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Statute Name Citation Summary
Statute Name      
AU - Animal Welfare - Animal Welfare Act 2002 (WA)   Animal Welfare Act 2002  

The purpose of the Act is to promote responsible animal care and protection, to provide standards for animal care and use, to protect animals from cruelty and to safeguard the welfare of animals used for scientific purposes.  The Australian Code of Practice is incorporated into the legislation as the standard for animal care and use in scientific establishments.

 
AU - Animal Welfare - Animal Welfare Act 2007 (Northern Territory)   Animal Welfare Act 2007 (Northern Territory)   The Northern Territory was one of the last states to enact Animal Welfare legislation with its passing in 2007 as an act to provide for the welfare of animals, prevent cruelty to animals and for related purposes. The objectives of the Act are to to ensure that animals are treated humanely, to prevent cruelty to animals, and to promote community awareness about the welfare of animals.  
AU - Animal Welfare Act 1993 (TAS)   Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1986    The AWA promotes the responsible care and use of animals through a strong focus on education, underpinned by legislation. It places a legal 'duty of care ' on those in charge of animals to provide for those animals' needs in an appropriate way. The RSPCA Tasmania administers this Act.  
AU - Companion Animals - Companion Animals Act 1998 (NSW)   Companion Animals Act 1998  

The Companion Animals Act, came into effect in September 1998. The Act is designed to benefit pets, their owners and the wider community. Part two of the Act provides for the permanent identification and lifetime registration system which came into effect on 1 July 1999. This was designed to greatly assists authorities in returning lost and injured animals to their owners. It provides NSW councils with a more effective means of keeping track of dogs and cats for the benefit of the wider community. The Act also outlines the requirements when a person is the owner of a ‘controlled dog’ or dangerous breed as well as giving the courts and local councils the ability under legislation to declare a dog ‘dangerous’. The Act also covers nuisance dogs and situations where a dog attack has occurred and the civil liability of dog owners.

 
AU - Companion Animals - Domestic Animals Act 1994 (VIC)   Domestic Animals Act 1994 - No. 81 of 1994   The purpose of the Domestic Animals Act is to promote animal welfare, responsible pet ownership and to protect the environment. The legislation provides for cat and dog identification and enables Municipal Councils to deal effectively with feral, straying and nuisance populations.  
AU - Conservation and Land Management Act 1984 (WA)   Conservation and Land Management Act 1984  

An Act to make better provision for the use, protection and management of certain public lands and waters and the flora and fauna thereof, to establish authorities to be responsible therefor, and for incidental or connected purposes.

 
AU - Cruelty - Animal Welfare Act (ACT Primary Act)   Animal Welfare Act 1992   The Australian Capital Territory enacted this Act 'for the promotion of animal welfare and for related purposes'. The Act is enforced by the RSPCA ACT and generally covers domestic animals.  
AU - Cruelty - Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1979 (NSW)   Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1979   The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1979 (POCTAA) is the primary piece of legislation that aims to protect animals from cruelty in New South Wales, Australia.  POCTAA establishes certain acts or omissions as offences and also provides defences to a charge under the Act in certain circumstances. POCTAA prohibits cruelty and aggravated cruelty generally, as well as a number of other types of activities, including neglect, confinement, abandonment, failure to act in certain circumstances, some transport-related activities, inappropriate use, mutilation, poisoning, torture, fighting and baiting, certain hunting and trapping related activities, selling severely injured animals and failing to take action where an animal is injured by a vehicle.  
AU - Cruelty - Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1986 (VIC)   Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1986 (Version No. 080)  

The purposes of this Act are to promote the responsible care and use of animals; provide standards for the care and use of animals that achieve a reasonable balance between the welfare of animals and the interests of persons whose livelihood is dependent on animals; and to allow for the effect of advancements in scientific knowledge about animal biology and changes in community expectations about practices involving animals; to protect animals from unjustifiable, unnecessary or unreasonable pain; to ensure the use of animals for scientific purposes is accountable, open and responsible.

 
AU - Cruelty - Queensland Animal Care and Protection Act 2001 (QLD)   Queensland Animal Care and Protection Act 2001  

The purposes of this Act are to promote the responsible care and use of animals; provide standards for the care and use of animals that--achieve a reasonable balance between the welfare of animals and the interests of persons whose livelihood is dependent on animals; and to allow for the effect of advancements in scientific knowledge about animal biology and changes in community expectations about practices involving animals; to protect animals from unjustifiable, unnecessary or unreasonable pain; to ensure the use of animals for scientific purposes is accountable, open and responsible.

 
AU - Cruelty - South Australia Animal Welfare Act 1985 (SA)   Animal Welfare Act 1985   The South Australian Animal Welfare Act’s primary purpose is for the promotion of animal welfare. The Act is enforced by RSPCA SA and is the primary piece of legislation that aims to protect animals from cruelty in South Australia. The Act generally governs domestic privately owned animals (pets).  
AU - Dog Act 1976 (WA)   Dog Act 1976  

An Act to amend and consolidate the law relating to the control and registration of dogs, the ownership and keeping of dogs and the obligations and rights of persons in relation thereto, and for incidental and other purposes.

 
AU - Domestic Animals Act 2000 (ACT)   Domestic Animals Act 2000  

The Domestic Animals Act 2000 is a piece of legislation in the Australian Capital Territory of relevance to domestic animals. The Act encourages responsible pet ownership and outlines the obligations of pet owners to their animals and to the community. It also provides for the identification and registration of certain animals.

 
AU - Endangered/Threatened Species - Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales)   THREATENED SPECIES CONSERVATION ACT 1995   An Act to conserve threatened species, populations and ecological communities of animals and plants; to amend the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974, the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 and certain other Acts; to repeal the Endangered Fauna (Interim Protection) Act 1991; and for other purposes.
 
AU - Endangered/Threatened Species - Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 (TAS)   Threatened Species Protection Act 1995  

The Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 is an Act to provide for the protection and management of Tasmania’s threatened native flora and fauna, and to enable and promote the conservation of native flora and fauna. The Act provides Schedules of taxa that have different degrees of threatened status. It also establishes mechanisms for the listing and delisting of taxa.

 
AU - Exhibited Animals Protection Act 1986 (NSW)   Exhibited Animals Protection Act 1986  

This Act deals with the exhibition of animals at marine or zoological parks, circuses and other places. It regulates the exhibition of all vertebrate animals in zoos, circuses or mobile displays regardless of whether they are native, exotic or domestic.

 

A person must have an approval to keep and exhibit an animal, and this is subject to qualifications, experience or any other term or condition that may be considered necessary

 
AU - Exotic diseases in Animals Act 1981 (QLD)   Exotic diseases in Animals Act 1981  

An Act to provide for the control, eradication and prevention of exotic diseases in animals, the compensation of owners for loss or destruction of animals and property during outbreaks of exotic diseases, the establishment of an exotic diseases expenses and compensation fund and for related purposes.

 
AU - Farming - Stock Act 1915 (QLD)   Stock Act 1915   The Stock Act governs the treatment and welfare of stock or farm animals in Queensland.  The purpose of the Act is to promote responsible animal care and protection, to provide standards for animal care and use, to protect industry in the event of a disease outbreak.
 
AU - Live export - Export Control Act 1982   Act No. 47 of 1982 as amended   The purpose of this Act is to control the export of certain goods. In the Act, 'eligible live animals' are defined as 'prescribed goods consisting of live animals'. The Act sets out both the export and entry requirements for prescribed goods and the accreditation scheme concerning veterinarians. It also outlines the various offences that both veterinarians and exporters may be charged with, as well as details the general enforcement powers of authorised officers.  
AU - Livestock - Australian Meat and Live-stock Industry Act 1997   Act No. 206 of 1997   The purpose of this Act is to control meat and live-stock exports both within and outside Australia. 'Live-stock' includes cattle, calves, sheep, lambs and goats, however this definition is not exhaustive and may include other animals if prescribed. The Act covers export licences, quotas and enforcement. It also outlines the role of industry bodies and policies.  
AU - Nature Conservation Act 1980 ( ACT)   Nature Conservation Act 1980   An Act to make provision for the protection and conservation of native animals and native plants, and for the preservation of areas for those purposes. The Act creates the office of Conservator of Flora and Fauna and the Australian Capital Territory Parks and Conservation Service.  
AU - Parks - National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 (SA)   National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972   An Act to provide for the establishment and management of reserves for public benefit and enjoyment; to provide for the conservation of wildlife in a natural environment; and for other purposes.
 
AU - Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005 (ACT)   Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005  

The Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005 (Pest Act) creates a system to identify and control potential pest plants and animals in the ACT. It provides a strategic framework for pest management. The objects of the Pest Act are to protect the Australian Capital Territories land and aquatic resources from threats posed by pest plants and animals by identifying, declaring and then managing pest plants and animals.

 
AU - Research - Animal Research Act 1985 (NSW)   Animal Research Act 1985   The NSW Act was introduced to protect the welfare of animals by ensuring that their use in research is always humane, considerate, responsible and justified. The 1995 Regulation incorporated the Australian Code of Practice for the Care and Use of Animals for Scientific Purposes into the legislation.  
AU - Rural Lands Protection Act 1998 (NSW)   Rural Lands Protection Act 1998  

An Act to provide for the protection of rural lands; to provide for the establishment of the State Policy Council of Livestock Health and Pest Authorities and the constitution of livestock health and pest authorities and the State Management Council of Livestock Health and Pest Authorities and for the functions of those bodies; to regulate travelling stock reserves, stock watering places and the transportation of stock by vehicle; to provide for the control of certain pests; and for other purposes.

 
AU - Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 (QLD)   Threatened Species Protection Act 1995  

The Nature Conservation Act 1992 is an act of the Parliament of Queensland that provides for the legislative protection of Queensland's threatened fauna and flora. As originally published, it provided for native animals and plants to be declared presumed extinct, endangered, vulnerable, rare or common. In 2004 the act was amended to more closely align with the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources categories: presumed extinct was changed to extinct in the wild and common was changed to least concern.

 
AU - Wildlife - Game and Feral Animal Control Act 2002 (NSW)   Game and Feral Animal Control Act 2002   The objects of this Act are: to provide for the effective management of introduced species of game animals; and to promote responsible and orderly hunting of those game animals on public and private land and of certain pest animals on public land.  
AU - Wildlife - National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 (NSW)   National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974   An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to the establishment, preservation and management of national parks, historic sites and certain other areas and the protection of certain fauna, native plants and Aboriginal objects.  
AU - Wildlife - Nature Conservation Act 2002 (TAS)   Nature Conservation Act 2002 No. 63 of 2002 31.12.2002  

An Act to make provision with respect to the conservation and protection of the fauna, flora and geological diversity of the State,  to provide for the declaration of national parks and other reserved land and for related purposes.

 
AU - Wildlife - Territory Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1977 (NT)   Territory Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1977  

An Act to make provision for and in relation to the establishment of Territory Parks and other Parks and Reserves and the study, protection, conservation and sustainable utilisation of wildlife.

 
AU - Wildlife - Wilderness Protection Act 1992 (SA)   Wilderness Protection Act 1992  

An Act to provide for the protection of wilderness and the restoration of land to its condition before European colonisation; and for other purposes.

 
AU - Wildlife - Wildlife Act 1975 (VIC)   Wildlife Act 1975  

The purposes of this Act are to establish procedures in order to promote: the protection and conservation of wildlife; the prevention of taxa of wildlife from becoming extinct; the sustainable use of and access to wildlife; and to prohibit and regulate the conduct of persons engaged in activities concerning or related to wildlife

 
AU - Wildlife - Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia)   Wildlife Conservation Act 1950  

The Act covers the protection of fauna, the taking of protected species, licence requirements and possible opportunities, the authority of wildlife officers, crown lands. The Department of Environment and Conservation is the primary agency responsible for conserving this biodiversity. This Act provides for the conservation and protection of wildlife.

 
BD - Cruelty - THE CRUELTY TO ANIMALS ACT, 1920   Cruelty to Animals Act, 1920 (Act No. I of 1920)   This Act constitutes Bangladesh's prevention of cruelty to animals act. The act defines "animal" as "any domestic or captured animal." Any person who: overdrives, cruelty or unnecessarily beats, or otherwise ill-treats any animal; binds or carries an animal in a position as to subject the animal to unnecessary pain or suffering; offers or has in his possession an animal that is suffering because of mutilation, thirst, starvation or other ill-treatment shall be punished for every such offence with fine up to one hundred Taka, or imprisonment up to three months, or with both. Overloading an animal is also punishable with a fine or jail term, and animal fighting results in a fine.    
Brazil - Constitution (Portuguese) - Constituiclo Federal do Brazil - Protecclo dos Animais   CHAPTER VI, ART. 225   Constituiclo Federal do Brazil - Protecclo dos Animais  
Brazil - Constitutional Provision - Animal   TITLE Vlll, CHAP. VI, ART. 225   Article 8 of the Constitution provides for legal concern about animals.(See, VII. of Paragraph 1.)   
Brazil - Crimes - Brazilian Environmental Crimes Law   Law 9, 605 (Feb 12, 1998)  

This law of Brazil seeks to protect wildlife and plants of the country, particularly endangered species. 

 
Brazil - Dogs and Cats - Sao Paulo State Law n. 12.916 (no kill ordinance)   Sao Paulo State Law n. 12.916, concerning stray dogs and cats   Sao Paulo state becomes the first Brazilian state to enact a law banning the killing of stray dogs and cat as a population control practice. The law n. 12.916 was enacted in April 16, 2008. The law asserts that animal control agencies shall work together with non-profits and other organizations to reach the law’s objective which is the sterilization of domestic animals as a form of population control, to establish adoption centers, and to put forward adoption programs for stray animals. In addition, the animal control agencies shall promote educational programs about responsible pet ownership.  
Canada - Alberta - Alberta Statutes. Animal Protection Act   R.S.A. 2000, c. A-41, s. 1   This set of laws from Alberta, Canada comprises the Animal Protection Act. The Act states that no person shall permit or cause an animal to be in distress. Specifically, a person who owns or is in charge of an animal must ensure that the animal has adequate food and water, must provide the animal with adequate care when the animal is wounded or ill, and must provide the animal with reasonable protection from injurious heat or cold as well as adequate shelter, ventilation and space. A person who contravenes this Act is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of not more than $20 000 in addition to restrictions on owning animals for a specified period of time. The Act also outlines the power of both peace officers to take animals in distress into their custody and humane societies to provide care for seized animals.  
Canada - Alberta - Dangerous Dogs Act   R.S.A. 2000, c. D-3, s. 1   This set of laws comprises the Alberta, Canada Dangerous Dog Act. Under the Act, a justice may take a complaint that a dog has bitten or attempted to bite a person, or that a dog is dangerous and not kept under proper control. In either circumstance, if it appears to the justice that the dog ought to be destroyed, the justice shall direct a peace officer to destroy it. Additionally, a person who fails to comply with an order under this section is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of not more than $5 for each day during which the person fails to comply with the order.  
Canada - Alberta - Service Dogs Act   S.A. 2007, c. S-7.5 [To come into force January 1, 2009.]  

This Alberta, Canada law provides that no person shall deny to any person the accommodation, services or facilities available in any place to which the public is customarily admitted, or discriminate against any person for the reason that the person is a disabled person accompanied by a service dog or a certified dog-trainer accompanied by a dog in training. The law goes into effect January of 2009.

 
Canada - B.C. - B.C. Statutes - Vancouver Charter. Part XIV -- Nuisances   S.B.C. 1953, c. 55, s. 323 - 324(A)3   These British Columbia, Canada laws provide the laws for preventing, abating, and prohibiting nuisances, which include dangerous dogs. The laws describe what constitutes a dangerous dog and what actions may be taken with a dangerous dog. The set also contains provisions that allow for the creation of by-laws to control and impound animals.  
Canada - British Columbia - Division 1 -- Regulation of Animals   R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 323, s. 702.1 - 707.1(10)   This set of British Columbia, Canada laws addresses animal control. The provisions give the animal control board the authority to regulate loose animals and licensing of dogs.  
Canada - British Columbia - Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act   R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 372, s. 1 - 26(2)   This set of British Columbia, Canada laws establishes the guidelines for establishment of individual chapters of The British Columbia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. The laws allow these societies to relieve animals in "distress" as defined by law. A person who wilfully or knowingly interferes with or obstructs a person in the discharge of duties or the exercise of powers under this Act commits an offence punishable by a fine of not more than $2 000 or to imprisonment for not more than 6 months, or to both.  
Canada - Canada Federal Statutes. Criminal Code. Part VIII -- Offences Against the Person and Reputation. Criminal Negligence.   R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46, s. 219 - 221   The statutory definition of criminal negligence involves doing any act or omitting to do a legal duty that shows ‘wanton or reckless disregard for the lives or safety of others.’ Use of the words ‘others’ suggests that only attacks on human beings, rather than pets, livestock or inanimate property, can trigger charges under this statute. In alleged criminal cases, it is the State rather than the attack victim who lays the charges.  
Canada - Manitoba Statutes. The Animal Care Act   S.M. 1996, c. 69 [C.C.S.M., A84]   The Manitoba Animal Care Act sets out the requirements for animals in an owner's care. The Act allows animal protection officers to assist animals in distress. A person who contravenes any provision of this Act is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of not more than $5,000. for a first offence and not more than $10,000. for a subsequent offence, or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or both.  
Canada - Manitoba Statutes. The Animal Liability Act   S.M. 1998, c. 8 [C.C.S.M., c. A95], as am. S.M. 2002, c. 24, s. 4; 2002, c.   This set of laws comprises the Manitoba Animal Liability Act. Under the Act, the owner of an animal is liable for damages resulting from harm that the animal causes to a person or to property, but the damages awarded can be reduced depending upon the contributory fault or negligence of the plaintiff. In addition, no animal may run at-large under this law. Any person who finds a dog,wild boar, or prescribed animal worrying, injuring or killing livestock on the premises of the owner or possessor of the livestock that person may destroy the dog, wild boar or prescribed animal.  
Canada - New Brunswick Statutes - Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act   R.S.N.B. 1973, c. S-12, s. 0.1 - 32(2)   This set of laws establishes the New Brunswick Society for the Prevention of Cruelty. Under the Act, the Minister may appoint an officer, agent or employee of the society or any other person to be an animal protection officer who shall attend to the enforcement of this Act. Where an animal has been seized under this Act, the animal protection officer shall within 3 business days notify the owner or make reasonable attempts to identify and notify the owner. A person who has ownership, possession or the care and control of an animal shall provide the animal with food, water, shelter and care in accordance with the regulations.  
Canada - New Brunswick Statutes. Sheep Protection Act   R.S.N.B. 1973, c. S-7, s. 1 - 6   This set of New Brunswick laws comprises the Sheep Protection Act. Under the Act, where a sheep is killed or injured by a dog, the owner of the sheep may, within forty-eight hours, notify the Minister. The Minister then appoints an investigator who reports his or her findings back to the Minister. The Minister may then recover the expenses of the investigation from the owner of the dog, and may order the destruction of the dog.  
Canada - Newfoundland and Labrador Statutes - Animal Protection Act   R.S.N. 1990, c. A-10, s. 1 - 21   This set of laws comprises the Newfoundland and Labrador Animal Protection Act. The purpose of this Act is to provide for a method to help animals that are in distress and to prevent cruelty to or other mistreatment of animals. A person who contravenes this Act or the regulations is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction: for a 1st or 2nd offence, to a fine of not less than $50 and not more than $200 and in default of payment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months, or to both a fine and imprisonment. For a 3rd or subsequent offence, a person is subject to a fine of not less than $200 and not more than $500 and in default of payment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months, or to both a fine and imprisonment.  
Canada - Newfoundland and Labrador Statutes - Dog Act   R.S.N. 1990, c. D-26, s. 1 - 15(2)   This set of laws comprises the Newfoundland and Labrador Dog Act. Under the Act, an owner of a dog must keep it safely tethered or penned up at all times unless on a leash, herding sheep, or hunting with an owner. The minister may in writing authorize a person to destroy dogs found at large in the province. Notably, a person shall not bring into or keep on the island a dog either wholly or partly of the breed native to Labrador, commonly known as Eskimo or Husky, unless he or she has obtained a permit. A person who contravenes this Act or accompanying regulations is guilty of an offence.  
Canada - Northwest Territories Statutes/Nunavut - Dog Act   R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. D-7, s. 1   This set of laws comprises the Northwest Territories Dog Act. Under the Act, owners may not allow their dogs to run loose and must provide them with sufficient food and water. Further, the law provides that no person shall punish or abuse a dog in a manner or to an extent that is cruel or unnecessary or drive a dog or dog team on a sidewalk situated on the street or road of a settlement. The law also sets forth the procedure for the impoundment and release of dogs  
Canada - Nova Scotia Municipal Government Act   S.N.S. 1998, c. 18, s. 175 - 179   Certain sections (ss.175-179) of this Nova Scotia statute deal with dog ownership, and the consequences for failing to control a dog, or harm to people or property.  
Canada - Nova Scotia Statutes - Animal Cruelty Prevention Act   S.N.S. 1996, c. 22 s. 1 - 25   This set of laws comprises the Nova Scotia Animal Cruelty Prevention Act. The Act outlines the establishment and powers of the Nova Scotia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. In addition, the Act also provides that no person shall wilfully cause an animal unnecessary pain, suffering or injury, and no owner shall cause or permit the animal to be or to continue to be in distress. Any person who contravenes this Act or the regulations is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction, with a fine of not more than five thousand dollars and in default of payment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to both fine and imprisonment for a first or second offense. For a third or subsequent offence, the fine is increased to not more than ten thousand dollars with the same term of possible imprisonment.  
Canada - Nova Scotia Statutes - Sheep Protection Act   R.S.N.S. 1989, c. 424, s. 1 - 18(4)   This set of Nova Scotia laws comprises the Sheep Protection Act. Under the Act, any person may kill any dog which is found pursuing, worrying, wounding, killing or injuring sheep or is found straying at any time, and not under proper control, upon premises where sheep are usually kept. Within forty-eight hours after an owner discovers that one or more of his or her sheep have been killed or injured by a dog or dogs, he or she shall notify a sheep valuer who immediately makes a report in writing giving in detail the extent and amount of the damage. Where a dog is known to have killed or injured sheep, the owner on being duly notified shall within forty-eight hours cause the dog to be killed.  
Canada - Ontario - Dog Owners' Liability Act   R.S.O. 1990, c. D.16, s. 1 - 20(4)   This Ontario, Canada set of laws comprises the Dog Owners' Liability Act. The main thrust of the law is to establish that an owner is liable for damages if his or her dog bites or attacks another person or domestic animal. Proceedings may be commenced in the Ontario Court of Justice against an owner of a dog if it is alleged that the dog attacked or bitten another person or domestic animal, or if the dog has behaved in a manner that poses a menace to the safety of persons or domestic animals. A court may then order the destruction of the dog, or measures for more effective control of the dog (leash restraint, muzzling, etc.). The Act also bans the owning, breeding, importing, or transferring of pit bull dogs in Ontario, save for dogs grandfathered in before the Act took effect in 2005 (then the dog is a "restricted pit bull" subject to further laws).  
Canada - Ontario - Ontario Statutes - Animals for Research Act   R.S.O. 1990, c. A.22 s.1 -   This set of laws comprises the Ontario Animals for Research Act. The law requires an operator to be licenced; the licence may be revoked or suspended where, among other things, the operator commits animal cruelty or neglect. Research facilities under this act are also subject to registration. Notably, the Act provides that every animal used in a registered research facility in any experiment that is likely to result in pain to the animal shall be anaesthetized so as to prevent the animal from suffering unnecessary pain. Further, the operator of a research facility shall provide analgesics adequate to prevent an animal from suffering unnecessary pain during the period of its recovery from any procedure used in an experiment.  
Canada - Ontario - Ontario Statutes - Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act   R.S.O. 1990, c. O.36, s. 1 - 19   This set of laws comprises Ontario, Canada's Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act. The object of the Society is to facilitate and provide for the prevention of cruelty to animals and their protection and relief therefrom. The laws outline the requirements for formation and operation of the Society as well as the guidelines under which members can assist animals in distress. Section 15 provides the standards of care for keeping cats or dogs for breeding or sale.  
Canada - P.E.I. Statutes - Animal Health and Protection Act   S.P.E.I. 1988, c. 11, s. 1 - 20   This set of laws comprises the Prince Edward Island (PEI) Animal Health and Protection Act. The object of the Act is to promote animal health and to eradicate, prevent or control the spread of disease among animals in the province.The Act gives broad authority to inspectors in ascertaining the presence of disease. Section 8 also includes the anti-cruelty provisions of the Act.  
Canada - P.E.I. Statutes - Companion Animal Protection Act   S.P.E.I. 2001, c. 4, s. 1 -   This set of laws comprises the Prince Edward Island (PEI) Companion Animal Protection Act. The object of this Act is to protect companion animals from abuse and neglect and to license and regulate the activities of companion animal establishments. Under the Act, no person shall wilfully cause a companion animal unnecessary pain, suffering or injury or permit it to be in distress. Any companion animal that is at large and or appears to be in distress may be caught and taken possession of by a person who is not the owner of the companion animal. Every person who fails to comply with this Act or the regulations is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of not less than $200 and not more than $5,000.  
Canada - P.E.I. Statutes. Dog Act   R.S.P.E.I. 1988, c. D-13 s.1 - 21   This set of laws comprises the Prince Edward Island (PEI) Dog Act. The Act provides that no owner of a dog shall allow his dog to run at large; any dog found at large shall be deemed to have been allowed to be at large by its owner. In addition, the owner of livestock or any enforcement officer authorized by the owner of livestock, may kill a dog that is killing or injuring the owner's livestock, except where the livestock is on property held under lease, license or permit by the owner of the dog. This Act also outlines licensing requirements for dogs as well as impoundment procedures.  
Canada - Saskatchewan - Animal Control Law   S.S. 1989-90, c. R-26.1, s. 216 - 225   This set of Saskatchewan, Canada laws comprises the animal control laws. Under the provisions, a council may, by bylaw, regulate and control the ownership, keeping, and possession of animals as well as declare any animal or class of animals to be dangerous and establish requirements to keep it or them under proper control. The laws also set forth the procedure for declaring a dog "dangerous" in a municipality. In addition, any person who owns a dog for the purpose of dog fighting, or trains, torments, badgers, baits or otherwise uses a dog for the purpose of causing or encouraging the dog to make unprovoked attacks on persons or domestic animals is guilty of an offence against this Act.  
Canada - Saskatchewan - Dangerous Animals   S.S. 2005, c. M-36.1, s. 374 - 380  

This set of laws comprises the Saskatchewan, Canada dangerous animal laws. Under the Act, any person who owns an animal for the purpose of fighting, or trains, torments, badgers, baits or otherwise uses an animal for the purpose of causing or encouraging the animal to make unprovoked attacks on persons or domestic animals is guilty of an offence. In addition, a peace officer or designated officer may destroy any animal that he or she finds injuring or viciously attacking a person or a domestic animal. The Act outlines the actions that result in an animal being declared dangerous (i.e., chased a person in a vicious or threatening manner, bit a person or domestic animal without provocation, etc.) and the procedure to declare such an animal dangerous.

 
Canada - Saskatchewan - Northern Municipailities Act (dogs)   S.S. 1983, c. N-5.1, s. 100 - 100.09   Particular sections (ss. 100 -100.09) of this statute pertain to the management of dogs and the consequences attaching when dogs run at large or misbehave, threatening humans or other things.  
Canada - Saskatchewan - The Animal Protection Act   S.S. 1999, c. A-21.1, s. 1 - 28   This set of laws comprises the Saskatchewan Animal Protection Act. Under the Act, no person responsible for an animal shall cause or permit the animal to be or to continue to be in distress. The Act also outlines the powers of humane societies to rescue animals in distress and then sell, give away, or euthanize such animals if the owners cannot be located. A person who contravenes the Act is guilty of an offence with a fine of not more than $5,000, to imprisonment for not more than three months or to both for a first offence; for a second and every subsequent offence, violators face a fine of not more than $10,000, to imprisonment for not more than six months or to both. Further, in addition to any other penalty imposed, if a person responsible for an animal is found guilty, the court may make an order prohibiting that person from owning or having custody or control of any animal for a period specified by the court. Section 20 of the Act outlines the provisions relating to damage or injury done by dogs.  
Canada - Yukon Statutes - Dog Act   R.S.Y. 2002, c. 59   This set of laws comprises the Yukon Dog Act. The law provides that an owner must keep his or her dog fed and watered and not punish it to an extent that is cruel or unnecessary. Dogs found at large contrary to the Act are impounded for a period of five days for owners to reclaim them. The Act also states that a person may kill a dog that is running at large in the act of pursuing, worrying, injuring or destroying cattle, horses, sheep, pigs or poultry.  
Canada - Yukon Statutes. Animal Protection Act   R.S.Y. 2002, c. 6, s. 1 - 14  

This set of laws comprises the Yukon, Canada Animal Protection Act. The Act provides that no person shall cause or allow an animal to be in distress. Any person who contravenes this Act is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $500 and, in default of payment, to imprisonment up to six months, or to both fine and imprisonment. A judge may also prohibit a person convicted of an offence under the Act from owning an animal or from having charge of an animal for any specified time period. The Act also outlines the power of peace officers to seize animals in distress as well as those powers of humane societies to provide care for such animals.

 
China - Fishing - China Fisheries Law   Order No. 34 (1986)   Although old, it remains the law for fishing in China "for the purpose of enhancing the protection, increase, development and reasonable utilization of fishery resources, developing artificial cultivation, protecting fishery workers' lawful rights and interests and boosting fishery production, so as to meet the requirements of socialist construction and the needs of the people."  
China - Wildlife - China Protection of Wildlife   Order No. 9 (1989)   This law seeks to protect national list and international list of endangered species.  
China - Wildlife - Wildlife Law Regulations   Wildlife Law Regs.   This is the set of regulations for the implementation of the national wildlife law, primarily for the protection of endangered species.  
CL - Cruelty - Chile Protection of Animals Act (Spanish)   Chile Protection of Animals Act   This document consists of Chile's Protection of Animals Act in Spanish - SOBRE PROTECCIÓN DE ANIMALES.  
CR - Fighting - Prohíbe Espectáculos e Importar Animales Pelea (Pit Bull, Peces Beta)   11571-G  

(Text of Decree in Spanish). Prohibir en todo el territorio nacional la organización, promoción y realización de todo acto cuyo objetivo sea total o parcialmente la pelea entre animales, como por ejemplo perros APTB (American pit bul terrier), peces siameses (Beta) y cualquier otro tipo de animal normalmente reconocido como apto para pelear.

 
CR - Pets - (Decree 31626 on Pet Ownership) Reglamento para la Reproducción y Tenencia Responsable de Animales de Compañía   Decree 31626-S (2004)   This Costa Rica law regulates the responsible ownership of pets (text provided in Spanish).  
CR - Veterinary - General Law on the National Service of Animal Health (Law 8495)   No. 8495  

The law that organizes the Veterinary Official Service of Costa Rica (SENASA), the government institution that is responsible for animal welfare and many other aspects related to animal production and the protection of human and animal health.

 
CR - Welfare - BIENESTAR DE LOS ANIMALES (Law 7451 on Animal Welfare)   Law 7451  

(Text in Spanish). The law that regulates animal welfare in Costa Rica; its terms are based on the results of the OIE conference in Australia in 1994.

 
Cruelty to Animals   Canada R.S.C. 1985, c. C46  

This section of the criminal code is the national anti-cruelty law for Canada.

 
CUIDADO DE LOS ANIMALES   207 Animal Protection Law   New comprehensive Animal Welfare Law for Spain - in spanish only.  
EG - Animal Development - Chapter 1 on Animal Development and Protection   Subchapter II, arts. 108, 109, 117, 118, 119   This chapter of laws from Egypt contains five articles that concern the treatment of animals. Among the provisions is an article that allows the Minister of Agriculture to regulate the import and export of live animals and birds. Article 119 states: "It is forbidden to exercise cruelty to animals. The Minister of Agriculture shall, by decree, specify the cases to which this ban shall apply."  
EU - Egg Labeling - Egg Labeling Directive Number 1028 - Council Regulation (EC) No 1028/2006   (EC) No 1028/2006   In June of 2006, the Commission passed a broad regulation on egg labeling—Number 1028—that served mainly to set out labeling requirements distinguishing between Class A eggs (eggs for direct human consumption) and Class B eggs (other eggs). It paved the way for more detailed egg labeling legislation, such as Regulation 557 of 2007, that had a more direct impact on hen welfare.  
EU - Farming - 78/923/EEC: Council Decision of 19 June 1978 concerning the conclusion of the European Convention for the protection of animals kept for farming purposes   78/923/EEC   This EU council decision approves the European Convention for the protection of animals kept for farming purposes on behalf of the European Economic Community. It has the aim of protecting animals kept for farming purposes, particularly in modem intensive production systems.  
EU - Farming - Commission Directive 2002/4/EC on the registration of establishments keeping laying hens   Commission Directive 2002/4/EC   This EU commission directive concerns Council Directive 1999/74/EC on the registration of establishments keeping laying hens. It mandates that Member States establish a registration system for egg producers covered by Directive 199/74/EC.  
EU - Farming - Council Directive 1999/74/EC laying down minimum standards for the protection of laying hens   Council Directive 1999/74/EC  

The Directive lays down minimum standards for the protection of laying hens. It does not apply to establishments with fewer than 350 laying hens or establishments rearing breeding laying hens. Such establishments are, however, subject to the requirements of Directive 98/58/EC.

 
EU - Farming - Council Directive 1999/74/EC of 19 July 1999 laying down minimum standards for the protection of laying hens   Council Directive 1999/74/EC   This EU council directive lays down minimum standards for the protection of laying hens. In particular, it eliminates battery cages in the EU by 2012 for operations that meet the criteria (establishments with more than 350 laying hens) and creates a registration and reporting system for egg producers.  
EU - Farming - Council Directive 2007/43/EC laying down minimum rules for the protection of chickens kept for meat production   2007/43/EC  

Community measures regulate the management of holdings that rear chickens for meat production in order to improve animal welfare, particularly for chickens kept on intensive farms.

 
EU - Farming - Council Directive 2008/119/EC (Calves)   2008/119/EC   Even before passage of this important new directive setting down minimum standards for the protection of calves, the use of veal crates for rearing calves had already been illegal in the EU (since 2006). The new directive, however, passed on December 18, 2008, fleshed out older one, establishing new welfare minimums under which veal could be raised. According to the new directive, veal calves may, when very young, be kept in individual pens, but must be able to turn around and to see and touch other calves through perforated walls. Once they are more than eight weeks old, veal calves must be reared in groups. To guard against the nutrient-deficient diet veal calves have long been fed on factory farms—and continue to be fed on farms in the United States—European calves must, at least twice a day, be fed a diet that meets basic health requirements to ensure their bodies develop normally.  
EU - Farming - COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 93/119/EC on the protection of animals at the   COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 93/119/EC  

This directive reflects the EU's concern for a need to establish common minimum standards for the protection of animals at the time of slaughter or killing in order to ensure rational development of production and to facilitate the completion of the internal market in animals and animal products. The directive also states that at the time of slaughter or killing animals should be spared any avoidable pain or suffering.

 
EU - Farming - Council Directive concerning the protection of animals kept for farming purposes   98/58/EC; Official Journal L 221 , 08/08/1998 P. 0023 - 0027  

This Directive applies to animals (including fish, reptiles and amphibians) reared or kept for the production of food, wool, skin or fur or for other farming purposes. It does not apply to wild animals, animals intended for use in sporting or cultural events (shows), experimental or laboratory animals or invertebrate animals. The Member States must adopt provisions to ensure that the owners or keepers of animals look after the welfare of their animals and see that they are not caused any unnecessary pain, suffering or injury.

 
EU - Farming - Egg regulation, Number 557   (EC) Number 557/2007   In May 2007, the Commission passed an egg regulation, Number 557, building upon the prior one (Number 1028) and delineating detailed marketing standards for eggs.  The Regulation sets out rules, applicable to virtually all hen eggs sold in the EU,  for the quality and weight grading, packaging, marking, storage, transport and presentation for retail sale of eggs, to ensure that they are marketed on an evenhanded, competitive basis. Though the regulation’s focus is primarily on egg marketing rather than animal welfare, it includes certain provisions that bear upon animal welfare. For instance, the regulation sets out detailed requirements for hen living conditions that must be met before eggs can qualify as “free range,” including open-air runs of low hen density.
 
EU - Farming - Information Collection during Farm Inspections   (2006/778/EC)  

A decision concerning minimum requirements for the collection of information during inspections of calf, pig, and hen farms.  Passed in recognition of the fact that collection of data on animal welfare inspections is essential for the European Community to evaluate the impact of its policy in this field, the directive standardized farm inspection reporting procedures, and required annual reports from each member state outlining (a) the most serious instances of non-compliance with EU law, and (b) what was being done to diminish such non-compliance.

 
EU - Farming Council Regulation (EC) No 1099/2009 on the protection of animals at the time of killing   Council Regulation (EC) No 1099/2009  

This Regulation aims at enhancing protection of animals at the time of slaughter or killing by establishing standard operating procedures, training of personnel, the use of new equipment, etc. Moreover, the objective pursued by this Regulation is to provide a level playing field within the internal market for all operators.

 
EU - Fur - Regulation (EC) No 1523/2007 (dog and cat fur ban)   Regulation (EC) No 1523/2007  
The European Union (EU) bans trade in cat and dog fur, including imports and exports. It also introduces accompanying measures to ensure the effectiveness of this ban.
 
EU - Research - Council Directive 86/609/EEC regarding the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes   Council Directive 86/609/EEC  

The European Union has established a framework to protect animals used for experimental or scientific purposes by ensuring that they are adequately cared for and that no unnecessary pain or suffering is inflicted.

 
EU - Seals - Regulation (EC) No 1007/2009 on trade in seal products.   Regulation (EC) No 1007/2009  

This regulation bans the trade of seal products on the Union market, harmonising national legislation in this area.

 
EU - Transport - 2004/544/EC: Council Decision on the signing of the European Convention for the protection of animals during international transport   2004/544/EC   This Council Decision directs the signing the of the European Convention for the protection of animals during international transport.  
EU - Transport - Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 on the protection of animals during transport   Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2005  

The text sets out to regulate transport of live vertebrate animals within the European Union (EU) where such transport is carried out as part of an economic activity. The aim is to prevent injury or undue suffering to animals and to ensure that they have appropriate conditions that meet their needs.

 
EU - Transport - Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/97 of 25 June 1997 concerning Community criteria for staging points   Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/97  

The European Union lays down common criteria applicable to control posts (or "staging points") at which animals must be unloaded during long journeys. These rules are designed to ensure the health and welfare of the animals during such stops.

 
EU - Zoos - Council Directive relating to the keeping of wild animals in zoos   COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 1999/22/EC  

The European Union has adopted common minimum standards for housing and caring for animals in zoos with a view to reinforcing the role of zoos in conserving biodiversity.

 
Germany - Cruelty - German Animal Welfare Act   Federal Law Gazette I, p. 1094  

This is the primary piece of animal welfare legislation in Germany. It enforces the utilitarian principle that there must be good reason for one to cause an animal harm and identifies that it is the responsibility of human beings to protect the lives and well-being of their fellow creatures. For a discussion on the German Animal Welfare Act as compared to other European and United States animal welfare laws, see Detailed Discussion.

 
IL - Cruelty - CRUELTY TO ANIMALS LAW (ANIMAL PROTECTION)   CRUELTY TO ANIMALS LAW (ANIMAL PROTECTION), 5754-1994   This law represents Isreal's anti-cruelty law. The law provides that no person shall torture, treat cruelly or in any way abuse any animal. It also states that no person shall incite one animal against another or organise a contest between animals. The cutting into live tissue of an animal for cosmetic purposes is also prohibited.  
IL - Cruelty - CRUELTY TO ANIMALS REGULATIONS (ANIMAL PROTECTION) (GEESE FORCEFEEDING)   CRUELTY TO ANIMALS REGULATIONS (ANIMAL PROTECTION) (GEESE FORCEFEEDING),  

The purpose of these Regulations is to prevent the suffering of geese while being force-fed and fattened in order to produce goose liver (fois gras), and to halt the further expansion of the goose liver production's sector in Israel.

 
IN - Cruelty - THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS ACT, 1960   59 OF 1960   The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 prohibits any person from inflicting, causing, or if it is the owner, permitting, unnecessary pain or suffering to be inflicted on any animal. The Act makes it a crime to beat, kick, torture, mutilate, administer an injurious substance, or cruelly kill an animal. It is also illegal to over-ride, over-drive, over-load, or work an unfit animal. It is an offense to cruelly transport, confine, chain or tether an animal. It is a violation to engage in animal fighting or shooting competitions in which animals are released from captivity to be shot. An owner commits an offense if he or she fails to provide sufficient food, drink or shelter, unreasonably abandons any animal, or permits any diseased or disabled animal to roam or die in any street.
 
IN - Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972   Act. No. 52 of 1972  

India's Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 is a comprehensive piece of legislation that regulates sanctuaries, national parks, and zoos among other protected locations.  Its primary aim is to curb the illegal trade in wildlife and the derivative parts.

 
IN - Wildlife - THE WILD LIFE (PROTECTION) AMENDMENT ACT, 2002   THE WILD LIFE (PROTECTION) AMENDMENT ACT, 2002, No. 16 of 2003   This law comprises India's Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2002. According to the amended long title, it is "An Act to provide for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto with a view to ensuring the ecological and environmental security of the country." The Amendment Act also establishes the National Board for Wild Life.  
JP - Cruelty - LAW CONCERNING THE PROTECTION AND CONTROL OF ANIMALS   Law No. 105, October 1, 1973   Article 1 states that, "The purpose of this Law is to prescribe matters relating to the prevention of cruelty to animals, the appropriate treatment of animals and other matters relating to the protection of animals, and to engender a feeling of love for animals among the people, thereby contributing to the development of respect for life and sentiments of amity and peace; and to prescribe matters relating to the control of animals, thereby preventing harm being done by animals to human life, body and property."  
KR - Cruelty - Animal Protection Act   Animal Protection Act (2004)  

Article 1 of this Act states that, "The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the cultivation of aesthetic sentiments, such as the respect for life, etc., through protecting the life and safety of animals by prescribing matters necessary for proper pro- tection and administration of animals such as the prevention of cruelty to animals, etc."

 
Malawi National Parks and Wildlife Act   No 11 of 1992  

This law represented a major redraft of the old British game law. It protects endangered species and parks. It also sets out the general game law. Notably it also requires the use of environmental impact statements.

 
MT - Animal Welfare - Animal Welfare Act   Chapter 439, Act XXV   The purpose of this Act is to establish and consolidate the protection of animals kept for work, sport, companionship, and food. The term "animal" is defined under the Act as ‘all living members of the animal kingdom, other than human beings, and includes free-living larval and, or, reproducing larval forms, but does not include foetal or embryonic forms.’  
MT - Dog - Dogs Act   Act XXI of 1985, Amended by VII of 1990   The Dogs Act was originally enacted in 1985. It provides that a person keeping a dog over the age of six months must obtain a licence for the dog. If a person does not have a licence for the dog, he or she shall be guilty of a criminal offence and will be liable to the punishment of a fine (ammenda) of five liri.  
MX - Bird - Parrot Ban (DECREE by which article 60 2 to the General Law of Wildlife)   article 60 2 to the General Law of Wildlife   The ban prohibits the capture, export and import of 22 Mexican parrot species. The ban on imports was needed because most species are shared with Central and South American countries and many were being imported and used as cover up for illegal trade. The ban was approved by Congress last April by consensus and it was originally drafted after a presentation of a 2007 report, "The Illegal Parrot Trade in Mexico: A Comprehensive Assessment." The report revealed for the first time the volume of the illegal trade of parrots within Mexico. An estimated 65,000 -78,500 wild parrots and macaws are captured illegally each year, with more than 75 percent of the birds dying before ever reaching a purchaser. The measure was passed in late October of 2008.  
MX - Bird - Parrot Ban in Spanish (DECREE by which article 60 2 to the General Law of Wildlife)   artículo 60 Bis 2 a la Ley General de Vida Silvestre   (Text of law in Spanish). The ban prohibits the capture, export and import of 22 Mexican parrot species. The ban on imports was needed because most species are shared with Central and South American countries and many were being imported and used as cover up for illegal trade. The ban was approved by Congress last April by consensus and it was originally drafted after a presentation of a 2007 report, "The Illegal Parrot Trade in Mexico: A Comprehensive Assessment." The report revealed for the first time the volume of the illegal trade of parrots within Mexico. An estimated 65,000 -78,500 wild parrots and macaws are captured illegally each year, with more than 75 percent of the birds dying before ever reaching a purchaser. The measure was passed in late October of 2008.  
NO - Aquaculture - Regulation concerning Transportation of Aquaculture Animals   Chapters 1 - 6 , Regulation concerning Transportation of Aquaculture Animals  

The purpose of this regulation is to promote good aquatic animal health and ensure good fish welfare during transportation.

 
NO - Aquaculture - Regulation pertaining to Establishing and Expanding Aquaculture Establishments, Pet Shops, etc.   § 1 - 13, Regulation pertaining to Establishing and Expanding Aquaculture Establishments, Pet Shops, etc.  

The purpose of this regulation is to promote good aquatic animal health and ensure good fish and decapod welfare.

 
NO - Aquaculture - Regulations concerning abattoirs and processing plants for aquaculture animals   Chap. 1 - 5, Regulations concerning abattoirs and processing plants for aquaculture animals  

The purpose of these regulations is to promote good health in aquaculture animals and ensure good fish welfare.

 
NO - Aquaculture - Regulations relating to Operation of Aquaculture establishments   Chapters 1 - 5, Regulations relating to Operation of Aquaculture establishments  

The purpose of these Regulations is to contribute to the sustainable development of the aquaculture industry and to its development as a profitable, competitive and viable coastal industry. The purpose is also to promote good health in aquaculture animals and ensure good fish welfare.

 
Noway - Cruelty - Norwegian Animal Welfare Act (2010)   Norwegian Animal Welfare Act   This comprehensive Animal Welfare Act from Norway covers nearly all aspects in the treatment of animals, including research, farming, and general care.  The intention of this Act is to promote good animal welfare and respect for animals.  
PA - Cruelty - De protección a los animales domésticos   2011 De protección a los animales domésticos   This document provides a link to De protección a los animales domésticos (.pdf).  
PH - Animal Welfare - Memorandum Issued on the Animal Welfare Act   Memorandum Circular - NO. 2003-153 (on the AWA)   This Memorandum concerns Republic Act No. 8485, other wise known as the Animal Welfare Act of 1998, passed to protect and promote the welfare of all animals in the Philippines. The Memorandum was issued because, despite the passage of the Act, reports reaching the Committee on Animal Welfare indicate the continued cruelty to animals, especially dogs, in the country today.  
PH - Cruelty - THE ANIMAL WELFARE ACT OF 1998   REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8485   It is the purpose of this Act to protect and promote the welfare of all animals in the Philippines by supervising and regulating the establishment and operations of all facilities utilized for breeding, maintaining, keeping, treating or training of all animals either as objects of trade or as household pets. For purposes of this Act, pet animal shall include birds.  
Poland - Cruelty - Polish Animal Protection Act   OJ No 111, Item 724(1997); No 106, Item 668 (1998)   The general animal protection law for Poland. Covering all types of animal except hunting and endangered species.  
Portugal - Cruelty - Portugal Animal Welfare Law   92/95 (Protection of Animals Act)   This is general national legislation of Portugal for the protection and regulation of animal welfare. There is delegation of authority to grant or deny the use of animals in many commercial settings. Standards are minimal within the act itself.  
Portugal - Protecção aos animais   Lei n.° 92/95 de 12 de Setembro  

Princípios gerais de Protecção

 
Sweden - Cruelty - The Sweden Animal Welfare Act   SFS 1998:56  

The Swedish Animal Welfare Act applies to the care and treatment of domestic animals, and other animals if they are kept in captivity or are used for any of the purposes referred to in section 19 (generally, scientific uses).  It provides that animals shall be treated well and shall be protected from unnecessary suffering and disease, among other things.

 
Sweden - Scientific Research - Swedish Animal Welfare Ordinance   SFS 1988:539  

This is one of two main pieces of animal welfare legislation in Sweden. It has been edited to contain mostly material relating to animal research.

 
Switzerland - Cruelty - Swiss Animal Protection Ordinance   Swiss Animal Protection Ordinance 1981   Regulations on Animal Welfare based on the Swiss Federal Act on Animal Protection. This piece of legislation is comprehensive, including laws on animal husbandry, animal research, companion animals, breeding, transport and slaughter.  
Switzerland - Cruelty - Swiss Federal Act on Animal Protection of March 9, 1978   Swiss APA 1978   The following is one of two pieces of Swiss legislation concerning animal welfare. It is highly comprehensive and covers all aspects of animal welfare including but not limited to scientific research, farming, treatment of pets, national and international animal sales. This Act clearly states that no one shall unjustifiably expose animals to pain, suffering, physical injury or fear.  
Taiwan - Cruelty - Taiwan Animal Protection Law   Taiwan Animal Protection Law   This law sets out the umbrella of animal issues for Taiwan. Much of it is so general that additional regulations are going to be required.  
Taiwan - Wildlife - Taiwan Wildlife Conservation Act   Taiwan Wildlife Conservation Act   An act which aims to conserve wildlife, protect species diversity and maintain the balance of natural ecosystems  
UK - Animal Welfare - Animal Welfare Act 2006   UK ST 2006 c 45   An Act establishing penalties for engaging in certain activities that are considered detrimental to animal welfare.  Activities that constitute offenses include: causing an animal unnecessary suffering, mutilating an animal’s body, docking a dog’s tail (with certain limited exceptions), administering a poisonous or injurious substance to an animal, and engaging in or attending animal fighting.  Nothing in the Act applies to anything lawfully done under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 or to anything which occurs in the normal course of fishing.   
UK - Boarding - Animal Boarding Establishments Act 1963   1963 c. 43   The 1963 Animal Boarding Establishments Act deals with places where the boarding of animals is being carried on as a business. This act requires such establishments to be licensed by the local authority. The act defines "boarding establishments" as those premises, including private dwellings, where the business consists of providing accommodation for other people’s cats and dogs. When deciding to issue a license, the local authority shall consider the suitability of the conditions (e.g., size of quarters, lighting, food, water, disease control, etc.) present at the boarding establishment.  
UK - Circus - Performing Animals (Regulation) Act 1925   1925 CHAPTER 38   The Performing Animals Act 1925 requires any person who exhibits or trains any performing (vertebrate) animal to be registered with a local authority. This information is kept in the local register. The law also gives power to local authorities to prohibit animal training or exhibition where it is accompanied by cruelty.  Any officer of a local authority duly authorised in that behalf by the local authority and any constable may inspect performance premises during reasonable hours. Failure to become properly registered or concealing an animal to avoid inspection makes a person guilty of an offence.  
UK - Cruelty - Animal Welfare Act   Animal Welfare Act of 2006   This is the overarching general anti-cruelty law for the UK, which uses suffering as a key concept.  
UK - Cruelty - Protection against Cruel Tethering Act 1988   1988 c.31   The Protection against Cruel Tethering Act 1988 is an act to protect horses, asses and mules against cruel tethering. This means in such conditions or such a manner to cause that animal unnecessary suffering.
 
UK - Cruelty - Protection of Animals Act 1911   1911 Ch 27   The main piece of anti-cruelty legislation applicable to England and Wales. Click here for the 2006 Amendments to this Act.  
UK - Dangerous - Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976 ("DWAA")   1976 c. 38   The Dangerous Wild Animals Act ("DWAA") was originally enacted in 1976 and amended in 2010. The act ensures that individuals who keep wild animals do so in a way that minimizes the risk to the public. In particular, the act provides that no person may keep any dangerous wild animal except under the authority of a licence granted by a local authority. The local authority that holds the licence may enter the premises where the animal is being kept at all reasonable times to determine whether an offence has been committed in violation of the act. Zoos, circuses, and pet shops are exempt from the act. The act has an accompanying Schedule that specifies the kinds of dangerous wild animals for which a person must obtain a licence under the act.  
UK - Dangerous Dogs - Dangerous Dogs (Amendment) Act 1997   1997 CHAPTER 53   This amendment affects the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. The Amendment Act allows a court to exercise discretion in deciding whether to destroy a prohibited dog (e.g., a "pit bull" type dog, Japanese Tosa, Fila Brasileiro, Dogo Argentino, or any dog with the physical appearance, not necessarily breed, of a fighting dog).  
UK - Dangerous Dogs - Dangerous Dogs Act 1991   1991 CHAPTER 65   An Act to prohibit persons from having in their possession or custody dogs belonging to types bred for fighting; to impose restrictions in respect of such dogs pending the coming into force of the prohibition; to enable restrictions to be imposed in relation to other types of dog which present a serious danger to the public; to make further provision for securing that dogs are kept under proper control; and for connected purposes.  
UK - Dog - Breeding and Sale of Dogs (Welfare) Act 1999   1999 c. 11   This Act amends and extends certain enactments relating to the commercial breeding and sale of dogs; regulates the welfare of dogs kept in commercial breeding establishments; extends powers of inspection; and establishes records of dogs kept at such establishments. This Act substantially amended the Breeding of Dogs Acts 1973 and 1991.  
UK - Dog - Breeding of Dogs Act 1973   1973 c. 60   This Act establishes a regime of local authority licensing and inspection of dog breeding establishments.  
UK - Dog - Breeding of Dogs Act 1991   1991 c. 64   This Act extends the powers of inspection for the purposes of the Breeding of Dogs Act 1973 to premises not covered by a licence under that Act, thereby enabling local authorities to investigate suspicions that a dog breeding establishment is operating without the necessary license  
UK - Farming - UK General Welfare of Farmed Animals Regs. 2000   Statutory Instrument 2000 No. 1870  

The UK's general animal welfare legislation affecting any animal (including fish, reptiles or amphibians) bred or kept for the production of food, wool, skin or fur or for other farming purposes.

 
UK - Farming - UK Welfare of Farmed Animals (Amend.)   Statutory Instrument 2002 No. 1646   These Regulations may be cited as the Welfare of Farmed Animals (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2002. The provisions mainly concern egg-laying hens.  
UK - Fighting - Cockfighting Act 1952   1952 c.52   The Cockfighting Act, 1952 makes it unlawful to have possession of any instrument or appliance designed or adapted for use in connection with the fighting of a domestic fowl. A person guilty of an offence under this section and shall be liable, on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months, or to a fine not exceeding twenty-five pounds, or to both such imprisonment and such fine.  
UK - Fur - Fur Farming (Prohibition) Act 2000   2000 CHAPTER 33  

An Act to prohibit the keeping of animals solely or primarily for slaughter for the value of their fur; to provide for the making of payments in respect of the related closure of certain businesses; and for connected purposes.

 
UK - Pets - Abandonment of Animals Act 1960   1960 c. 43   An Act to prohibit the abandonment of animals in circumstances likely to cause unnecessary suffering thereto.  
UK - Pets - Pet Animals Act 1951   UK ST 1951 c 35  

An Act establishing a licensing structure for pet shops in the United Kingdom. The Act sets forth certain conditions that local authorities may consider in determining whether or not to grant someone a pet shop license. In determining whether or not to grant a license, local authorities may investigate applicants and confirm that animals will be kept in a sanitary and suitable physical environment, that they will be fed and watered regularly, and that they will not be sold before they reach an appropriate age, among other factors.

 
UK - Riding - Riding Establishments Act 1964   Riding Establishments Act 1964  

An Act to regulate the keeping of riding establishments; and for purposes connected therewith.

 
UK - Riding - Riding Establishments Act 1970   1970 CHAPTER 32  

An Act to confer further powers on local authorities with respect to the licensing of riding establishments and to amend the Riding Establishments Act 1964.

 
UK - Welfare - Protection of Animals (Anaesthetics) Act 1954   1954 c. 46   An Act to extend the provisions of the Protection of Animals Acts in relation to the performance of operations on animals. The statute provides a list of operations that may only be performed with the use of anaesthetic.  
UK - Welfare - Protection of Animals (Anaesthetics) Act 1964   1964 c. 39   An Act to amend the Protection of Animals (Anaesthetics) Act 1954.  
UK - Zoos - Zoo Licensing Act 1981   1981 c. 37  

The Zoo Licensing Act 1981 is an Act to regulate by licence the conduct of zoos. The Act defines a zoo "[as] an establishment where wild animals are kept for exhibition to the public otherwise than for the purposes of a circus and otherwise than as a pet shop; and this Act applies to any zoo to which members of the public have access, with or without charge for admission, on more than seven days in any period of 12 consecutive months".

 
ZW - Cruelty - Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act   Title 19, Chapter 19:09   This law constitutes Zimbabwe's cruelty to animals act. Under the act, “animal” means: (a) any kind of domestic vertebrate animal; (b) any kind of wild vertebrate animal in captivity; (c) the young of any animal referred to above. The law prohibits the cruel beating, kicking, overriding, overdriving, overloading, or torturing of animals, among other things. Section 4 requires “knackers” (any person whose trade or business it is to kill any horse, mule, ass, bovine, sheep, goat or pig, the meat of which is primarily intended for animals) to comply with regulations. Section 5 deals with the control of pet shops and other places where animals are kept in captivity for trading purposes.  

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