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Code of Federal Regulations Currentness. Title 50. Wildlife and Fisheries. Chapter I. United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior. Subchapter B. Taking, Possession, Transportation, Sale, Purchase, Barter, Exportation, and Importation of Wildlife and Plants. Part 17. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. Subpart B. Lists. § 17.11 Endangered and threatened wildlife.



Country of Origin: United States

Agency of Origin: United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior

National Citation: 50 C.F.R. § 17.11



Last checked by Web Center Staff: 07/2011


Summary:   The list in this section contains the names of all species of wildlife which have been determined by the Services to be Endangered or Threatened. It also contains the names of species of wildlife treated as Endangered or Threatened because they are sufficiently similar in appearance to Endangered or Threatened species.
Material in Full:

(a) The list in this section contains the names of all species of wildlife which have been determined by the Services to be Endangered or Threatened. It also contains the names of species of wildlife treated as Endangered or Threatened because they are sufficiently similar in appearance to Endangered or Threatened species (see § 17.50 et seq.).

(b) The columns entitled “Common Name,” “Scientific Name,” and “Vertebrate Population Where Endangered or Threatened” define the species of wildlife within the meaning of the Act. Thus, differently classified geographic populations of the same vertebrate subspecies or species shall be identified by their differing geographic boundaries, even though the other two columns are identical. The term “Entire” means that all populations throughout the present range of a vertebrate species are listed. Although common names are included, they cannot be relied upon for identification of any specimen, since they may vary greatly in local usage. The Services shall use the most recently accepted scientific name. In cases in which confusion might arise, a synonym(s) will be provided in parentheses. The Services shall rely to the extent practicable on the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.

(c) In the “Status” column the following symbols are use: “E” for Endangered, “T” for Threatened, and “E [or T] (S/A)” for similarity of appearance species.

(d) The other data in the list are nonregulatory in nature and are provided for the information of the reader. In the annual revision and compilation of this Title, the following information may be amended without public notice: the spelling of species' names, historical range, footnotes, references to certain other applicable portions of this Title, synonyms, and more current names. In any of these revised entries, neither the species, as defined in paragraph (b) of this section, nor its status may be changed without following the procedures of Part 424 of this title.

(e) The “historic range” indicates the known general distribution of the species or subspecies as reported in the current scientific literature. The present distribution may be greatly reduced from this historic range. This column does not imply any limitation on the application of the prohibitions in the Act or implementing rules. Such prohibitions apply to all individuals of the species, wherever found.

(f)(1) A footnote to the FEDERAL REGISTER publication(s) listing or reclassifying a species is indicated under the column “When Listed.” Footnote numbers to §§ 17.11 and 17.12 are in the same numerical sequence, since plants and animals may be listed in the same FEDERAL REGISTER document. That document, at least since 1973, includes a statement indicating the basis for the listing, as well as the effective date(s) of said listing.

(2) The “Special rules” and “Critical habitat” columns provide a cross reference to other sections in Parts 17, 222, 226, or 227. The “Special Rules” column will also be used to cite the special rules that describe experimental populations and determine if they are essential or nonessential. Separate listing will be made for experimental populations, and the status column will include the following symbols: “XE” for an essential experimental population and “XN” for a nonessential experimental population. The term “NA” (not applicable) appearing in either of these two columns indicates that there are no special rules and/or critical habitat for that particular species. However, all other appropriate rules in Parts 17, 217–227, and 402 still apply to that species. In addition, there may be other rules in this Title that relate to such wildlife, e.g., port-of-entry requirements. It is not intended that the references in the “Special Rules” column list all the regulations of the two Services which might apply to the species or to the regulations of other Federal agencies or State or local governments.

(g) The listing of a particular taxon includes all lower taxonomic units. For example, the genus Hylobates (gibbons) is listed as Endangered throughout its entire range (China, India, and SE Asia); consequently, all species, subspecies, and populations of that genus are considered listed as Endangered for the purposes of the Act. In 1978 (43 FR 6230–6233) the species Haliaeetus leucocephalus (bald eagle) was listed as Threatened in “USA (WA, OR, MN, WI, WI, MI)” rather than its entire population; thus, all individuals of the bald eagle found in those five States are considered listed as Threatened for the purposes of the Act.

(h) The “List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife” is provided below:


 

Species
Common name
Scientific name
Historic range
Vertebrate population where endangered or threatened
Status
When listed
Critical habitat
Special rules
Mammals
Addax
Addax nasomaculatus
North Africa
Entire
E
NA
NA
Anoa, lowland
Bubalus depressicornis (=B. anoa depressicornis).
Indonesia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Anoa, mountain
Bubalus quarlesi (=B. anoa quarlesi)
......do
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Antelope, giant sable
Hippotragus niger variani
Angola
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Antelope, Tibetan
Panthalops hodgsonii
China, India, Nepal
Entire
E
NA
Argali
Ovis ammon
Afghanistan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
Entire except Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and Tajikistan
E
15, 475
NA
NA
Do
......do
......do
Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and Tajikistan
T
15, 475
NA
17.40(j)
Armadillo, giant
Priodontes maximus (=giganteus)
Venezuela and Guyana to Argentina
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Armadillo, pink fairy
Chlamyphorus truncatus
Argentina
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Ass, African wild
Equus asinus (=africanus)
Somalia, Sudan, Ethiopia
Somalia, Sudan, Ethiopia.
E
3, 22
NA
NA
Ass, Asian wild (=kulan, onager)
Equus hemionus
Southwestern and Central Asia
Entire
E
3
NA
NA
Avahi
Avahi (=Lichanotus) laniger (=entire genus).
Malagasy Republic (=Madagascar)
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Aye-aye
Daubentonia madagascariensis
......do
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Babirusa
Babyrousa babyrussa
Indonesia
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Baboon, gelada
Theropithecus gelada
Ethiopia
......do
T
16
NA
17.40(c)
Bandicoot, barred
Perameles bougainville
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Bandicoot, desert
Perameles eremiana
......do
......do
E
6
NA
NA
Bandicoot, lesser rabbit
Macrotis leucura
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Bandicoot, pig-footed
Chaeropus ecaudatus
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Bandicoot, rabbit
Macrotis lagotis
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Banteng
Bos javanicus (=banteng)
Southeast Asia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Bat, Bulmer's fruit (flying fox)
Aproteles bulmerae
Papua New Guinea
......do
E
139
NA
NA
Bat, bumblebee
Craseonycteris thonglongyai
Thailand
......do
E
139
NA
NA
Bat, gray
Myotis grisescens
Central and Southeastern U.S.A.
......do
E
13
NA
NA
Bat, Hawaiian hoary
Lasiurus cinereus semotus
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
2
NA
NA
Bat, Indiana
Myotis sodalis
Eastern and Midwestern U.S.A.
......do
E
1
17.95(a)
NA
Bat, lesser (= Sanborn's) long-nosed
Leptonycteris curasoae (= sanborni) yerbabuenae.
U.S.A. (AZ, NM), Mexico, Central America.
......do
E
336
NA
NA
Bat, little Mariana fruit
Pteropus tokudae
Western Pacific Ocean--U.S.A. (Guam).
......do
E
156
NA
NA
Bat, Mariana fruit (=fanihi, Mariana flying fox)
Pteropus mariannus mariannus
Western Pacific Ocean--U.S.A. (GU, MP)
Entire
T
156
Guam 17.95(a)
NA
Bat, Mexican long-nosed
Leptonycteris nivalis
U.S.A. (NM, TX), Mexico, Central America.
Entire
E
336
NA
NA
Bat, Ozark big-eared
Plecotus townsendii ingens
U.S.A. (AR, MO, OK)
......do
E
85
NA
NA
Bat, Rodrigues fruit (flying fox)
Pteropus rodricensis
Indian Ocean--Rodrigues Island
......do
E
139
NA
NA
Bat, Singapore roundleaf horseshoe
Hipposideros ridleyi
Malaysia
......do
E
139
NA
NA
Bat, Virginia big-eared
Plecotus townsendii virginianus
U.S.A. (KY, NC, VA, WV)
......do
E
85
17.95(a)
NA
Bear, American black
Ursus americanus
North America
USA (LA, MS, TX)
T(S/A)
456
NA
17.40(i)
Bear, Baluchistan
Ursus thibetanus gedrosianus
Iran, Pakistan
Entire
E
233
NA
NA
Bear, brown
Ursus arctos arctos
Palearctic
Italy
E
15, 15A
NA
NA
Do
Ursus arctos pruinosus
China (Tibet)
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Bear, grizzly
Ursus arctos horribilis
North America
U.S.A., conterminous (lower 48) States, except where listed as an experimental population
T
1, 2D, 9, 759
NA
17.40(b)
Do
do
do
U.S.A. (portions of ID and MT, see 17.84(l))
XN
706
NA
17.84(l)
Bear, Louisiana black
Ursus americanus luteolus
U.S.A. (LA--all counties; MS--all counties south of or touching a line from Greenville, Washington County, to Meridian, Lauderdale County; TX--all counties east of or touching a line from Linden, Cass County, SW to Bryan, Brazos County, thence SSW to Rockport, Aransas County)
Entire
T
456
17.95(a)
17.40(i)
Bear, Mexican grizzly
Ursus arctos (=U.a. nelsoni)
Holartic
Mexico
E
3
NA
NA
Bear, polar
Ursus maritimus
U.S.A. (AK), Canada, Russia, Denmark (Greenland), Norway
Entire
T
781
17.95(a)
17.40(q)
Beaver
Castor fiber birulai
Mongolia
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Bighorn sheep, (Peninsular Ranges population)
Ovis canadensis
U.S.A. (western conterminous states), Canada (southwest), Mexico (north)
U.S.A., Peninsular Ranges of CA
E
634
NA
NA
Bison, wood
Bison bison athabascae
Canada, northwestern U.S.A.
Canada
E
3
NA
NA
Bobcat
Felis rufus escuinapae
Central Mexico
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Bontebok (antelope)
Damaliscus dorcas dorcas
South Africa
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Camel, Bactrian
Camelus bactrianus (=ferus)
Mongolia, China
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Caribou, woodland
Rangifer tarandus caribou
U.S.A. (AK, ID, ME, MI, MN, MT, NH, VT, WA, WI), Canada.
U.S.A. (ID, WA), Canada (that part of S.E. British Columbia bounded by the U.S.-Can. border, Columbia R., Kootenay R., Kootenay L., and Kootenai R.).
E
128E, 136E, 143
NA
NA
Cat, Andean
Felis Jacobita
Chile, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Cat, black-footed
Felis nigripes
Southern Africa
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Cat, flat-headed
Felis planiceps
Malaysia, Indonesia
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Cat, Iriomote
Felis (Mayailurus) iriomotensis
Japan (Iriomote Island, Ryukyu Islands)
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Cat, leopard
Felis bengalensis bengalensis
India, Southeast Asia
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Cat, marbled
Felis marmorata
Nepal, Southeast Asia, Indonesia
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Cat, Pakistan sand
Felis margarita scheffeli
Pakistan
......do
E
139
NA
NA
Cat, Temminck's (=golden cat)
Felis temmincki
Nepal, China, Southeast Asia, Indonesia (Sumatra).
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Cat, tiger
Felis tigrinus
Costa Rica to northern Argentina
......do
E
5
NA
NA
Chamois, Apennine
Rupicapra rupicapra ornata
Italy
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Cheetah
Acinonyx jubatus
Africa to India
......do
E
3, 5
NA
NA
Chimpanzee
Pan troglodytes
Africa-see 17.40(c)(3)
Wherever found in the wild.
E
16, 376
NA
NA
Do
......do
......do
Wherever found in captivity.
T
16, 376
NA
17.40(c)
Chimpanzee, pygmy
Pan paniscus
Zaire
......do
E
16, 376
NA
NA
Chinchilla
Chinchilla brevicaudata boliviana
Bolivia
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Civet, Malabar large-spotted
Viverra megaspila civettina
India
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Cochito (=Gulf of California harbor porpoise).
Phocoena sinus
Mexico (Gulf of California)
......do
E
169
NA
NA
Cougar, eastern
Felis concolor couguar
Eastern North America
......do
E
6
NA
NA
Deer, Bactrian
Cervus elaphus bactrianus
Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Deer, Barbary
Cervus elaphus barbarus
Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Deer, Bawean
Axis (=Cervus) porcinus kuhli
Indonesia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Deer, Cedros Island mule
Odocoileus hemionus cedrosensis
Mexico (Cedros Island)
......do
E
10
NA
NA
Deer, Columbian white-tailed
Odocoileus virginianus leucurus
U.S.A. (WA, OR)
Columbia River (Clark, Cowlitz, Pacific, Skamania, and Wahkiakum Counties, WA, and Clatsop, Columbia, and Multnomah Counties, OR)
E
1,738
NA
NA
Deer, Corsican red
Cervus elaphus corsicanus
Corsica, Sardinia
Entire
E
F50
NA
NA
Deer, Eld's brow-antlered
Cervus eldi
India to Southeast Asia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Deer, Formosan sika
Cervus nippon taiouanus
Taiwan
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Deer, hog
Axis (=Cervus) porcinus annamiticus
Thailand, Indochina
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Deer, key
Odocoileus virginianus clavium
U.S.A. (FL)
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Deer, marsh
Blastocerus dichotomus
Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia, Brazil.
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Deer, McNeill's
Cervus elaphus macneilii
China (Sinkiang, Tibet)
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Deer, musk
Moschus spp. (all species)
Central and Eastern Asia
Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, China (Tibet, Yunnan), India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sikkim.
E
15
NA
NA
Deer, North China sika
Cervus nippon mandarinus
China (Shantung and Chihli Provinces)
Entire
E
50
NA
NA
Deer, pampas
Ozotoceros bezoarticus
Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Bolivia, Paraguay.
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Deer, Persian fallow
Dama dama mesopotamica
Iraq, Iran
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Deer, Philippine
Axis (=Cervus) porcinus calamianensis.
Philippines (Calamian Islands)
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Deer, Ryukyu sika
Cervus nippon keramae
Japan (Ryukyu Islands)
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Deer, Shansi sika
Cervus nippon grassianus
China (Shansi Province)
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Deer, South China sika
Cervus nippon kopschi
Southern China
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Deer, swamp (=barasingha)
Cervus duvauceli
India, Nepal
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Deer, Visayan
Cervus alfredi
Philippines
......do
E
320
NA
NA
Deer, Yarkand
Cervus elaphus yarkandensis
China (Sinkiang)
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Dhole (=Asiatic wild dog)
Cuon alpinus
C.I.S., Korea, China, India, Southeast Asia.
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Dibbler
Antechinus apicalis
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Dog, African wild
Lycaon pictus
Sub-Saharan Africa
......do
E
139
NA
NA
Dolphin, Chinese river (=whitefin)
Lipotes vexillifer
China
......do
E
350
NA
NA
Dolphin, Indus River
Platanista minor
Pakistan (Indus R. and tributaries)
......do
E
417
NA
NA
Drill
Papio leucophaeus
Equatorial West Africa
......do
E
16
NA
NA
Dugong
Dugong dugon
East Africa to southern Japan, including Palau
Entire
E
4,740
NA
NA.
Duiker, Jentink's
Cephalophus jentinki
Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast
Entire
E
50
NA
NA
Eland, Western giant
Taurotragus derbianus derbianus
Senegal to Ivory Coast
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Elephant, African
Loxodonta africana
Africa
......do
T
40
NA
17.40(e)
Elephant, Asian
Elephas maximus
South-central and Southeastern Asia
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Ferret. black-footed
Mustela nigripes
Western U.S.A., Western Canada
Entire, except where listed as an experimental population
E
1, 3, 433, 545, 546, 582, 646, 703, 737
NA
NA
Do
......do
......do
U.S.A. (specified portions of AZ, CO, MT, SD, UT, and WY, see 17.84(g)(9))
XN
433, 545, 546, 582, 646, 703, 737
NA
17.84(g)
Fox, Northern swift
Vulpes velox hebes
U.S.A. (northern plains), Canada
Canada
E
3
NA
NA
Fox, San Joaquin kit
Vulpes macrotis mutica
U.S.A. (CA)
Entire
E
1
NA
NA
Fox, San Miguel Island
Urocyon littoralis littoralis
U.S.A. (CA)
Entire
E
742
17.95(a)
NA
Fox, Santa Catalina Island
Urocyon littoralis catalinae
U.S.A. (CA)
Entire
E
742
17.95(a)
NA
Fox, Santa Cruz Island
Urocyon littoralis santacruzae
U.S.A. (CA)
Entire
E
742
17.95(a)
NA
Fox, Santa Rosa Island
Urocyon littoralis santarosae
U.S.A. (CA)
Entire
E
742
17.95(a)
NA
Fox, Simien
Canis (Simenia) simensis
Ethiopia
Entire
E
50
NA
NA
Gazelle, Arabian
Gazella gazella
Arabian Peninsula, Palestine, Sinai
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Gazelle, Clark's (=Dibatag)
Ammodorcas clarkei
Somalia, Ethiopia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Gazelle, Cuvier's
Gazella cuvieri
Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Gazelle, dama
Gazella dama
North Africa
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Gazelle, Moroccan (=Dorcas)
Gazella dorcas massaesyla
Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Gazelle, Pelzeln's
Gazella dorcas pelzelni
Somalia
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Gazelle, sand
Gazella subgutturosa marica
Jordan, Arabian Peninsula
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Gazelle, Saudi Arabian
Gazella dorcas saudiya
Israel, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Arabian Peninsula.
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Gazelle, slender-horned (=Rhim)
Gazella leptoceros
Sudan, Egypt, Algeria, Libya
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Gibbons
Hylobates spp. (including Nomascus)
China, India, Southeast Asia
......do
E
3, 15
NA
NA
Goat, wild (=Chiltan markhor)
Capra aegagrus (=falconeri chiltanensis).
Southwestern Asia
Chiltan Range of west-central Pakistan.
E
15
NA
NA
Goral
Nemorhaedus goral
East Asia
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Gorilla
Gorilla gorilla
Central and Western Africa
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Ground squirrel, northern Idaho
Spermophilus brunneus brunneus
U.S.A. (ID)
NA
T
693
NA
NA
Hare, hispid
Caprolagus hispidus
India, Nepal, Bhutan
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Hartebeest, Swayne's
Alcelaphus buselaphus swaynei
Ethiopia, Somalia
......do
E
3, 50
NA
NA
Hartebeest, Tora
Alcelaphus buselaphus tora
Ethiopia, Sudan, Egypt
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Hog, pygmy
Sus salvanius
India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Horse, Przewalski's
Equus przewalskii
Mongolia, China
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Huemul, North Andean
Hippocamelus antisensis
Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Bolivia, Argentina
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Huemul, South Andean
Hippocamelus bisulcus
Chile, Argentina
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Hutia, Cabrera's
Capromys angelcabrerai
Cuba
......do
E
233
NA
NA
Hutia, dwarf
Capromys nana
......do
......do
E
233
NA
NA
Hutia, large-eared
Capromys auritus
......do
......do
E
233
NA
NA
Hutia, little earth
Capromys sanfelipensis
......do
......do
E
233
NA
NA
Hyena, Barbary
Hyaena hyaena barbara
Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Hyena, brown
Hyaena brunnea
Southern Africa
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Ibex, Pyrenean
Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica
Spain
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Ibex, Walia
Capra walie
Ethiopia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Impala, black-faced
Aepyceros melampus petersi
Namibia, Angola
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Indri
Indri indri (=entire genus)
Malagasy Republic (=Madagascar)
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Jaguar
Panthera onca
U.S.A. (AZ, CA, LA, NM, TX), Mexico, Central and South America
Entire
E
5, 622
NA
NA
Jaguarundi
Felis yagouaroundi cacomitli
U.S.A. (TX), Mexico
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Do
Felis yagouaroundi fossata
Mexico, Nicaragua
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Do
Felis yagouaroundi panamensis
Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Do
Felis yagouaroundi tolteca
U.S.A. (AZ), Mexico
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Kangaroo rat, Fresno
Dipodomys nitraoides exilis
U.S.A. (CA)
......do
E
170
17.95(a)
NA
Kangaroo rat, giant
Dipodomys ingens
......do
......do
E
251
NA
NA
Kangaroo rat, Morro Bay
Dipodomys heermanni morroensis
......do
......do
E
2
17.95(a)
NA
Kangaroo rat, San Bernardino Merriam's
Dipodomys merriami parvus
U.S.A., CA
Entire
E
632E, 645
17.95(a)
NA
Kangaroo rat, Stephens'
Dipodomys stephensi (incl. D. cascus)
......do
Entire
E
338
NA
NA
Kangaroo rat, Tipton
Dipodomys nitratoides nitratoides
......do
......do
E
312
NA
NA
Kangaroo, Tasmanian forester
Macropus giganteus tasmaniensis
Australia (Tasmania)
......do
E
6
NA
NA
Koala
Phascolarctos cinereus
Australia
Australia
T
698
NA
NA
Kouprey
Bos sauveli
Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Langur, capped
Presbytis pileata
India, Burma, Bangladesh
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Langur, Douc
Pygathrix nemaeus
Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Langur, entellus
Presbytis entellus
China (Tibet), India, Pakistan, Kashmir, Sri Lanka, Sikkim, Bangladesh.
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Langur, Francois'
Presbytis francoisi
China (Kwangsi), Indochina
......do
E
16
NA
NA
Langur, golden
Presbytis geei
India (Assam), Bhutan
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Langur, long-tailed
Presbytis potenziani
Indonesia
......do
T
16
NA
17.40(c)
Langur, Pagi Island
Nasalis (Simias) concolor
......do
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Langur, purple-faced
Presbytis senex
Sri Lanka
......do
T
16
NA
17.40(c)
Lechwe, red
Kobus leche
Southern Africa
......do
T
3, 15, 106
NA
NA
Lemurs
Lemuridae (incl. genera) Lemur, Phaner, Hapalemur, Lepilemur, Microcebus, Allocebus, Cheirogaleus, Varecia.
Malagasy Republic (=Madagascar)
......do
E
3, 15, 15A
NA
NA
Leopard
Panthera pardus
Africa, Asia
Wherever found, except where it is listed as Threatened as set forth below.
E
3, 5, 114
NA
NA
Do
......do
......do
In Africa, in the wild, south of, and including, the following countries: Gabon, Congo, Zaire, Uganda, Kenya.
T
3, 5, 114
NA
17.40(f)
Leopard, clouded
Neofelis nebulosa
Southeastern and south-central Asia, Taiwan.
......do
E
3, 15
NA
NA
Leopard, snow
Panthera uncia
Central Asia
......do
E
5
NA
NA
Linsang, spotted
Prionodon pardicolor
Nepal, Assam, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Burma.
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Lion, Asiatic
Panthera leo persica
Turkey to India
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Lion, mountain
Felis concolor (all subsp. except coryl).
Canada to South America
U.S.A. (FL)
T(S/A)
432
NA
17.40(h)
Loris, lesser slow
Nycticebus pygmaeus
Indochina
Entire
T
16
NA
17.40(c)
Lynx, Canada
Lynx canadensis
U.S.A. (AK, CO, ID, ME, MI, MN, MT, NH, NY, OR, UT, VT, WA, WI, WY), Canada, circumboreal
CO, ID, ME, MI, MN, MT, NH, NY, OR, UT, VT, WA, WI, WY
T
692
17.95(a)
17.40(k)
Lynx, Spanish
Felis (=Lynx) pardina
Spain, Portugal
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Macaque, Formosan rock
Macaca cyclopis
Taiwan
......do
T
16
NA
17.40(c)
Macaque, Japanese
Macaca fuscata
Japan (Shikoku, Kyushu and Honshu Islands).
......do
T
16
NA
17.40(c)
Macaque, lion-tailed
Macaca silenus
India
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Macaque, stump-tailed
Macaca arctoides
India (Assam) to southern China
......do
T
16
NA
17.40(c)
Macaque, Toque
Macaca sinica
Sri Lanka
......do
T
16
NA
17.40(c)
Manatee, Amazonian
Trichechus inunguis
South America (Amazon R. Basin)
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Manatee, West African
Trichechus senegalensis
West Coast of Africa from Senegal R. to Cuanza R.
......do
T
52
NA
NA
Manatee, West Indian (=Florida)
Trichechus manatus
U.S.A. (southeastern), Caribbean Sea, South America.
......do
E
1, 3
17.95(a)
17.108(a)
Mandrill
Papio sphinx
Equatorial West Africa
......do
E
16
NA
NA
Mangabey, Tana River
Cercocebus galeritus
Kenya
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Mangabey, white-collared
Cercocebus torquatus
Senegal to Ghana; Nigeria to Gabon
......do
E
16
NA
NA
Margay
Felis wiedii
U.S.A. (TX), Central and South America
Mexico southward.
E
5
NA
NA
Markhor, Kabal
Capra falconeri megaceros
Afghanistan, Pakistan
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Markhor, straight-horned
Capra falconeri jerdoni
......do
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Marmoset, buff-headed
Callithrix flaviceps
Brazil
......do
E
139
NA
NA
Marmoset, buffy tufted-ear
Callithrix jacchus aurita
......do
......do
E
233
NA
NA
Marmoset, cotton-top
Saguinus oedipus
Costa Rica to Colombia
......do
E
16
NA
NA
Marmoset, Goeldi's
Callimico goeldii
Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Marmot, Vancouver Island
Marmota vancouverensis
Canada (Vancouver Island)
......do
E
139
NA
NA
Marsupial, eastern jerboa
Antechinomys laniger
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Marsupial-mouse, large desert
Sminthopsis psammophila
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Marsupial-mouse, long-tailed
Sminthopsis longicaudata
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Marten, Formosan yellow-throated
Martes flavigula chrysospila
Taiwan
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Monkey, black colobus
Colobus satanas
Equatorial Guinea, People's Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Gabon.
......do
E
16
NA
NA
Monkey, black howler
Alouatta pigra
Mexico, Guatemala, Belize
......do
T
16
NA
17.40(c)
Monkey, Diana
Cercopithecus diana
Coastal West Africa
......do
E
16
NA
NA
Monkey (=langur), Guizhou snub-nosed.
Rhinopithecus (=Pygathrix) brelichi
China
......do
E
400
NA
NA
Monkey, howler
Alouatta palliata (= villosa)
Mexico to South America
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Monkey, L'hoest's
Cercopithecus Ihoesti
Upper Eastern Congo R. Basin, Cameroon
......do
E
16
NA
NA
Monkey, Preuss' red colobus
Colobus badius preussi
Cameroon
......do
E
139
NA
NA
Monkey, proboscis
Nasalis larvatus
Borneo
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Monkey, red-backed squirrel
Saimiri oerstedii
Costa Rica, Panama
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Monkey, red-bellied
Cercopithecus erythrogaster
Western Nigeria
......do
E
16
NA
NA
Monkey, red-eared nose-spotted
Cercopithecus erythrotis
Nigeria, Cameroon, Fernando Po
......do
E
16
NA
NA
Monkey (=langur), Sichuan snub-nosed.
Rhinopithecus (=Pygathrix) roxellana
......do
......do
E
400
NA
NA
Monkey, spider
Ateles geoffroyi frontatus
Costa Rica, Nicaragua
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Do
Ateles geoffroyl panamensis
Costa Rica, Panama
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Monkey, Tana River red colobus
Colobus rufomitratus (=badius) rufomitratus.
Kenya
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Monkey (=langur), Tonkin snub-nosed
Rhinopithecus (=Pygathrix) avunculus
Vietnam
......do
E
16, 400
NA
NA
Monkey, woolly spider
Brachyteles arachnoides
Brazil
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Monkey, yellow-tailed woolly
Lagothrix flavicauda
Andes of northern Peru
......do
E
16
NA
NA
Monkey (=langur), Yunnan snub-nosed
Rhinopithecus (=Pygathrix) bieti
China
......do
E
400
NA
NA
Monkey, Zanzibar red colobus
Colobus kirki
Tanzania
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Mountain beaver, Point Arena
Aplodontia rufa nigra
U.S.A. (CA)
......do
E
454
NA
NA
Mouse, Alabama beach
Peromyscus polionotus ammobates
U.S.A. (AL)
......do
E
183
17.95(a)
NA
Mouse, Anastasia Island beach
Peromyscus polionotus phasma
U.S.A. (FL)
......do
E
349
NA
NA
Mouse, Australian native
Notomys aquilo
Australia
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Do
Zyzomys (=Notomys) pedunculatus
......do
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Mouse, Choctawhatchee beach
Peromyscus polionotus allophrys
U.S.A. (FL)
......do
E
183
17.95(a)
NA
Mouse, Field's
Pseudomys fieldi
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Mouse, Gould's
Pseudomys gouldii
......do
......do
E
6
NA
NA
Mouse, Key Largo cotton
Peromyscus gossypinus allapaticola
U.S.A. (FL)
......do
E
131E, 160
NA
NA
Mouse, New Holland
Pseudomys novaehollandiae
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Mouse, Pacific pocket
Perognathus longimembris pacificus
U.S.A. (CA)
Entire
E
526, 554
NA
NA
Mouse, Perdido Key beach
Peromyscus polionotus trissyllepsis
U.S.A. (AL, FL)
......do
E
183
17.95(a)
NA
Mouse, Preble's meadow jumping
Zapus hudsonius preblei
U.S.A. (CO, WY)
U.S.A., north-central CO (that portion of Colorado west of 103 degrees 40 minutes West, north of 38 degrees 30 minutes North, and east of 105 degrees 50 minutes West)
T
636
17.95(a)
17.40(l)
Mouse, salt marsh harvest
Reithrodontomys raviventris
U.S.A. (CA)
......do
E
2
NA
NA
Mouse, Shark Bay
Pseudomys praeconis
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Mouse, Shortridge's
Pseudomys shortridgei
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Mouse, Smoky
Pseudomys fumeus
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Mouse, southeastern beach
Peromyscus polionotus niveiventris
U.S.A. (FL)
......do
T
349
NA
NA
Mouse, St. Andrew beach
Peromyscus polionotus peninsularis
......do
......do
E
655
17.95(a)
NA
Mouse, western
Pseudomys occidentalis
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Muntjac, Fea's
Muntiacus feae
Northern Thailand, Burma
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Native-cat, eastern
Dasyurus viverrinus
Australia
......do
E
6
NA
NA
Numbat
Myrmecobius fasciatus
......do
......do
E
4, 6
NA
NA
Ocelot
Felis pardalis
U.S.A. (AZ, TX) to Central and South America
......do
E
5, 119
NA
NA
Orangutan
Pongo pygmaeus
Borneo, Sumatra
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Oryx, Arabian
Oryx leucoryx
Arabian Peninsula
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Oryx, scimitar-horned
Oryx dammah
North Africa
......do
E
NA
NA
Otter, Cameroon clawless
Aonyx (Paraonyx) congica microdon
Cameroon, Nigeria
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Otter, giant
Pteronura brasiliensis
South America
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Otter, long-tailed
Lutra longicaudis (incl. platensis)
......do
......do
E
3, 15
NA
NA
Otter, marine
Lutra felina
Peru south to Straits of Magellan
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Otter, northern sea
Enhydra lutris kenyoni
U.S.A., (AK, WA)
Southwest Alaska, from Attu Island to Western Cook Inlet, including Bristol Bay, the Kodiak Archipelago, and the Barren Islands
T
764
17.95(a)
17.40(p)
Otter, southern river
Lutra provocax
Chile, Argentina
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Otter, southern sea
Enhydra lutris nereis
West Coast, U.S.A. (CA, OR, WA) south to Mexico (Baja California).
Entire, except where listed below.
T
21, 284
NA
NA
Do
......do
......do
All areas subject to U.S. jurisdiction south of Pt. Conception, CA (34°26.9′ N. Lat.) [Note--status governed by Pub.L. 99-625, 100 Stat. 3500.].
XN
21, 284
NA
17.84(d)
Panda, giant
Ailuropoda melanoleuca
China
Entire
E
139
NA
NA
Pangolin (=scaly anteater)
Manis temmincki
Africa
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Panther, Florida
Felis concolor coryi
U.S.A. (LA and AR east to SC and FL)
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Planigale, little
Planigale ingrami subtilissima
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Planigale, southern
Planigale tenuirostris
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Porcupine, thin-spined
Chaetomys subspinosus
Brazil
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Possum, Leadbeater's
Gymnobelideus leadbeateri
......do
......do
E
233
NA
NA
Possum, mountain pygmy
Burramys parvus
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Possum, scaly-tailed
Wyulda squamicaudata
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Prairie dog, Mexican
Cynomys mexicanus
Mexico
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Prairie dog, Utah
Cynomys parvidens
U.S.A. (UT)
......do
T
6, 149
NA
17.40(g)
Pronghorn, peninsular
Antilocapra americana peninsularis
Mexico (Baja California)
......do
E
10
NA
NA
Pronghorn, Sonoran
Antilocapra americana sonoriensis
U.S.A. (AZ), Mexico
Entire, except where listed as an experimental population
E
1, 3
NA
NA
Pronghorn, Sonoran
Antilocapra americana sonoriensis
U.S.A. (AZ), Mexico
In Arizona, an area north of Interstate 8 and south of Interstate 10, bounded by the Colorado River on the west and Interstate 10 on the east; and an area south of Interstate 8, bounded by Highway 85 on the west, Interstates 10 and 19 on the east, and the U.S.-Mexico border on the south
XN
782
NA
17.84(v)
Pudu
Pudu pudu
Southern South America
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Puma, Costa Rican
Felis concolor costaricensis
Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Quokka
Setonix brachyurus
Australia
......do
E
6
NA
NA
Rabbit, Columbia Basin pygmy
Brachylagus idahoensis
U.S.A. (western conterminous U.S.)
U.S.A. (WA--Douglas, Grant, Lincoln, Adams, Benton Counties)
E
NA
NA
Rabbit, Lower Keys
Sylvilagus palustris hefneri
U.S.A. (FL)
Entire
E
390
NA
NA
Rabbit, riparian brush
Sylvilagus bachmani riparius
U.S.A. (CA)
Entire
E
687
NA
NA
Rabbit, Ryukyu
Pentalagus furnessi
Japan (Ryukyu Islands)
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Rabbit, volcano
Romerolagus diazi
Mexico
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Rat, false water
Xeromys myoides
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Rat, stick-nest
Leporillus conditor
......do
......do
E
6
NA
NA
Rat-kangaroo, brush-tailed
Bettongia penicillata
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Rat-kangaroo, Gaimard's
Bettongia gaimardi
......do
......do
E
6
NA
NA
Rat-kangaroo, Lesuer's
Bettongia lesueur
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Rat-kangaroo, plain
Caloprymnus campestris
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Rat-kangaroo, Queensland
Bettongia tropica
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Rhinoceros, black
Diceros bicornis
Sub-Saharan Africa
......do
E
97
NA
NA
Rhinoceros, great Indian
Rhinoceros unicornis
India, Nepal
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Rhinoceros, Javan
Rhinoceros sondaicus
Indonesia, Indochina, Burma, Thailand, Sikkim, Bangladesh, Malaysia.
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Rhinoceros, northern white
Ceratotherium simum cottoni
Zaire, Sudan, Uganda, Central African Republic.
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Rhinoceros, Sumatran
Dicerorhinus (=Didermoceros) sumatrensis.
Bangladesh to Vietnam to Indonesia (Borneo).
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Rice rat (=silver rice rat)
Oryzomys palustris natator (=O. argentatus)
U.S.A. (FL)
Lower FL Keys (west of Seven Mile Bridge)
E
421
17.95(a)
NA
Saiga, Mongolian (antelope)
Saiga tatarica mongolica
Mongolia
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Saki, southern beared
Chiropotes satanas satanas
Brazil
......do
E
233
NA
NA
Saki, white-nosed
Chiropotes albinasus
......do
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Sea-lion, Steller (=northern)
Eumetopias jubatus
U.S.A. (AK, CA, OR, WA), Canada, Russia, North Pacific Ocean
Entire, except the population segment west of 144° W. Long.
T
384E, 408, 614
226.12
227.12
Do
......do
......do
Population segment west of 144° W. Long.
E
384E, 408, 614
226.12
NA
Seal, guadalupe fur
Arctocephalus townsendi
U.S.A. (Farallon Islands of CA) south to Mexico (Islas Revillagigedo).
......do
T
1, 2D, 212
NA
227.11
Seal, Hawaiian monk
Monachus schauinslandi
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
18
226.11
NA
Seal, Mediterranean monk
Monachus monachus
Mediterranean, Northwest African Coast and Black Sea.
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Seal, Saimaa
Phoca hispida saimensis
Finland (Lake Saimaa)
......do
E
508
NA
NA
Seal, spotted (southern DPS)
Phocalargha
Pacific Ocean; Sea of Japan and northern Yellow Sea
Southern DPS--all breeding populations of spotted seals south of 43 ° north latitude in the Pacific Ocean
T
776
NA
223.211
Seledang (=Gaur)
Bos gaurus
Bangladesh, Southeast Asia, India
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Serow
Capricornis sumatraensis
East Asia, Sumatra
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Serval, Barbary
Felis serval constantina
Algeria
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Shapo
Ovis vignei vignei
Kashmir
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Sheep, Peninsular bighorn
Ovis canadensis nelsoni
U.S.A. (western conterminous States), Canada (southwestern), Mexico (northern)
U.S.A. (CA) Peninsular Ranges
E
634
17.95(a)
NA
Sheep, Sierra Nevada bighorn
Ovis canadensis sierrae
U.S.A. (CA)--Sierra Nevada
U.S.A. (CA)--Sierra Nevada
E
660E, 675
17.95(a)
NA
Shou
Cervus elaphus wallichi
Tibet, Bhutan
Entire
E
3
NA
NA
Shrew, Buena Vista Lake
Sorex ornatus relictus
U.S.A. (CA)
Entire
E
725
17.95(a)
NA
Siamang
Symphalangus syndactylus
Malaysia, Indonesia
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Sifakas
Propithecus spp.
Malagasy Republic (=Madagascar)
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Sloth, Brazilian three-toed
Bradypus torquatus
Brazil
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Solenodon, Cuban
Solenodon (Atopogale) cubanus
Cuba
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Solenodon, Haitian
Solenodon paradoxus
Dominican Republic, Haiti
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Squirrel, Carolina northern flying
Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus
U.S.A. (NC, TN)
......do
E
189
NA
NA
Squirrel, Delmarva Peninsula fox
Sciurus niger cinereus
U.S.A. (Delmarva Peninsula to southeastern PA).
Entire, except Sussex Co., DE.
E
1, 161, 168
NA
NA
Do
......do
......do
U.S.A. (DE–Sussex Co.).
XN
161
NA
17.84(a)
Squirrel, Mount Graham red
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis
U.S.A. (AZ)
Entire
E
268
17.95(a)
NA
Squirrel, Virginia northern flying
Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus
U.S.A. (VA, WV)
Entire
E
189
N/A
N/A
Stag, Barbary
Cervus elaphus barbarus
Tunisia, Algeria
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Stag, Kashmir
Cervus elaphus hanglu
Kashmir
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Suni, Zanzibar
Neotragus (Nesotragus) moschatus moschatus.
Zanzibar (and nearby islands)
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Tahr, Arabian
Hemitragus jayakari
Oman
......do
E
50
NA
NA
Tamaraw
Bubalus mindorensis
Philippines
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Tamarin (=marmoset), golden-rumped (=golden-headed).
Leontopithecus (=Leontideus) spp.
Brazil
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Tamarin, pied
Saguinus bicolor
......do
......do
E
16
NA
NA
Tamarin, white-footed
Saguinus leucopus
Colombia
......do
T
16
NA
17.40(c)
Tapir, Asian
Tapirus indicus
Burma, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand.
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Tapir, Brazilian
Tapirus terrestris
Colombia and Venezuela south to Paraguay and Argentina.
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Tapir, Central American
Tapirus bairdii
Southern Mexico to Colombia and Ecuador.
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Tapir, mountain
Tapirus pinchaque
Colombia, Ecuador and possibly Peru and Venezuela.
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Tarsier, Philippine
Tarsius syrichta
Philippines
......do
T
16
NA
17.40(c)
Tiger
Panthera tigris
Temperate and Tropical Asia
......do
E
3, 5
NA
NA
Tiger, Tasmanian (=Thylacine)
Thylacinus cynocephalus
Australia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Uakari (all species)
Cacajao spp. (all species)
Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela.
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Urial
Ovis musimon (=orientalis) ophion
Cyprus
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Vicuna
Vicugna vicugna
Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru
Entire, except Ecudator
T
3, 724
NA
17.40(m)
Do
......Do
......Do
Ecuador
E
3, 724
NA
NA
Vole, Amargosa
Microtus californicus scirpensis
U.S.A. (CA)
......do
E
166
17.95(a)
NA
Vole, Florida salt marsh
Microtus pennsylvanicus dukecampbelli
U.S.A. (FL)
......do
E
415
NA
NA
Vole, Hualapai Mexican
Microtus mexicanus hualpaiensis
U.S.A. (AZ)
......do
E
292
NA
NA
Wallaby, banded hare
Lagostrophus fasciatus
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Wallaby, brindled nail-tailed
Onychogalea fraenata
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Wallaby, crescent nail-tailed
Onychogalea lunata
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Wallaby, Parma
Macropus parma
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Wallaby, Western hare
Lagorchestes hirsutus
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Wallaby, yellow-footed rock
Petrogale xanthopus
......do
......do
E
6
NA
NA
Whale, beluga (Cook Inlet DPS)
Delphinapterusleucas
Oceanic; Cook Inlet, northern Gulf of Alaska
Cook Inlet DPS--Cook Inlet, Alaska
E
776
NA
NA
Whale, blue
Balaenoptera musculus
Oceanic
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Whale, bowhead
Balaena mysticetus
Oceanic (north latitudes only)
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Whale, finback
Balaenoptera physalus
Oceanic
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Whale, gray
Eschrichtius robustus
North Pacific Ocean--coastal and adjacent seas. Formerly North Atlantic Ocean
Entire, except eastern North Pacific Ocean--coastal and Bering, Beaufort, and Chukchi Seas
E
3, 540
NA
NA
Whale, humpback
Megaptera novaeangliae
Oceanic
Entire
E
3
NA
222.31
Whale, killer (Southern Resident DPS)
Orcinus orca
Pacific Ocean
Southern Resident DPS, which consists of whales from the J, K, and L pods, wherever they are found in the wild
E
756
226.206
NA
Whale, North Atlantic right
Eubalaena glacialis
Oceanic
Entire
E
3
226.203
224.103
Whale, North Pacific right
Eubalaena japonica
Oceanic
Entire
E
3
226.215
NA
Whale, Southern right
Eubalaena australis
...do
...do
...do
...do
NA
NA
Whale, Sei
Balaenoptera borealis
...do
...do
E
3
NA
NA
Whale, sperm
Physeter macrocephalus (=catodon)
...do
...do
E
3
NA
NA
Wolf, gray
Canis lupus
Holarctic
U.S.A., conterminous (lower 48) States, except: (1) Where listed as an experimental population below; (2) Minnesota; (3) MT, ID, WY (however, see experimental population designation below), eastern WA (that portion of WA east of the centerline of Highway 97 and Highway 17 north of Mesa and that portion of WA east of the centerline of Highway 395 south of Mesa), eastern OR (portion of OR east of the centerline of Highway 395 and Highway 78 north of Burns Junction and that portion of OR east of the centerline of Highway 95 south of Burns Junction), and north central UT (that portion of UT east of the centerline of Highway 84 and north of Highway 80). Mexico.
E
1, 6, 13, 15, 35
17.95(a)
N/A
Do
......do
......do
U.S.A. (MN)
T
35
17.95(a)
17.40(d)
Do
......do
......do
U.S.A. (portions of AZ, NM, and TX--see § 17.84(k))
XN
631
N/A
17.84(k)
Wolf, gray [Northern Rocky Mountain DPS]
Canis lupus
U.S.A. (MT, ID, WY, eastern WA, eastern OR, and north central UT)
U.S.A. (WY--see § 17.84(i) and (n))
XN
561, 562
N/A
17.84(i)
17.84(n)
Wolf, maned
Chrysocyon brachyurus
Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay.
Entire
E
4
NA
NA
Wolf, red
Canis rufus
U.S.A. (SE U.S.A., west to central TX)
Entire, except where listed as experimental populations below
E
1,248, 449, 579
NA
NA
Do
...do
...do
U.S.A. (portions of NC and TN--see 17.84(c)(9))
XN
248, 449, 579
NA
17.84(c)
Wombat, hairy-nosed (=Barnard's and Queensland hairy-nosed).
Lasiorhinus krefftii (formerly L. barnardi and L. gillespiei).
Australia
Entire
E
4, 6
NA
NA
Woodrat, Key Largo
Neotoma floridana smalli
U.S.A. (FL)
...do
E
131E, 160
NA
NA
Woodrat, riparian (San Joaquin Valley)
Neotoma fuscipes riparia
U.S.A. (CA)
Entire
E
687
NA
NA
Yak, wild
Bos grunniens mutus
China (Tibet), India
...do
E
3
NA
NA
Zebra, Grevy's
Equus grevyi
Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia
...do
T
54
NA
NA
Zebra, Hartmann's mountain
Equus zebra hartmannae
Namibia, Angola
...do
T
54, 111
NA
NA
Zebra, mountain
Equus zebra zebra
South Africa
...do
E
15, 111
NA
NA
Birds
Akekee (honeycreeper)
Loxopscaeruleirostris
U.S.A. (HI)
Entire
E
765
17.95(b)
NA
‘Akepa, Hawaii (honeycreeper)
Loxops coccineus coccineus
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
2
NA
NA
‘Akepa, Maui (honeycreeper)
Loxops coccineus ochraceus
......do
......do
E
2
NA
NA
‘Akialoa, Kauai (honeycreeper)
Hemignathus procerus
......do
......do
E
1
NA
NA
‘Akiapola‘au (honeycreeper)
Hemignathus munroi (=wilsoni)
......do
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Akikiki (honeycreeper)
Oreomystis bairdi
U.S.A. (HI)
Entire
E
765
17.95(b)
NA
Albatross, Amsterdam
Diomedia amsterdamensis
Indian Ocean--Amsterdam Island
......do
E
571
NA
NA
Albatross, short-tailed
Phoebastria (=Diomedea) albatrus
North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea-Canada, China, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Taiwan, U.S.A. (AK, CA, HI, OR, WA)
Entire
E
3,700
NA
NA
Alethe, Thyolo
Alethe choloensis
Malawi,Mozambique
Entire
E
571
NA
NA
Antwren, black-hooded
Formicivora erythronotos
Brazil
......do
E
774
NA
NA
Blackbird, yellow-shouldered
Agelaius xanthomus
U.S.A. (PR)
......do
E
17
17.95(b)
NA
Bobwhite, masked (quail)
Colinus virginianus ridgwayi
U.S.A. (AZ), Mexico (Sonora)
......do
E
1, 3
NA
NA
Booby, Abbott's
Sula abbotti
Indian Ocean--Christmas Island
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Bristlebird, western
Dasyornis brachypterus longirostris
......
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Bristlebird, western rufous
Dasyornis broadbenti littoralis
Australia
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Bulbul, Mauritius olivaceous
Hypsipetes borbonicus olivaceus
Indian Ocean--Mauritius
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Bullfinch, Sao Miguel (finch)
Pyrrhula pyrrhula murina
Eastern Atlantic Ocean--Azores
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Bush-shrike, Ulugurua
Malaconotus alius
Tanzania
......do
T
571
NA
NA
Bushwren, New Zealand
Xenicus longipes
New Zealand
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Bustard, great Indian
Choriotis nigriceps
India, Pakistan
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Cahow (=Bermuda Petrel)
Pterodroma cahow
North Atlantic Ocean--Bermuda
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Caracara, Audubon's crested
Polyborus plancus audubonii
U.S.A. (AZ, FL, LA, NM, TX) south to Panama; Cuba.
U.S.A. (FL)
T
280
NA
NA
Cockatoo, salmon-crested
Cacatua moluccensis
Seram, Haruku, Saparua, and Ambon, Indonesia
Entire
T
779
NA
17.41(c)
Condor, Andean
Vultur gryphus
Colombia to Chile and Argentina
Entire
E
4
NA
NA
Condor, California
Gymnogyps californianus
U.S.A. (AZ, CA, OR, UT), Mexico (Baja California)
U.S.A. only, except where listed as an experimental population below.
E
1,597
17.95(b)
NA
Do
......do
......do
U.S.A. (specific portions of Arizona, Nevada, and Utah)
XN
597
NA
17.84(j)
Coot, Hawaiian (=‘alae-ke‘oke‘o)
Fulica americana alai
U.S.A. (HI)
Entire
E
2
NA
NA
Cotinga, banded
Cotinga maculata
Brazil
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Cotinga, white-winged
Xipholena atropurpurea
......do
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Crane, black-necked
Grus nigricollis
China (Tibet)
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Crane, Cuba sandhill
Grus canadensis nesiotes
West Indies--Cuba
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Crane, hooded
Grus monacha
Japan, Russia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Crane, Japanese
Grus japonensis
China, Japan, Korea, Russia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Crane, Mississippi sandhill
Grus canadensis pulla
U.S.A. (MS)
......do
E
6
17.95(b)
NA
Crane, Siberian white
Grus leucogeranus
C.I.S. (Siberia) to India, including Iran and China.
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Crane, white-naped
Grus vipio
Mongolia
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Crane, whooping
Grus americana
Canada, U.S.A. (Rocky Mountains east to Carolinas), Mexico
Entire, except where listed as an experimental population
E
1,3
17.95(b)
NA.
Do
Do
Do
U.S.A. (AL, AR, CO, FL, GA, ID, IL, IN, IA, KY, LA, MI, MN, MS, MO, NC, NM, OH, SC, TN, UT, VA, WI, WV, western half of WY)
XN
487, 621, 710, 785
NA
17.84(h).
Creeper, Hawaii
Oreomystis (=Loxops) mana
U.S.A. (HI)
Entire
E
10
NA
NA
Creeper, Molokai (=kakawahie)
Paroreomyza (=Oreomystis, =Loxops) flammea.
......do
......do
E
2
NA
NA
Creeper, Oahu (=alauwahio)
Paroreomyza (=Oreomystis, =Loxops) maculata.
......do
......do
E
2
NA
NA
Crow, Hawaiian (=‘alala)
Corvus hawaiiensis (=tropicus)
......do
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Crow, Mariana
Corvus kubaryi
Western Pacific Ocean USA (Guam, Rota)
Entire
E
156
17.95(b)
NA
Crow, white-necked
Corvus leucognaphalus
U.S.A. (PR), Dominican Republic, Haiti
......do
E
419
NA
NA
Cuckoo-shrike, Mauritius
Coquus (=Coracina) typicus
Indian Ocean--Mauritius
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Cuckoo-shrike, Reunion
Coquus (=Coracina) newtoni
Indian Ocean--Reunion
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Curassow, razor-billed
Mitu (=Crax) mitu mitu
Brazil (Eastern)
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Curassow, red-billed
Crax blumenbachii
Brazil
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Curassow, Trinidad white-headed
Pipile pipile pipile
West Indies--Trinidad
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Curlew, Eskimo
Numenius borealis
Alaska and northern Canada to Argentina.
......do
E
1, 3
NA
NA
Dove, cloven-feathered
Drepanoptila holosericea
Southwest Pacific Ocean--New Caledonia.
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Dove, Grenada gray-fronted
Leptotila rufaxilla wellsi
West Indies--Grenada
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Duck, Hawaiian (=koloa)
Anas wyvilliana
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Duck, Laysan
Anas laysanensis
......do
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Duck, pink-headed
Rhodonessa caryophyllacea
India
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Duck, white-winged wood
Cairina scutulata
India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Eagle, bald
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
North Arizona: South to northern Mexico
Arizona: (1) Yavapai, Gila, Graham, Pinal, and Maricopa, Counties; and
T
NA
17.41(a).
(2) Southern Mohave County (that portion south and east of the center of Interstate Highway 40 and east of Arizona Highway 95), eastern LaPaz County (that portion east of the centerline of U.S. and Arizona Highways 95), and north of the centerline of Interstate Highway 8)
Eagle, Greenland white-tailed
Haliaeetus albicilla groenlandicus
Greenland and adjacent Atlantic islands.
Entire
E
15
NA
NA
Eagle, harpy
Harpia harpyja
Mexico south to Argentina
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Eagle, Madagascar sea
Haliaeetus vociferoides
Madagascar
......do
E
571
NA
NA
Eagle, Madagascar serpent
Eutriorchis astur
......do
......do
E
571
NA
NA
Eagle, Philippine (=monkey-eating)
Pithecophaga jefferyi
Philippines
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Eagle, Spanish imperial
Aquila heliaca adalberti
Spain, Morocco, Algeria
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Egret, Chinese
Egretta eulophotes
China, Korea
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Eider, spectacled
Somateria (=Arctonetta, =Lampronetta,) fischeri
USA (AK); Russia
Entire
T
503
17.95(b)
NA
Eider, Steller's
Polysticta stelleri
USA (AK); Russia
U.S.A. (AK breeding population only)
T
616
17.95(b)
NA
Elepaio, Oahu
Chasiempis sandwichensis ibidis (Chasiempis sandwichensis gayi)
U.S.A. (HI)
Entire
E
696
17.95(b)
NA
Falcon, Eurasian peregrine
Falco peregrinus peregrinus
Europe, Eurasia south to Africa and Mideast.
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Falcon, northern aplomado
Falco femoralis septentrionalis
U.S.A. (AZ, NM, TX), Mexico, Guatemala
Entire, except where listed as an experimental population
E
216
NA
NA
Falcon, northern aplomado
Falco femoralis septentrionalis
U.S.A. (AZ, NM, TX), Mexico, Guatemala
U.S.A. (AZ, NM)
XN
758
NA
17.84(p)
Finch, Laysan (honeycreeper)
Telespyza (=Psittirostra) cantans
U.S.A. (HI)
Entire
E
1
NA
NA
Finch, Nihoa (honeycreeper)
Telespyza (=Psittirostra) ultima
......do
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Fire-eye, fringed-backed
Pyriglena atra
Brazil
......do
E
774
NA
NA
Flamingo, Andean
Phoenicoparrus andinus
Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru.
do
E
NA
NA
Flycatcher, Euler's
Empidonax euleri johnstonei
West Indies--Grenada
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Flycatcher, Seychelles paradise
Terpsiphone corvina
Indian Ocean--Seychelles
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Flycatcher, southwestern willow
Empidonax traillii extimus
U.S.A. (AZ, CA, CO, NM, TX, UT), Mexico
......do
E
577
17.95(b)
NA
Flycatcher, Tahiti
Pomarea nigra
South Pacific Ocean--Tahiti
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Fody, Mauritius
Foudia rubra
Indian Ocean--Mauritius
......
E
571
NA
NA
Fody, Rodrigues
Foudia flavicans
Indian Ocean--Rodrigues (Mauritius Island)
......
E
571
NA
NA
Fody, Seychelles (weaver-finch)
Foudia sechellarum
Indian Ocean--Seychelles
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Francolin, Djibouti
Francolinus ochropectus
Djibouti
......
E
571
NA
NA
Frigatebird, Andrew's
Fregata andrewsi
East Indian Ocean
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Gnatcatcher, coastal California
Polioptila, californica californica
U.S.A. (CA), Mexico
......do
T
496
17.95(b)
17.41(b)
Goose, Hawaiian (=nene)
Nesochen (=Branta) sandvicensis
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Goshawk, Christmas Island
Accipiter fasciatus natalis
Indian Ocean--Christmas Island
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Grackle, slender-billed
Quisicalus (=Cassidix) palustris
Mexico
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Grasswren, Eyrean (flycatcher)
Amytornis goyderi
Australia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Grebe, Alaotra
Tachybaptus rufoflavatus
Madagascar
......do
E
571
NA
NA
Grebe, Atitlan
Podilymbus gigas
Guatemala
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Greenshank, Nordmann's
Tringa guttifer
Russia, Japan, south to Malaya, Borneo.
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Ground-cuckoo, southeastern rufous-vented
Neomorphus geoffroyi dulcis
Brazil
......do
E
774
NA
NA
Guan, horned
Oreophasis derbianus
Guatemala, Mexico
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Guan, white-winged
Penelope albipennis
Peru
......do
E
401
NA
NA
Guineafowl, white-breasted
Agelastes meleagrides
West Africa
......do
T
571
NA
NA
Gull, Audouin's
Larus audouinii
Mediterranean Sea
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Gull, relict
Larus relictus
India, China
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Hawk, Anjouan Island sparrow
Accipiter francesii pusillus
Indian Ocean--Comoro Islands
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Hawk, Galapagos
Buteo galapagoensis
Ecuador (Galapagos Islands)
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Hawk, Hawaiian (=io)
Buteo solitarius
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Hawk, Puerto Rican broad-winged
Buteo platypterus brunnescens
U.S.A. (PR)
......do
E
550
NA
NA
Hawk, Puerto Rican sharp-shinned
Accipiter striatus venator
......do
......do
E
550
NA
NA
Hermit, hook-billed (hummingbird)
Glaucis (=Ramphodon) dohrnii
Brazil
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Hermit, Margaretta's
Phaethornis malaris margarettae
......do
......do
E
774
NA
NA
Honeycreeper, crested (=‘akohekohe)
Palmeria dolei
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Honeyeater, helmeted
Meliphaga cassidix
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Hornbill, helmeted
Rhinoplax vigil
Thailand, Malaysia
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Ibis, giant
Pseudibis gigantea
Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand, Vietnam
Entire
E
760
NA
NA
Ibis, Japanese crested
Nipponia nippon
China, Japan, Russia, Korea
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Ibis, northern bald
Geronticus eremita
Southern Europe, southwestern Asia, northern Africa.
......do
E
401
NA
NA
Scrub-jay, Florida
Aphelocoma coerulescens.
U.S.A. (FL)
......do
T
267
NA
NA
Kagu
Rhynochetos jubatus
South Pacific Ocean--New Caledonia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Kakapo (=owl-parrot)
Strigops habroptilus
New Zealand
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Kestrel, Mauritius
Falco punctatus
Indian Ocean--Mauritius
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Kestrel, Seychelles
Falco araea
Indian Ocean--Seychelles Islands
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Kingfisher, Guam Micronesian
Halcyon cinnamomina cinnamomina
Western Pacific Ocean USA (Guam)
Entire
E
156
17.95(b)
NA
Kite, Cuba hook-billed
Chondrohierax uncinatus wilsonii
West Indies--Cuba
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Kite, Everglade snail
Rostrhamus sociabilis plumbeus
U.S.A. (FL), Cuba
U.S.A. (FL)
E
1
17.95(b)
NA
Kite, Grenada hook-billed
Chondrohierax uncinatus mirus
West Indies--Grenada
Entire
E
3
NA
NA
Kokako (wattlebird)
Callaeas cinerea
New Zealand
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Lark, Raso
Alauda razae
Atlantic Ocean--Raso Island (Cape Verde)
......
E
571
NA
NA
Macaw, glaucous
Anodorhynchus glaucus
Paraguay, Uruguay, Brazil
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Macaw, indigo
Anodorhynchus leari
Brazil
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Macaw, little blue
Cyanopsitta spixii
......do
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Magpie-robin, Seychelles (thrush)
Copsychus sechellarum
Indian Ocean--Seychelles Islands
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Malimbe, Ibadan
Malimbus ibadanensis
Nigeria
......do
E
571
NA
NA
Malkoha, red-faced (cuckoo)
Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus
Sri Lanka (=Ceylon)
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Megapode, Maleo
Macrocephalon maleo
Indonesia (Celebes)
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Megapode, Micronesian (=La Perouse's).
Megapodius laperouse
West Pacific Ocean--Palau Island, U.S.A. (Mariana Islands).
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Merganser, Brazilian
Mergus octosetaceus
Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay
......do
E
774
NA
NA
Millerbird, Nihoa (old world warbler)
Acrocephalus familiaris kingi
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Mockingbird, Socorro
Mimus Graysoni
Mexico
Entire
E
760
NA
NA
Moorhen (=gallinule), Hawaiian common.
Gallinula chloropus sandvicensis
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Moorhen (=gallinule), Mariana common.
Gallinula chloropus guami
West Pacific Ocean--U.S.A. (Guam, Tinian, Saipan, Pagan).
......do
E
156
NA
NA
Murrelet, marbled
Brachyramphus marmoratus marmoratus
U.S.A. (AK, CA, OR, WA), Canada (B.C.).
U.S.A. (CA, OR, WA).
T
479
17.95(b)
NA
Nightjar, Puerto Rican (=whip-poor-will).
Caprimulgus noctitherus
U.S.A. (PR)
Entire
E
6
NA
NA
Nukupu‘u (honeycreeper)
Hemignathus lucidus
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
1, 2
NA
NA
Nuthatch, Algerian
Sitta ledanti
Algeria
......do
E
571
NA
NA
‘O‘o, Kauai (=‘o‘o ‘a‘a) (honeyeater)
Moho braccatus
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
1
NA
NA
‘O‘u (honeycreeper)
Psittirostra psittacea
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
1
NA
NA
Ostrich, Arabian
Struthio camelus syriacus
Jordan, Saudi Arabia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Ostrich, West African
Struthio camelus spatzi
Spanish Sahara
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Owl, Anjouan scops
Otus rutilus capnodes
Indian Ocean--Comoro Island
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Owl, giant scops
Otus gurneyi
Philippines--Marinduque and Mindanao Island.
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Owl, Madagascar red
Tyto soumagnei
Madagascar
......do
E
401
NA
NA
Owl, Mexican spotted
Strix occidentalis lucida
U.S.A. (AZ, CO, NM, TX, UT), Mexico
Entire
T
494
17.95(b)
NA
Owl, northern spotted
Strix occidentalis caurina
U.S.A. (CA, OR, WA), Canada (B.C.)
......do
T
393
17.95(b)
NA
Owl, Seychelles
Otus insularis
Indian Ocean--Seychelles Islands
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Owlet, Morden's (=Sokoke)
Otus ireneae
Kenya
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Oystercatcher, Canarian black
Haematopus meadewaldoi
Atlantic Ocean--Canary Islands
......do
E
571
NA
NA
Palila (honeycreeper)
Loxioides (=Psittirostra) bailleui
U.S.A. (HI)
......do
E
1
17.95(b)
NA
Paradise-flycatcher, caerulean
Eutrichomyias rowleyi
Indonesia
Entire
E
760
NA
NA
Parakeet, Forbes'
Cyanoramphus auriceps forbesi
New Zealand
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Parakeet, golden
Aratinga guarouba
Brazil
......do
E
15
NA
NA
Parakeet, golden-shouldered (=hooded)
Psephotus chrysopterygius
Australia
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Parakeet, Mauritius
Psittacula echo
Indian Ocean--Mauritius
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Parakeet, Norfolk Island
Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae cookii
Australia (Norfolk Island)
......do
E
401
NA
NA
Parakeet, ochre-marked
Pyrrhura cruentata
Brazil
......do
E
3
NA
NA
Parakeet, orange-bellied
Neophema chrysogaster
Australia
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Parakeet, paradise (=beautiful)
Psephotus pulcherrimus
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA
Parakeet, scarlet-chested (=splendid)
Neophema splendida
......do
......do
E
4
NA
NA</