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Title Authorsort descending Citation Summary Type
Will the Heavens Fall? De-Radicalizing the Precedent-Breaking Decision Paul Waldau 7 Animal L. 75 (2001)

This article offers an extended analogy for the purpose of posing basic questions about proposals for granting legal rights to some nonhuman animals. The analogy is drawn from the precedent-breaking eighteenth century English case Somerset v. Stewart, which liberated an African slave. The article highlights the complex cultural backdrop in each situation, and suggests that the comparison helps one see the nature and possibilities of precedent-breaking decisions that rely on various non-legal resources available to judges who, because of conscience, principle, or policy considerations, choose not to follow established precedent.

Overview of Municipal Ordinances Charlotte Walden Animal Legal & Historical Center

This overview first describes how to navigate the municipal ordinance section of the ALHC website. The process of municipal ordinance creation is outlined as well as what animal-related topics are typically covered in local codes.

Table of Reporting Animal Cruelty in the United States Charlotte Walden Animal Legal and Historical Center

The following table, while not exhaustive, provides information on where to report animal cruelty. If you do not find a local contact in your region on this table, you can conduct a search on your favorite search engine for local law enforcement, an animal shelter/control agency, or a humane society.

Topic Table
Brief Overview of Dangerous Dog Laws Charlotte Walden Animal Legal & Historical Center The following article provides a general overview of the most common parts of a Dangerous Dog Statute, including common points of litigation, criticism, and emerging trends. Article
FAQ: Buying a sick dog in California Charlotte Walden Animal Legal & Historical Center This FAQ is based on a reader question concerning the sale of a sick pet in California. Article
Municipal Ordinances Charlotte Walden

Overview of Municipal Ordinances
Charlotte Walden (2012)

Topical Introduction
Overview of Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) Ordinances Charlotte A. Walden Animal Legal & Historical Center

Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) is created when a municipality or a county believes a certain breed of dog poses a hazard to the public health, safety, and welfare. While this website does not contain every ordinance relating to BSL, it does contain many samples of how BSL can be constructed. For more information on your city's or county's ordinances, please contact the city or county of interest.

State Dangerous Dog Laws Charlotte Walden (updated by Chelsea N. Lenard) Animal Legal & Historical Center

This table covers state laws that address dangerous dogs. These laws typically define when a dog is dangerous, the legal procedure that determines whether a dog is dangerous, conditions for owning a dangerous dog, euthanasia provisions, and penalties for the owner (and the dog). Currently, 42 states have dangerous dog codes.

Topic Table
FAQ: Mandatory Scans for Microchips Charlotte Walden (updated by Rebecca Wisch) Animal Legal & Historical Center

In addition to collars with identification tags, another option many people chose to help identify a lost pet is a microchip implantation. Yet, as of 2019, only nine (9) states and the District of Columbia require animal shelters, animal pounds, or animal control to scan for this microchip.

Table of Pet Purchaser Protection Acts Charlotte Walden (updated by Rebecca Wisch) Animal Legal & Historical Center

As of 2019, 22 U.S. states have enacted Pet Purchaser Protection Acts, which are commonly known as Puppy Lemon Laws, for the purpose of exactly what the name implies: purchaser protection. In order to accomplish this goal, a typical Pet Purchaser Protection Act requires the seller to make certain disclosures about an animal that is offered for sale, while also affording the purchaser a remedy if a diseased animal is purchased from the seller. This table reveals the types of animals and sellers covered under these acts, as well as the types of remedies that are available and the limitations to these remedies.

Topic Table