as to stock-proof fences
(1) If the chief executive is satisfied that it is necessary to do so in order
to prevent, control or eradicate disease in stock, the chief executive may, by
notice in writing, require the owner of a holding within an infected area or
declared area to erect such stock fencing as is specified in the notice in
accordance with directions therein, which, without limiting the directions the
chief executive is hereby authorised to give, may include a time limit within
which compliance with the notice is required.
(1A) If within the time limited by the chief executive the owner to whom such a
requisition is directed fails to comply therewith to the satisfaction of the
chief executive, the chief executive may authorise an inspector to cause to be
done the work required by the requisition and the costs and expenses of such
work shall be recoverable in any court of competent jurisdiction from the owner
concerned as a debt due and payable to the Crown but unpaid.
(2) An owner of a holding who, pursuant to a requisition or a court proceeding
under subsection (1) or (1A) incurs the costs and expenses of erecting fencing
that forms a common boundary with an adjoining holding may demand and recover
by way of action for debt in any court of competent jurisdiction from the owner
of such adjoining holding a contribution of one-half of the amount of such
costs and expenses, any provision of the Dividing Fences Act 1953
notwithstanding.
(3) In this section--
erect includes construct, repair, replace.
 
17 Owner to be compensated
(1) Where stock, carcasses, animal products, or any articles or things used in
connection with stock, have been destroyed by order under this Act of the chief
executive or an inspector or a government veterinary officer, the owner shall,
subject as next herein provided, receive compensation the amount of which shall
be a charge upon and be paid out of the consolidated fund.
(2) However--
     (a) no compensation shall be payable in the case of stock or
     carcasses unless the stock destroyed or carcasses are, after
     examination by a government veterinary officer, found to be free from
     disease;
     (b) the rate of compensation in each case shall be such as is
     prescribed but in no case shall it exceed, as the case may be, the
     market value of such stock, carcasses or animal products or the
     market value of articles or things of the same description as the
     articles or things destroyed;
     (c) if any carcass is destroyed by boiling down--all the products of
     such destruction shall belong to the owner, and the value thereof
     shall be taken into consideration in estimating any compensation to
     be paid to the owner;
     (d) no compensation shall be payable in respect of introduced stock
     destroyed under this Act which are declared infected within 3 months
     after their introduction unless the owner proves to the satisfaction
     of the chief executive that such stock became infected after being
     introduced;
     (e) no compensation shall be payable in the case of stock which are,
     pursuant to section 29(1A) to (1E), destroyed by or under the
     authority or on the order of an inspector.
 
18 When no compensation payable
(1) Where--
     (a) any stock, carcass or animal product or article or thing used in
     connection with such stock, carcass or animal product is destroyed by
     order, pursuant to this Act, of the chief executive or an inspector
     or a government veterinary officer for the purpose of preventing the
     spread of disease; and
     (b) the destruction by order as aforesaid arises out of the doing of
     any act or thing or the making of any omission by the owner of the
     stock, carcass or animal product or article or thing used in
     connection with such stock, carcass or animal product with respect to
     any part thereof, the doing of which act or thing or the making of
     which omission causes or contributes to or is such as is likely to
     cause or contribute to the spread of disease; and
     (c) the owner is convicted of an offence against any law of the State
     or the Commonwealth relating to the control, eradication or
     prevention of disease and the act or thing as aforesaid is done or
     the omission as aforesaid is made in connection with the commission
     of the offence;
compensation is not payable under this Act to the owner in respect of the
destruction of that stock, carcass or animal product or article or thing used
in connection with such stock, carcass or animal product.
(2) No compensation shall be payable under this Act to the owner in respect of
the destruction of animal pathogen or biological preparations by order,
pursuant to this Act, of the chief executive or an inspector or a government
veterinary officer.
 
19 Local governments may destroy stray diseased stock
(1) Any local government may, without making compensation to the owner, cause
to be destroyed any diseased stock suffering from malignant growths (cancer),
tuberculosis, or pleuropneumonia contagiosa, or any stock suspected of
suffering from any of those diseases, found straying upon any road or land
under its control.
(2) However, the local government shall forthwith give notice of the fact to
the nearest inspector, and to the owner of the stock if such owner is known to
the local government.
 
20 Warranty implied on sale of stock
(1) On any sale or agreement for the sale of stock, there shall be implied a
warranty that, subject to this section, shall be binding upon the seller namely
that each head of such stock is not suffering from or affected by any disease
specified in this section in relation to the species of stock specified in this
section or specified in a regulation made for the purposes of this section in
relation to the stock specified in the regulation.
(2) A provision in an agreement or a condition of sale, whether in writing or
not, which excludes, modifies or restricts the operation of subsection (1), is
void.
(3) Without limiting the effect of subsection (1), if there is, in relation to
a sale or agreement for sale referred to in subsection (1), conclusive evidence
of a breach of the warranty expressed by this section, then--
     (a) if the sale price has not been paid for an animal suffering from
     or affected by a disease referred to in subsection (4) or (9)--there
     shall be no legal obligation on the purchaser to pay the sale price
     for that animal and the vendor shall be entitled, at the vendor's
     expense, to remove the animal;
     (b) if the sale price has been paid for an animal suffering from or
     affected by a disease referred to in subsection (4) or (9)--the
     vendor shall, forthwith upon notice in writing being given to the
     vendor that there is conclusive evidence of a breach of the warranty
     expressed by this section and describing that evidence, refund the
     sale price for the animal to the person who paid the sale price and
     the vendor shall then be entitled, at the vendor's expense, to remove
     the animal.
(3A) Where a court convicts a person of a failure to comply with the provisions
of subsection (3)(b) it may, in addition to any penalty it imposes, order that
the sale price for the animal be refunded to the person who paid the sale
price.
(3B) For the purposes of subsection (3), where an animal suffering from or
affected by a disease, the subject of a regulation made for the purpose of
section 30, is part of a consignment of travelling stock, then all stock
forming part of that consignment shall be deemed to be suffering from or
affected by that disease.
(4) Proof that cattle suffered with or were affected by tuberculosis,
brucellosis, enzootic bovine leucosis, or lymphosarcoma within--
     (a) in the case of tuberculosis--30 days; or
     (b) in the case of brucellosis, enzootic bovine leucosis and
     lymphosarcoma--14 days;
of the date of sale or agreement for sale of those cattle, or of the date of
delivery thereof on such sale or agreement for sale whichever is the later,
shall be conclusive evidence of the breach of the warranty expressed by this
section.
(5) Proof that cattle have reacted positively to a prescribed test for
tuberculosis, brucellosis or enzootic bovine leucosis shall, in the absence of
evidence to the contrary, be conclusive evidence that those cattle are
suffering from or are affected by tuberculosis, brucellosis or enzootic bovine
leucosis as the case may be.
(6) A certificate purporting to be signed by an approved auditor under the Food
Production (Safety) Act 2000 stating that, at a particular time, an animal was
suffering from lymphosarcoma is evidence of the matter.
(7) Proof that swine suffered with or were affected by tuberculosis or
brucellosis within--
     (a) in the case of tuberculosis--30 days; or
     (b) in the case of brucellosis--14 days;
of the date of sale or agreement for sale of those swine, or of the date of
delivery thereof on such sale or agreement for sale whichever is the later,
shall be conclusive evidence of the breach of the warranty expressed by this
section.
(8) Proof that swine have reacted positively to a prescribed test for
tuberculosis or brucellosis shall, in the absence of evidence to the contrary,
be conclusive evidence that those swine are suffering from or are affected by
tuberculosis or brucellosis as the case may be.
(9) Proof that poultry suffered with or were affected by pullorum disease
within 14 days of the date of sale or agreement for sale of those poultry, or
of the date of delivery thereof on such sale or agreement for sale whichever is
the later, shall be conclusive evidence of the breach of the warranty expressed
by this section.
(10) Proof that poultry have reacted positively to a prescribed test for
pullorum disease shall, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, be
conclusive evidence that those poultry are suffering from or are affected by
pullorum disease.
(11) A regulation may--
     (a) specify diseases to which the warranty expressed by this section
     shall apply and the species of stock in respect of which that
     warranty shall so apply;
     (b) prescribe the evidentiary value of matters specified in the
     regulation.
 
21 Some stock movements require a travel permit
(1) A person must not travel stock on a movement mentioned in section 21A
unless a travel permit has been issued for the movement of the stock.
Maximum penalty--400 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
(2) A person must not put stock into another person's charge for the purpose of
travelling the stock on a movement mentioned in section 21A unless a travel
permit has been issued for the movement of the stock.
Maximum penalty--400 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
 
21A Types of stock movement that require a travel permit
Section 21 applies to the following stock movements--
     (a) the movement of stock into, within or out of an area that is an
     infected area or declared area because of a notification under
     section 13, if the notification--
          (i) provides that the movement is not prohibited; but
          (ii) requires that a travel permit be obtained for the
          movement;
     (b) the movement of stock to a quarantine facility where stock are
     staged before export from Australia;
     (c) the movement of suspected stock;
     (d) the movement of stock to a border crossing point or a sea or air
     loading point for the purpose of taking the stock to another State or
     a Territory if the other State or the Territory requires that a
     travel permit or similar authorisation must be obtained as a
     condition of entry;
     (e) the movement of stock into an area prescribed by regulation;
     (f) the movement of stock out of an area prescribed by regulation;
     (g) the movement of stock within an area prescribed by regulation.
 
21B Issue of a travel permit
(1) A travel permit may be issued by an inspector on an application made to the
inspector.
(2) The travel permit may be issued only if the inspector is satisfied that--
     (a) the movement of stock under the permit is not likely to lead to
     the spread of disease; and
     (b) the application for the permit has been made by or on behalf of
     the owner of the stock; and
     (c) the stock are intended to be taken to the place stated in the
     application for the permit.
(3) The travel permit is subject to the reasonable conditions that the
inspector specifies in the permit.
(4) Without limiting subsection (3), the conditions specified in the permit may
relate to the way in which the stock may be dealt with after the completion of
the movement of the stock under the permit.
 
21C Application for travel permit
(1) An application to an inspector for a travel permit may be made orally or in
writing, but must be made in writing if the inspector requires a written
application.
(2) The applicant must give the inspector the following information--
     (a) the number and description of the stock;
     (b) the place at which the stock are located at the time the
     application is made;
     (c) the place where the movement of stock under the permit is to
     start;
     (d) if the place mentioned in paragraph (b) or (c) is a holding--the
     name of the person actually in charge of the holding (whether or not
     the person is the owner, lessee or licensee of the holding);
     (e) the name and address of the person having charge of the stock at
     the time the application is made;
     (f) the name and address of the actual owner of the stock;
     (g) if a person is to take delivery of the stock at the completion of
     the movement under the permit--the name and address of the person;
     (h) the route by which the stock are to travel;
     (i) the name of the person who will be the drover of the stock;
     (j) the date by which the movement of the stock is to start;
     (k) the place to which the stock are to be moved under the permit;
     (l) if the movement under the permit is part of a longer journey--
          (i) the intended destination of the stock; and
          (ii) if a person is to take delivery of the stock at the
          destination--the name and address of the person;
     (m) the way in which the stock are to be moved;
     (n) other information that may be prescribed by regulation.
(3) Before issuing the travel permit, the inspector may require the applicant
to produce the waybill for the movement.
 
21D Change of route under a travel permit
(1) An application may be made to an inspector by or on behalf of the owner of
stock for a change of the route by which stock are to travel under a travel
permit.
(2) The application may be made orally or in writing, but must be made in
writing if the inspector requires a written application.
(3) The inspector may approve the change of route only if the inspector is
satisfied that the movement of stock by the changed route is not likely to lead
to the spread of disease.
(4) If the inspector approves the change of route, the details of the change
are, if practicable, to be endorsed on the travel permit.
(5) The conditions to which the travel permit is subject are varied in
accordance with the change of route, even if the change is not endorsed on the
permit.
 
21E Travel permit for multiple movements
The chief inspector, or an inspector acting under guidelines issued by the
chief inspector, may issue a travel permit for multiple movements of stock.
 
21F Cancellation of travel permit to prevent disease
(1) An inspector may cancel a travel permit if the inspector believes on
reasonable grounds that the travel or further travel of stock under the permit
is reasonably likely to lead to the spread of disease.
(2) An inspector may cancel a travel permit if the inspector believes on
reasonable grounds that--
     (a) the conditions of the permit are not being, or have not been,
     complied with; and
     (b) the noncompliance may lead to the spread of disease.
(3) Notice of the cancellation may be given orally to the person who has charge
of the stock at the time of the cancellation, but written notice must be given
as soon as practicable to--
     (a) the person who applied for the travel permit; and
     (b) the drover named in the application for the permit.
 
21G Travel permit taken to be cancelled
(1) A travel permit is taken to be cancelled if the stock movement permitted by
the permit does not start by the date specified in the permit.
(2) A travel permit is taken to be cancelled if--
     (a) an infected zone, control zone or standstill zone (the zone) is
     notified under the Exotic Diseases in Animals Act 1981; and
     (b) the permit was issued before the notification and authorised the
     movement of stock within, into or out of the zone.
(3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not prevent a further application being made for
the issue of a new travel permit for the same movement.
 
21H Cancelled travel permit must be returned on request
A person holding a cancelled travel permit must return it to an inspector if
the inspector asks the person to return it.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
 
21I Duties concerning travel permit arising during stock movement
(1) The following persons must not, without reasonable excuse, contravene a
condition of a travel permit issued for a stock movement--
     (a) the drover of the stock;
     (b) a person in charge of the stock;
     (c) the owner of the stock;
     (d) an agent of a person mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c) in
     relation to any movement of, or dealing with, the stock.
Maximum penalty--400 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
(2) The drover must--
     (a) have the travel permit for the movement (or a copy of it that
     shows the signature of the inspector who issued it) available for
     immediate inspection; and
     (b) produce it to an inspector for inspection if the inspector asks
     for it to be produced for inspection.
Maximum penalty--100 penalty units.
 
21J Requirement to have travel permit relaxed in some cases
(1) Section 21I(2) does not apply to a stock movement if, before the stock are
moved, the person who applies to an inspector for a travel permit for the
movement--
     (a) satisfies the inspector that it would not be reasonably
     practicable for the drover to obtain possession of the permit before
     the movement starts; and
     (b) is advised by the inspector that the permit has been issued; and
     (c) endorses on the relevant waybill--
          (i) the name and address of the inspector; and
          (ii) the date of issue of the permit; and
          (iii) the number of the permit.
(2) Section 21I(2) does not apply to a stock movement if--
     (a) stock are being moved under a travel permit mentioned in section
     21E; and
     (b) the waybill relating to the stock states the number of the
     permit.
 
21K Only an inspector to issue, alter or endorse a travel permit
A person who is not an inspector must not--
     (a) issue a travel permit; or
     (b) alter or endorse a travel permit.
Maximum penalty--1000 penalty units.
 
22 Waybill to be completed and given to drover before stock movement
(1) In this section and section 22A--
occupier of a holding means the person actually in charge of the holding
(whether or not the person is the owner, lessee or licensee of the holding).
(2) Before stock are moved from a holding, the occupier of the holding must--
     (a) either--
          (i) complete an approved waybill for the stock; or
          (ii) ensure that the actual owner of the stock or an
          authorised agent of the owner completes an approved waybill
          for the stock; and
     (b) ensure that the drover is given the waybill.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
(3) Before stock are moved from a saleyard at which they have been offered for
sale, the person in charge of selling the stock at the saleyard must--
     (a) either--
          (i) complete an approved waybill for the stock; or
          (ii) ensure that the person having responsibility for
          sending stock on from the saleyard completes an approved
          waybill; and
     (b) ensure that the drover is given the waybill.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
(4) If stock are starting a journey other than by leaving either a holding or a
saleyard at which they have been offered for sale, the actual owner of the
stock or, if the stock are in the charge of an authorised agent of the owner,
the authorised agent must--
     (a) complete an approved waybill for the stock; and
     (b) ensure that the drover is given the waybill.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
(5) This section applies subject to sections 22F and 22G.
 
22A Retention of copy of waybill given to drover
(1) If a waybill is completed under section 22(2), the occupier must, for 2
years after the waybill is completed--
     (a) retain a copy of the waybill at the holding or at a place
     approved by an inspector; and
     (b) produce it to an inspector for inspection if the inspector asks
     for it to be produced for inspection.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
(2) If a waybill is completed under section 22(3), the person in charge of
selling the stock at the saleyard must, for 2 years after the waybill is
completed--
     (a) retain either--
          (i) a copy of the waybill; or
          (ii) a record of the information contained in the waybill;
          and
     (b) produce the copy or information to an inspector for inspection if
     the inspector asks for it to be produced for inspection.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
(3) If a waybill is completed under section 22(4), the person who completed the
waybill must, for 2 years after the waybill is completed--
     (a) retain a copy of the waybill; and
     (b) produce it to an inspector for inspection if the inspector asks
     for it to be produced for inspection.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
 
22B Duties of drovers
(1) A drover must not travel stock unless a waybill has been completed for the
stock under section 22.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
(2) The drover must while travelling the stock--
     (a) have the waybill mentioned in subsection (1) available for
     immediate inspection; and
     (b) produce it to an inspector for inspection if the inspector asks
     for it to be produced for inspection.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
(3) If the stock under the drover's charge are not to be delivered to another
person, the drover must, for 2 years after it is completed--
     (a) retain the waybill mentioned in subsection (1); and
     (b) produce it to an inspector for inspection if the inspector asks
     for it to be produced for inspection.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 1 year's imprisonment.
     Example--
     Subsection (3) applies to a drover travelling the drover's own stock
     to the drover's own holding.
(4) If a drover loses a waybill, it is a defence to a prosecution for an
offence against subsection (2) or (3) if the drover--
     (a) obtains a copy of the waybill, or a replacement of it, as quickly
     as reasonably possible; and
     (b) produces it to an inspector for inspection when the inspector
     asks for the waybill to be produced for inspection.
(5) Subsections (1) to (3) apply subject to sections 22F and 22G.
(6) A drover must not have possession of a waybill or a copy of a waybill that,
to the drover's knowledge, is false or misleading in a material particular.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
 
22C Duties relating to waybill when stock delivered
(1) A person must not, without reasonable excuse, accept delivery of stock from
a drover unless the person at the same time receives an approved waybill for
the stock.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
(2) A drover must not, without reasonable excuse, deliver stock to a person
unless at the same time the drover also delivers an approved waybill for the
stock.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
(3) This section applies subject to sections 22F and 22G.
 
22D Retention of waybill received from drover
A person who takes delivery of stock, or on whose behalf delivery of stock is
taken, from a drover must, for 2 years after the delivery--
     (a) retain the waybill for the stock received from the drover; and
     (b) produce it to an inspector for inspection if the inspector asks
     for it to be produced for inspection.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
 
22E Entering of false or misleading information
A person must not knowingly enter false or misleading information on a waybill
made for the purposes of this Act.
Maximum penalty--1000 penalty units or 1 year's imprisonment.
 
22F Waybill sometimes not required
Sections 22, 22B(1) to (3) and 22C do not apply to--
     (a) cattle, sheep or goats being driven to or from a neighbouring
     holding for ordinary stock management purposes (other than for the
     purpose of collecting or returning stock that has strayed) on a
     movement that does not require a travel permit; or
     (b) horses on a movement that does not require a travel permit, other
     than horses being moved--
          (i) in connection with their sale or slaughter or intended
          sale or slaughter; or
          (ii) on a journey intended to take them out of a cattle
          tick infected area.
 
22G Multiple conveyances permitted under single waybill
(1) Subject to subsections (2) to (4), a drover may convey stock on a single
waybill by 2 or more vehicles or journeys.
(2) All stock must leave the same starting point within a period of 24 hours.
(3) The driver of a vehicle carrying the stock must carry a certificate signed
by the drover that--
     (a) states the number of stock on the vehicle; and
     (b) identifies the waybill relating to the movement of the stock; and
     (c) states the starting point and the destination that appears or
     will appear on the waybill.
(4) The waybill must be completed before the last of the stock leave the
starting point.
 
22H Examination of stock by owners of holdings
(1) This section applies to the owner of a holding through which, or along the
boundary of which, stock in the charge of a drover are driven.
(2) If the owner is of the opinion, formed on reasonable grounds, that it is
necessary or desirable for the owner to examine the stock for the purpose of
preventing the spread of disease, the owner may--
     (a) advise the drover of the opinion; and
     (b) request the drover to--
          (i) allow the owner to examine the stock; or
          (ii) produce for inspection by the owner any waybill
          completed, and travel permit issued, for the movement of
          the stock; or
          (iii) assist the owner by mustering and controlling the
          stock to enable the stock to be examined.
(3) The drover must not, without reasonable excuse, fail to comply with a
request made by the owner under subsection (2).
Maximum penalty--100 penalty units.
 
22I Escape of travelling stock
If stock escape from the custody of a drover while the drover is travelling the
stock, the drover must, at the earliest reasonable opportunity after becoming
aware of the escape, notify--
     (a) if a travel permit has been issued for the movement of the stock-
     -an inspector; and
     (b) if the movement of the stock is a movement for which a waybill is
     required--the person in charge of any holding (whether or not the
     person is the owner, lessee or licensee of the holding) onto which
     the stock have escaped or are likely to have escaped.
Maximum penalty--100 penalty units.
 
23 Regulation may provide for the non-application of travel permit and waybill
requirements
A regulation may provide that sections 21 to 22I--
     (a) do not apply to specified stock; or
     (b) do not apply to specified stock if specified conditions are
     complied with.
 
24 Endorsement of waybill on inspection etc.
(1) Any inspector who, on inspecting travelling stock, is satisfied with the
correctness of the waybill, may endorse it with the inspector's name,
designation, and address.
(2) All such stock not fully and accurately described therein may be impounded
in the nearest pound in the direction in which they are travelling (unless such
pound is double the distance from the actually nearest pound, in which case
they shall be impounded in the actually nearest pound), there to be kept at the
expense of the owner until duly claimed by the owner or on the owner's behalf,
and the requirements of this Act have been complied with, and the waybill has
been produced and shown to the poundkeeper, and the proper poundage fees and
all other charges and disbursements incurred have been paid.
 
25 Drover to give notice before entering a holding
(1) Every drover of travelling stock who intends to drive the same on or across
any holding, or along any road which intersects or forms a boundary of any
holding, unless such road is fenced on both sides, shall give the owner of the
holding on or across which the drover intends to drive stock, or of the holding
which is not fenced off from such road, not more than 48 nor less than 24 hours
notice by letter to the head station or principal homestead, or by telephone,
telegraph or personal notice to the owner of the holding.
(1A) A drover who fails to give notice under subsection (1) commits an offence
against this Act.
(1B) However, notice shall not be necessary from any person in charge of horses
in use at the time of travelling for the purposes of the person's calling.
(2) A complaint of any contravention of this section must be made by the person
or persons claiming to be aggrieved within 21 days after the ground of
complaint arose or was discovered by the complainant or complainants.
(3) However, a complainant lodging a complaint more than 21 days after the
ground of complaint arose must have discovered the ground of complaint within 3
months after it arose.
 
26 Branding of travelling sheep
(1) Every owner of travelling sheep that are not legibly branded on the body
with the letter 'T' not less than 75mm in length (whether or not they are
branded with the owner's station brand) commits an offence against this Act.
(2) Notwithstanding this section--
     (a) it shall not be necessary to brand travelling sheep in accordance
     therewith in cases where those sheep are legibly branded with the
     owner's registered sheep paint brand and--
          (i) are intended to be driven from the time of their
          removal for not more than 65km to a destination; or
          (ii) are conveyed by rail or motor vehicle to a
          destination;
     (b) it shall not be necessary to brand in accordance therewith sheep
     that are intended to be driven to a pound;
     (c) it shall not be necessary to brand in accordance therewith nor to
     legibly brand with the owner's registered paint brand--
          (i) stud sheep travelling to a sale or show;
          (ii) fat lambs travelling to a saleyard or licensed
          slaughterhouse.
 
27 Responsibilities about notifiable diseases and other diseases
(1) When a notifiable disease or a disease not previously recognised exists or
is suspected to exist in stock on any holding or premises or in travelling
stock, the prescribed person shall--
     (a) immediately upon becoming aware of the existence or suspected
     existence of the disease draft out and, as far as practicable, keep
     separate all affected or suspected stock from stock not so affected
     or suspected; and
     (b) within 24 hours after becoming aware of the existence or
     suspected existence of the disease give notice to the nearest
     inspector of the existence or suspected existence of the disease.
(1A) In subsection (1)--
prescribed person means whichever of the persons in this subsection specified
first becomes aware of the existence or suspected existence of the notifiable
disease in the stock concerned, the persons being--
     (a) the owner of the stock concerned; and
     (b) the owner of the holding or premises on which the stock concerned
     are at the time located.
(2) When a registered veterinary surgeon or other scientist, diagnoses a
notifiable disease or has reason to suspect the existence of a notifiable
disease in stock on any holding or premises or in travelling stock, the
veterinary surgeon or scientist shall, within 24 hours after making that
diagnosis or forming that suspicion, give notice to the nearest government
veterinary officer of the existence or suspected existence of the disease.
(2A) When the veterinary surgeon is an authorised veterinary surgeon the duty
imposed upon the veterinary surgeon by subsection (2) is in addition to the
duties imposed upon the veterinary surgeon by section 30.
(3) A regulation may provide that this section does not apply to a specified
notifiable disease.
(4) A person who, pursuant to the provisions of the Exotic Diseases in Animals
Act 1981, has duly given notice of an exotic disease shall not be required to
give notice under this section in respect of the same instance of existence of
that disease.
(5) In this section--
disease not previously recognised, for stock, includes--
     (a) blisters on the mouths or feet of the stock; and
     (b) unexplained or abnormally high mortality rate or morbidity in the
     stock; and
     (c) a sudden and unexplained fall in production relating to the
     stock.
     Example for paragraph (c)--
     a sudden and unexplained drop in milk production in a herd of dairy
     cattle
 
28 Swine
If swine are kept on any holding or premises in such a condition as to endanger
the health of such animals, the inspector may order, in writing, such holding
or premises to be forthwith placed and thereafter kept in a sanitary condition
to the inspector's satisfaction.
 
28J Cattle Feedlot Advisory Committee
(1) The Minister may from time to time establish a committee called the Cattle
Feedlot Advisory Committee.
(2) The number of members of the committee shall be determined by the Minister.
(3) The chief inspector shall, ex officio, be a member of the committee.
(4) The Minister shall by instrument--
     (a) appoint the members of the committee;
     (b) designate a member as chairperson of the committee;
     (c) appoint persons to fill any casual vacancies arising on the
     committee.
(5) A member shall hold office for the period specified in the instrument of
appointment unless the member sooner resigns or is removed from office.
(6) A member may resign office by notice in writing to the Minister.
(7) The Minister may, for such cause as the Minister considers appropriate,
remove a member from office at any time.
(8) The committee--
     (a) shall advise the Minister about the operation of cattle feedlots;
     and
     (b) shall discharge such other functions as the Minister may direct.
(9) The committee may conduct its meetings and business in such manner as it
thinks appropriate.
(10) No fees shall be payable to a member of the committee for discharging the
member's functions but the member shall be reimbursed for any reasonable
expenses necessarily incurred by the member in discharging the functions.
 
29 Powers of inspector
(1) An inspector may at any time, with or without assistants and with such
vehicle or vehicles and equipment, plant and instruments as the inspector may
consider necessary for the proper discharge of the inspector's duties--
     (a) enter into or upon any premises or holding;
     (b) count the stock in or upon any premises, holding, vehicle or
     vessel and inspect or examine any stock, flock, or herd book or any
     other records kept in relation to the stock concerned;
     (c) search any premises or holding, or stop, detain, enter and search
     any vehicle or vessel if the inspector suspects on reasonable grounds
     that an offence against this Act has been or is being committed and
     there is likely to be therein or thereon any stock, animal product,
     animal pathogen, carcass, biological preparation or fodder or any
     article or thing of any kind with respect to which that offence was
     or is being committed or that will afford evidence as to the
     commission of that offence, and may break open and search every box,
     receptacle or package of any kind in or upon those premises or that
     holding, vehicle or vessel;
     (d) may seize and detain any stock, animal product, animal pathogen,
     carcass, biological preparation, travel permit, waybill or fodder or
     any article or thing of any kind in respect of which an offence
     against this Act has been or is being committed or in respect of
     which the inspector suspects on reasonable grounds that such an
     offence has been or is being committed, or that the inspector
     believes will afford evidence as to the commission of that offence;
     (e) inspect, test for disease and treat for disease any stock, animal
     product, carcass or fodder;
     (f) inspect and test any soil, animal pathogen or biological
     preparation;
     (fa) inspect, and take a copy of, a document at the premises or
     holding;
     (g) where stock are to be sent out of the State, inspect, test for
     disease and treat for disease such stock for the purpose of ensuring
     that such stock meet the health requirements of any other State or
     Territory of the Commonwealth or of any country and issue
     certificates of compliance with those health requirements as a result
     of such inspection, testing or treatment or upon any other evidence
     to the inspector's satisfaction of such compliance;
     (h) provide husbandry services to any owner and advise any owner on
     and where necessary assist the owner in the carrying out of measures
     for the prevention of disease;
     (i) stop and detain travelling stock for the purpose of examining or
     testing for disease such stock or stop and detain any carcass which
     is being conveyed by any means whatsoever for the purpose of
     examining same;
     (j) examine or test for disease and detain travelling stock or any
     carcass which is being conveyed by any means whatsoever until this
     Act is complied with to the inspector's satisfaction;
     (k) order travelling stock to be forthwith taken back to any place or
     district from which they have been or are being removed or order any
     carcass which is being conveyed by any means whatsoever to be
     forthwith taken back to any place or district from which it has been
     or is being removed;
     (l) upon the authority of the chief executive--
          (i) order the owner of a holding or saleyard to erect and
          maintain in proper condition in the holding or saleyard the
          facilities specified in the order (which may include a
          crush or race) such as will enable the effective and safe
          examination, testing or treatment, by an inspector, of
          stock specified by the inspector;
          (ii) order the owner of a saleyard within a tick infested
          area to install and maintain in proper condition in that
          saleyard a cattle dip;
          (iii) order an owner to cause stock on a holding to be
          mustered;
          (iv) order an owner to hold stock on a holding for
          examination, testing or treatment;
          (v) order an owner to treat or test stock on a holding to
          the inspector's satisfaction;
     (m) question, with respect to matters under this Act, any person who
     is or was or who the inspector suspects to be or to have been the
     owner of any premises, holding or stock, every person whom the
     inspector finds in or on any premises or holding, and every person
     who has been within the preceding 6 months employed in or on any
     premises or holding to ascertain whether this Act has been or is
     being complied with and require any such person to answer the
     questions put and to sign a declaration of the truth of the person's
     answer;
     (n) impound or quarantine any stock which, in the inspector's
     opinion, are or are suspected to be diseased, or where, in the
     inspector's opinion, there is a risk of the stock going or straying
     to or coming in contact with stock free from disease or impound or
     detain any animal product, carcass, biological preparation or fodder
     which, in the inspector's opinion, is or is suspected to be diseased;
     (o) order the destruction and disposal of diseased stock at
     saleyards, cattle feedlots and licensed slaughterhouses;
     (p) order the owner of any premises or holding to remove stock from
     any specified portion of the premises or holding and to keep such
     portion free of stock for the period specified in the order;
     (q) order the owner of any premises or holding to take, within a
     specified period, such measures as the inspector specifies to ensure
     a reasonable standard of hygiene on the premises or holding at all
     times;
     (r) ask anyone the inspector considers can help, to help the
     inspector exercise the powers;
     (s) require a person being questioned by the inspector pursuant to
     this Act to state the person's name and usual place of residence.
(1AA) For the purpose of testing any stock, animal product, animal pathogen,
carcass, biological preparation, fodder or soil pursuant to this Act an
inspector may take specimens of any part of the stock, animal product, animal
pathogen, carcass, biological preparation, fodder or soil or of internal or
external parasites in or on the stock or carcass as the inspector requires.
(1AB) The power conferred on an inspector by subsection (1)(l)(i) shall not be
exercised unless the chief executive is satisfied that it is not practicable to
conduct an efficient and safe examination, test or treatment of the stock in
question without resorting to such an order.
(1A) An inspector may at any time order the immediate destruction and disposal
by an owner thereof of any travelling stock which in the inspector's opinion
are in a moribund state.
(1B) If in the opinion of an inspector, travelling stock are so seriously
injured as to be incapable of being travelled or travelled without cruelty or
likelihood of further injury, the inspector may order their destruction and
disposal, refuse to permit further movement, or if the inspector thinks fit,
permit their movement to the nearest practicable place available for veterinary
treatment.
(1C) If an owner is not present or for any other reason the inspector considers
it necessary so to do, the inspector may destroy and dispose of, or cause to be
destroyed and disposed of, any stock so found, in which cases the owner thereof
shall be liable to pay all expenses reasonably incurred in the destruction and
disposal of such stock, and any such expenses unpaid by such owner may be
recovered by an inspector from the owner by action as for a debt in any court
of competent jurisdiction.
(1D) For the purposes of subsections (1A) and (1B), the order directing the
destruction or disposal of any stock, may direct the manner in which, the time
within which, and the person by whom the stock shall be destroyed or disposed
of and may direct that the stock shall be delivered at the time and place
specified in the order, to a person named in the order for destruction or
disposal.
(1E) The provisions of section 36 shall not apply with respect to any order
under subsection (1A) or (1B) of an inspector.
(2) When any stock so impounded or quarantined are, or when any animal product,
carcass, biological preparation or fodder so impounded or detained is found to
be diseased, the chief executive may cause such stock, animal product, carcass,
biological preparation or fodder to be destroyed.
(2A) In that event the chief executive shall forthwith give notice of the fact
to the owner of the stock, animal product, carcass, biological preparation or
fodder as the case may be if that owner is known to the chief executive.
(2B) Specimens of any soil, biological preparation or animal pathogen taken
pursuant to subsection (1) or (1AA) shall be disposed of as directed by the
chief inspector.
(3) Any stock so impounded which are not, or any animal product, carcass,
biological preparation or fodder so impounded which is not diseased shall,
after the expiration of 21 days from the day of impounding, if not sooner
claimed and duly released, be sold, destroyed or otherwise disposed of as the
chief executive directs.
(3A) The proceeds (if any) arising from such sale, destruction, or disposal
shall, after payment of the expenses of impounding and of sale, destruction, or
disposal, be paid to the owner of the stock, animal product, carcass,
biological preparation or fodder as the case may be if the owner is known, and
if the owner is not known shall be paid into the consolidated fund.
(3B) Save as aforesaid, all stock so impounded shall be dealt with in all
respects as if they had been impounded by a proprietor under the laws in force
relating to impounding of stock.
(4) The inspector who impounds or quarantines any stock or impounds or detains
any animal product, animal pathogen, carcass, biological preparation or fodder
under this section or takes any action under subsections (1A) to (1E) shall
forthwith give notice of the fact to the chief inspector.
 
29A Production of documents
(1) An inspector may require a person to make available for inspection by an
inspector, or produce to the inspector for inspection, at a stated reasonable
time and place a document required to be kept by the person under this Act.
(2) The inspector may keep the document to copy it.
(3) The inspector must return the document to the person as soon as practicable
after copying it.
(4) A person required to make available, or produce, for inspection a document
under subsection (1) must comply with the requirement, unless the person has a
reasonable excuse.
Maximum penalty--200 penalty units.
(5) A person has a reasonable excuse if complying with the requirement might
tend to incriminate the person.
 
30 Disease eradication programs
(1) A regulation may institute a disease eradication program for the purposes
of eradicating from the State or any part or parts thereof any disease named
therein.
(1AA) A regulation may make provision with respect to the way in which the
program is to be carried out.
(1A) The chief executive may enter into an agreement in writing with an owner
of any holding or premises or the owner of any stock on terms and conditions
subject to which a disease eradication program shall be carried out on the
holding or premises or in relation to any stock on the holding or premises and
may at any time and in like manner vary, renew or extend that agreement.
(1B) If the owner fails to comply with the agreed terms and conditions, the
chief executive may revoke the agreement.
(2) Where a disease eradication program has been instituted pursuant to
subsection (1) any inspector or authorised veterinary surgeon may at any time,
with or without assistants and with such vehicle or vehicles and equipment,
plant and instruments as the inspector or veterinary surgeon considers
necessary for the proper discharge of duties enter upon any holding or premises
and there or at some other place suitable therefor inspect, test and treat all
or any stock found by the inspector or veterinary surgeon for the purpose of
eradicating any disease in respect of which a disease eradication program has
been instituted.
(3) The owner shall aid in such entry, inspection, testing and treatment and
for that purpose shall, if so ordered by the inspector or authorised veterinary
surgeon, muster all or any stock upon the holding or premises and, if so
required by the inspector or authorised veterinary surgeon, shall remove such
stock therefrom to a place suitable for such inspection, testing or treatment
and shall do and execute all such acts, matters and things as may be reasonably
required by the inspector or authorised veterinary surgeon.
(4) The power conferred upon an inspector or authorised veterinary surgeon
under this section to inspect, test and treat stock in or upon any holding or
premises shall include the power to identify by the insertion of an ear tag or
by some other means approved by the chief inspector any such head of stock.
(5) Where an inspector finds in or upon any holding or premises any stock
affected by a disease in respect of which a disease eradication program has
been instituted the inspector--
     (a) may mark or brand such stock in the prescribed manner with the
     prescribed mark or brand;
     (b) shall immediately upon completion of the test report the
     inspector's findings to the chief inspector or, if such test has been
     made in a district where a government veterinary officer is
     stationed, to such government veterinary officer.
(5A) The chief inspector or government veterinary officer may thereupon by an
order in writing under his or her hand order the destruction or disposal of
such stock.
(5B) Where an authorised veterinary surgeon finds in or upon any holding or
premises any stock affected by a disease in respect of which a disease
eradication program has been instituted the veterinary surgeon shall--
     (a) mark or brand such stock in the prescribed manner with the
     prescribed brand or mark;
     (b) immediately upon completion of the test forward a certificate of
     such finding and of such other particulars as may be prescribed to
     the chief inspector or, if such test has been made in a district
     where a government veterinary officer is stationed, to such
     government veterinary officer.
(5C) The chief inspector or government veterinary officer may thereupon by an
order in writing under his or her hand order the destruction or disposal of
such stock.
(5D) For the purposes of this section, a positive reaction by any stock to a
test for a disease (being such a test as is prescribed) shall be evidence that
the stock so reacting are affected by the disease and in the absence of
evidence in rebuttal thereof shall be conclusive evidence of such matter.
(6) The chief inspector may issue an order for the destruction or disposal of
all or any stock in or upon any holding or premises if the chief inspector is
of the opinion that such destruction or disposal is necessary or desirable for
the purpose of eradicating a disease in respect of which a disease eradication
program is instituted under subsection (1).
(6A) An order may be issued under subsection (6) whether or not the stock to
which it relates have been tested by an inspector or authorised veterinary
surgeon for the purpose of the disease eradication program.
(7) The order directing the destruction or disposal of any stock pursuant to
this section may prescribe the manner in which, the time within which, and the
person by whom such stock shall be destroyed or disposed of and for that
purpose may direct either that the stock be destroyed or disposed of by or
under the supervision of the person named therein at the holding or premises in
question or that such stock be delivered at such time and place as are
specified therein to a person named therein for destruction or disposal.
(7A) For the purpose of ensuring compliance with an order issued under
subsection (6), an inspector may, from time to time, direct the person to whom
the order is given to muster any stock (including stock to which the order does
not relate) in the manner specified by the inspector.
(8) The power to make an order under subsection (5A) or (5C) shall include the
power to make such 1 or more orders or to vary or revoke such orders as the
chief inspector or government veterinary officer deems necessary in the
circumstances.
(8A) The power to make an order under subsection (6) shall include the power to
make such 1 or more orders or to vary or revoke such orders as the chief
inspector deems necessary in the circumstances.
(9) An order made under subsection (5A), (5C) or (6) shall be given to the
person who, in the opinion of the inspector or chief inspector as the case may
be, is, in the circumstances, the most appropriate of the following persons to
receive the order--
     (a) the owner of the premises or holding;
     (b) the owner of the stock.
(9AA) A person who contravenes or fails to comply with any requirement of an
order given under subsection (9) commits an offence against this Act.
(9AB) Upon a failure in any respect to comply with the requirements of such an
order and without prejudice to any proceedings which may be taken upon such
failure, the chief executive may, after the expiration of 7 days from the date
of such failure, direct in writing an inspector to enter the holding or
premises to which the order relates and destroy or dispose of or cause to be
destroyed or disposed of the stock specified in the order and any inspector so
directed may enter such holding or premises and destroy or dispose of or cause
to be destroyed or disposed of such stock.
(9AC) For the purposes of such destruction or disposal the inspector may, if
the inspector thinks fit, remove or cause to be removed any such stock to any
other place.
(9A) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (9) to (9AC), when an owner
of a holding or premises or the owner of stock advises in writing prior to the
expiration of an order issued under subsection (5A), (5C) or (6), of the
owner's inability to comply with the order, the chief inspector may, in
writing, direct an inspector to destroy or dispose of or cause to be destroyed
or disposed of the stock specified in the order and an inspector may enter that
holding or premises and destroy or dispose of or cause to be destroyed or
disposed of that stock.
(9B) Where stock stray from or onto a holding quarantined for the purposes of a
disease eradication program or stock originating from a holding quarantined for
the purpose of a disease eradication program escape whilst being travelled, an
order issued under subsection (5A), (5C) or (6) shall be given to the owner of
the stock.
(9C) Notice of that action shall immediately be given by an inspector to the
owner of the holding onto or from which the stock have strayed or escaped as
the case may be.
(10) Any person who, except in compliance with the terms of an order made under
this section, removes or procures the removal of any stock from the holding or
premises in or upon which such stock were found by an inspector or authorised
veterinary surgeon to be affected or suspected of being affected by a disease
in respect of which a disease eradication program exists shall be guilty of an
offence against this Act.
(11) Any person who removes, alters, defaces, renders illegible or blotches any
ear tag, brand or mark tagged, branded or marked upon any stock by an inspector
or authorised veterinary surgeon under the authority of this section shall be
guilty of an offence against this Act.
(12) Where an inspector or authorised veterinary surgeon is exercising a power
conferred by this section then any person who obstructs the inspector or
veterinary surgeon in his or her entry of any holding or premises or in his or
her inspection, testing or treatment of any stock found therein or thereon and
any person who, being thereunto required by this section so to do, fails to
help the inspector or veterinary surgeon in such entry, inspection, testing or
treatment as aforesaid shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
Maximum penalty--600 penalty units.
(12A) For the purpose of this section--
inspector and authorised veterinary surgeon include every assistant whom such a
person has with him or her.
(13) The right of entry conferred upon an inspector and authorised veterinary
surgeon under this section shall include all such right of ingress, egress or
regress into, upon or from any holding or premises, and either for himself or
herself or his or her assistants, as the inspector or veterinary surgeon shall
think necessary for the purposes of the proper inspection, testing or treatment
of all stock found in or upon such holding or premises.
(16) Any authorised veterinary surgeon who contravenes or fails to comply with
any provision of this section or who wilfully furnishes false or misleading
particulars in any certificate issued by the veterinary surgeon pursuant to
this section commits an offence against this Act.
(17) When the chief executive is satisfied that for the purposes of a disease
eradication program stock should be isolated, kept or retained by stock proof
fences within a quarantined holding, the chief executive may in writing require
the owner of that holding to repair, replace or erect fencing to a standard
that will render the fencing stock proof.
(18) In the requisition, the chief executive may specify the time within which
the person to whom the requisition is directed is to comply.
(19) If within the specified time, the person to whom the requisition is
directed fails to comply to the satisfaction of the chief executive, the chief
executive may authorise an inspector to cause the work required by the
requisition to be done and the costs and expenses of that work shall be
recoverable in any court of competent jurisdiction from the owner as a debt due
and owing to the Crown.
 
31 Compensation relating to disease eradication programs
(1) The owner of stock destroyed or disposed of pursuant to section 30 shall be
entitled in respect thereof to compensation under, subject to and in accordance
with this section, and the owner shall not be otherwise entitled to
compensation.
(2) The amount of compensation (if any) payable to a person under this section-
-
     (a) shall be as prescribed by regulation;
     (b) in respect of the stock--shall not exceed the average market
     value for that class of stock;
     (c) in a case where the owner carries out the destruction or disposal
     of the stock--may include compensation as prescribed in respect of
     the costs and expenses incurred by the owner in carrying out the
     destruction or disposal.
(2A) The regulations may provide for compensation in respect of destroyed or
disposed of stock whether or not the stock are infected.
(3) A person seeking compensation under this section shall make an application
as prescribed.
(4) In a case where stock are destroyed or disposed of pursuant to section 30
(9A) compensation otherwise payable to the owner of the stock shall be reduced
by the costs and expenses incurred by the Crown in respect of the destruction
or disposal.
(5) Compensation shall not be payable under this section--
     (a) unless the person seeking compensation complies with subsection
     (3); or
     (b) in a case where the stock are destroyed or disposed of pursuant
     to directions given to an inspector by the chief executive under
     section 30(9AB) in the event of a failure to comply with the
     requirements of an order made under section 30(5A), (5C) or (6); or
     (c) in any case where stock are destroyed by the Crown when they are
     unmustered; or
     (d) as prescribed by section 18.
 
32 Testing, treatment and isolation of stock and treatment of vehicles
(1) An inspector may order that stock that is--
     (a) infected or suspected;
     (b) in the inspector's opinion, in danger of becoming infected by the
     spread of disease from other stock;
     (c) within an infected or declared area;
be tested, treated or isolated to the inspector's satisfaction in such manner
(whether prescribed or not) as is desirable and adequate to prevent or avoid
the spread of disease.
(1A) An inspector may order that a vehicle or vessel that is or has been used
for conveying, or a holding, laboratory or other premises upon or in which
there are or have been--
     (a) infected or suspected stock;
     (b) carcasses or animal products thereof;
     (c) infected or suspected fodder, turf or other things associated
     with infected or suspected stock;
     (d) animal pathogens;
     (e) biological preparations;
together with any of the things mentioned in paragraphs (b) to (e), and any
object in which they are or have been contained, be tested, treated,
disinfected or isolated to the inspector's satisfaction in such manner (whether
prescribed or not) as is desirable and adequate to prevent or avoid the spread
of disease.
(2) A regulation may provide that a biological preparation must not be used for
the inoculation of stock without the prior written approval of the chief
inspector.
 
33 Control of residue disease
(1) For the purpose of locating the cause of residue disease, or preventing,
controlling or eradicating residue disease an inspector may--
     (a) enter, remain in, and search any place in order to ascertain
     whether or not--
          (i) there has been in that place anything that has been
          used as fodder and that may have caused residue disease;
          (ii) there is anything being grown or produced in that
          place or is being held in that place that may be used as
          fodder and that may cause residue disease;
          (iii) there is any soil or other matter or thing in that
          place that may have caused or may cause residue disease in
          stock kept, grazed or put to pasture therein;
     and make therein such investigations, tests, inspections and
     inquiries as may be necessary, including breaking into any enclosed
     place or receptacle or taking any sample of fodder, soil or other
     matter or thing;
     (b) stop, detain and search any vehicle and exercise therein any of
     the powers the inspector may exercise in a place entered pursuant to
     this section;
     (c) for the purpose of exercising powers under this Act, require a
     person in possession of any vehicle that the inspector suspects or
     believes contains anything that may be used as fodder or that may
     have contained anything that may have been used as fodder to remove
     it to a place that the inspector determines or himself or herself
     remove the vehicle or authorise any person to remove the vehicle to a
     place that the inspector determines;
     (d) require any person in or near any place or vehicle referred to in
     this subsection who the inspector suspects or believes on reasonable
     grounds has information, or has in the person's possession records
     that contain information, that may assist in the inspector's
     inquiries, to furnish the information or to furnish the records for
     inspection or to give access to the information contained therein, in
     accordance with directions given by the inspector;
     (e) take notes or copies of or extracts from records inspected by the
     inspector or furnished to the inspector pursuant to this section.
(2) An inspector who has reason to suspect or believe any of the matters
defined in subsection (1)(a)(i) to (iii) in respect of the places, matters or
things referred to therein may give directions from time to time to the owner
of the place, matter or thing, which directions--
     (a) shall be in writing;
     (b) shall state they shall have effect for a period specified by the
     inspector not exceeding 7 days;
     (c) may require that any place that the inspector suspects or
     believes to be the source of residue disease, or may become so, shall
     be isolated or restricted in its use in accordance with the
     directions unless treatment or work is carried out in accordance with
     the directions;
     (d) may require that any matter or thing that the inspector suspects
     or believes to be the cause of residue disease, or may become so,
     shall be isolated or held in accordance with the directions unless
     treated or used, sold or otherwise disposed of in accordance with the
     directions;
     (e) may contain such other directions as may be prescribed.
(3) The chief inspector, if satisfied that it is necessary to do so in order to
prevent, control or eradicate residue disease may give directions to the owner
of a place, matter or thing, which directions--
     (a) shall be in writing;
     (b) may state that they shall take effect for a period specified by
     the chief inspector or until otherwise directed by the chief
     inspector;
     (c) may require that any place shall be isolated or restricted in its
     use or subjected to treatment or work at the owner's expense, in
     accordance with the directions;
     (d) may require that any matter or thing--
          (i) shall be isolated, held or treated in accordance with
          the directions;
          (ii) if used, sold or otherwise disposed of, shall not be
          used, sold or otherwise disposed of except in accordance
          with the directions;
     (e) may contain other directions as prescribed.
(4) A person who fails to comply with directions given to the person under
subsection (2) or (3), or who, in respect of a place, matter or thing
contravenes directions given under subsection (2) or (3) that apply in respect
thereof, commits an offence against this Act.
Maximum penalty--400 penalty units or 6 months imprisonment.
(5) The chief executive may order the destruction or disposal otherwise of any
matter or thing if its owner fails to comply with directions given to the owner
under this section in respect thereof and if the chief executive is satisfied
that the destruction or disposal is necessary to prevent, control or eradicate
residue disease.
(5A) An order made under subsection (5) shall be given to the owner and may
include directions in respect of the time and manner of the destruction or
disposal.
(6) If the owner of a place, matter or thing fails to comply with directions
under subsection (3) requiring the owner to carry out treatment or work or
fails to comply with an order under subsection (5), an inspector, with the
authority of the chief executive first had and obtained, may carry out the
treatment, work destruction or disposal, and for that purpose shall have all
necessary powers of entry, search and seizure.
(6A) The owners of a place, matter or thing in respect of which steps are taken
under subsection (6) shall be jointly and severally liable to pay to the Crown
the costs and expenses (including prescribed costs and expenses) reasonably
incurred in connection with those steps and the Crown may recover any
outstanding costs and expenses in action as for a debt in any court of
competent jurisdiction.
(6B) The proceeds (if any) arising out of the destruction or disposal of any
matter or thing under this section, less the costs and expenses for which the
owners are liable, shall be paid to the person, or (in varying amounts if
necessary) to the persons appearing to the Crown to be entitled thereto, and
thereupon the Crown shall not be liable at the suit of any person in respect of
the proceeds.
(7) No compensation whatever shall be payable to or recoverable by any owner of
a place, matter or thing in respect of loss suffered because of directions
given under this section or because of treatment or work carried out on the
owner's place or because of any destruction or disposal of the owner's
property, where the treatment, work, destruction or disposal are carried out
for the purpose of given effect to this section.
(8) The provisions of subsections (5) to (7) shall operate without prejudice to
any proceedings that may be taken against a person for an offence against this
Act.
(9) Directions given under subsection (2) or (3), or an order given under
subsection (5) to a person who is an owner of a place, matter or thing, shall
be deemed thereby to be given to each and every owner of the place, matter or
thing.
(10) In this section--
owner when used in reference to--
     (a) a place, includes a person with an estate or interest therein and
     includes a person who is apparently in charge of the place;
     (b) a matter or thing, includes a person who has the matter or thing
     in the owner's possession.
 
34 Restricted entry into dwelling house
(1) Before an inspector enters a dwelling house for the purpose of exercising
any powers under this Act, save where the inspector has the permission of the
occupier to the inspector's entry, the inspector shall make an application to a
justice who is a stipendiary magistrate and obtain from the stipendiary
magistrate a warrant to enter.
(2) A justice who is satisfied upon an application made under this section that
there is reasonable cause to suspect or believe--
     (a) that in any place an offence against this Act has been or is
     being committed; or
     (b) that there is in any place any matter or thing with respect to
     which an offence against this Act has been or is being committed, or
     with respect to which an inspector may exercise a power under this
     Act;
may issue a warrant directed to an inspector to enter the place specified in
the warrant for the purpose of exercising therein the powers conferred upon the
inspector by this Act.
(3) The justice shall specify in the warrant the powers the inspector may
exercise and shall note thereon the basis upon which the warrant is issued.
(4) An application to a justice for the issue of a warrant under this section--
     (a) may be heard in any place, and subject to subsections (5) and
     (6), in such manner as the justice thinks fit;
     (b) may be made in person or by telephone, radio or by means of any
     other form of distant communication.
(5) Except where a warrant is issued upon an application made by telephone,
radio or by means of any other form of distant communication, in determining
whether or not the justice should issue a warrant, the justice shall not rely
on any statement of facts unless it is provided by means of an oral or written
statement given under oath, affirmation or declaration or under some other
sanction authorised by law.
(6) If an application is made by means of telephone, radio or any other form of
distant communication the following provisions shall apply--
     (a) the justice shall not issue the warrant unless the justice
     informs the applicant of the facts upon which the justice relies in
     issuing the warrant and obtains from the applicant an undertaking
     that the applicant shall deliver to the justice as directed by the
     justice as soon as practicable a statement in writing given under
     oath, affirmation or declaration or under some other sanction
     authorised by law, that verifies those facts;
     (b) if the justice issues the warrant the justice shall inform the
     applicant that the justice has done so and shall send the warrant to
     the chief executive within 7 days of its issue;
     (c) on and from the issue of the warrant, a form of warrant completed
     by the applicant substantially in the terms of the warrant issued by
     the justice and stating the name of the justice and date on which and
     the place at which the justice issued it shall for all purposes be
     deemed to be a warrant issued under this section;
     (d) as soon as practicable after the issue of a warrant, the
     applicant shall deliver to the justice a statement in writing in
     compliance with the undertaking obtained from the justice pursuant to
     paragraph (a) and if the applicant fails to do so the warrant on and
     from such failure shall be deemed to be cancelled.
(6A) The failure of a justice to send a warrant to the chief executive in
compliance with subsection (6)(b) shall not affect the validity of the warrant.
(7) A warrant issued under this section shall be, for a period of 21 days from
the date of its issue, sufficient authority for the inspector and all persons
acting in aid of the inspector--
     (a) to enter the place specified in the warrant; and
     (b) subject to the terms of the warrant, to exercise the powers
     conferred upon an inspector under this Act.
 
35 Laboratories
A person shall not, without the consent in writing of the chief executive,
establish, operate or maintain a laboratory.
 
35A Certification relating to artificial breeding
(1) A regulation may make provision with respect to the examination,
certification and inspection of premises, or stock at premises, at which
procedures relating to the artificial breeding of stock take place.
(2) In subsection (1)--
procedures relating to the artificial breeding of stock include--
     (a) procedures for collecting semen or embryos from stock; and
     (b) stock embryo transfer procedures.
 
35B External review by QCAT
A person who is dissatisfied with an original decision under this Act, other
than an original decision to seize a thing, may apply, as provided under the
QCAT Act, to QCAT for an external review of the decision.
 
35C Application of QCAT Act notice requirement
An information notice must be given for a decision only if this Act so
requires.
 
36 Appeals to Magistrates Courts
(2) A person who is dissatisfied with an original decision to seize a thing
under this Act may appeal to a Magistrates Court against the decision.
(3) The appeal may be instituted at any time.
(4) However, a person who wishes to appeal against a decision of which written
notice of the decision and the reasons for the decision have been given to the
person must institute the appeal within 30 days of receiving the notice.
(5) The Magistrates Court exercising jurisdiction at or nearest the place of
the activity to which the decision relates has jurisdiction to hear the appeal.
(6) Subsection (5) does not limit the jurisdiction of another Magistrates Court
to hear the appeal.
(7) An appeal under this section is started by--
     (a) filing with the clerk of the court written notice of the appeal;
     and
     (b) serving a copy of the notice on the chief executive.
(8) The notice of appeal must specify fully the grounds of appeal and the facts
relied on.
(9) An appeal is to be by way of rehearing.
(10) The magistrate hearing the appeal may give directions in relation to the
hearing of the appeal.
(11) For the purposes of the appeal, the Magistrates Court has all the powers
and functions of the person whose decision is the subject of appeal.
(12) If, on appeal, the Magistrates Court reverses or varies the decision, the
Magistrates Court's decision is taken, for the purposes of this Act, to be that
of the person whose decision was the subject of the appeal.
 
36A Who may appeal to the District Court
A person who has appealed to a Magistrates Court against an original decision
to seize a thing under this Act may appeal to the District Court against the
decision made by the Magistrates Court.
 
36B Starting an appeal
(1) An appeal under section 36A is started by--
     (a) filing a notice of appeal with the registrar of the District
     Court; and
     (b) complying with the rules of court applicable to the appeal.
(2) The notice must be filed within 28 days after--
     (a) the day the person receives notice of the decision appealed
     against; or
     (b) if paragraph (a) does not apply, the day the person otherwise
     becomes aware of the decision.
(3) However, the District Court may, at any time, extend the period for filing
the notice of appeal.
 
36C Stay of operation of decision
(1) The District Court may grant a stay of the operation of the decision
appealed against under section 36A to secure the effectiveness of the appeal.
(2) The stay--
     (a) may be given on conditions the court considers appropriate; and
     (b) has effect for the period fixed by the court; and
     (c) may be amended or revoked by the court.
(3) The period of the stay must not extend past the time when the court decides
the appeal.
(4) An appeal against a decision affects the decision, or the carrying out of
the decision, only if the decision is stayed.
 
36D Hearing procedures
(1) In deciding an appeal under section 36A, the court--
     (a) has the same powers as the entity that made the original
     decision; and
     (b) is not bound by the rules of evidence; and
     (c) must comply with natural justice.
(2) The appeal is by way of rehearing, unaffected by the decision appealed
against, on the material before the entity that made the original decision and
any further evidence allowed by the court.
 
36E Powers of court on appeal
In deciding an appeal under section 36A, the court may--
     (a) confirm the decision appealed against; or
     (b) amend the decision appealed against; or
     (c) substitute another decision for the decision appealed against.
 
36F Who may appeal to the Court of Appeal
A party to an appeal to the District Court, who is dissatisfied with the
decision of the court, may appeal against the court's decision to the Court of
Appeal.
 
36G Appeal on questions of law only
An appeal to the Court of Appeal may be made only on a question of law.
 
36H Starting an appeal
(1) An appeal under section 36F is started by--
     (a) filing a notice of appeal with the registrar of the Supreme
     Court; and
     (b) complying with the rules of court applicable to the appeal.
(2) For the Uniform Civil Procedure Rules, section 748, the date of the
decision appealed against is taken to be the day the appellant receives notice
of the decision.
(3) However, the Court of Appeal may, at any time, extend the period for filing
a notice of appeal.
 
36I Stay of operation of decision
(1) The Court of Appeal may grant a stay of the operation of the decision
appealed against under section 36F to secure the effectiveness of the appeal.
(2) The stay--
     (a) may be given on conditions the court considers appropriate; and
     (b) has effect for the period fixed by the court; and
     (c) may be amended or revoked by the court.
(3) The period of the stay must not extend past the time when the court decides
the appeal.
(4) An appeal against a decision affects the decision, or the carrying out of
the decision, only if the decision is stayed.
 
36J Hearing procedures
The procedure for an appeal under section 36F is to be under the rules of court
applicable to the appeal or, if the rules make no provision or insufficient
provision, under the directions of the Court of Appeal.
 
36K Powers of court on appeal
In deciding an appeal under section 36F, the court may--
     (a) confirm the decision appealed against; or
     (b) amend the decision appealed against; or
     (c) substitute another decision for the decision appealed against.
 
37 Offences
(1) Every person who--
     (a) travels stock contrary to this Act or any order of an inspector;
     (c) leaves, or causes or permits to be left, infected stock or any
     carcass on a road or stock route;
     (d) without lawful excuse, the proof whereof shall lie upon the
     person, leaves or causes or permits to be left any travelling stock
     on any road or stock route, or, without the permission of the owner
     of any holding, leaves or causes or permits to be left any travelling
     stock or any carcass on such holding;
     (e) refuses or neglects to give any prescribed notice;
     (ea) assaults, resists, obstructs, threatens, or intimidates any
     inspector, government veterinary officer, authorised veterinary
     surgeon, or other officer in the exercise of his or her powers or in
     the discharge of his or her duties under this Act, or attempts so to
     do;
     (f) fails to comply in all respects with the lawful order or
     requisition of the chief executive or the lawful order of an
     inspector;
     (g) fails to close and secure against its being opened by stock any
     gate erected on a road or stock route;
     (h) knowingly gives false or misleading information in connection
     with the issue, endorsement or alteration of a travel permit or
     waybill;
     (j) travels, or attempts to travel, or is in any way concerned in
     travelling, stock under the authority of a travel permit containing--
          (i) any alteration which has not been made by an inspector;
          or
          (ii) any condition endorsed thereon or any other
          endorsement which condition or endorsement has not been
          endorsed or made by an inspector;
     (k) is guilty of any breach of the regulations;
     (l) when required by or under this Act to furnish any information to
     an inspector, fails to furnish that information, or furnishes
     information which is in any respect false or misleading;
     (m) enters false information on a certificate of health relating to
     stock, required to be furnished under this Act;
     (n) gives false information to an inspector in connection with the
     obtaining or attempting to obtain any certificate that an inspector
     may issue under this Act;
     (o) obliterates, destroys, defaces or damages in any way a travel
     permit or waybill during the period in which such document is
     required to be retained, preserved or produced under the provisions
     of this Act;
     (p) forges or counterfeits a licence, certificate, travel permit,
     waybill, order, notice, authority or approval under this Act;
     (q) knowingly utters or makes use of a forged or counterfeited
     licence, certificate, travel permit, waybill, order, notice,
     authority or approval;
     (r) impersonates a person named in a licence, certificate, travel
     permit, waybill, order, notice, authority or approval granted or
     issued under this Act;
commits an offence against this Act.
(1A) Any stock left on any road intersecting or forming the boundary line of
any holding shall be deemed and taken to be left on such holding.
(2) If a person to whom an order made under this Act by an inspector or a
government veterinary officer is directed fails to comply in all respects with
the order within the time (if any) limited therefor by the order, an inspector
or government veterinary officer upon the direction of the chief executive, may
cause to be done the work required by the order and the costs and expenses of
such work shall be recoverable in any court of competent jurisdiction from, in
the case of an order with respect to stock or a holding, the owner and, in the
case of an order with respect to a vehicle, the owner, the owner's manager or
agent or other person to whom the order in question was directed as a debt due
and payable to the Crown but unpaid.
(2A) Where the order in question was made with respect to the treatment,
testing, destruction or disposal of stock such costs and expenses shall, until
recovered, be and remain a first charge upon the stock treated, tested,
destroyed or disposed of notwithstanding any change in ownership thereof that
may from time to time take place.
(3) An inspector may seize any stock, matter or thing introduced into the State
in contravention of this Act or any stock travelled in contravention of this
Act or kept alive in contravention of a condition requiring their slaughter
imposed by or under this Act in respect of the introduction or travelling of
the stock.
(3A) Any stock, matter or thing so seized may, at the discretion of the chief
executive, be destroyed, sold or otherwise disposed of.
(3B) The owners of the stock, matter or thing destroyed or disposed of shall be
jointly and severally liable to pay to the Crown the costs and expenses
(including prescribed costs and expenses) reasonably incurred in connection
therewith and the Crown may recover outstanding costs and expenses in action as
for a debt in any court of competent jurisdiction.
(3C) The proceeds (if any) arising out of the destruction or disposal, less the
costs and expenses for which the owners are liable, shall be paid to the
person, or (in varying amounts if necessary) to the persons appearing to the
Crown to be entitled thereto, and thereupon the Crown shall not be liable at
the suit of any person in respect of the proceeds.
(3D) No compensation whatever shall be payable to or recoverable by any owner
in respect of loss suffered because of the destruction or disposal of the
owner's property carried out for the purpose of giving effect to subsection
(3).
(3E) The provisions of subsections (3) to (3D) shall operate without prejudice
to any proceedings that may be taken against a person for an offence against
this Act.
(4) No person shall be required under this Act to answer any question, or give
any information or to sign any declaration tending to incriminate the person.
 
39 Destroying notices etc.
Any person who, without the authority of the chief executive or an inspector,
demolishes, destroys, pulls down, erases, removes, defaces, or otherwise
damages or interferes with any notice or placard fixed, posted, or placed
pursuant to this Act commits an offence against this Act.
 
39A Feeding particular things to stock
A person must not feed stock, or allow stock to feed on, any thing the person
knows, or ought reasonably to know, has the potential to cause the stock to
become infected with an exotic disease.
Maximum penalty--400 penalty units.
 
40 Expenses of destruction etc. of stock to be borne by the owner
Unless otherwise indicated or provided, the costs and expenses of and attendant
upon the destruction and disposal or the treatment pursuant to this Act of
stock shall in every case be borne by the owner of the stock so dealt with.
 
41 Protection from liability
(1) This section applies to--
     (a) the Minister; and
     (b) the chief executive; and
     (c) an inspector; and
     (d) an authorised veterinary surgeon or government veterinary
     officer; and
     (e) a person acting with the authority or under the direction of a
     person mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (d).
(2) A person to whom this section applies does not incur civil liability for an
act or omission done honestly and without negligence under, or for the purposes
of, this Act.
(3) A liability that would, apart from this section, attach to the person
attaches instead to the State.
 
42 Offences generally and penalty
(1) A person who contravenes or fails to comply with a provision of this Act
commits an offence against this Act.
(2) A person who fails to comply with a term, condition or restriction imposed
under this Act commits an offence against this Act.
(3) A person who--
     (a) fails to do that which the person is directed, ordered or
     required to do;
     (b) does that which the person is forbidden to do;
by a person acting under the authority of this Act, commits an offence against
this Act.
(4) Where no penalty is expressly provided, a person who commits an offence
against this Act is liable to a maximum penalty of--
     (a) for an offence against a regulation--40 penalty units; or
     (b) otherwise--400 penalty units.
 
43 Procedure
(1) An offence against this Act may be prosecuted and amounts of assessments,
fees or charges of any kind payable under this Act and not paid may be
recovered in a summary way under the Justices Act 1886 on complaint by--
     (a) an inspector; or
     (b) any other person thereunto authorised in writing by the Minister.
(1A) All amounts of assessments, fees or charges of any kind payable under this
Act and not paid may be recovered by the Crown by action as for a debt in any
court of competent jurisdiction.
(1B) The remedy conferred by subsection (1A) is in addition to the remedy
conferred by subsection (1).
(2) A prosecution in respect of an offence against this Act may be commenced
within 1 year after the commission of the offence or within 6 months after the
offence comes to the knowledge of the complainant, whichever period is the
later to expire.
(3) When any proceedings are taken in respect of stock under this Act, the
court may, notwithstanding any change that has taken place in the meantime in
the ownership or possession of the stock, give judgment against the owner of
the stock without any further name or description, and may by such judgment
order that the amount of the judgment and costs be levied by seizure and sale
of so many of the stock as are necessary to satisfy the same.
(4) Where in respect of a proceeding for an offence against this Act a copy of
a laboratory report--
     (a) if obtained on behalf of the prosecution--is served with the
     summons; or
     (b) if obtained on behalf of the defendant--is given to the
     complainant at least 3 clear days before the return date of the
     summons;
then, subject to subsection (5), the laboratory report, a copy of which has
been so served or given, purporting to be under the hand of a scientist shall,
upon its production in the proceeding, be prima facie evidence of the matters
contained therein unless an order is made under subsection (5) that the
scientist be called as a witness.
(5) Where a laboratory report is or is proposed to be produced pursuant to
subsection (4), the court may, if it is satisfied (whether or not upon
application made in that behalf) that in the circumstances of the case the
scientist who issued the report should be called as a witness, order that the
scientist be called as a witness by the party producing or proposing to produce
the report and may grant an adjournment for that purpose.
 
44 Liability for offence by agent or employee
(1) Notwithstanding sections 7 and 23 of the Criminal Code or any other Act or
law or rule of law or practice, where a person commits an offence against this
Act as an agent or employee, the principal or employer, as the case may be, of
that person shall be deemed to have taken part in committing the offence and to
be guilty of the offence, and may be charged with committing the offence.
(1A) It is immaterial that the offence was committed without the authority or
contrary to the instructions of the principal or employer.
(2) A person is not liable to be convicted for an offence against this Act
committed by the person as an employee if the person satisfies the court that
the offence was committed while the business of the person's employer was being
conducted under the personal superintendence of that employer or of a manager
or other representative of that employer, and that the offence was committed
with the knowledge of that employer, manager or representative.
(3) Save as provided by subsection (2) this section applies so as not to
prejudice liability imposed under this Act on any person by whom an offence
against this Act is actually committed.
 
45 Liability for offences by corporations
(1) Where a corporation offends against this Act each and every 1 of the
following persons shall be deemed to have committed the offence, and shall be
liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly, namely--
     (a) the managing director, manager, or other governing officer, by
     whatever name called, and every member of the governing body, by
     whatever name called, thereof;
     (b) every person who in Queensland manages or acts or takes part in
     the management, administration or government of the business in
     Queensland of the corporation.
(1A) This section applies so as not to limit or affect howsoever the liability
of a corporation to be proceeded against and punished for an offence against
this Act committed by it.
(2) No person who is proceeded against pursuant to this section shall be
convicted if the person satisfies the court that the offence was committed
without the person's consent or connivance and that the person exercised all
such diligence to prevent the commission of the offence as the person ought to
have exercised having regard to all the circumstances.
 
47 Evidentiary provisions
In a proceeding for the purposes of this Act--
     (a) it shall not be necessary to prove the appointment of the chief
     inspector, any inspector, government veterinary officer, authorised
     veterinary surgeon or other officer or his or her authority to do any
     act, take any proceeding, or give any direction or order;
     (b) a signature purporting to be that of the Minister, chief
     executive, chief inspector, an inspector, government veterinary
     officer, authorised veterinary surgeon or other officer shall be
     taken to be the signature it purports to be until the contrary is
     proved;
     (c) a document purporting to be a copy of a licence, certificate,
     travel permit, waybill, authority, approval, order or notice under
     this Act shall upon its production in that proceeding be evidence of
     that licence, certificate, permit, waybill, travelling stock
     declaration, authority, approval, order or notice;
     (d) a document purporting to be signed by the chief executive stating
     that at a specified time or during a specified period there was or
     was not in force a licence, certificate, travel permit, order,
     notice, approval or authority under this Act as described in the
     document granted or issued to a specified person or in respect of a
     specified thing and that such licence, certificate, travel permit,
     order, notice, approval or authority was or was not subject to the
     terms, conditions or restrictions set out in the document shall upon
     its production in that proceeding be evidence of the matters
     contained in that document;
     (e) proof that stock kept on any land have been diseased for a period
     of 7 days shall be evidence that, at the expiration of that period,
     the owner of that land knew that the stock were diseased;
     (f) proof that travelling stock have been diseased for a period of 2
     days shall be evidence that, at the expiration of that period, the
     owner of the stock knew that the stock were diseased;
     (g) proof that stock have been diseased for a period of 7 days shall
     be evidence that, at the expiration of that period, the person who
     during that period was the owner of the stock, knew that the stock
     were diseased;
     (h) proof that at any time a carcass or animal product was infected
     or biological preparation contained contaminating micro-organisms
     shall be evidence that a person who had that carcass, animal product
     or biological preparation in the person's possession or charge was
     aware at that time that the carcass or animal product was infected or
     biological preparation was contaminated;
     (i) an allegation or averment in a complaint--
          (i) that any place is or that any act, matter or thing was
          done or omitted within a specified area;
          (ii) that any licence, certificate, travel permit, notice,
          approval or authority required by or under this Act to be
          obtained was not duly obtained by the person required to
          obtain it;
          (iii) of the date on which the commission of an offence
          against this Act came to the knowledge of the complainant;
     shall be evidence of that allegation or averment;
     (j) where it is alleged by the complainant in any proceedings for a
     complaint under this Act that any matter or thing was fodder, it
     shall be presumed, unless the contrary is proved, that the matter or
     thing was fodder.
 
47A Chief executive may approve forms
The chief executive may, by gazette notice, approve a form for use for the
purposes of this Act.
 
48 Regulation-making power
(1) The Governor in Council may make regulations for the purposes of this Act.
(2) A regulation may make provision with respect to the matters specified in
schedule 1.
(3) The regulations may provide for the approval of the chief inspector to be
the standard to be applicable in respect of a particular matter.
 
- SCHEDULE 1 SUBJECT MATTER FOR REGULATIONS
1 Movement of stock and other matter
Prohibiting or regulating the movement into, within, or out of an infected area
or a declared area of any stock, carcasses, fodder, fittings, animal products,
animal pathogen, biological preparations, soil and any other matter or thing
where necessary or desirable to prevent, control or eradicate disease in stock.
2 Isolation of stock
(1) Prescribing and regulating the quarantine, isolation, or separation of
stock in an infected area or a declared area or a buffer area.
(2) Prescribing with respect to the closing of gates on or leading into land
adjoining the boundary of an infected area or a declared area or a buffer area.
(3) Prescribing with respect to the furnishing of returns by owners of stock
within an infected area or a declared area or a buffer area and the matters to
which such returns are to relate.
3 Removal of carcasses etc. from ship
Prohibiting or regulating the removal of carcasses, fodder, fittings, animal
products, animal pathogen, biological preparations or other things from vessels
in which introduced stock have arrived in the State.
4 Destruction and disposal of stock etc.
Prescribing and regulating the destruction or disposal of stock, carcasses,
fodder, fittings, soil, animal products, animal pathogen, biological
preparations, or other things in an infected area or a declared area, or of or
used in connection with infected stock.
5 Digging up carcasses
Prohibiting the digging up of carcasses which have been buried.
6 Cleansing infected areas
Prescribing and regulating the cleansing and disinfection of infected areas,
declared areas and holdings where infected stock have been kept or pastured.
Prescribing methods of hygiene and standards of cleanliness of premises where
stock are kept.
7 Spread of infection
Prescribing means to be adopted for preventing, controlling and eradicating the
spread of infection or disease by any person, animal, matter, or thing.
7A Chemicals, antibiotics
Regulating or prohibiting, for the purpose of preventing, controlling or
eradicating disease in stock, the use of chemicals or antibiotics as
medicaments for stock, or their use in places or in relation to stock, fodder
or anything that may become fodder and for that purpose regulating or
prohibiting the obtaining or keeping of chemicals or antibiotics.
7B Contaminated places
Regulating or prohibiting, for the purpose of preventing, eradicating or
controlling disease in stock, the use of places to keep, graze or put to
pasture stock or requiring the isolation of places to which stock may have
access.
7C Contaminated fodder
Regulating or prohibiting, for the purpose of preventing, controlling or
eradicating disease in stock, the use of any matter or thing as fodder for
stock, or the providing for stock of any matter or thing, and for that purpose
prohibiting or regulating the obtaining or keeping of any matter or thing to
which stock may have access or with which they may come into contact.
Regulating the testing and inoculation of stock and the use of vaccines, sera
and diagnostic agents.
8 Disinfection of stock
Prescribing the disinfection and cleansing of all introduced stock and the
clothes and baggage of attendants.
9 Quarantine of introduced stock
Prescribing the terms of quarantine of introduced stock or stock removed from
one part of the State to another part of the State, and the charges to be paid
by owners while such stock are in quarantine.
Providing for the implementation of any disease eradication program, the
powers, functions and duties of inspectors, authorised veterinary surgeons,
owners and other persons (including the furnishing of information and returns)
and the inspection, testing and treatment of stock thereunder.
(1) Prohibiting or regulating the introduction into the State of animal
products, animal pathogen, and biological preparations.
(2) Prohibiting or regulating the conveyance by road, rail, air or water within
the State or along the coast of the State within its territorial waters of
stock, carcasses, biological preparations, animal products, animal pathogen,
fodder, bags that have been used in connection with stock or with anything
associated with stock, or any thing likely to spread disease whether or not
such thing is itself diseased.
11 Carriage of tick etc.
Prohibiting or regulating the collection, keeping, sending or carriage of
ticks, eggs of ticks, diseased or suspected hides, animal pathogen, or any
other matter or thing that may cause or tend to cause the spread of disease.
12 Dipping etc.
(1) Prescribing the medicaments to be used and the means to be adopted for
treating infected or suspected stock and the vehicles or vessels used for
conveying them.
(2) Prescribing or regulating the inoculation of stock.
(1) Prescribing standards for and regulating the construction, maintenance,
operation and registration of cattle dips, spray installations and equipment
and other places used or to be used for the treatment of stock.
(2) Prescribing the charges to be made in respect of the use of any of such
facilities or to be made in respect of the treatment of stock by an inspector.
(3) Prescribing and regulating the sampling and testing of fluids used in such
dips, installations, equipment and other places; prohibiting or regulating the
use of unregistered dips, installations, equipment and other places.
14 Government dips etc.
Regulating government dips and stations and government quarantine stations.
Providing for the identification of stock generally or of certain classes of
stock, whether throughout the State or in a district or part of a district and,
in particular, stock that have been or are about to be tested or treated for
disease; prescribing with respect to the establishment of a scheme of
identification of holdings, the registration of holdings, the licensing of
owners of stock (by way of aid to or exception from the scheme of
identification), the protection of such a scheme from fraudulent practices, the
formation of registers and the allotment of particulars of identification to
owners of stock, the evidentiary value of registers and of a certificate based
thereon; prohibiting or regulating the sale of stock, or the sending or
delivery of stock to an abattoir or slaughterhouse for slaughter, or the
movement of stock unless such stock is identified as prescribed.
Prohibiting or regulating the holding of shows or of public sales of stock, the
use of infected or suspected stock and the exposure of infected or suspected
stock for sale in any place.
16A Prohibiting etc. movement etc. of certain stock
Prohibiting or regulating the movement, sale, destruction or disposal of stock
showing enlargements, swellings, or abnormalities which, in the opinion of an
inspector, may be the result of disease.
17 Seizure of stock etc.
Prescribing and regulating the seizure, detention, destruction and disposal of
infected or suspected stock or stock or any carcass, exposed, carried,
travelled, moved, kept, fed food refuse or other material or substance, or
otherwise dealt with, contrary to this Act and any biological preparation,
animal product, animal pathogen or other thing in relation to which a
contravention of this Act has occurred, and imposing on the owner thereof
liability for the expenses incurred in connection with the seizure, detention,
destruction or disposal.
17A Feeding of stock
Prohibiting or regulating the feeding to stock at premises generally or at
prescribed premises, throughout the State or in any part of the State, of food
refuse or other material or substance.
17B Piggeries
Prescribing and regulating the registration and control of piggeries generally
or of prescribed piggeries, throughout the State or in any part of the State
and prohibiting or regulating the movement of swine, for the purpose of
slaughter, from piggeries registered under this Act.
17C Laboratories
(1) Prescribing and regulating the standards of appurtenances, equipment,
plant, instruments, appliances and procedures to be used in laboratories;
prohibiting or regulating testing for prescribed diseases, the manufacture,
testing and use of biological preparations, the examination for internal or
external parasites, the analysis of toxic substances and storage and processing
of animal pathogens.
(2) Providing for the approval and registration of laboratories and the terms,
conditions and fees relating to their approval and registration.
18 Valuing destroyed matter
Prescribing the mode of ascertaining the value of stock or anything else
destroyed or disposed of under this Act and for which compensation is payable,
regulating applications for compensation including the time within which
applications must be made, regulating the timing and manner of payment of
compensation.
19 Permits
Prescribing and regulating the issue and production of permits respecting
movement and travelling of stock, and other matters and things.
20 Fees
Prescribing the fees payable by persons for matters and services arising under
this Act.
22 Costs and expenses
Prescribing costs and expenses payable by any person liable for the payment
thereof associated with any action taken by the Minister, the chief executive,
the chief inspector, an inspector or any person under this Act and regulating
the time and manner of their recovery.
23 Qualifications of inspectors etc.
Prescribing the qualifications of inspectors and of officers appointed under
this Act, and of persons other than officers appointed under this Act who
perform functions and carry out duties for the purposes of this Act, and
requiring that, before appointment, they shall give by examination or otherwise
satisfactory evidence of their competency.
 
- SCHEDULE 2 DICTIONARY
accredited means accredited by the chief inspector of stock.
actual owner means a person who, apart from definition in this Act as such,
would be, in law, owner of the stock or other thing in question.
animal includes a bird or insect of any kind.
animal pathogen means bacteria, virus, protozoa or any other agent or organism
capable of causing disease of animals.
animal product includes blood, fat, milk, whey, cream, butter, buttermilk,
cheese, eggs, feathers, wool, hair or other animal fibres, semen, ova, faeces,
urine or secretion whatsoever of any stock and any other substance declared by
regulation to be an animal product.
approved form means a form approved by the chief executive under section 47A.
approved veterinary surgeon means a veterinary surgeon appointed by the
Minister by notice published in the gazette to be an approved veterinary
surgeon.
approved waybill means a waybill in the approved form.
authorised agent of the owner of stock means a person authorised by the owner
to act on the owner's behalf in relation to the purchase, sale or movement of
the stock.
authorised veterinary surgeon means a veterinary surgeon appointed by the
Minister by notice published in the gazette to be an authorised veterinary
surgeon.
biological preparation means--
     (a) any product prepared from animal tissue (including blood, lymph,
     or glandular secretion) or produced by the agency of microscopic or
     ultramicroscopic organisms or ferments in any manner whatsoever, and
     used for or in relation to the diagnosis, prevention, alleviation or
     cure of disease or abnormal conditions in stock or which is used in
     animal production to promote growth or to change the physiological
     state of stock;
     (b) any synthetic compound, identical with or closely related to the
     products enumerated in paragraph (a) and which has or is alleged to
     have comparable uses;
     (c) another substance declared by regulation to be a biological
     preparation.
carcass means the carcass or part of the carcass of an animal whether in an
uncooked, partly cooked, or cooked state, and includes meat, bone, hide, skin,
feathers, wool, hair or other animal fibres, hoof, horn, offal, blood, or any
other part of an animal.
cattle includes bulls, cows, oxen, heifers, steers, and calves.
cattle feedlot means premises in which cattle are fed, in a confined area,
prepared or manufactured stockfeed at levels greater than necessary for
survival.
cattle tick infected area means an area that is notified under section 13 as an
infected area for cattle tick.
chief executive means the chief executive of the department.
chief inspector means the chief inspector of stock.
convey, in relation to stock, means carry or transport the stock in or on a
vehicle, train or vessel.
declared area means any part of the State in respect of which there subsists a
notification under this Act notifying that part to be a declared area of the
category specified as regards any disease.
destination includes any saleyard, cattle feedlot, railway trucking yard or
platform, slaughterhouse, abattoir, or place for final delivery or acceptance
of stock.
destroy means to consume by fire, bury under the ground, boil down, kill, or
otherwise destroy to the satisfaction of an inspector.
dip means, in relation to stock, completely immerse the stock in an effective
external parasite destroying preparation, and includes (when used as a noun) a
vat, bath or apparatus of any kind used in connection with the dipping of
stock.
disease means a disease, disorder, condition or other thing--
     (a) prescribed under a regulation; or
     (b) declared by notice under section 12A.
diseased stock means stock actually suffering from or affected with disease.
district means a district constituted under this Act.
drive, in relation to stock, means cause or allow the stock to travel on the
hoof, but does not include conveying the stock.
drover means the person in charge of travelling stock.
dwelling house includes a part of any place, which part is used exclusively as
a dwelling house and does not include the curtilage of any dwelling house.
exotic disease see Exotic Diseases in Animals Act 1981, schedule 2.
fittings means any stall, stable, sheep-pen, cow or cattle house, horsebox, or
other structure for keeping or confining stock, and any halters, brushes,
clothes, buckets, or other articles or things whatsoever which have been
brought into contact with stock.
fodder means any hay, straw, grass, green crop, root, vegetable, grain, corn,
prepared meals, licks, litter, manure, or any other thing used, or intended for
use, as food or litter for stock or found with or about stock.
government veterinary officer means an officer of the department who is a
registered veterinary surgeon.
holding means any run, station, farm, freehold or leasehold, cattle feedlot, or
place where stock are kept, pastured or grazed.
horses includes horses, mares, geldings, colts, fillies, asses, and mules.
infected means infected with disease.
infected area means any part of the State in respect of which there subsists--
     (a) a notification whereby the Minister has notified the part to be
     an infected area;
     (b) a notice given by an inspector placing the part in quarantine;
     (c) an undertaking entered into by the owner of a holding under
     section 14(2).
infected stock means diseased stock or stock which, in the opinion of an
inspector, have been exposed to the risk of infection with disease or the cause
of disease within the last preceding 3 months.
information notice means a notice complying with the QCAT Act, section 157(2).
inoculate means the injection or insertion into or the application to the
tissues of stock of a biological preparation for the purpose of protecting such
stock against disease or of testing such stock for disease, and includes
vaccination.
inspector means an inspector of stock, and includes the chief inspector.
introduced stock means stock introduced into this State from another State or
Territory of the Commonwealth, and all such stock for 3 months after they are
so introduced.
laboratory means premises used for the manufacture of biological preparations
or for the pathological examination of sick, infected or suspected stock or
infected or suspected animal products or for the examination for internal or
external parasites or analysis of toxic substances or for the testing or use of
animal pathogens or biological preparations or for the examination or testing
of specimens from stock or products thereof or for the storage or processing of
such specimens, but does not include a veterinary surgery under the control of
or used by a veterinary surgeon registered under the Veterinary Surgeons Act
1936 for the treatment and cure of sick, infected or suspected stock, or a
veterinary clinic, veterinary centre or veterinary hospital within the meaning
of that Act.
legibly branded means branded in a manner decipherable without scientific means
at a distance of not less than 9m.
market value of stock means their value calculated as upon a sale with delivery
on the holding where such stock are when ordered to be destroyed.
neighbouring holding, in relation to a holding on which stock are ordinarily
pastured, means another holding within 20km of the holding.
notifiable disease means a disease prescribed by regulation as a notifiable
disease.
order includes any command or direction whether given orally or in writing.
original decision means--
     (a) a direction, order or other decision made or given under this Act
     by the Minister, the chief executive, an inspector or an authorised
     veterinary surgeon; or
     (b) a failure by a person mentioned in paragraph (a) to make or give
     under this Act a direction, order or other decision that the person
     is required to make or give.
owner means the actual owner, lessee, licensee, or occupier, whether jointly or
severally, or local government or other person apparently having charge or
control of any holding or stock, or the authorised agent of or the
superintendent or manager for the owner, or the drover of stock and, in the
case of stock in any saleyard, includes the authorised agent commissioned to
dispose of that stock.
poultry means fowls, ducks, geese, turkeys, guinea fowls, pheasants, japanese
quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica), partridges and pigeons, and the young
thereof, and any bird in captivity whether wild by nature or bred in captivity
and whether native to Queensland or migratory or introduced, and any other
birds declared by regulation to be poultry.
premises includes any land or saleyard and any house or other building or
structure whatsoever or wheresoever situated and its curtilage.
registered veterinary surgeon means a person who is registered as a veterinary
surgeon under the Veterinary Surgeons Act 1936.
residue disease means a disease of the type described in section 4C.
road means any proclaimed road or any road or way dedicated to the public or
which has been ordinarily used for 3 years at least by the public.
saleyard means any yard, premises, or place where stock are sold or offered or
exposed for sale, or where stock are held or kept for the purpose of being sold
or offered or exposed for sale or where stock are kept or held on sale.
sell includes auction, barter, exchange or supply, or cause, permit or attempt
any of those acts, offer or attempt to sell, supply or receive for sale, have
in possession for sale, expose for sale, send forward or deliver for or on
sale, cause, suffer or allow to be sold or offered for sale, dispose or offer
for disposal under a lease or hire purchase agreement.
sheep means any ram, ewe, wether, or lamb.
spray, in relation to an animal, means thoroughly saturate the hair and skin of
the animal with an effective preparation approved by an inspector.
stabled and groomed means stabled and groomed continuously for the 35 days last
preceding the date in question.
stock means--
     (a) buffalo, camels, cattle, deer, goats, horse, llamas, poultry,
     sheep or swine; or
     (b) animals prescribed by regulation.
stock route means a stock route under the Land Protection (Pest and Stock Route
Management) Act 2002.
suspected means suspected of being infected.
swine means any boar, barrow, sow or pig of any age or breed.
tag means a tag or label of a prescribed kind or other prescribed means of
identification.
test means test in the way, or by the method, (if any) prescribed by
regulation.
travel, when used in reference to stock, means to travel, drive, convey or
remove by any means.
travelling stock means--
     (a) stock being travelled outside the holding where they are
     ordinarily pastured; or
     (b) stock that have been travelled to a saleyard, showground,
     recreation ground or racecourse (the place) while they are at the
     place.
travel permit means a travel permit issued under section 21B.
treated means dipped, dressed, rubbed, sprayed, spotted, applied, inoculated,
vaccinated, implanted, dewormed, disinfected, fumigated or treated with any
medicament, in any case as a cure for or preventive of disease.
vehicle includes a conveyance of any kind whether or not at the material time
capable of being operated or moved in any manner and includes a caravan or
trailer.
vessel means any ship, steamer, lighter, launch, boat, punt, ferryboat,
aircraft, or air cushion vehicle.
 
- NOTES
Page Date to which amendments incorporated 91 Key 92 Table of reprints 92
Tables in earlier reprints 93 List of legislation 93 List of annotations 97
List of forms notified or published in the gazette 115
This is the reprint date mentioned in the Reprints Act 1992, section 5(c).
Accordingly, this reprint includes all amendments that commenced operation on
or before 1 December 2009. Future amendments of the Stock Act 1915 may be made
in accordance with this reprint under the Reprints Act 1992, section 49.
Key      Explanation                  Key       Explanation
AIA    = Acts Interpretation Act 1954 (prev)  = previously
amd    = amended                      proc    = proclamation
amdt   = amendment                    prov    = provision
ch     = chapter                      pt      = part
def    = definition                   pubd    = published
div    = division                     R[X]    = Reprint No. [X]
exp    = expires/expired              RA      = Reprints Act 1992
gaz    = gazette                      reloc   = relocated
hdg    = heading                      renum   = renumbered
ins    = inserted                     rep     = repealed
lap    = lapsed                       (retro) = retrospectively
notfd  = notified                     rv      = revised edition
num    = numbered                     s       = section
o in c = order in council             sch     = schedule
om     = omitted                      sdiv    = subdivision
orig   = original                     SIA     = Statutory Instruments Act 1992
p      = page                         SIR     = Statutory Instruments
                                                Regulation 2002
para   = paragraph                    SL      = subordinate legislation
prec   = preceding                    sub     = substituted
Reprint No. Amendments to       Effective         Reprint date
1           1993 Act No. 56     1 March 1994      26 March 1994
1A          1994 Act No. 15     10 May 1994       28 June 1996
1B          1996 Act No. 59     5 December 1996   19 December 1996
2           1996 Act No. 59     5 December 1996   24 August 1998
2A          1999 Act No. 11     30 March 1999     8 April 1999
2B          2000 Act No. 5      1 July 2000       4 July 2000
2C          2001 Act No. 71     1 March 2002      1 March 2002
Reprint No. Amendments included Effective         Notes
2D          2002 Act No. 49     24 September 2002
2E          2002 Act No. 36     1 October 2002    R2E withdrawn, see R3
3           --                  1 October 2002
3A          2002 Act No. 12     1 July 2003
3B          2003 Act No. 82     6 November 2003
3C          2004 Act No. 27     12 October 2004   R3C withdrawn, see R4
Reprint No. Amendments included Effective         Notes
4           --                  12 October 2004
4A          2009 Act No. 25     2 November 2009
4B          2009 Act No. 24     1 December 2009
Name of table                     Reprint No.
Changed titles                    1
Comparative legislation           1
Obsolete and redundant provisions 1
Renumbered provisions             1
(The following information about forms is taken from the gazette and is
included for information purposes only. Because failure by a department to
notify or publish a form in the gazette does not invalidate the form, you
should check with the relevant government department for the latest information
about forms (see Statutory Instruments Act, section 58(8)).)


 



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