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Canada: Statutes

Statute Name Citation Summary
Canada - Alberta - Alberta Statutes. Animal Protection Act   R.S.A. 2000, c. A-41, s. 1   This set of laws from Alberta, Canada comprises the Animal Protection Act. The Act states that no person shall permit or cause an animal to be in distress. Specifically, a person who owns or is in charge of an animal must ensure that the animal has adequate food and water, must provide the animal with adequate care when the animal is wounded or ill, and must provide the animal with reasonable protection from injurious heat or cold as well as adequate shelter, ventilation and space. A person who contravenes this Act is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of not more than $20 000 in addition to restrictions on owning animals for a specified period of time. The Act also outlines the power of both peace officers to take animals in distress into their custody and humane societies to provide care for seized animals.  
Canada - Alberta - Dangerous Dogs Act   R.S.A. 2000, c. D-3, s. 1   This set of laws comprises the Alberta, Canada Dangerous Dog Act. Under the Act, a justice may take a complaint that a dog has bitten or attempted to bite a person, or that a dog is dangerous and not kept under proper control. In either circumstance, if it appears to the justice that the dog ought to be destroyed, the justice shall direct a peace officer to destroy it. Additionally, a person who fails to comply with an order under this section is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of not more than $5 for each day during which the person fails to comply with the order.  
Canada - Alberta - Service Dogs Act   S.A. 2007, c. S-7.5 [To come into force January 1, 2009.]  

This Alberta, Canada law provides that no person shall deny to any person the accommodation, services or facilities available in any place to which the public is customarily admitted, or discriminate against any person for the reason that the person is a disabled person accompanied by a service dog or a certified dog-trainer accompanied by a dog in training. The law goes into effect January of 2009.

 
Canada - B.C. - B.C. Statutes - Vancouver Charter. Part XIV -- Nuisances   S.B.C. 1953, c. 55, s. 323 - 324(A)3   These British Columbia, Canada laws provide the laws for preventing, abating, and prohibiting nuisances, which include dangerous dogs. The laws describe what constitutes a dangerous dog and what actions may be taken with a dangerous dog. The set also contains provisions that allow for the creation of by-laws to control and impound animals.  
Canada - British Columbia - Division 1 -- Regulation of Animals   R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 323, s. 702.1 - 707.1(10)   This set of British Columbia, Canada laws addresses animal control. The provisions give the animal control board the authority to regulate loose animals and licensing of dogs.  
Canada - British Columbia - Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act   R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 372, s. 1 - 26(2)   This set of British Columbia, Canada laws establishes the guidelines for establishment of individual chapters of The British Columbia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. The laws allow these societies to relieve animals in "distress" as defined by law. A person who wilfully or knowingly interferes with or obstructs a person in the discharge of duties or the exercise of powers under this Act commits an offence punishable by a fine of not more than $2 000 or to imprisonment for not more than 6 months, or to both.  
Canada - Canada Federal Statutes. Criminal Code. Part VIII -- Offences Against the Person and Reputation. Criminal Negligence.   R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46, s. 219 - 221   The statutory definition of criminal negligence involves doing any act or omitting to do a legal duty that shows ‘wanton or reckless disregard for the lives or safety of others.’ Use of the words ‘others’ suggests that only attacks on human beings, rather than pets, livestock or inanimate property, can trigger charges under this statute. In alleged criminal cases, it is the State rather than the attack victim who lays the charges.  
Canada - Manitoba Statutes. The Animal Care Act   S.M. 1996, c. 69 [C.C.S.M., A84]   The Manitoba Animal Care Act sets out the requirements for animals in an owner's care. The Act allows animal protection officers to assist animals in distress. A person who contravenes any provision of this Act is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of not more than $5,000. for a first offence and not more than $10,000. for a subsequent offence, or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or both.  
Canada - Manitoba Statutes. The Animal Liability Act   S.M. 1998, c. 8 [C.C.S.M., c. A95], as am. S.M. 2002, c. 24, s. 4; 2002, c.   This set of laws comprises the Manitoba Animal Liability Act. Under the Act, the owner of an animal is liable for damages resulting from harm that the animal causes to a person or to property, but the damages awarded can be reduced depending upon the contributory fault or negligence of the plaintiff. In addition, no animal may run at-large under this law. Any person who finds a dog,wild boar, or prescribed animal worrying, injuring or killing livestock on the premises of the owner or possessor of the livestock that person may destroy the dog, wild boar or prescribed animal.  
Canada - New Brunswick Statutes - Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act   R.S.N.B. 1973, c. S-12, s. 0.1 - 32(2)   This set of laws establishes the New Brunswick Society for the Prevention of Cruelty. Under the Act, the Minister may appoint an officer, agent or employee of the society or any other person to be an animal protection officer who shall attend to the enforcement of this Act. Where an animal has been seized under this Act, the animal protection officer shall within 3 business days notify the owner or make reasonable attempts to identify and notify the owner. A person who has ownership, possession or the care and control of an animal shall provide the animal with food, water, shelter and care in accordance with the regulations.  
Canada - New Brunswick Statutes. Sheep Protection Act   R.S.N.B. 1973, c. S-7, s. 1 - 6   This set of New Brunswick laws comprises the Sheep Protection Act. Under the Act, where a sheep is killed or injured by a dog, the owner of the sheep may, within forty-eight hours, notify the Minister. The Minister then appoints an investigator who reports his or her findings back to the Minister. The Minister may then recover the expenses of the investigation from the owner of the dog, and may order the destruction of the dog.  
Canada - Newfoundland and Labrador Statutes - Animal Protection Act   R.S.N. 1990, c. A-10, s. 1 - 21   This set of laws comprises the Newfoundland and Labrador Animal Protection Act. The purpose of this Act is to provide for a method to help animals that are in distress and to prevent cruelty to or other mistreatment of animals. A person who contravenes this Act or the regulations is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction: for a 1st or 2nd offence, to a fine of not less than $50 and not more than $200 and in default of payment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months, or to both a fine and imprisonment. For a 3rd or subsequent offence, a person is subject to a fine of not less than $200 and not more than $500 and in default of payment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months, or to both a fine and imprisonment.  
Canada - Newfoundland and Labrador Statutes - Dog Act   R.S.N. 1990, c. D-26, s. 1 - 15(2)   This set of laws comprises the Newfoundland and Labrador Dog Act. Under the Act, an owner of a dog must keep it safely tethered or penned up at all times unless on a leash, herding sheep, or hunting with an owner. The minister may in writing authorize a person to destroy dogs found at large in the province. Notably, a person shall not bring into or keep on the island a dog either wholly or partly of the breed native to Labrador, commonly known as Eskimo or Husky, unless he or she has obtained a permit. A person who contravenes this Act or accompanying regulations is guilty of an offence.  
Canada - Northwest Territories Statutes/Nunavut - Dog Act   R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. D-7, s. 1   This set of laws comprises the Northwest Territories Dog Act. Under the Act, owners may not allow their dogs to run loose and must provide them with sufficient food and water. Further, the law provides that no person shall punish or abuse a dog in a manner or to an extent that is cruel or unnecessary or drive a dog or dog team on a sidewalk situated on the street or road of a settlement. The law also sets forth the procedure for the impoundment and release of dogs  
Canada - Nova Scotia Municipal Government Act   S.N.S. 1998, c. 18, s. 175 - 179   Certain sections (ss.175-179) of this Nova Scotia statute deal with dog ownership, and the consequences for failing to control a dog, or harm to people or property.  
Canada - Nova Scotia Statutes - Animal Cruelty Prevention Act   S.N.S. 1996, c. 22 s. 1 - 25   This set of laws comprises the Nova Scotia Animal Cruelty Prevention Act. The Act outlines the establishment and powers of the Nova Scotia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. In addition, the Act also provides that no person shall wilfully cause an animal unnecessary pain, suffering or injury, and no owner shall cause or permit the animal to be or to continue to be in distress. Any person who contravenes this Act or the regulations is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction, with a fine of not more than five thousand dollars and in default of payment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to both fine and imprisonment for a first or second offense. For a third or subsequent offence, the fine is increased to not more than ten thousand dollars with the same term of possible imprisonment.  
Canada - Nova Scotia Statutes - Sheep Protection Act   R.S.N.S. 1989, c. 424, s. 1 - 18(4)   This set of Nova Scotia laws comprises the Sheep Protection Act. Under the Act, any person may kill any dog which is found pursuing, worrying, wounding, killing or injuring sheep or is found straying at any time, and not under proper control, upon premises where sheep are usually kept. Within forty-eight hours after an owner discovers that one or more of his or her sheep have been killed or injured by a dog or dogs, he or she shall notify a sheep valuer who immediately makes a report in writing giving in detail the extent and amount of the damage. Where a dog is known to have killed or injured sheep, the owner on being duly notified shall within forty-eight hours cause the dog to be killed.  
Canada - Ontario - Dog Owners' Liability Act   R.S.O. 1990, c. D.16, s. 1 - 20(4)   This Ontario, Canada set of laws comprises the Dog Owners' Liability Act. The main thrust of the law is to establish that an owner is liable for damages if his or her dog bites or attacks another person or domestic animal. Proceedings may be commenced in the Ontario Court of Justice against an owner of a dog if it is alleged that the dog attacked or bitten another person or domestic animal, or if the dog has behaved in a manner that poses a menace to the safety of persons or domestic animals. A court may then order the destruction of the dog, or measures for more effective control of the dog (leash restraint, muzzling, etc.). The Act also bans the owning, breeding, importing, or transferring of pit bull dogs in Ontario, save for dogs grandfathered in before the Act took effect in 2005 (then the dog is a "restricted pit bull" subject to further laws).  
Canada - Ontario - Ontario Statutes - Animals for Research Act   R.S.O. 1990, c. A.22 s.1 -   This set of laws comprises the Ontario Animals for Research Act. The law requires an operator to be licenced; the licence may be revoked or suspended where, among other things, the operator commits animal cruelty or neglect. Research facilities under this act are also subject to registration. Notably, the Act provides that every animal used in a registered research facility in any experiment that is likely to result in pain to the animal shall be anaesthetized so as to prevent the animal from suffering unnecessary pain. Further, the operator of a research facility shall provide analgesics adequate to prevent an animal from suffering unnecessary pain during the period of its recovery from any procedure used in an experiment.  
Canada - Ontario - Ontario Statutes - Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act   R.S.O. 1990, c. O.36, s. 1 - 19   This set of laws comprises Ontario, Canada's Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act. The object of the Society is to facilitate and provide for the prevention of cruelty to animals and their protection and relief therefrom. The laws outline the requirements for formation and operation of the Society as well as the guidelines under which members can assist animals in distress. Section 15 provides the standards of care for keeping cats or dogs for breeding or sale.  
Canada - P.E.I. Statutes - Animal Health and Protection Act   S.P.E.I. 1988, c. 11, s. 1 - 20   This set of laws comprises the Prince Edward Island (PEI) Animal Health and Protection Act. The object of the Act is to promote animal health and to eradicate, prevent or control the spread of disease among animals in the province.The Act gives broad authority to inspectors in ascertaining the presence of disease. Section 8 also includes the anti-cruelty provisions of the Act.  
Canada - P.E.I. Statutes - Companion Animal Protection Act   S.P.E.I. 2001, c. 4, s. 1 -   This set of laws comprises the Prince Edward Island (PEI) Companion Animal Protection Act. The object of this Act is to protect companion animals from abuse and neglect and to license and regulate the activities of companion animal establishments. Under the Act, no person shall wilfully cause a companion animal unnecessary pain, suffering or injury or permit it to be in distress. Any companion animal that is at large and or appears to be in distress may be caught and taken possession of by a person who is not the owner of the companion animal. Every person who fails to comply with this Act or the regulations is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of not less than $200 and not more than $5,000.  
Canada - P.E.I. Statutes. Dog Act   R.S.P.E.I. 1988, c. D-13 s.1 - 21   This set of laws comprises the Prince Edward Island (PEI) Dog Act. The Act provides that no owner of a dog shall allow his dog to run at large; any dog found at large shall be deemed to have been allowed to be at large by its owner. In addition, the owner of livestock or any enforcement officer authorized by the owner of livestock, may kill a dog that is killing or injuring the owner's livestock, except where the livestock is on property held under lease, license or permit by the owner of the dog. This Act also outlines licensing requirements for dogs as well as impoundment procedures.  
Canada - Saskatchewan - Animal Control Law   S.S. 1989-90, c. R-26.1, s. 216 - 225   This set of Saskatchewan, Canada laws comprises the animal control laws. Under the provisions, a council may, by bylaw, regulate and control the ownership, keeping, and possession of animals as well as declare any animal or class of animals to be dangerous and establish requirements to keep it or them under proper control. The laws also set forth the procedure for declaring a dog "dangerous" in a municipality. In addition, any person who owns a dog for the purpose of dog fighting, or trains, torments, badgers, baits or otherwise uses a dog for the purpose of causing or encouraging the dog to make unprovoked attacks on persons or domestic animals is guilty of an offence against this Act.  
Canada - Saskatchewan - Dangerous Animals   S.S. 2005, c. M-36.1, s. 374 - 380  

This set of laws comprises the Saskatchewan, Canada dangerous animal laws. Under the Act, any person who owns an animal for the purpose of fighting, or trains, torments, badgers, baits or otherwise uses an animal for the purpose of causing or encouraging the animal to make unprovoked attacks on persons or domestic animals is guilty of an offence. In addition, a peace officer or designated officer may destroy any animal that he or she finds injuring or viciously attacking a person or a domestic animal. The Act outlines the actions that result in an animal being declared dangerous (i.e., chased a person in a vicious or threatening manner, bit a person or domestic animal without provocation, etc.) and the procedure to declare such an animal dangerous.

 
Canada - Saskatchewan - Northern Municipailities Act (dogs)   S.S. 1983, c. N-5.1, s. 100 - 100.09   Particular sections (ss. 100 -100.09) of this statute pertain to the management of dogs and the consequences attaching when dogs run at large or misbehave, threatening humans or other things.  
Canada - Saskatchewan - The Animal Protection Act   S.S. 1999, c. A-21.1, s. 1 - 28   This set of laws comprises the Saskatchewan Animal Protection Act. Under the Act, no person responsible for an animal shall cause or permit the animal to be or to continue to be in distress. The Act also outlines the powers of humane societies to rescue animals in distress and then sell, give away, or euthanize such animals if the owners cannot be located. A person who contravenes the Act is guilty of an offence with a fine of not more than $5,000, to imprisonment for not more than three months or to both for a first offence; for a second and every subsequent offence, violators face a fine of not more than $10,000, to imprisonment for not more than six months or to both. Further, in addition to any other penalty imposed, if a person responsible for an animal is found guilty, the court may make an order prohibiting that person from owning or having custody or control of any animal for a period specified by the court. Section 20 of the Act outlines the provisions relating to damage or injury done by dogs.  
Canada - Yukon Statutes - Dog Act   R.S.Y. 2002, c. 59   This set of laws comprises the Yukon Dog Act. The law provides that an owner must keep his or her dog fed and watered and not punish it to an extent that is cruel or unnecessary. Dogs found at large contrary to the Act are impounded for a period of five days for owners to reclaim them. The Act also states that a person may kill a dog that is running at large in the act of pursuing, worrying, injuring or destroying cattle, horses, sheep, pigs or poultry.  
Canada - Yukon Statutes. Animal Protection Act   R.S.Y. 2002, c. 6, s. 1 - 14  

This set of laws comprises the Yukon, Canada Animal Protection Act. The Act provides that no person shall cause or allow an animal to be in distress. Any person who contravenes this Act is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $500 and, in default of payment, to imprisonment up to six months, or to both fine and imprisonment. A judge may also prohibit a person convicted of an offence under the Act from owning an animal or from having charge of an animal for any specified time period. The Act also outlines the power of peace officers to seize animals in distress as well as those powers of humane societies to provide care for such animals.

 
Cruelty to Animals   Canada R.S.C. 1985, c. C46  

This section of the criminal code is the national anti-cruelty law for Canada.

 

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