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Code of Federal Regulations. Title 9. Animals and Animal Products. Chapter I. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Department of Agriculture. Subchapter A. Animal Welfare. Part 3. Standards. Subpart C. Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment and Transportation of Rabbits.



Country of Origin: United States

Agency of Origin: Department of Agriculture, APHIS

National Citation: 9 CFR 3.50 - 3.66



Last checked by Web Center Staff: 04/2011


Summary:  

These regulations contain the humane care provisions for rabbits.


Material in Full:

§ 3.50 Facilities, general.

§ 3.51 Facilities, indoor.

§ 3.52 Facilities, outdoor.

§ 3.53 Primary enclosures.

§ 3.54 Feeding.

§ 3.55 Watering.

§ 3.56 Sanitation.

§ 3.57 Employees.

§ 3.58 Classification and separation.

§ 3.59 [Reserved]

§ 3.60 Consignments to carriers and intermediate handlers.

§ 3.61 Primary enclosures used to transport live rabbits.

§ 3.62 Primary conveyances (motor vehicle, rail, air, and marine).

§ 3.63 Food and water requirements.

§ 3.64 Care in transit.

§ 3.65 Terminal facilities.

§ 3.66 Handling.

 

 


§ 3.50 Facilities, general.

(a) Structural strength. Indoor and outdoor housing facilities for rabbits shall be structurally sound and shall be maintained in good repair, to protect the animals from injury, to contain the animals, and to restrict the entrance of other animals.

(b) Water and electric power. Reliable and adequate electric power, if required to comply with other provisions of this subpart, and adequate potable water shall be available.

(c) Storage. Supplies of food and bedding shall be stored in facilities which adequately protect such supplies against infestation or contamination by vermin. Refrigeration shall be provided for supplies of perishable food.

(d) Waste disposal. Provision shall be made for the removal and disposal of animal and food wastes, bedding, dead animals, and debris. Disposal facilities shall be so provided and operated as to minimize vermin infestation, odors, and disease hazards.

(e) Washroom and sinks. Facilities, such as washrooms, basins, or sinks, shall be provided to maintain cleanliness among animal caretakers.

[32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967, as amended at 44 FR 63492, Nov. 2, 1979]

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.

 

§ 3.51 Facilities, indoor.

(a) Heating. Indoor housing facilities for rabbits need not be heated.

(b) Ventilation. Indoor housing facilities for rabbits shall be adequately ventilated to provide for the health and comfort of the animals at all times. Such facilities shall be provided with fresh air either by means of windows, doors, vents, or air conditioning and shall be ventilated so as to minimize drafts, odors, and moisture condensation. Auxiliary ventilation, such as exhaust fans and vents or air conditioning, shall be provided when the ambient temperature is 85° F. or higher.

(c) Lighting. Indoor housing facilities for rabbits shall have ample light, by natural or artificial means, or both, of good quality and well distributed. Such lighting shall provide uniformly distributed illumination of sufficient light intensity to permit routine inspection and cleaning during the entire working period. Primary enclosures shall be so placed as to protect the rabbits from excessive illumination.

(d) Interior surfaces. The interior building surfaces of indoor housing facilities shall be constructed and maintained so that they are substantially impervious to moisture and may be readily sanitized.

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.


§ 3.52 Facilities, outdoor.

(a) Shelter from sunlight. When sunlight is likely to cause overheating or discomfort, sufficient shade shall be provided to allow all rabbits kept outdoors to protect themselves from the direct rays of the sun. When the atmospheric temperature exceeds 90° F. artificial cooling shall be provided by a sprinkler system or other means.

(b) Shelter from rain or snow. Rabbits kept outdoors shall be provided with access to shelter to allow them to remain dry during rain or snow.

(c) Shelter from cold weather. Shelter shall be provided for all rabbits kept outdoors when the atmospheric temperature falls below 40° F.

(d) Protection from predators. Outdoor housing facilities for rabbits shall be fenced or otherwise enclosed to minimize the entrance of predators.

(e) Drainage. A suitable method shall be provided to rapidly eliminate excess water.

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.


§ 3.53 Primary enclosures.

All primary enclosures for rabbits shall conform to the following requirements:

(a) General.

(1) Primary enclosures shall be structurally sound and maintained in good repair to protect the rabbits from injury, to contain them, and to keep predators out.

(2) Primary enclosures shall be constructed and maintained so as to enable the rabbits to remain dry and clean.

(3) Primary enclosures shall be constructed and maintained so that the rabbits contained therein have convenient access to clean food and water as required in this subpart.

(4) The floors of the primary enclosures shall be constructed so as to protect the rabbits' feet and legs from injury. Litter shall be provided in all primary enclosures having solid floors.

(5) A suitable nest box containing clean nesting material shall be provided in each primary enclosure housing a female with a litter less than one month of age.

(b) Space requirements for primary enclosures acquired before August 15, 1990. Primary enclosures shall be constructed and maintained so as to provide sufficient space for the animal to make normal postural adjustments with adequate freedom of movement. Each rabbit housed in a primary enclosure shall be provided a minimum amount of floor space, exclusive of the space taken up by food and water receptacles, in accordance with the following table:


 

Category
Individual weights (pounds)
Minimum space per rabbit (square inches)
Groups
3 through 5
144
6 through 8
288
9 or more
432
Individual adults
3 through 5
180
6 through 8
360
9 through 11
540
12 or more
720
Nursing females
3 through 5
576
6 through 8
720
9 through 11
864
 
12 or more
1080


 

(c) Space requirements for primary enclosures acquired on or after August 15, 1990.
(1) Primary enclosures shall be constructed and maintained so as to provide sufficient space for the animal to make normal postural adjustments with adequate freedom of movement.
(2) Each rabbit housed in a primary enclosure shall be provided a minimum amount of floor space, exclusive of the space taken up by food and water receptacles, in accordance with the following table:


 

 
Individual weights
Minimum floor space
Minimum interior height
 
kg
lbs
m2
ft2
cm
in
Individual rabbits (weaned)
<2
<4.4
0.14
1.5
35.56
14
 
2-4
4.4-8.8
0.28
3.0
35.56
14
 
4-5.4
8.8-11.9
0.37
4.0
35.56
14
 
>5.4
>11.9
0.46
5.0
35.56
14
 
Weight of nursing female
Minimum floor space/female & litter
Minimum interior height
 
kg
lbs
m2
ft2
cm
in
Females with litters
<2
<4.4
0.37
4.0
35.56
14
 
2-4
4.4-8.8
0.46
5.0
35.56
14
 
4-5.4
8.8-11.9
0.56
6.0
35.56
14
 
>5.4
>11.9
0.70
7.5
35.56
14


 

(3) Innovative primary enclosures that do not precisely meet the space requirements of paragraph (c)(2) of this section, but that do provide rabbits with a sufficient volume of space and the opportunity to express species-typical behavior, may be used at research facilities when approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee, and by dealers and exhibitors when approved by the Administrator.


[55 FR 28883, July 16, 1990]

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.


§ 3.54 Feeding.

(a) Rabbits shall be fed at least once each day except as otherwise might be required to provide adequate veterinary care. The food shall be free from contamination, wholesome, palatable and of sufficient quantity and nutritive value to meet the normal daily requirements for the condition and size of the rabbit.

(b) Food receptacles shall be accessible to all rabbits in a primary enclosure and shall be located so as to minimize contamination by excreta. All food receptacles shall be kept clean and sanitized at least once every 2 weeks. If self feeders are used for the feeding of dry feed, measures must be taken to prevent molding, deterioration or caking of the feed.

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.


§ 3.55 Watering.

Sufficient potable water shall be provided daily except as might otherwise be required to provide adequate veterinary care. All watering receptacles shall be sanitized when dirty: Provided, however, That such receptacles shall be sanitized at least once every 2 weeks.

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.


§ 3.56 Sanitation.

(a) Cleaning of primary enclosures.

(1) Primary enclosures shall be kept reasonably free of excreta, hair, cobwebs and other debris by periodic cleaning. Measures shall be taken to prevent the wetting of rabbits in such enclosures if a washing process is used.

(2) In primary enclosures equipped with solid floors, soiled litter shall be removed and replaced with clean litter at least once each week.

(3) If primary enclosures are equipped with wire or mesh floors, the troughs or pans under such enclosures shall be cleaned at least once each week. If worm bins are used under such enclosures they shall be maintained in a sanitary condition.

(b) Sanitization of primary enclosures.

(1) Primary enclosures for rabbits shall be sanitized at least once every 30 days in the manner provided in paragraph (b)(3) of this section.

(2) Prior to the introduction of rabbits into empty primary enclosures previously occupied, such enclosures shall be sanitized in the manner provided in paragraph (b)(3) of this section.

(3) Primary enclosures for rabbits shall be sanitized by washing them with hot water (180° F.) and soap or detergent as in a mechanical cage washer, or by washing all soiled surfaces with a detergent solution followed by a safe and effective disinfectant, or by cleaning all soiled surfaces with live steam or flame.

(c) Housekeeping. Premises (buildings and grounds) shall be kept clean and in good repair in order to protect the animals from injury and to facilitate the prescribed husbandry practices set forth in this subpart. Premises shall remain free of accumulations of trash.

(d) Pest control. An effective program for the control of insects, ectoparasites, and avian and mammalian pests shall be established and maintained.

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.


§ 3.57 Employees.

A sufficient number of employees shall be utilized to maintain the prescribed level of husbandry practices set forth in this subpart. Such practices shall be under the supervision of an animal caretaker who has a background in animal husbandry or care.

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.


§ 3.58 Classification and separation.

Animals housed in the same primary enclosure shall be maintained in compatible groups, with the following additional restrictions:

(a) Rabbits shall not be housed in the same primary enclosure with any other species of animals unless required for scientific reasons.

(b) Rabbits under quarantine or treatment for a communicable disease shall be separated from other rabbits and other susceptible species of animals in such a manner as to minimize dissemination of such disease.

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.


§ 3.59 [Reserved]

[32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967, as amended at 36 FR 24925, Dec. 24, 1971; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989]

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.


§ 3.60 Consignments to carriers and intermediate handlers.

(a) Carriers and intermediate handlers shall not accept any live rabbit presented by any dealer, research facility, exhibitor, operator of an auction sale, or other person, or any department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States or any State or local government for shipment, in commerce, more than 4 hours prior to the scheduled departure of the primary conveyance on which it is to be transported: Provided, however, That the carrier or intermediate handler and any dealer, research facility, exhibitor, operator of an auction sale, or other person, or any department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States or any State or local government may mutually agree to extend the time of acceptance to not more than 6 hours if specific prior scheduling of the animal shipment to destination has been made.

(b) Any carrier or intermediate handler shall only accept for transportation or transport, in commerce, any live rabbit in a primary enclosure which conforms to the requirements set forth in § 3.61 of the standards: Provided, however, That any carrier or intermediate handler may accept for transportation or transport, in commerce, any live rabbit consigned by any department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States having laboratory animal facilities or exhibiting animals or any licensed or registered dealer, research facility, exhibitor, or operator of any auction sale, if such consignor furnishes to the carrier or intermediate handler a certificate, signed by the consignor, stating that the primary enclosure complies with § 3.61 of the standards, unless such primary enclosure is obviously defective or damaged and it is apparent that it cannot reasonably be expected to contain the live rabbit without causing suffering or injury to such live rabbit. A copy of such certificate shall accompany the shipment to destination. The certificate shall include at least the following information:

(1) Name and address of the consignor;

(2) The number of rabbits in the primary enclosure(s);

(3) A certifying statement (e.g., “I hereby certify that the ______ (Number) primary enclosure(s) which are used to transport the animal(s) in this shipment complies (comply) with USDA standards for primary enclosures (9 CFR part 3).”); and

(4) The signature of the consignor, and date.

(c) Carriers or intermediate handlers whose facilities fail to meet the minimum temperature allowed by the standards may accept for transportation or transport, in commerce, any live rabbit consigned by any department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States or of any State or local government, or by any person (including any licensee or registrant under the Act, as well as any private individual) if the consignor furnishes to the carrier or intermediate handler a certificate executed by a veterinarian accredited by this Department pursuant to part 160 of this title on a specified date which shall not be more than 10 days prior to delivery of such rabbit for transportation in commerce, stating that such live rabbit is acclimated to air temperatures lower than those prescribed in §§ 3.65 and 3.66. A copy of such certificate shall accompany the shipment to destination. The certificate shall include at least the following information:

(1) Name and address of the consignor;

(2) The number of rabbits in the shipment;

(3) A certifying statement (e.g., “I hereby certify that the animal(s) in this shipment is (are), to the best of my knowledge, acclimated to air temperatures lower than 7.2° C. (45° F.).)”; and

(4) The signature of the USDA accredited veterinarian, assigned accreditation number, and date.

(d) Carriers and intermediate handlers shall attempt to notify the consignee at least once in every 6 hour period following the arrival of any live rabbit at the animal holding area of the terminal cargo facility. The time, date, and method of each attempted notification and the final notification to the consignee and the name of the person notifying the consignee shall be recorded on the copy of the shipping document retained by the carrier or intermediate handler and on a copy of the shipping document accompanying the animal shipment.

[42 FR 31565, June 21, 1977, as amended at 43 FR 21164, May 16, 1978; 44 FR 63493, Nov. 2, 1979]

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 appear at 42 FR 31565, June 21, 1977; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 issued under secs. 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 14, 16, 17, 21; 80 Stat. 353; 84 Stat. 1561, 1562, 1563, 1564; 90 Stat. 418, 420, 423 (7 U.S.C. 2133, 2135, 2136, 2140, 2141, 2144, 2146, 2147, 2151); 37 FR 28464, 28477, 38 FR 19141.


§ 3.61 Primary enclosures used to transport live rabbits.

No person subject to the Animal Welfare regulations shall offer for transportation or transport in commerce any live rabbit in a primary enclosure that does not conform to the following requirements:

(a) Primary enclosures, such as compartments, transport cages, cartons, or crates, used to transport live rabbits shall be constructed in such a manner that:

(1) The structural strength of the enclosure shall be sufficient to contain the live rabbits and to withstand the normal rigors of transportation;

(2) The interior of the enclosure shall be free from any protrusions that could be injurious to the live rabbits contained therein;

(3) The openings of such enclosures are easily accessible at all times for emergency removal of the live rabbits;

(4) Except as provided in paragraph (h) of this section, there are ventilation openings located on two opposite walls of the primary enclosure and the ventilation openings on each such wall shall be at least 16 percent of the total surface area of each such wall, or there are ventilation openings located on all four walls of the primary enclosure and the ventilation openings on each such wall shall be at least 8 percent of the total surface area of each such wall: Provided, however, That at least one-third of the total minimum area required for ventilation of the primary enclosure shall be located on the lower one-half of the primary enclosure and at least one-third of the total minimum area required for ventilation of the primary enclosure shall be located on the upper one-half of the primary enclosure;

(5) Except as provided in paragraph (h) of this section, projecting rims or other devices shall be on the exterior of the outside walls with any ventilation openings to prevent obstruction of the ventilation openings and to provide a minimum air circulation space 1.9 centimeters (.75 inch) between the primary enclosure and any adjacent cargo or conveyance wall; and

(6) Except as provided in paragraph (h) of this section, adequate handholds or other devices for lifting shall be provided on the exterior of the primary enclosure to enable the primary enclosure to be lifted without tilting and to ensure that the person handling the primary enclosure will not be in contact with the rabbit.

(b) Live rabbits transported in the same primary enclosure shall be maintained in compatible groups and shall not be transported in the same primary enclosure with other specie of animals.

(c) Primary enclosures used to transport live rabbits shall be large enough to ensure that each rabbit contained therein has sufficient space to turn about freely and to make normal postural adjustments.

(d) Not more than 15 live rabbits shall be transported in the same primary enclosure.

(e) Primary enclosures used to transport live rabbits as provided in this section shall have solid bottoms to prevent leakage in shipment and shall be cleaned and sanitized in a manner prescribed in § 3.56 of the standards, if previously used. Such primary enclosures shall contain clean litter of a suitable absorbent material which is safe and nontoxic to the rabbits, in sufficient quantity to absorb and cover excreta, unless the rabbits are on wire or other nonsolid floors.

(f) Primary enclosures used to transport live rabbits, except where such primary enclosures are permanently affixed in the animal cargo space of the primary conveyance, shall be clearly marked on top and on one or more sides with the works “Live Animal” in letters not less than 2.5 centimeters (1 inch) in height, and with arrows or other markings, to indicate the correct upright position of the container.

(g) Documents accompanying the shipment shall be attached in an easily accessible manner to the outside of a primary enclosure which is part of such shipment.

(h) When a primary enclosure is permanently affixed within the animal cargo space of the primary conveyance so that the front opening is the only source of ventilation for such primary enclosure, the front opening shall open directly to the outside or to an unobstructed aisle or passageway within the primary conveyance. Such front ventilation opening shall be at least 90 percent of the total surface area of the front wall of the primary enclosure and covered with bars, wire mesh or smooth expanded metal.

[42 FR 31565, June 21, 1977, as amended at 43 FR 21164, May 16, 1978; 55 FR 28883, July 16, 1990]

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 appear at 42 FR 31565, June 21, 1977; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 issued under secs. 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 14, 16, 17, 21; 80 Stat. 353; 84 Stat. 1561, 1562, 1563, 1564; 90 Stat. 418, 420, 423 (7 U.S.C. 2133, 2135, 2136, 2140, 2141, 2144, 2146, 2147, 2151); 37 FR 28464, 28477, 38 FR 19141.


§ 3.62 Primary conveyances (motor vehicle, rail, air, and marine).

(a) The animal cargo space of primary conveyances used in transporting live rabbits shall be designed and constructed to protect the health, and ensure the safety and comfort of the rabbits contained therein at all times.

(b) The animal cargo space shall be constructed and maintained in a manner to prevent the ingress of engine exhaust fumes and gases from the primary conveyance during transportation in commerce.

(c) No live rabbit shall be placed in an animal cargo space that does not have a supply of air sufficient for normal breathing for each live animal contained therein, and the primary enclosures shall be positioned in the animal cargo space in such a manner that each rabbit has access to sufficient air for normal breathing.

(d) Primary enclosures shall be positioned in the primary conveyance in such a manner that in an emergency the live rabbits can be removed from the primary conveyance as soon as possible.

(e) The interior of the animal cargo space shall be kept clean.

(f) Live rabbits shall not be transported with any material, substance (e.g., dry ice) or device which may reasonably be expected to be injurious to the health and well-being of the rabbits unless proper precaution is taken to prevent such injury.

(g) The animal cargo space of primary conveyances used to transport rabbits shall be mechanically sound and provide fresh air by means of windows, doors, vents, or air conditioning so as to minimize drafts, odors, and moisture condensation. Auxiliary ventilation, such as fans, blowers, or air conditioners, shall be used in any cargo space containing live rabbits when the ambient temperature in the animal cargo space is 75 °F (23.9 °C) or higher. The ambient temperature within the animal cargo space shall not exceed 85 °F (29.5 °C) or fall below 45 °F (7.2 °C), except that the ambient temperature in the cargo space may be below 45 °F (7.2 °C) if the rabbits are accompanied by a certificate of acclimation to lower temperatures, as provided in § 3.60(c) of this part.

[55 FR 28883, July 16, 1990]

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 appear at 42 FR 31565, June 21, 1977; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 issued under secs. 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 14, 16, 17, 21; 80 Stat. 353; 84 Stat. 1561, 1562, 1563, 1564; 90 Stat. 418, 420, 423 (7 U.S.C. 2133, 2135, 2136, 2140, 2141, 2144, 2146, 2147, 2151); 37 FR 28464, 28477, 38 FR 19141.


§ 3.63 Food and water requirements.

(a) If live rabbits are to be transported for a period of more than 6 hours, they shall have access to food and water or a type of food, which provides the requirements for food and water in quantity and quality sufficient to satisfy their food and water needs, during transit.

(b) Any dealer, research facility, exhibitor or operator of an auction sale offering any live rabbit to any carrier or intermediate handler for transportation, in commerce, shall provide an adequate supply of food or type of food, which provides the requirements for food and water, within the primary enclosure to meet the requirements of this section.

(c) No carrier or intermediate handler shall accept for transportation, in commerce, any live rabbit without an adequate supply of food or type of food, which provides the requirements for food and water, within the primary enclosure to meet the requirements of this section.

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 appear at 42 FR 31565, June 21, 1977; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 issued under secs. 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 14, 16, 17, 21; 80 Stat. 353; 84 Stat. 1561, 1562, 1563, 1564; 90 Stat. 418, 420, 423 (7 U.S.C. 2133, 2135, 2136, 2140, 2141, 2144, 2146, 2147, 2151); 37 FR 28464, 28477, 38 FR 19141.


§ 3.64 Care in transit.

(a) During surface transportation, it shall be the responsibility of the driver or other employee to visually observe the live rabbits as frequently as circumstances may dictate, but not less than once every 4 hours, to assure that they are receiving sufficient air for normal breathing, their ambient temperatures are within the prescribed limits, all other applicable standards are being complied with and to determine whether any of the live rabbits are in obvious physical distress and to provide any needed veterinary care as soon as possible. When transported by air, live rabbits shall be visually observed by the carrier as frequently as circumstances may dictate, but not less than once every 4 hours, if the cargo space is accessible during flight. If the animal cargo space is not accessible during flight, the carrier shall visually observe the live rabbits whenever loaded and unloaded and whenever the animal cargo space is otherwise accessible to assure that they are receiving sufficient air for normal breathing, their ambient temperatures are within the prescribed limits, all other applicable standards are being complied with and to determine whether any such live rabbits are in obvious physical distress. The carrier shall provide any needed veterinary care as soon as possible. No rabbit in obvious physical distress shall be transported in commerce.

(b) During the course of transportation, in commerce, live rabbits shall not be removed from their primary enclosures unless placed in other primary enclosures or facilities conforming to the requirements provided in this subpart.

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 appear at 42 FR 31565, June 21, 1977; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 issued under secs. 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 14, 16, 17, 21; 80 Stat. 353; 84 Stat. 1561, 1562, 1563, 1564; 90 Stat. 418, 420, 423 (7 U.S.C. 2133, 2135, 2136, 2140, 2141, 2144, 2146, 2147, 2151); 37 FR 28464, 28477, 38 FR 19141.


§ 3.65 Terminal facilities.

No person subject to the Animal Welfare regulations shall commingle shipments of live rabbits with inanimate cargo. All animal holding areas of a terminal facility where shipments of rabbits are maintained shall be cleaned and sanitized as prescribed in § 3.56 of the standards often enough to prevent an accumulation of debris or excreta, to minimize vermin infestation, and to prevent a disease hazard. An effective program for the control of insects, ectoparasites, and avian and mammalian pests shall be established and maintained for all animal holding areas. Any animal holding area containing live rabbits shall be provided with fresh air by means of windows, doors, vents, or air conditioning and may be ventilated or air circulated by means of fans, blowers, or an air conditioning system so as to minimize drafts, odors, and moisture condensation. Auxiliary ventilation, such as exhaust fans and vents or fans or blowers or air conditioning shall be used for any animal holding area containing live rabbits when the air temperature within such animal holding area is 23.9°C. (75°F.) or higher. The air temperature around any live rabbit in any animal holding area shall not be allowed to fall below 7.2°C. (45°F.) nor be allowed to exceed 29.5°C. (85°F.) at any time. To ascertain compliance with the provisions of this paragraph, the air temperature around any live rabbit shall be measured and read outside the primary enclosure which contains such rabbit at a distance not to exceed .91 meters (3 feet) from any one of the external walls of the primary enclosure and on a level parallel to the bottom of such primary enclosure at a point which approximates half the distance between the top and bottom of such primary enclosure.

[43 FR 56216, Dec. 1, 1978; 55 FR 28883, July 16, 1990]

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 appear at 42 FR 31565, June 21, 1977; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 issued under secs. 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 14, 16, 17, 21; 80 Stat. 353; 84 Stat. 1561, 1562, 1563, 1564; 90 Stat. 418, 420, 423 (7 U.S.C. 2133, 2135, 2136, 2140, 2141, 2144, 2146, 2147, 2151); 37 FR 28464, 28477, 38 FR 19141.


§ 3.66 Handling.

(a) Any person who is subject to the Animal Welfare regulations and who moves live rabbits from an animal holding area of a terminal facility to a primary conveyance or vice versa shall do so as quickly and efficiently as possible. Any person subject to the Animal Welfare regulations and holding any live rabbit in an animal holding area of a terminal facility or transporting any live rabbit to or from a terminal facility shall provide the following:

(1) Shelter from sunlight. When sunlight is likely to cause overheating or discomfort, sufficient shade shall be provided to protect the live rabbits from the direct rays of the sun and such live rabbits shall not be subjected to surrounding air temperatures which exceed 29.5°C. (85°F.), and which shall be measured and read in the manner prescribed in § 3.65 of this part, for a period of more than 45 minutes.

(2) Shelter from rain or snow. Live rabbits shall be provided protection to allow them to remain dry during rain or snow.

(3) Shelter from cold weather. Transporting devices shall be covered to provide protection for live rabbits when the outdoor air temperature falls below 10°C. (50°F.), and such live rabbits shall not be subjected to surrounding air temperatures which fall below 7.2°C. (45°F.), and which shall be measured and read in the manner prescribed in § 3.65 of this part, for a period of more than 45 minutes unless such rabbits are accompanied by a certificate of acclimation to lower temperatures as prescribed in § 3.60(c).

(b) Care shall be exercised to avoid handling of the primary enclosure in such a manner that may cause physical or emotional trauma to the live rabbit contained therein.

(c) Primary enclosures used to transport any live rabbit shall not be tossed, dropped, or needlessly tilted and shall not be stacked in a manner which may reasonably be expected to result in their falling.

[43 FR 21164, May 16, 1978, as amended at 43 FR 56216, Dec. 1, 1978; 55 FR 28883, July 16, 1990]

SOURCE: 32 FR 3273, Feb. 24, 1967; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 appear at 42 FR 31565, June 21, 1977; 54 FR 36163, Aug. 31, 1989; 55 FR 28882, July 16, 1990; 56 FR 6486, Feb. 15, 1991; 60 FR 64115, Dec. 14, 1995; 62 FR 43275, Aug. 13, 1997; 63 FR 10498, March 4, 1998; 65 FR 70770, Nov. 28, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

AUTHORITY: 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.7.; Sections 3.60 through 3.66 issued under secs. 3, 5, 6, 10, 11, 14, 16, 17, 21; 80 Stat. 353; 84 Stat. 1561, 1562, 1563, 1564; 90 Stat. 418, 420, 423 (7 U.S.C. 2133, 2135, 2136, 2140, 2141, 2144, 2146, 2147, 2151); 37 FR 28464, 28477, 38 FR 19141.

 



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