Administrative Documents


Full Site Search


The navigation select boxes below will direct you to the selected page when you hit enter.

Topical Explanations

Primary Legal Materials

Select by Subject

Select by Species

Select Administrative Topic

World Law

Secondary Legal Materials

Great Apes and the Law

Great Apes and the Law

Maps of State Laws

Map of USA

Possession of Wild Animal: Related Regulations

Material Name Citation Summary
AK - Wildlife - 5 AAC 92.200. Purchase and sale of game; 5 AAC 92.002. Liability for violations.   Alaska Admin. Code tit. 5, 92.002; 92.200   This Alaska regulation relates to the purchase or sale of game or parts of game. Liability for violation is provided in Section 92.002.  
Alabama - Importation - Chapter 80-3-6. Livestock Sanitary Rules   AL ADC 80-3-6-.01 - .40  

This set of regulations sets forth the powers and duties of the State Veterinarian and includes import, transport, inspection, sanitation,and slaughter rules for livestock and poultry. In addition, it includes requirements for the import, transport, or exhibition of wild, semi-wild, and exotic animals, and the import of dogs, cats, ratites, and goats.

Alabama - Importation, wildlife - 220-2-.26. Restrictions On Possession, Sale, Importation And/Or Release Of Certain Animals And Fish.   Ala. Admin. Code r. 220-2-.26   This Alabama regulation provides that no person shall possess, sell, offer for sale, import, or bring into the state any of the listed species including piranha, mongoose, non-native coyote, fox, black bear, and others. Another section provides that no person shall propagate or release any nutria in the state. It is also unlawful for any person to have in possession any live, protected wild bird or wild animal or live embryo, eggs, or sperm of these protected wild birds or animals.  
Alabama - Wildlife - Standards of Care for Wildlife Used for Public Exhibition   Ala. Admin. Code r. 220-2-.154  

This regulation classifies all species of wildlife into three separate categories (Class I, Class II, and Class III) and creates a permit requirement for anyone wishing to exhibit those animals. It also includes various rules governing the housing, care, and display of wildlife possessed for public exhibition purposes.

Alaska - Exotic Animals - Title 5. Fish and Game. Article 3. Permits.   5 AK ADC 92.029 - 035   These Alaska regulation provides that, except as otherwise provided in this chapter, no person may possess, import, release, export, or assist in those actions, live game, unless the person holds a possession permit issued by the department. The regulations also list species that may be possessed without a permit, but may not be released into the wild which includes dogs,cats, chimpanzees, white rats, and many others. The department may not issue a permit for the capture, possession, import, or export of any game animal, including a hybrid species of a game animal, for use as a pet. Any of the listed species of bird, mammal, or reptile that is endangered may not be held in private ownership without a permit from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.  
AR - Wildlife, captive - Chapter 09.00. Captive Wildlife/Hunting Resort Regulations   Ark. Admin. Code 002.00.1-09.01 - 16   These Arkansas regulations provide the rules for possession of captive wildlife. It is unlawful to possess, hold captive, confine or enclose any live wildlife, whether native or non-native, migratory or imported, unless otherwise specified in the chapter. Exceptions include members of American Zoo and Aquarium Association, bona fide scientific research that significantly benefits wildlife (with a permit), USDA licensed AWA exhibitors, and others. The regulations also state that "[i]t is unlawful to keep non-native wildlife under inhumane or unhealthy conditions." The release and hunting of captive wildlife is also prohibited, subject to certain exceptions.  
AZ - Exotic Wildlife - Article 4. Live Wildlife   AZ ADC R12-4-401 - 430   These Arizona regulations define “captive live wildlife” as live wildlife that is held in captivity, physically restrained, confined, impaired, or deterred to prevent it from escaping to the wild or moving freely in the wild. The regulations provides that no individual shall import or export any live wildlife into or out of the state. An individual may take wildlife from the wild alive under a valid Arizona hunting or fishing license only if there is a Commission Order that prescribes a live bag and possession limit for that wildlife and the individual possesses the appropriate license. However, no person may possess restricted live wildlife without a valid permit. Restricted live wildlife includes, but is not limited to, all species of the family Pongidae of the order Primates (orangutans, chimpanzees, and gorillas); carnivores such as skunks, raccoons, bears, foxes, and weasels; species from the order Crocodylia including gavials, caimans, crocodiles, and alligators; species from the family Viperidae including true vipers and pit vipers, and rattlesnakes. An individual who holds a special license listed in R12-4-409(A) shall keep all wildlife held under the license in as humane a manner as the activities authorized by the license allow, to safeguard and protect the interests of the wildlife held. A special license holder subject to the provisions of this Section shall comply with the minimum standards for humane treatment prescribed by this Section. While an individual is not allowed to possess the primates listed above, he or she can possess all other non-infant primates as "pets" if the animal is free from any zoonotic diseases.  
California - Importation - Subchapter 3.2. Importation of Wild Animals   17 CA ADC 30070 - 30086  

This set of regulations establishes the import permit and quarantine requirements for wild and exotic animals.

California - Permits - CHAPTER 3. MISCELLANEOUS. Permits for Restricted Species   Cal. Admin. Code tit. 14, 671.1 - 671.6   Permits are required for possession of restricted species, but the department does not issue permits for exotics pets.  
CO - Exotic Pets and Wildlife - Chapter 11. Wildlife Parks and Unregulated Wildlife.   2 CO ADC 406-11:1100 to 11:1116  

(Per introduction to regulations). In this introduction to chapter 11 we outline possession requirements for live wildlife as found in Colorado wildlife law. There is growing interest in the private possession of live wildlife. At the same time there is considerable confusion over the laws regarding such private possession. Colorado wildlife law generally prohibits the importation, live possession, sale, barter, trade, or purchase of any species of wildlife native to Colorado (33-6-113(1), C.R.S.). In addition, these same laws restrict or prohibit the importation and possession of exotic (non-native) wildlife (33-6-109(4), C.R.S.); and non-commercial (pet) possession of regulated mammals has been prohibited by these regulations since 1983. The Wildlife Commission also maintains a “prohibited species” list in Chapter 0. The possession of these species is severely restricted.

CO - Wildlife - Rules for Possession of Terrestrial Wildlife.   2 Colo. Code Regs. 406-0:006 - 0:009  

This set of regulations comprises the Colorado Department of Natural Resources general rules for the importation, transportation, possession, and release of terrestrial wildlife.

Colorado - Rehabilitation, wildlife - Chapter 14. Wildlife Rehabilitation.   2 Colo. Code Regs. 406-14:1400 - 1407   This set of Colorado rules concerns wildlife rehabilitation licensing. Requirements for wildlife holding enclosures are outlined. The care, treatment, and disposition of wildlife requirements are detailed as well as provisions for releasing wildlife.  
Connecticut - Pet Shops - Sec. 22-344-21a. Prohibited sales   Regs. Conn. State Agencies 22-344-21a   This Connecticut regulation lists the animals of which the exhibition, sale or offer for sale by a pet shop is prohibited.  
CT - Exotic - Sec. 26-55-6. Importation, possession or liberation of wild birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates   Regs. Conn. State Agencies 26-55-6  

This new Connecticut regulation (effective March 1, 2012) places restrictions on who may import or possess certain categories of wild animals in the state. The regulation puts wild animals into one of four categories: Category One, Two, Three, or Four Wild Animals. With regard to Great Apes, a member within the family Hominidae (including, but not limited to, gorilla, chimpanzee and orangutan) is a Category One Animal. No person, except a municipal park, zoo, public nonprofit aquarium, nature center,museum, exhibitor licensed or registered with the United States Department of Agriculture, laboratory registered with the United States Department of Agriculture, or research facility registered with the United States Department of Agriculture, shall import or possess any Category One Wild Animal.

CT - Exotic Animals - Sec. 26-54-1. Wildlife pen specifications   Regs. Conn. State Agencies 26-54-1, Regs. Conn. State Agencies 26-55-2   Connecticut regulation 26-54-1 gives the wildlife pen specifications for any bird or quadruped possessed under the provisions of section 26-54 or 26-55 of the General Statutes. In addition, Sec. 26-55-2 states that no person shall import or introduce into the state or possess or liberate therein without a permit, any live wild birds or any wild quadrupeds on the threatened or endangered species list and others described in the regulation.  
DE - Exotic Animals - Chapter 304. Exotic Animal Regulations   3 Del. Admin. Code 304-1.0 - 14  

These regulations govern the permitting process, possession, sale, rehabilitation and exhibition of exotic animals, i.e., live wild mammals, hybrids of wild mammals, and live reptiles not native to or generally found in the State of Delaware. The State Veterinarian or her or his designee shall have the authority to administer these regulations and shall be solely responsible for making the determinations required herein.

FL - Exotic Pets - Chapter 68A-6. Wildlife as Personal Pets   Rule 68A-6.002 - 68A-6.0072, F.A.C.   Under these Florida administrative provisions, three separate classes of captive wildlife were created. Class I, the most regulated class, includes large primates, big cats, bears, elephants, and large reptiles among others. The regulations state that Class I wildlife shall not be possessed for personal use (unless obtained before August 1, 1980 and permitted). The permit requirements to keep listed wildlife in captivity are outlined in §68A-6.0022.  
Florida - Exotic Pets - Fish and Wildlife Code: Possession, Maintenance, and Use of Captive Wild and Exotic Animals   68 FL ADC 68A-6.0011 - 6.0072   This chapter of the Fish and Wildlife Code identifies three categories of captive wild animals (Class I, Class II, and Class III) and includes permit requirements for the possession of listed animals and sets minimum standards for the maintenance and transportation of the same.  
Florida - Fish and Wildlife - Chapter 68A-4. General Prohibitions and Requirements   68 FL ADC 68A-4.001 - 4.081  

This chapter of the Fish and Wildlife Code prohibits a variety of activities involving wildlife, including importing,feeding, taking, buying, possessing, and releasing certain wild animals; possessing illegally taken wildlife; driving animals from their retreats with chemicals; remote control hunting; and hunting with lights at night. Wildlife officers have the authority to conduct searches and inspections, as necessary, to ensure compliance with these rules.

Florida - Importation - Chapter 5C-3. Importation of Animals   5 FL ADC 5C-3.001 - 3.012  

This set of regulations constitutes the Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services rules governing the importation of animals.

Florida - Rehabilitation, wildlife - 68A-9.006. Wildlife Rehabilitation Permit.   68 FL ADC 68A-9.006   This Florida regulation sets forth the requirements to obtain a permit for wildlife rehabilitation.  
Florida - Wildlife - Chapter 68A-1. General: Ownership, Short Title, Severability and Definitions   68 FL ADC 68A-1.001 - 1.004  

This chapter of the Fish and Wildlife Code provides the definitions for the remaining chapters of the Code, and includes a declaration of the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission's authority to regulate all wild animal life within the state.

GA - Exotic Animals - 40-13-2-.16. Exotic and Pet Birds.   Ga Comp. R. & Regs. 40-13-2-.16, 17  

This Georgia regulation provides that all exotic animals and all non-traditional livestock entering Georgia must be accompanied by an official Certificate of Veterinary Inspection identifying each animal with unique permanent individual identification.

Georgia - Rehabilitation, wildlife - 391-4-9-.03. Wildlife Rehabilitation Permits   Ga Comp. R. & Regs. 391-4-9-.03   This Georgia regulation describes the requirements to become a wildlife rehabilitator. Rehabilitation means the action or process of restoring wildlife to a condition of health and shall include maintaining a state of health in young wildlife to an age of independence. A permit is issued only when an applicant meets requirements such as training and demonstration of competency on a written exam, among other things.  
HI - Exotic Wildlife - Subchapter 2. Non-Domestic Animal Introductions   HI ADC 4-71-5 to 4-71-10   This chapter addresses the introduction of feral and other non-domestic animals into Hawaii. The regulations specify certain animals prohibited for introduction into the state and the process for permitted introductions. Certain animals require a bond with the department.  
IA - Dangerous Wild Animals - Chapter 77. Dangerous Wild Animals   IA ADC 21-77.1 - 14   This set of rules defines a "dangerous wild animal" and prohibits the importation, possession, ownership, and breeding of those animals. Certain listed individuals and entities are exempt from the ban. Also, a person who owned or possessed a dangerous wild animal on July 1, 2007 may continue to own or possess that animal if the person complies with the legal requirements outlined in this Chapter  
ID - Exotic Animals - Chapter 27. Rules Governing Deleterious Exotic Animals   ID ADC   These Idaho rules concern the possession, propagation, and exhibition of "deleterious exotic animals." No person may possess or propagate a deleterious exotic animal in the state, unless such person obtains a possession permit issued by the Administrator. Species of deleterious exotic animals include leopards, lions, non-pinioned mute swans, Russian wild boar, and all non-human primates, among others.  
IN - Exotic Pets - Article 9. Fish and Wildlife. Rule 3. Mammals. 312 IAC 9-3-18.5 Exotic mammals.   Ind. Admin. Code tit. 312 r. 9-3-18.5  

This regulation lists certain exotic mammals that may not be taken (harmed, harassed, or killed) and establishes restrictions on the possession and sale of those exotic mammals.

IN - Wild Animal - Rule 11. Wild Animal Possession Permits.   312 IAC 9-11-1 to 15   This chapter of regulations provides the rules and requirements for possession of wild animals in Indiana.  
Indiana - Rehabilitation, wildlife - 312 IAC 9-10-9 Wild animal rehabilitation permit   Ind. Admin. Code tit. 312, r. 9-10-9, Ind. Admin. Code tit. 312, r. 9-10-9.5   This Indiana regulation sets for the requirements to obtain a permit to possess wild animals for rehabilitation.  
Kansas - Exotic Pets - 115-20-3 Exotic Wildlife; Possession, Sale and Requirements.   Kan. Admin. Regs. 115-20-3  

This regulation covers the importation, possession, and sale of exotic wildlife.

KY - Exotic Wildlife, Native Wildlife - Transportation and holding of native wildlife/301 KAR 2:082. Transportation and holding of exotic wildlife   301 KAR 2:081, 2:082   These regulations provide Kentucky's administrative rules for the possession of wild animals or exotic pets. Except as specified in Section 2 of this administrative regulation and subsection (2) of this section, a person shall not import or possess species such as an alligator snapping turtle, black bear, cougar, copperbelly watersnake, wild turkey, wolf, or any federally threatened or endangered species. Specific transportation and importation requirements are outlined in great detail.  
LA - Captive Wildlife - 115. Possession of Potentially Dangerous Wild Quadrupeds and Non-Human Primates   76 LA ADC Pt V, 115  

This Louisiana regulation states that the possession of certain potentially dangerous quadrupeds and non-human primates poses significant hazards to public safety and health, is detrimental to the welfare of the animals, and may have negative impacts on conservation and recovery of some threatened and endangered species. As a result, except as provided, it is unlawful to import into, possess, purchase or sell within the state of Louisiana, by any means whatsoever including but not limited to transactions conducted via the internet, any of the following species: cougar or mountain lion (Felis concolor); black bear (Ursus americanus); grizzly bear (Ursus arctos); polar bear (Ursus maritimus); red wolf (Canis rufus); gray wolf (Canis lupus); wolf dog hybrid (Canis lupus or Canis rufus x Canis familiarus); all non-human primates. Valid game breeder license holders for these species listed above that were legally possessed prior to October 1, 1988, will be "grandfathered" and renewed annually until existing captive animals expire. While the prohibition against wolf-dog hybrids expired January 1, 1997, the regulation cautions persons that local ordinances or other state regulations may prohibit possession of these animals.

MA - Captive Wildlife - 2.12: Artificial Propagation of Birds, Mammals, Reptiles, and Amphibians   Mass. Regs. Code tit. 321   Massachusetts law prohibits possession of wild animals without a license. Licenses are only given out for limited reasons, none of which include the keeping of animals as pets. The classes for which licenses may be granted are propagator’s licenses, public stocking licenses, dealer’s licenses, possessor’s licenses, and dog training licenses.  
MA - Exotic pets - 9.01: Exemption List   321 CMR 9.01   This section exempts some animals from Massachusetts' exotic pet ban. The animals that have been added to this license-exemption list include boas and pythons, skinks, parrots, hedgehogs, chinchillas, and flying squirrels, among others.  
ME - Exotic Pets - Chapter 7. Regulations for Wildlife in Captivity   ME ADC 09-137 Ch. 7, Pt. I, 7.00 - 62   This set of Maine regulations concerns the keeping of captive wildlife. A permit is generally required to keep wildlife in the state. No wildlife held by permit under this section may be housed in, displayed, sold or traded by a pet shop licensed or required to be licensed by the Maine Department of Agriculture. Section 7.08 provides the conditions and restrictions under the permit. Section 7.33 states that no primate shall be permitted under this Part, except for purposes of therapeutic, emotional, or handicapped aid.  
ME - Wildlife possession - Chapter 6. Scientific Collection Permit   09-137 CMR Ch. 6, 6.01 - 13   This section establishes the rules in Maine for scientific collection permits. A scientific collection permit is required by any person who wishes to take, transport or possess wild birds or animals and their parts or products for scientific research or educational purposes at any time of the year; and/or before any person may lawfully salvage, otherwise acquire, transport or possess wild birds and animals for any purpose not specifically covered under any other permit or license. A Scientific Collection (Rehabilitation) Permit is required for the possession of debilitated wild birds and animals for the purpose of restoring them to full health and for maintaining in captivity any debilitated wildlife that cannot be released to the wild.  
Missouri - Health, Animal Diseases - 19 CSR 20-3.040 Environmental Health Standards for the Control of Communicable Diseases   19 MO ADC 20-3.040  

This regulation sets sanitation standards for the disposal of animal waste and prohibits the keeping of animals in a manner that creates a public health threat or which constitutes a nuisance.

MS - Exotic Pets - Rule 32. Public Notice No. 3523.002; Dangerous Wildlife   Miss. Admin. Code 40-1-32 to Miss. Admin. Code 40-1-32:X  

The following Mississippi regulations describe the housing and care requirements for the possession of a wild animal. In addition to housing and care requirements, these regulations also state that it is unlawful for any person to import, transfer, sell, purchase or possess any wild animal classified as inherently dangerous by law or regulation unless that person holds a permit or is exempt from holding a permit; these regulations, therefore, also indicate the requirements that must be met in order to obtain either a permit or an exemption. A violation of this act is a Class I violation and any person who has been convicted of a Class I violation shall be fined anywhere between $2,000.00 and $5,000.00, and shall be imprisoned in the county jail for 5 days. The person must also forfeit all hunting, trapping, and fishing privileges for a period of not less than 12 consecutive months from the date of conviction. Additionally, the regulations make provisions about how a wild animal shall be seized when these provisions have been violated. 

MT - Exotic Pets - Sub-chapter 22. Exotic Wildlife   ARM 12.6.2201 - 2230  

These Montana regulations provide the requirements for care and housing of exotic wildlife. The list of noncontrolled species and prohibited species is also provided.

NC - Exotic Pets - .0212 IMPORTATION REQUIREMENTS: WILD ANIMALS   2 NCAC 52B.0212, 2 NC ADC 52B.0212   This North Carolina regulation states that person must obtain a permit from the State Veterinarian before importing any of the following animals into this State: skunk; fox; raccoon; ringtail; bobcat (includes lynx and other North and South American felines as cougars, jaguars, etc.); coyote; marten; brushtail Possum (Trichosurus vulpecula). Permits for the importation into this State of any of these animals shall be issued only if the animal(s) will be used in a research institute, or for exhibition by a USDA licensed exhibitor, or organized entertainment as in zoos or circuses. Any species or hybrid of a mammal not otherwise covered in the Administrative Code that is found to exist in the wild or naturally occurs in the wild must be accompanied by a valid certificate of veterinary inspection.  
ND - Exotic Pets - 48-12-02.1-01. Housing, handling, and health requirements.   N.D. Admin. Code 48-12-02.1-01  

This North Dakota regulation provides specific rules for Category 3 species of non-traditional livestock. These species include: wild suidae (hogs and pigs); large felids (cats) and hybrids; bears; wolves and wolf-hybrids; venomous reptiles; primates, and nondomestic sheep/goats and their hybrids. Among the provisions include regulations for housing and confinement, importation requirements, and vaccinations.

ND - Wildlife, possession/rehabilitation - Article 48-12. Nontraditional Livestock   NDAC 48-12-01.1-01 - 16   This section of North Dakota regulations concerns "non-traditional livestock" and other exotic animals in the state. The regulations describe three categories of animals: category 1 (those species generally considered domestic, or not inherently dangerous, such as turkeys, geese, and ducks); category 2 (certain protected species or those species that may pose health risks to humans or animals or may be environmentally hazardous as determined by the board including all nondomestic ungulates, nondomestic cats not listed in category 3, coyotes, foxes, weasels, and others); and category 3 (those species determined by the board to pose special concerns, including species which are inherently dangerous or environmentally hazardous such as feral swine, big cats, bears, wolves and wolf-hybrids, venomous reptiles, primates, and non-domestic sheep and goats). Additionally, a person may not keep a skunk or raccoon in captivity. There are specific licensing requirements for category 2 and 3 species outlined in 48-12-01.1-07. The board may order any nontraditional livestock brought into this state which is not in compliance to be returned to the state of origin, or in the alternative, the board may order the animals slaughtered or destroyed. Any person who knowingly violates any rule of the board is guilty of an infraction. An owner of category 2 or category 3 livestock must notify the board within one working day of the capture or death of an escaped category 2 or category 3 animal.  
Nebraska - Exotic Wildlife - 008 Keeping Wildlife in Captivity   163 NAC Ch. 4, 008   This Nebraska regulation lists species that are unlawful to keep unless a person is issued a Captive Wildlife Permit, a Controlled Shooting Area Permit, a Rehabilitation Permit or a Scientific Collectors Permit, issued by the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission or under a captive cervine permit issued by the Nebraska Department of Agriculture. Captive Wildlife Permits shall not be issued for wild birds or wild mammals which have been taken or removed from the wild. Provisions for public auctions that deal in captive wild bird or mammals are described in 008.004. Importation and exportation of wildlife are also detailed in this rule.  
New Hampshire - Exotic Pets - Chapter Fis 800. The Importation, Possession and Use of All Wildlife.   N.H. Code Admin. R. Fis 802.01 - .05  

These New Hampshire regulations state the different permitee categories under Chapter 800 of the New Hampshire Code of Administrative Regulations. These regulations also indicate the penalties for making false statements, when annual permits expire, and who is exempt from the requirements of this chapter.

New Mexico - Scientific - 19.36.2. TAKING AND POSSESSION OF PROTECTED WILDLIFE FOR SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES   N.M. Admin. Code 19.36.2   This New Mexico rule issued by the department of game and fish and all persons provides information on the taking and possession of protected wildlife for scientific and educational purposes.  
New York - Rehabilitators, wildlife - Part 184. Wildlife Rehabilitators.   N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. tit. 6, 184.1 - 7  

These New York regulations concern the qualifications for appointment as a state wildlife rehabilitator. Section 184.1 first states that, "The purpose of this Part is to establish a specially trained group of individuals, collectively called wildlife rehabilitators, to provide for the care of injured and debilitated wildlife so that such wildlife may be returned to the wild." Under the chapter, "wildlife rehabilitation" means the practice of providing care for injured or debilitated wildlife, including their capture, housing, feeding, emergency treatment and release to the wild.

New York - Wild animal, possession - Part 820. Required Annual Reporting of the Presence of Wild Animals   19 NY ADC 820.1 - .3   This set of New York regulations provides a form for individuals keeping wild animals to report with the city, town or village clerk within whose jurisdiction the animal is owned, possessed or harbored, on or before April 1st of each year. General Municipal Law (GML), section 209-cc requires the State Fire Administrator, in consultation with the Department of Environmental Conservation, to develop and maintain a list of the common names of wild animals that are reported annually to local authorities.  
NH - Exotic Pets - Chapter Fis 800 Definitions (for importation and possession of wildlife)   N.H. Code Admin. R. Fis 801.01 - 26  

These following regulations provide the definitions for the terms used in Chapter Fis 800: The Importation, Possession and Use of All Wildlife of the New Hampshire Code of Administrative Regulations.

NH - EXOTIC PETS - PART FIS 804. POSSESSION OF WILDLIFE   N.H. Code Admin. R. Fis 804.01 - .07  

Under these New Hampshire regulations, a permit to possess wildlife shall not be required for any person to possess wildlife designated as non-controlled (species such as aquarium fish, amphibians, reptiles except for alligators, crocodiles, and venomous species, many pet birds, small pet mammals like gerbils and hamsters, and certain ungulates). However, no person shall be issued a permit to possess wildlife that has been designated as prohibited. These prohibited species include, among others, zebra mussels, non-indigenous crayfish, walking catfish, and the white amur. A person must possess a permit to possess any live wildlife, or their hybrids, designated as controlled. Table 800.2 lists the controlled species which include many wild turtles and salamanders, alligators, crocodiles, badgers, bears, cougars, coyotes, elephants, kangaroos, big cats, and large primates such as chimpanzees and gorillas. Any person who has legally acquired and possesses wildlife under a valid permit in 1992, and continuously since, and such wildlife is now designated as prohibited or controlled, shall be issued a permit to possess such wildlife.

NH - Importation of Wildlife - Chapter Fis 800. The Importation, Possession and Use of All Wildlife   N.H. Code Admin. R. Fis 803.01 - .14  

These New Hampshire regulations require an importation permit for any controlled species that are imported into the state; these regulations also state that a permit is not required for a non-controlled species, which are listed in the regulations, and that a prohibited species, which are also listed in the regulations, cannot be imported into the state with or without a permit. The regulations also state the requirements for obtaining an importation permit, the provisions for importing certain species, the pathological standards for inspecting imported fish, and what needs to be included in the form to obtain an importation permit.

NJ - ENDANGERED SPECIES - SUBCHAPTER 4. ENDANGERED, NONGAME AND EXOTIC WILDLIFE   N.J.A.C. 7:25-4.1 - .20   This set of New Jersey regulations first defines "exotic mammal, bird, reptile or amphibian” as any nongame species or mammal, bird, reptile or amphibian not indigenous to New Jersey. Except as provided, no person shall possess any nongame species or exotic species of any mammal, bird, reptile or amphibian unless such person has first received both the appropriate permit from the Department of Environmental Protection. Some exotic species that require a permit for possession include ferrets, pythons, and monitors. Permit fees range from $10 for the individual hobby to $100 for an animal dealer. The regulations also define a "potentially dangerous species” as any exotic mammal, bird, reptile or amphibian or nongame species which is capable of inflicting serious or fatal injuries or which has the potential to become an agricultural pest or a menace to the public health or indigenous wildlife populations. Some of these species include non-domestic dogs, baboons, monkeys, bears, non-domestic cats, gila monsters, alligators, and ground squirrels.  
NM - EXOTIC PETS - 19.35.7. IMPORTATION OF LIVE NON-DOMESTIC ANIMALS, BIRDS AND FISH   19.35.7 NMAC   This regulation covers persons who desire to bring wildlife species into the state of New Mexico. It may include the general public, pet importers, holders of Class “A” park licenses, department permitees and others. The stated objective is, "[t]o provide consistent criteria for the importation of live non-domesticated animals into New Mexico and to protect native wildlife against the introduction of contagious or infectious diseases, undesirable species and address human health and safety issues."  
NM - Rehabilitation, wildlife - 19.35.5. Wildlife Rehabilitation Permits   N.M. Admin. Code 19.35.5   The stated objective of this regulation is  to establish and implement a system for the issuance and use of permits for the rehabilitation of sick, injured, orphaned or otherwise incapacitated wildlife for return to the wild or other authorized disposition in New Mexico.  
NV - Exotic Animals - Possession, Transportation, Importation, Exportation and Release of Wildlife   NAC 503.108 - 140   These Nevada regulations concern the restrictions on importation, transportation and possession of certain species. Under 503.110, the importation, transportation or possession of the species of live wildlife or hybrids thereof including, but not limited to, freshwater sharks, piranhas, alligators and caimans, mongooses and meerkats, coyotes, and wild dogs is prohibited. Exemptions include zoos, aquariums, limited duration entertainment or commercial photography, research or scientific use, and a tax-exempt nonprofit organization that exhibits wildlife solely for educational or scientific purposes. Some animals may be possessed, transported, imported and exported without a permit or license issued by the Department such as monkeys and other primates, elephants, all felines, except mountain lions and bobcats, and wolves, among others.  
NV - Exotic Wildlife - NAC 504.471 Restrictions on shipment, transportation and exportation of wildlife; exceptions. (NRS 501.105, 501.181, 503.597, 504.295)   Nev. Admin. Code ch. 504, s. 471  

This administrative provision restricts the shipment, transportation and exportation of wildlife subject to limited exceptions.

NV- Rehabilitation - Chapter 504. Wildlife Management and Propagation.   NAC 504.490 - 498  

These Nevada regulations are about permits to rehabilitate wildlife. These regulations reveal where an application for a wildlife rehabilitation permit can be obtained, what must be included on the application, where to return the application, the required documents that must also be submitted with the application, the expiration of the permit, and the roles and the responsibilities of the permit holder. Additionally, the following regulations also provide information about euthanizing wildlife that is not listed as endangered or threatened species, as well as how to euthanize a species that is listed as endangered or threatened.

OH - Exotic Pets - 901:1-17-12 Non-domestic animals   OAC 901:1-17-12, OH ADC 901:1-17-12   Under this Ohio regulation, no non-domestic animal shall be imported into the state of Ohio unless accompanied by a permit issued prior to entry and certificate of veterinary inspection, is free of evidence of any contagious or infectious diseases or parasites harmful to humans or animals, and is in full compliance with all state and federal agencies rules and regulations. The specific disease requirements listed in the remainder of the rule concern only animals such as Cervidae (deer, moose, etc.), Bovidae (antelope, wild cattle, etc.), Suidae (sporting and feral swine), Tayassuidae (peccarie), and Psittacine birds.  
OK - Importation - Title 800. Department of Wildlife Conservation. Chapter 25. Wildlife Rules. Subchapter 25. Wildlife Classified as Domesticated and Exempt from Licensing and Permit Requirements   Okla. Admin. Code 800:25-25-1 - 3   The purpose of this Subchapter is to establish a list of wildlife that are to be considered domesticated, and therefore exempt from licensing and permit requirements of the Department.  
Oklahoma - Rehabilitation, wildlife - Chapter 25 Wildlife Rules   OK ADC 800:25-38-1 - 12   The following Oklahoma regulations detail that a license is needed for any person who wishes to rehabilitate wildlife. A person must renew this license annually for a fee of ten (10) dollars unless that person has violated any of  these provisions or was found not to be taking proper care of the animal during the animal's rehabilitation. In such a case, a person must wait a minimum of one year before that person can renew his or her license. These regulations also relieve the Department of Wildlife from liability and costs incurred by the licensee. Additionally, these regulations require a licensee to report  any listed endangered or threatened species; require a record of veterinary visits; require a record of the type of species lodged at the facility; require proper facilities; and require proper release of rehabilitated animals and proper disposal of animals that cannot be rehabilitated.  
OR - Exotic Pets - Division 11. Livestock Health and Sanitation. Exotic Animals   OR ADC 603-011-0700 - 0725  

This set of regulations includes the Oregon Department of Agriculture’s rules governing the possession of non-human primates. Individuals wishing to possess a non-human primate must be qualified by experience and education, have an approved facility, and must obtain an exotic animal permit from the Department. All permittees must comply with the agency’s rules for the housing and care of non-human primates and any additional permit conditions that the Department imposes.

OR - Hunting - Division 64 . Privately Held Exotic and Game Mammals.   OAR 635-064-0000 - 0010  

It is unlawful to hunt, kill, or attempt to hunt or kill, exotic mammals or game mammals held or obtained by private parties.  Exceptions under the statute include the slaughter of such an animal for meat, leather, or fur production, euthanization of such an animal for scientific, health, safety or other valid husbandry concerns, or the department's Wildlife Division Director may authorize any person to hunt or kill such an animal if the Division Director determines it would be in the best interest of sound wildlife management.

OR - Wildlife rehabilitation - Chapter 635. Department of Fish and Wildlife. Division 44. Holding, Propagating, Rehabilitating Protected Wildlife.   OR ADC 635-044-0200 - 635-044-0310   Under this set of Oregon regulations, any person desiring to hold any bird, mammal, amphibian or reptile for the purpose of wildlife rehabilitation must first obtain a Wildlife Rehabilitation Permit from the Department of Fish and Wildlife. The requirements and conditions to obtain a permit is also provided. In addition to an Oregon Wildlife Rehabilitation Permit, persons possessing this permit must also obtain a federal permit for species protected by federal law and provide a copy of the current valid federal permit to the Department. Other sections provide prohibited species under the permit and facility requirements.  
PA - Exotic Pets - Chapter 137. Wildlife   58 Pa. Code 137.1 - 34   This set of administrative regulations prohibits the importation, possession, selling, offering for sale or release of certain species such as lynx, bobcat, coyote, wolf, bears, raccoons, nutria, skunks, all families of nonhuman primates, certain birds, game taken from the wild, and game or wildlife held in captivity. Exemptions includes zoos and circuses. A person wishing to import lawfully acquired wildlife, or parts thereof, shall first obtain an importation permit from the Commission. Another section makes it unlawful for a person to possess live wildlife taken from a wild state subject to certain exceptions.  
PA - Exotic Pets - Subchapter N. Exotic Wildlife Possession   58 Pa. Code 147.261 - 262    
PA - Permits - Chapter 133. Wildlife Classification. Subchapter A. General   58 Pa. Code 133.1 - 5   This set of Pennsylvania regulations defines terms used such as protected mammals, protected birds, endangered species, threatened species, and furbearers.  
PA - Permits - Subchapter M. Exotic Wildlife Dealer   58 PA ADC 147.241 - 246   These Pennsylvania regulations relate to the housing and care of exotic wildlife and public protection from wildlife that is being held or transported by exotic wildlife dealers. Under the regulations, it is unlawful to keep exotic wildlife in confinement in an unsanitary or unsafe condition, or in a manner which results in maltreatment, mistreatment or neglect. The regulations  outline requirements for housing, cage construction, food and water provision, waste removal. and drainage.  
PA - Permits, Menagerie - Chapter 147. Special Permits   58 Pa. Code 147.281 - 287   These Pennsylvania regulations relate to safeguards for public safety, humane care and treatment, adequate housing and nutrition, sanitation, safety, acquisition and disposal of wildlife kept in menageries. Under the regulations, it is unlawful to keep wildlife in an unsanitary or unsafe condition or in a manner which results in maltreatment, mistreatment or neglect. The regulations outline requirements for cage construction, food and water provision, waste disposal, and drainage.  
Pennsylvania - Rehabilitation, wildlife - Subchapter P. Wildlife Rehabilitation   58 Pa. Code 147.301 - 312   Under this Pennsylvania chapter of regulations, the Director may issue a permit to an individual who meets the requirements of 34 Pa.C.S. § 2901(a) (relating to authority to issue permits) and this subchapter for the purpose of wildlife rehabilitation, wildlife capture and transportation, and educational use of rehabilitation wildlife. "Wildlife rehabilitation"is defined as the treatment and temporary care of injured, diseased and displaced wildlife, and the subsequent release of healthy wildlife to appropriate habitats in the wild.  
SD - Exotic Pets - Chapter 12:68:18 Nondomestic Animal Control   SD ADC 12:68:18:01 - 09   Any person desiring to import nondomestic mammals into South Dakota for release to the wild to become free roaming nondomestic mammals must obtain an entry permit and obtain a certificate of veterinary inspection issued by a licensed veterinarian in the state of origin. Also, a permit is required to possess in South Dakota any nondomestic mammal, or any of its hybrids, of those of the order Carnivora, all nondomestic members of the Felidae, Canidae, Ursidae, Mustelidae, and Hyaenidae families; of the order Artiodactyla, all nondomestic members; of the order Perissodactyla, all nondomestic members of the order Tapiridae and Rhinocerotidae; of the order Proboscidea, African and Asian elephants; and of the order Primates. Permit costs range anywhere from $10 - 100. The regulations also list procedures for escapes, recordkeeping, and inspection.  
South Carolina - Endangered Species - Chapter 123 Department of Natural Resources   SC ADC 123-150 - 170  

These South Carolina regulations list the non-game wildlife on the state's List of Endangered Wildlife Species, as well as the animals that are considered threatened and "in need of management." If an animal is listed as threatened or endangered, a permit must be obtained in certain situations to avoid penalty for "taking" a listed species. Furthermore, these regulations also set out provisions for hunting alligators and selling alligator meat and hide; for obtaining vultures, kites, hawks, eagles, ospreys, falcons, and owls for the practice of falconry; and for protecting sea turtles by regulating the nets on shrimping trawls.

Texas - Circus, entertainment animals - Subchapter B. Care of Animals by Circuses, Carnivals, and Zoos   25 TX ADC 169.41 - 169.48  

This set of regulations sets license conditions and fees for circuses, carnivals, and zoos that are regulated by the Department of Health Services and establishes standards regarding the care of animals maintained by those facilities. All circuses, carnivals, and zoos that are regulated by the United States Department of Agriculture under the Federal Animal Welfare Act are exempt from these regulations.

Texas - Dangerous Animals - G. Caging Requirements and Standards for Dangerous Wild Animals.   25 TX ADC 169.131, 132  

This regulation establishes caging requirements and minimum standards of care for "dangerous wild animals," including: gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, baboons, lions, tigers, cheetahs, ocelots, cougars, leopards, jaguars, bobcats, lynxes, servals, caracals, hyenas, bears, coyotes, jackals, and all hybrids thereof. 

TN - Wildlife - Chapter 1660-01-15 Rules and Regulations for Animal Importation.   Tenn. Comp. R. & Regs. 1660-01-15-.01, .02   These Tennessee regulations outline the guidelines for importing any live wild animal species obtained from outside the State of Tennessee.  
TN - Wildlife, commercial use - 1660-01-17-.01. GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR COMMERCIAL USE.   Tenn. Comp. R. & Regs. 1660-01-17-.01   This Tennessee regulation describes the commercial use of wildlife. Under the regulation, the commercial use of any State or Federally endangered species is prohibited. The commercial use of State and Federally threatened species and those species deemed in need of management are permitted only when such species are legally taken for the purpose of sale in the State of origin as provided in T.C.A. §70-8-109.  
TN - Wildlife, possession - Chapter 1660-01-18. Rules and Regulations of Live Wildlife   Tenn. Comp. R. & Regs. 1660-01-18-.01 - .06  

These Tennessee regulations outline the requirements for importation and possession of captive wildlife. The species of wildlife for each class of wildlife are described. Facilities for Class I wildlife are provided, which include specific requirements for Class I Felidae or Ursidae. The Class I qualification test requirements are also stated.

TX - Rehabilitation, wildlife - Subchapter C. Wildlife Rehabilitation Permits   Tex. Admin. Code tit. 31, 69.43 - 53   This chapter of Texas regulations provide the requirements to obtain a wildlife rehabilitation permit. The qualifications to obtain a wildlife rehabilitation permit are also outlined. General facilities standards and inspection requirements are provided.  
US - Disease - African rodents and other animals that may carry the monkeypox virus. 21 C.F.R. 1240.63   21 C.F.R. 1240.63; 69 FR 51753   The CDC and the FDA banned the possession, sale, and distribution of rodents suspected of spreading monkeypox. Note: this regulation has since been deleted and reserved.  
US - Exotic Pets - Injurious Wildlife Species; Listing the Boa Constrictor, Four Python Species, and Four Anaconda Species as Injurious Reptiles   75 FR 11808-01   The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) proposes to amend its regulations to add Indian python (Python molurus, including Burmese python Python molurus bivittatus), reticulated python (Broghammerus reticulatus or Python reticulatus), Northern African python (Python sebae), Southern African python (Python natalensis), boa constrictor (Boa constrictor), yellow anaconda (Eunectes notaeus), DeSchauensee's anaconda (Eunectes deschauenseei), green anaconda (Eunectes murinus), and Beni anaconda (Eunectes beniensis) to the list of injurious reptiles. This listing would prohibit the importation of any live animal, gamete, viable egg, or hybrid of these nine constrictor snakes into the United States, except as specifically authorized.  
US - Importation - Subpart F. Wildlife Declarations   50 C.F.R. 14.61 - 14.64   Except as otherwise provided by the regulations of this subpart, importers or their agents must file with the Service a completed Declaration for Importation or Exportation of Fish or Wildlife (Form 3-177), signed by the importer or the importer's agent, upon the importation of any wildlife at the place where Service clearance under section 14.52 is requested.  
US - Permits - Subpart A. Introduction. 13.4 Emergency variation from requirements.   50 C.F.R. 13.4   This regulation provides that the Director of the USFWS may approve variations from the permit requirements if an emergency exists and it does not hinder the administration of other regulations.  
US - Permits - Subpart C. Permit Administration. 13.29 Review procedures.   50 C.F.R. 13.29   This regulation outlines the procedure to seek administrative review of the denial for a permit to possess or otherwise take wildlife or plants.  
US - Permits - Subpart D. Conditions. 13.42 Permits are specific.   50 CFR 13.42   This regulation provides that permits issued to collect or otherwise take wildlife or plants are strictly construed.  
UT - Wildlife possession - R657-3. Collection, Importation, Transportation, and Possession of Zoological Animals.   UT Admin Code R657-3   This set of Utah rules concerns the collection, importation, and possession of zoological animals under circumstances described in the rules. Commonly kept domestic animals such as alpacas, donkeys, cats, dogs and hybrid dogs, gerbils, goats, hamsters, and many others are not governed by these rules. A  person shall obtain a certificate of registration before collecting, importing, transporting, or possessing any species of zoological animal or its parts classified as prohibited or controlled. A person may not release to the wild or release into any public or private waters any zoological animal, including fish, without first obtaining authorization from the division. Certain species are prohibited for collection, importation, and possession. These species include bighorn sheep, bears, coyotes, gray wolves, wild cats, skunks, lemurs, great apes, and those species listed in Appendix I or II of CITES, among others listed in R657-3-24.  
Virginia - Importation of Wild Animals - Chapter 30. Definitions and Miscellaneous: Importation, Possession, Sale, Etc., of Animals   4 VAC 15-30-5 - 60   This set of Virginia regulations states that it shall be unlawful to take, possess, import, cause to be imported, export, cause to be exported, buy, sell, offer for sale, or liberate within the Commonwealth any wild animal unless otherwise specifically permitted by law or regulation. Further, live wolves or coyotes, or birds or animals otherwise classed as predatory or undesirable, may not be imported into the Commonwealth or liberated therein, or possessed therein, except under a special permit of the board. A special permit is required and may be issued by the department to import, possess, or sell those nonnative (exotic) animals listed in the table in 4 VAC 15-30-40 (such as badgers, hyenas, and crocodiles among others).  
VT - Standards, primates - Rule 300. Animal Welfare Regulations.   Vt. Admin. Code 2-4-300:1.1 - .88   These Vermont regulations provide animal welfare standards for all licensees, including recordkeeping requirements, holding periods, and inspection provisions. Subpart D then outlines the specifications for the humane handling, care, treatment, and transportation of nonhuman primates. Facility requirements, feeding, watering, veterinary care, and transportation requirements are described, among other things.   
WA - Importation - Chapter 16-54. Animal Importation   WA ADC 16-54-010 - 180  

This set of regulations is the Washington Department of Agriculture's import requirements for various types of domestic, companion, wild, and exotic animals.

Washington - Health, animal - Chapter 246-203. General Sanitation   WA ADC 246-203-010, 121, 130, 180, 200  

This compilation of regulations includes the Washington Department of Health's sanitation rules involving the possession, maintenance, and disposal of animals.

Washington - Health, Animal Penalties -Title 16. Agriculture, Department of. Chapter 16-90. Penalty Schedule   WAC 16-90-005 - 030  

This set of regulations provides the Department of Agriculture's penalties for violations of Washington's animal health laws.

WI - IMPORTATION, WILDLIFE, CHAPTER ATCP 10. ANIMAL DISEASES AND MOVEMENT. SUBCHAPTER I. DEFINITIONS AND GENERAL PROVISIONS; SUBCHAPTER XI. OTHER ANIMALS   Wis. Admin. Code s ATCP 10.01 - 10.09; ATCP 10.80 - 10.85   In this set of Wisconsin regulations, "wild animal” does not include a domestic animal identified in s. ATCP 10.02 (livestock, poultry, and other domestic animals). The majority of the regulations here concern disease detection, inoculation, and prevention in domestic herds. However, a person who imports an animal must comply with importing requirements including obtaining a permit under ATCP 10.07.  
WY - Importation - Section 5. Importation/Possession Permit Required For Live Wildlife.   WY ADC GAME POSS Ch. 10 s 5   Except as exempted in this regulation (mainly common domestic animals), a permit from the Department is required prior to importation, possession, confinement, and/or transportation of any living wildlife. Any living wildlife may be transported through the state of Wyoming if the person transporting said wildlife is in possession of a valid permit for interstate transportation of live wildlife. However, wolves (Canis lupus) and/or wolf hybrids may not be possessed, imported or sold.  
WY - Rehabilitation - Chapter 45. Wildlife Rehabilitation   WY Rules and Regulations GAME POSS Ch. 45 s 1 - 24  

The purpose of this regulation is to provide for the care of sick, injured, debilitated or orphaned wildlife, excluding big game animals and trophy game animals, by permitted wildlife rehabilitators and to provide criteria for the issuance of permits to such wildlife rehabilitators. In accordance with this regulation, wildlife rehabilitators issued permits pursuant to this regulation may acquire sick, injured, debilitated, or orphaned wildlife and provide necessary treatment in order that the wildlife may be returned to live in the wild independent of human aid and sustenance. When the animal is not releasable to the wild, the Department may authorize the wildlife rehabilitator to euthanize the animal or transfer the animal to a Department approved institution for scientific or zoological purposes.

WY - Scientific permits - Chapter 33. Regulation Governing Issuance of Scientific Research, Educational or Special Purpose Permits   WY Rules and Regulations GAME POSS Ch. 33 s 1 - 8  

The purpose of this regulation is to govern and regulate the issuance of permits to take, capture, handle, and transport Wyoming wildlife for scientific research, educational or special purposes. Such permits may be issued to persons, educational institutions, or governmental entities when the Wyoming Game and Fish Department determines the scientific research, educational, or special purposes are beneficial to wildlife, the department or the public.


Back to top