North Dakota Statutes
|Statute by category||Citation||Summary|
|ND - Initiatives - Constitutional Measure 1 (right to hunt)||Constitutional Measure 1 (2000)||This amendment would provide that hunting, trapping, and fishing are a valued part of residents' heritage and will be preserved for the people and managed by law and regulation for the public good. It passed in 2000 (77% of votes).|
|ND - Initiatives - Prevention of Animal Cruelty Initiative, Measure 5||Initiative, Measure 5 (2012)||This initiated statutory measure would create section 36-21.1-02.1 of the North Dakota Century Code. This measure would make it a class C felony for an individual to maliciously and intentionally harm a living dog, cat or horse and provide a court with certain sentencing options. The measure would not apply to production agriculture, or to lawful activities of hunters and trappers, licensed veterinarians, scientific researchers, or to individuals engaged in lawful defense of life or property. It failed at the polls in 2012 (34.6% yes).|
|ND - Initiatives - Initiated Statutory Measure 2 (game farm hunts)||Measure 2 (2010)||This 2010 ballot measure provided: A person is guilty of a class A misdemeanor if the person obtains fees or other remuneration from another person for the killing or attempted killing of privately-owned big game species or exotic mammals confined in or released from any man-made enclosure designed to prevent escape. This section does not apply to the actions of a government employee or agent to control an animal population, to prevent or control diseases, or when government action is otherwise required or authorized by law. It failed at the polls (43.4%).|
|ND - Initiatives - Initiated Constitutional Measure 3 (right to farm)||Measure 3 (2012)||This measure proposed in the 2012 stated: The right of farmers and ranchers to engage in modern farming and ranching practices shall be forever guaranteed in this state. No law shall be enacted which abridges the right of farmers and ranchers to employ agricultural technology, modern livestock production and ranching practices. It passed by 66.9% of voters.|
|ND - Hunting - NDCC, 20.1-01-11 Hunting and harassing game from aircraft, motor vehicle, or snowmobile prohibited||ND ST 20.1-01-11||This North Dakota statute states that no person operating or controlling the operation of any aircraft or motor vehicle in the state may intentionally kill, chase, or harass any wild animal or wild bird, protected or unprotected, unless exceptions under the statute apply. Also no person, while operating a snowmobile in the state, may intentionally kill, chase, flush, or harass any wild animal or wild bird, protected or unprotected.|
|ND - Dogs - Consolidated Dog Laws||NDCC 11-11-14; 20.1-04-12 - 12.2; 20.1-05-02.1; 23-36-01 - 09; 36-21-10 - 11; 40-05-01 -2; 40-05-19; 42-03-01 - 04; 43-29-16.1; 12.1-17-09||
These statutes comprise North Dakota's dog laws. Among the provisions include municipal powers to regulate dogs, rabies, control laws, provisions that define dogs as a public nuisance, and laws concerning dogs that harass big game or livestock.
|ND - Ecoterrorism - Chapter 12.1-21.1. Animal Research Facility Damage||NDCC 12.1-21.1-01 to 05||
This chapter concerns unlawful interference with animal facilities. Under the section, a person may not intentionally damage or destroy an animal facility or the property or animals located therein; exercise control over the animals or property; enter an animal facility not open to the public with the intent on committing prohibited acts; enter a facility and remain concealed to commit prohibited acts; or intentionally release an animal at a facility. Violation is a class B felony if damage is $10,000 or more, a class C felony if the damage is at least $500 to under $10,000, and a class A misdemeanor if damage is less than $500. Entering an animal facility and using or attempting to use a camera, video recorder, or any other video or audio recording equipment is a class B misdemeanor.
|ND - Endangered Species - Chapter 20.1-09. Propagation of Protected Birds and Animals||NDCC 20.1-01-02, NDCC 20.1-09-01 - 05||
This North Dakota statute provides a state definition for endangered species.
|ND - Hunting - Chapter 20.1-01. General Provisions.||NDCC 20.1-01-31||
This law reflects North Dakota's hunter harassment provision. Under the law, no person may intentionally interfere with the lawful taking of wildlife on public or private land by another or intentionally harass, drive, or disturb any wildlife on public or private land for the purpose of disrupting a lawful hunt. Also, no person may remove with or tamper with a legally set trap. This section does not apply to any incidental interference arising from lawful activity by public or private land users or to landowners or operators interfering with hunters on land owned or operated by that individual.
|ND - Hunting, Internet - § 20.1-01-35. Hunting through the internet prohibited--Penalty||NDCC 20.1-01-35||This law prohibits hunting through the Internet or otherwise enabling such activity as described in the law. A person who violates this section is guilty of a class C felony.|
|ND - Eagle - Chapter 20.1-04. Birds, Regulations.||NDCC 20.1-04-05 (repealed 2017)||
(Repealed 2017) North Dakota has a statute that specifically prohibits any taking or possession of bald and golden eagles or their parts. Included in the prohibited acts are take, kill, hunt, possess, pursue, or even disturb. Buying and selling are not specifically listed, but are presumed to be included in possess.
|ND - Rabies - Chapter 23-36. Rabies Control.||NDCC 23-36-03||
This North Dakota statute provides that the appropriate health department may promptly seize and humanely kill, impound at the owner's expense, or quarantine any animal if the state health officer has probable cause to believe the animal presents clinical symptoms of rabies or determines the animal is a threat to human life or safety due to the possible exposure of an individual to rabies.
|ND - Assistance Animals - Assistance Animal/Guide Dog Laws||NDCC 25-13-01 to 06 ; 47-16-07.5 - 7.6||
The following statutes comprise the state's relevant assistance animal and guide dog laws.
|ND - Livestock - State Board of Animal Health||NDCC 36-01-00.1 - 35||
This Chapter of North Dakota laws deals with the state board of animal health, state veterinarian, and special provisions for keeping certain non-traditional livestock. Section 36-01-08.2 states that any person who keeps a mountain lion, wolf, or wolf hybrid in captivity must obtain an identification number from the state board. Section 36-01-08.4 also provides that a person may not keep a skunk or raccoon in captivity, and that the state board must adopt rules concerning the keeping of a primate, wolf, or wolf-hybrid in captivity. The remainder of the chapter deals primary with infectious disease control in livestock, although section 36-01-31 contains a ban on the keeping of a live venomous reptile.
|ND - Cruelty - Consolidated Cruelty Laws (Chapter 36-21.1)||NDCC 36-21.1-01 to 15; § 36–21.2–01 to 15; § 12.1-20-02, 12.1-20-12||
This North Dakota section comprises the state's anti-cruelty and animal fighting provisions.
|ND - Vehicle - § 39-08-19. Penalty for harassment of domestic animals||NDCC 39-08-19||This North Dakota statute states that any person operating a motorcycle, snowmobile, or other motor vehicle who willfully harasses or frightens any domestic animal, is, upon conviction, guilty of a class B misdemeanor and is also liable for the value of the animal and exemplary damages.|
|ND - Veterinary - Chapter 43-29. Veterinarians||NDCC 43-29-01 to 19; 43-29.1-01 - 08||
These are the state's veterinary practice laws. Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.
|ND - Equine Activity - Chapter 53-10. Equine Activity Sponsor or Professional.||NDCC 53-10-01; NDCC 53-10-02||
This North Dakota statute provides that an equine activity sponsor or an equine professional is not liable for an injury to or the death of a participant engaged in an equine activity and no participant may maintain an action against an equine activity sponsor or professional. Statutory definitions are provided, including "participant," "equine activity," and who is considered an "equine sponsor" or "equine professional." Liability is not limited by this statute where the equine professional knowingly provided faulty tack or equipment, failed to make reasonable and prudent efforts to determine the ability of the participant to engage safely in the equine activity, owns or otherwise is in lawful possession of the land or facilities upon which the participant sustained injuries because of a known, dangerous latent condition, or if he or she commits an act or omission that constitutes willful or wanton disregard for the safety of the participant or intentionally injures the participant.
|ND - Trust - Chapter 59-12. Creation, Validity, Modification, and Termination of Trust||NDCC 59-12-08||
North Dakota's pet trust law was enacted in 2007. A trust may be created to provide for the care of an animal alive during the settlor's lifetime. The trust terminates upon the death of the animal or, if the trust was created to provide for the care of more than one animal alive during the settlor's lifetime, upon the death of the last surviving animal.
|ND - Lost Property - CHAPTER 60-01. DEPOSITS - GENERAL PROVISIONS.||NDCC 60-01-34 to 43||
These statutes comprise North Dakota's lost property provisions.